Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering

International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering (IJSurfSE)

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International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering (5 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Tribological behaviour of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy sheets measured by a strip drawing test   Order a copy of this article
    by Marcin Szpunar, Tomasz Trzepieci?ski, Robert Ostrowski, Marek Zwolak 
    Abstract: This article presents the results of friction testing of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy 0.5mm thickness sheets. The strip drawing test is the basic test for assessing the frictional properties of sheets intended for the sheet forming process. The device was mounted on a typical uniaxial tensile testing machine. The tests were carried out under dry friction and lubrication conditions with the use of a wide spectrum of oil types: gear oil 75W-85, engine oil 10W-40, machine oil L-AN 46 and hydraulic oil L-HL 46. Moreover, the use of biodegradable vegetable lubrication is also examined, i.e. rape-seed and palm oils, with the addition of boric acid with a concentration of 5% w/w. Experimental studies have shown that 10W-40 engine oil was the most effective in reducing the coefficient of friction in the pressure range of 10.7
    Keywords: coefficient of friction; lubrication; sheet metal forming; strip drawing test; SDT; titanium alloy sheets.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2022.10048007
  • A Novel Magnetorheological Finishing Process Based on Three Revolving Flat Tip Tools for External Cylindrical Surfaces   Order a copy of this article
    by Gagandeep Singh, A. Jayant 
    Abstract: The magnetorheological finishing technique based on a stationary curved tip tool is found less effective in finishing external cylindrical surfaces. Therefore, three revolving flat tip tools-based magnetorheological finishing process which utilises the rotation of both workpiece and tools have been developed to address the issues of the existing method. Also, a feed mechanism has been built to provide the longitudinal movement to the workpiece. A workpiece of mild steel has been finished by both developed and existing methods. It has been observed that after finishing 1 hour 30 minutes with a stationary curved tip tool, surface roughness values Ra, Rq, and Rz decrease by 69.29%, 64.41%, and 61.26%, respectively. Whereas, the reduction in the surface roughness value of Ra, Rq, and Rz by 85.38%, 84.51%, and 82.7%, respectively, has been noted after finishing with the three revolving flat tip tools process at the same parameters and conditions.
    Keywords: magnetorheological fluid; external cylindrical surfaces; surface roughness; magnetorheological finishing.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2022.10048826
  • Recent development of antiviral nano-coatings for COVID 19 management- A Review   Order a copy of this article
    by Manoj Raula, Sucheta Sengupta 
    Abstract: Global pandemic COVID-19 has affected almost entire world population in every aspect of life in terms of health, environment, and economy. According to WHO, the main source of transmission of this deadly virus (SARS-CoV-2) is proven to be through the aerosol coming from the infected person’s cough, sneeze, or exhalation. These aerosols are likely to settle down on the exposed surfaces and such infected surfaces are known to be potential source of contamination. The spread of the viral infections can be controlled in a great extent with the development of anti-viral nano-coating materials for various surfaces. Thus, development of such anti-viral nano-coating materials becomes increasingly popular amongst the researchers due to their extensive applications on surfaces, such as, glass, cotton, plastic and many more. In this short review, we will describe a summary of the popular metals and metal oxide nanomaterials commonly explored as antiviral coatings to control the spread of various viral disease along with the corresponding working principle and effectivity of such coatings.
    Keywords: metal nanoparticles; metal oxide nanoparticles; antiviral; nanocoating.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2022.10048827
  • Surface Morphology and Nanofriction of Thermally Treated Multilayer Graphene   Order a copy of this article
    by Mei Bao Lee, Chiew Tin Lee, William Woei Fong Chong, Cheng Tung Chong, Suhaila Mohd Sanip 
    Abstract: Correlation of surface morphology alteration in affecting the nanotribological properties of multilayer graphene (Gr) film has been rarely reported in the literature. Thus, the study determines the extent of surface morphology alteration influencing the friction of multilayer Gr film. The multilayer Gr film was treated at 200?C and 400?C using a one-zone tube furnace under vacuum. At 400?C, the film area roughness was reduced by 53% (Sa). Through Raman analysis, the reduced roughness is attributed to mechanical (tensile) strain. Concurrently, the coefficient of friction dropped from 0.14 to 0.05 (64% reduction), inferring that the multilayer Gr film friction can be modified using thermal treatment. This treated sample also exhibited improved electrical conductivity (33% sheet resistance reduction) due to electron doping. The improved conductivity with lower nanofriction of the treated multilayer Gr film is favourable for sliding electrical contact interfaces, imperative in enhancing the broad adoption of Gr in MEMS/NEMS.
    Keywords: graphene; surface morphology; nanofriction; raman spectroscopy; thermal treatment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2022.10049061
    by Orhan DEM?RB?LEK, Mert Onan, Neçip Ünlü, SUKRU TALAS 
    Abstract: Carbon steel, tool steel and casting alloys, which are preferred in sheet metal dies, are widely used in the automotive industry. However, in order to reduce the wear due to the cost of production, ESD coating with a cost-effective stainless steel electrode was experimented on the sheet forming die materials. Thus, the surface conditions of Ck45, 1.2379 and EN JS 1050 die materials, which are widely used in sheet metal forming dies, were modified with stainless steel electrodes by using the ESD coating method. The characterisation of the samples that were obtained as a result of the coating process using different parameters was also carried out with OM and SEM. The interlayer formed by the ESD coating and die material was analysed by using SEM-EDX. As a result of the findings, ESD coatings made with stainless steel have proven successful for small size maintenance of die steels.
    Keywords: electro-spark deposition; ESD coating; die materials; stainless steel electrode.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2022.10049062