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International Journal of Vehicle Safety (3 papers in press)
Biomechanical performance of a bicycle helmet design on a six-year-old head impact protection by Bei Li, Haiyan Li, Shihai Cui, Lijuan He, Shijie Ruan Abstract: A previously developed and validated 6-year-old (6YO) Finite Element (FE) human head model was used to evaluate the biomechanical performance of a new bicycle helmet design for children. The cushion structure of the new helmet design is made of honeycomb paperboard and corrugated paperboard instead of expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam. Simulation results showed that the EPS foam helmet can effectively resist external shocks in a short period. However, based on biomechanical responses of the 6YO head model, honeycomb and corrugated paperboard helmets also have a promising cushioning performance. From the drop test of the head-helmet model simulations, the effects of paperboard thickness and material parameters on the helmet protection efficiency were further investigated. It was concluded that the EPS foam helmet can be replaced with honeycomb/corrugated paperboard helmets, which are made of more environmental friendly manufacturing materials. Keywords: bicycle helmet model; human head model; injury biomechanics; corrugated; honeycomb.
Stability optimal control for liquid tank under transverse excitation by Zhixin Yu, Jie Li, Fuguang Dai, Shaosong Li, Xinxin Cheng Abstract: For studying the problem of liquid tank stability control for the interaction between liquid sloshing and the vehicle in emergency obstacle or turning, the dynamic fluid sloshing model within the tank is modelled using governing equations with potential flow theory, combined with the rigid model of semi-trailer, the liquid sloshing model is integrated into the vehicle model and compared with the stability influence of a tank with the same mass of liquid cargo and solid cargo in fishhook. With this unsteady state factor, the optimal control strategy and co-simulation in Matlab/Simlink and TruckSim is designed. Simulation results show that the proposed control approach is effective in rollover prevention of liquid tank under transverse excitation. Keywords: tank trucks; liquid sloshing; filling ratio; optimal control; differential braking.
Research status of electronic differential control of electric vehicle driven by in-wheel motor by Di Tan, Guangcheng Ge, Liwei Shi, Kun Yang Abstract: The electric vehicle driven by the in-wheel motor has the advantages of simple structure, high efficiency and easy control, and it has broad development prospects. Electronic differential control based on the structure of the electric vehicle chassis driven by the in-wheel motor can improve the power performance, manoeuvrability and safety of the vehicle. However, this technology also has some technical difficulties. How to overcome these difficulties is significant in this technology. This paper analyses the electronic differential control technology of an electric vehicle driven by an in-wheel motor in various automobile companies and universities, and summarises the current control strategies in related fields at home and abroad. Keywords: in-wheel motor; electric vehicle; electronic differential technology; control strategy.