Forthcoming articles

International Journal of Sustainable Society

International Journal of Sustainable Society (IJSSoc)

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International Journal of Sustainable Society (28 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Land Use/Cover Change and Urban Sustainability in a Medium-sized City   Order a copy of this article
    by Kayode Samuel, Remilekun Atobatele 
    Abstract: This study examined the trend in urban growth and vegetation loss and the implication of this on the sustainability of medium-size cities, using Osogbo, south-west Nigeria as a case. Using multi-temporal LandsatTM images that span 30 years (1986 to 2016), the study employed supervised classification to categorize the land cover into the built-up area, vegetation and water bodies. Findings revealed that the city grew axially along major transportation corridors in the early stage but experienced in-filling, densification and radial outward growth subsequently. The built-up areas increased at annual rate of 14.6%, more than the population growth rate of 2.6% while vegetation cover and water bodies recorded an annual change of -2.5% and -3.5% respectively. Rapid city growth and the resultant land use/cover conversion contribute to the depletion of wetlands and vegetation, thereby constituting a threat to sustainable urban development. Controlled urbanization is suggested as a panacea to the unsustainable urban expansion which threatens the citys ecological equilibrium.
    Keywords: Urbanization; Medium-size City; Sustainable Growth; Vegetation; Land use/cover change.

  • Corporate Social Responsibility and Purchase Intentions: Perceptions and Expectations of Young Consumers in Ghana   Order a copy of this article
    by Emmanuel Neequaye, George Amoako, Mayqueen Attatsitsey 
    Abstract: Despite the growing practice of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) within the telecommunications industry of Ghana, it has received limited research attention. Thus, the primary purpose of this study is to examine perceptions and expectations of consumers regarding Airtel Ghana CSR initiatives, consider their impact on purchase intentions and identify any gap between consumers perceptions and their expectations of Airtel Ghana CSR initiatives. A cross-sectional survey was adopted for this study and the study is quantitative in nature. The results suggest philanthropic and legal CSR were the current main drivers of Airtel Ghana consumers purchase intentions. However, based on their expectations, Airtel Ghana consumers wished their purchase intentions were driven by economic and ethical CSR practices instead. The researchers discuss managerial and theoretical implications of the research results. Future research will adopt the three part model of CSR and findings compared to get a view of CSR from different perspectives.
    Keywords: CSR; Purchase Intentions; Expectations; Perceptions; Ghana.

  • Assessing flow benefits of protected areas of central India: A case study from Maharashtra state of India   Order a copy of this article
    by Adrija Roy, Vicky Yadav, PRADEEP CHAUDHRY 
    Abstract: It is a common realization that protected areas (PAs) are playing a valuable role in maintaining biological diversity as well as providing immense economic benefits arising out of tourism and other direct uses. They are the cornerstone of most conservation strategies. They protect biodiversity, safe-guard ecosystem health, and provide an array of ecosystem services, such as fresh drinking water, places for recreation and relaxation, storehouses of genetic material, pollination, gas regulation, biological control and providing habitat and refugia for wildlife. In the present article, we have given an account of flow benefits, including employment opportunities to locals and other intangible or non-market benefits, emanating from five protected areas (national parks/tiger reserves and a sanctuary) of Maharashtra state from central India. These benefits have been analysed with the help of collected primary data and available secondary information. We understand that improved governance and appropriate investment in these areas would ultimately lead to maintaining ecological security, food security and finally sustainable development of society in long term basis.
    Keywords: National parks; Tiger reserves; stock and flow benefits; ecosystem services.

  • Solar Energy Expansion and the lesson from India and China   Order a copy of this article
    by Suppawit Kaewkhunok 
    Abstract: This study focuses on analysing the relations between the solar energy and the development in India and China. The paper concentrate on the role of policy and organisational structure to contribute and push the solar energy into practice. The analysis of those factors is a key main of the study to understand the linkage of the solar energy and the development. In this regard, the study and analysis of Solar Energy Expansion in India and China are based on the primary data such as the government documentary. Secondary sources such as the information from the international organisation, book, journal, etc have also been used. The relation between the solar energy and the development in India and China can be understood in terms of Energy security and the accessibility to electricity. In fact, the policy implementation of both countries reflects the different result in the action. China has made significant progress in the use of solar energy for national development through employment and increased access to electricity. The different outcomes of both countries are due to the goal and R&D investment, policy, and organisational structure factors driving solar energy development.
    Keywords: Development; China; India; Organisation; Solar Energy Policy.

  • The Endangerment of Mendriqs Traditional Knowledge in Malaysia   Order a copy of this article
    by Amir Zal W. A. 
    Abstract: Traditional knowledge is becoming important to the Orang Asli for survival because they live near the forest and are confronted with changes. However, in changing times, the ownership of traditional knowledge has not been getting any attention from the Orang Asli. Moreover, their ownership of such knowledge is given impetus by the insistence on monetary value. Based on these concerns, this article proposes to explore the ownership of traditional knowledge and its endangerment among the Mendriq. The data on Orang Asli was collected from the Mendriq tribe in Kuala Lah, Gua Musang, Kelantan, Malaysia through focus group discussions (FGD) and in-depth interview methods. The study found five states of traditional knowledge ownership among participants. First, knowing the name and the nourishment; second, knowing the name and confusing the function; third, knowing the nourishment but not the name; fourth, knowing the name and not the physical form; and fifth, not knowing the name or the function. Those states happen as a result of three factors, namely, individual, community and traditional knowledge per se. However, this study found that monetary value is a prominent push factor for traditional knowledge ownership. This reality has had positive and negative effects on traditional knowledge. To counter that, capacity-building activities for traditional knowledge should be promoted.
    Keywords: Orang Asli; Mendriq tribe; traditional knowledge; traditional medicine; endangerment; monetary value.

  • A Meta-analysis of Gender Differences in Volunteers Motivations: Sport vs. non-sport events   Order a copy of this article
    by Sanghyun Park, Doyeon Won, David Shonk 
    Abstract: The current study meta-analytically examined empirical studies to assess the gender differences in volunteer motivation, using the Volunteer Function Inventory (VFI), and investigated the moderating effect of volunteering context (sport vs. non-sport event) on the relationship between volunteer gender and motivation. A total of 19 studies, published from 2007 to 2017, met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed by two readers. Cohens Kappa was calculated for the reliability between the two coders and all meta-analyses were conducted using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) program. Results from a meta-analysis suggested that women scored higher than men on three of the six subscales of the VFI instrument, particularly social, understanding and value-related motivation. Moderator analyses indicated that type of volunteering context is a meaningful moderator of the relationship between gender and motivation. The results also suggested the volunteering context influenced the magnitude and direction of gender differences in all motivational dimensions, except social motivation.
    Keywords: volunteer management; volunteer function inventory; meta-analysis; volunteer motivation; sport events.

  • Enhancing Residential Energy Efficiency Enhancement: Through the Use of System Dynamics   Order a copy of this article
    by Maryam Ebrahimi 
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to attain a better understanding of factors affecting residential energy efficiency and propose macro policies to reduce energy consumption in the residential sector. Regarding the purpose of the study, it was performed using system dynamics methodology on a family of medium social class. Residential energy efficiency was considered as a system based on five sub-models based on energy, economic, social, home appliance, and house efficiencies. Once finished with determining a causal loop diagram, dynamic models, and significant trends and validating and simulating the system, macro policies were presented both separately and together as a combined policy for system improvement. Policies included GDP improvement, the rise of energy prices, and enhancement of promotion programs. Further reviewed in the present study were relevant policies set forth by the International Energy Agency and four countries: USA, Germany, China, and Saudi Arabia. According to the results and reviews, improvement policies are coming to an end.
    Keywords: Public Policy; Energy Consumption; Attitude; Income; Household.

  • Evaluating the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Expenditure on Profitability of Energy Sector Firms in India   Order a copy of this article
    by Akanksha Shukla, Geetika Goel, Nimesh Shukla 
    Abstract: The study examines the impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Expenditure (CSRE) on the financial performance of energy sector firms in India. The research is based on the cost-benefit approach to determine whether the expenditure made by the firms on CSR activities can accrue financial benefits to them or not. As a case study, the energy sector of India has been studied using the sample of thirty-eight firms listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) of India. The data related to the sample firms with reference to their expenditure on CSR and corresponding figures for financial performance is obtained from the annual reports of these firms besides the Prowess database for a period of six years spanning from 2010-11 to 2015-16. The data so obtained have been analyzed using hierarchal regression analysis. As an outcome of the analysis, it is found that the CSR expenditure and financial performance of the firms have a positive and significant relationship which implies that social responsibility taken up by energy firms yields them financial benefits. Hence, it is recommended that it is beneficial for firms to engage in CSR activities in order to sustain and grow. The major contribution of the study is a validated model of the relationship between CSR expenditure and financial performance of the firm. Further, the model bears special significance because it is applied to the energy sector in India, which is perceived to be a highly polluting sector. Although the firms under study include those engaged in renewable and non-conventional sources as well, but these are still in the nascent stage in India. The importance can be gauged by the fact that the comprehensive model justifies the positive relationship between the profitability of the firm and CSRE. The validated model provides a wide scope of application in other sectors and other country contexts as well. Hence, it can be taken as a definite contribution to the body of knowledge.
    Keywords: CSR Expenditure; Profitability; Energy firms; Cost benefit; India.

  • Feasibility Study of Mixed Reality on Education of Design and Planning Students Based on Bloom Taxonomy   Order a copy of this article
    by Ade Candra Masrul, Zhenjiang Shen, Xiao Guo 
    Abstract: Designers need a tool to visualize and evaluate their idea. We conducted students experiment to evaluate the feasibility of MR on education of design and planning students based on Bloom Taxonomy for skill-based goals and confirm the possibility of MR as sustainable technology that promote fewer resources usage. Students create 3D model using Sketchup, configure the scene in Unity, export to Visual Studio, build and deploy into MR device, and confirm on the site. The result showed that although some students have difficulty to operate MR device, most of them can reach the manipulation and precision stage, and MR accelerate the prototyping of new design. It determines the feasibility of MR on design and planning education. At present, MR can only provide students with a more realistic vision and basic operations but cannot significantly improve students design. This research can assist educator to support students developing their design ideas.
    Keywords: bloom taxonomy; design and planning; feasibility study; MR; mixed reality; students; sustainable; skill based goals.

  • The relationship between the concepts of sharing economy and smart cities: The case of shared mobility and smart transport   Order a copy of this article
    by Aleksandra Kozlak 
    Abstract: The sharing economy and smart city concepts have been growing in importance in the research activities worldwide. The main purpose of the article is to explore the interactions and complementarity of these models. This conceptual paper discusses how the sharing economy concept can support progress in achieving the smart city idea. Special attention is paid to the role of shared mobility (i.e., ridesourcing, ridesharing, carsharing, bike-sharing) in developing smart transport. Shared mobility has the potential to improve the use of assets and contributes to a reduction in the number of passenger cars in congested cities. The methodology of the research includes a literature review and a deductive research method. The research has shown that both these concepts are important for the future of cities to make them more sustainable and provide a high quality of life for residents and visitors. The results of this study can be useful for policy makers, especially at local and regional levels.
    Keywords: sharing economy; smart city; sustainable city; smart transport; smart mobility; shared mobility; sustainable mobility; urban transport; ridesourcing; ridesharing; carsharing; bike-sharing.

  • Urban planning and the sustainable cities   Order a copy of this article
    by Rosario Adapon Turvey 
    Abstract: This article is a review of scholarly works on planning for urban futures with special reference to sustainable cities. The article aims to produce an update of the challenges and current perspectives on urban planning, sustainability and development across the globe. As informed by research from the academic and scientific communities, the review provides the prospective directions and trends for securing a sustainable urban future. Within the so-called sustainable cities discourse, recent intellectual inquiry centered on the conceptualization and knowledge production in creating sustainable cities. Though the scope of the review may not be exhaustive, the purpose is to articulate the current progress in the research front concerning concepts and definitions on sustainable cities, planning and methods for urban sustainability development and assessment. The ultimate goal is to provide local authorities, practitioners and/or city governments with some perspective and guidance in working towards urban sustainability in the future.
    Keywords: Urban sustainability; sustainable cities; sustainable urban development; sustainability assessment; sustainable development; indicators; sustainable urbanism.

  • Towards Sustainable Consumption through Voluntary Simplicity: A Value Mapping Orientation   Order a copy of this article
    Abstract: As an integral component of achieving sustainable consumption across societies at large, sustainable consumption behaviour has been found to play an important role. Values are an integral component of any behaviour, however, in this respect, not much exploration has been undertaken in the context of sustainable consumption behaviour. Voluntary Simplicity is a value-based lifestyle orientation, which emphasizes on consumption reduction as a core principle. In the context of value mechanisms, several studies have demonstrated similar attribution characteristics for both the above constructs. However, a comprehensive review of the shared commonality across these two constructs and their intrinsic value to behavioral links has not been undertaken. This study addresses this gap by conducting a value to behaviour mapping exercise of Voluntary Simplicity values towards Sustainable Consumption Behaviour. The results confirm their relative attribution towards certain traits considered inherent to both the constructs. The review further pinpoints the exact attribution characteristic for each of the VS value dimensions towards this behaviour. This study also contributes to consumption literature by adding a new perspective towards addressing the individual and societal value mechanisms required to adopt sustainable consumption behaviour.
    Keywords: sustainable consumption behaviour; voluntary simplicity; values; behaviour; material simplicity; frugality.

  • Natural Selection and Bounded Rationality: The Implications for Rational Egoism
    by Jeffrey Overall 
    Abstract: Natural selection theorists suggest that the characteristics that result in the greatest advantage to an organism are retained whilst those that do not, are naturally rejected, overtime. It is argued that organisms are naturally egoistic and programmed to behave in ways that advance their long-term interests. A large body of literature (e.g., Simon, 1955) suggests that individuals have bounded rationality whereby it is argued that they are incapable of behaving perfectly egoistically. They can, at times, behave irrationally. However, individuals have volition – they can choose whether to behave rationally or otherwise. It is further suggested that when people apply various rational egoistic virtues, they are not only more likely to behave rationally, they are also more successful (Woiceshyn, 2009). Given that rational egoistic behaviors tend to lead to economic success, using natural selection theory, rational egoistic behaviors should become the norm in society, overtime.
    Keywords: Altruism; bounded rationality; Darwin; Dawkins; ethics; gene theory; irrationality; natural selection; rational egoism; sustainability

Special Issue on: ICTH2017-Barcelona Health as the Determining Factor to Sustainable Mobility

  • Visual perception of speed in drivers with ADHD   Order a copy of this article
    by Björn Lidestam, Birgitta Thorslund 
    Abstract: ADHD is associated with a generic time perception deficit, which may affect speed perception. 36 drivers with ADHD diagnosis and 28 drivers from a normal student population were tested in a driving simulator. Their task was to repeatedly accelerate to own preferred speed and keep this speed, for a total of 26 trials (2 baseline, 24 experimental trials). Only visual motion was presented. Field of view (1, 3, 5, and 7 monitors) and virtual road markings (on, off) were manipulated. These 8 experimental conditions were presented 3 times each (replicates). The results showed no significant difference in overall mean speed, but an interaction between VRMs and group, such that the ADHD group was less affected by the extra motion cues. Also, whereas the control group lowered their speed between replicates, the ADHD group did not. The combined results suggest that for ADHD drivers, speed perception is relatively more of a rule-based skill and more based on attention.
    Keywords: ADHD; Speed choice; preferred speed; speed perception; motion perception; driving simulator.

  • How to improve the interaction between cyclists and truck drivers   Order a copy of this article
    by Birgitta Thorslund, Katja Kircher 
    Abstract: The aim of this focus group study was to increase the understanding of user needs of truck drivers and cyclists with respect to future warning systems designed to decrease incidents and accidents between these groups.rnTo evaluate and describe the attitudes and behavior of bicyclists and truck drivers in urban areas, as well as their suggestions about future warning systems for these road user groups, two focus groups were carried out at VTI in Link
    Keywords: Interaction; cyclist; truck driver; traffic safety; focus group; warning system; detection.

  • Improving walkability in Catalonia through a participatory and empowerment model.   Order a copy of this article
    by Albert Junca, Judit Bort-Roig, Joan Carles Martori, Anna Puig-Ribera 
    Abstract: Background: Promoting walking and walkable communities is a priority to reduce the burden of physical inactivity-related ill health. Study Objective: A Participation-Action Project and empowerment model composed by three phases- was used to design and evaluate the impact of tailored strategies to improve paths walkability in three Catalan middle-size towns. Methods: In phases I and II focus groups with stakeholders and citizens identified local needs and weaknesses towards promoting walkability and explored perceptions on how to improve it. In phase III, strategies addressing local walkability were developed, implemented and evaluated. Results: Based on findings from focus groups, low-cost physical and communicative initiatives were implemented: clearing the paths; improving cleaning, the width and greenery of the paths; and doing communication campaigns through signaling the paths. A significant increase in path users (+5.95%) was observed after implementation. Conclusion: This is a valuable model for creating walkable communities tailored to specific contextual and cultural needs.
    Keywords: participatory model; social environment; built environment; active living community; paths; walkability.

  • Associations Between Perceptions of Road Safety and Active Travel for School Children and Their Parents - a Health Needs Assessment   Order a copy of this article
    by Louise Lester, Rob Howard 
    Abstract: Introduction Active school travel has physical, mental, social and economic benefits. However, uptake is low in the UK. The aim was to understand how road safety perceptions influence school travel choices. Methods An epidemiological review was conducted alongside a literature review to understand evidence for effective interventions to increase active travel. A survey and qualitative focus groups gathered stakeholder views. Results Of 1,646 survey responses (49 schools), 47% reported actively travelling to school during winter, and 58% in summer. Pupils believed greater numbers of serious accidents occur from active school travel than police reports, particularly overestimating cycling accidents. Focus groups with 13 teachers, 48 students and 21 parents identified active travel barriers including distance, weather, attitudes, car speed, congestion, safety, and time. Recommendations Active school travel promotion should include safety perception messages. Planners and developers should consider active travel infrastructure, address structural barriers, and introduce traffic calming zones near school.
    Keywords: Public health; transport; travel; active travel; physical activity; road safety; school; risk; adolescent; injury.

Special Issue on: ICONEG 2018 Intersecting Law, Religion and Politics for Sustainable Development

    by YENI ROSILAWATI, Krisna Mulawarman, Nur Sofyan, Enny Mulyantari 
    Abstract: The phrase local culture, refers accumulated experiences of a community which is then passed on from generation. Local culture exists in all societies, communities and individuals. This paper is conducted specifically in identify the role of local wisdom as part of local beliefs, as a crucial aspect of local culture in the efforts to conserve and preserve the Ayung River which is the longest river on the Island of Bali. The Tri Hita Karana (THK) philosophy firmly held by the Balinese Community. It derives from Hindu communities. The THK philosophy refers to the three sources of life. In Sanskrit, tri means "three", hita means "prosperity" and karana means "cause". In short, this concept teaches that God are one, inseparable entity. The worsening condition of the Ayung River watershed is a major prevailing indication that the water supply in Bali is at a critical level. Statistics have shown that the decreasing flow rate of the river along the watershed in Bali has reached the 60% mark and this proves that a potential water crisis might occur. By adopting a qualitative approach vis a vis case study method, this research uses in-depth interviews with the local community leaders and community members residing along the Ayung River bank. It has been found that the THK philosophy serves as a guideline for the locals and concerned stakeholders to engange together in the efforts to preserve Ayung river. Besides, the result also indicates that without local culture, community engagement will be difficult to achieve. Local culture facilitate local communities to build mutual trust, to network and to support local empowerment. In other words, is is essential for the community to solve their problems and ensuring communities to continuously be sustained.
    Keywords: Keywords: Local Culture; Tri Hita Karana; Sustainable Communities.

Special Issue on: ERPBSS 2018 Sustainable Development and International Business

  • Mixed Migration Flows into Europe: Discharging State Anti-Trafficking Obligations Through the Proper Identification of Trafficking Victims   Order a copy of this article
    by Tenia Kyriazi, Daphne Demetriou 
    Abstract: The mixed migration flows continuously moving towards Europe test the social stability and sustainability of European states, thus rendering imperative the adoption and implementation of revised measures and action plans to protect effectively the individuals involved and comprehensively address any criminality relating to this movement. Most of these displaced persons are bearers of rights, triggering State obligations, with some belonging to the category of human trafficking victims, and as such entitled to a special protection regime. Part I explores the challenges European States face in fulfilling the core anti-trafficking obligations, within the specific context of the current mixed migration flow, arguing that identification is the cornerstone for the successful discharge of all these obligations, as well as the most challenging task in the current migrant crisis context. Part II then endeavours to establish some clearer parameters for the identification of trafficking victims, who qualify as such at the outset, as well as to delineate some indicators of vulnerable individuals, who can potentially become trafficking victims after arrival.
    Keywords: human trafficking; mixed migration; anti-trafficking obligations; Mediterranean routes; migrant crisis; victim identification.rn.

  • Womens entrepreneurial narrative: making sense of the partners role.   Order a copy of this article
    by Sophia Belghiti-Mahut 
    Abstract: The present research explores the role the partner plays in womens motivation for entrepreneurship and how spousal support influences the female entrepreneurship process. A qualitative study, using life-story methodology, was conducted with 29 French women entrepreneurs. It was found that women perceived the partners support as explicit, implicit, or absent. Women who perceive significant and visible support from their partners are clearly grateful to their partners, without whom their entrepreneurial journey might not have commenced. A majority of respondents perceived the tacit approval of the partner and sometimes his income as implicit support. Finally, a certain proportion of female entrepreneurs experienced no support, which they considered mostly as a hindrance or a challenge.
    Keywords: Female entrepreneurs; Partners; Support; Entrepreneurship; Life story; Typology.

  • Measures to Facilitate the Scale-up of Education for Sustainable Development in Higher Education   Order a copy of this article
    by Rory McConnon 
    Abstract: This theoretical study reviews the literature on barriers faced by organisations in recruiting graduates educated to incorporate sustainability practices, followed by an assessment of institutional approaches by universities to address this deficit. Having found that sustainability is generally instigated by champions rather than through whole-institution approaches, this study also reviews literature on attitudes and motivations of higher education faculty and on existing ESD (Education for Sustainable Development) interventions and guidelines. The study identified specific areas of research focussing on the predictors of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control, and proposes Ajzens Theory of Planned Behaviour or its updated iteration, the Reasoned Action Approach as an ideal framework for such future research. Findings also point towards a need for future research into the drivers/predictors of faculty incorporating ESD into curricula. This paper addresses a growing area of concern among employers and university managers and identifies means to gain faculty support for the scale-up of ESD.
    Keywords: Education for sustainable development; Higher education; Faculty attitudes and motivations; Sustainability tools and frameworks.

  • Community development model (CDM) for poverty eradication of indigenous people in Malaysia   Order a copy of this article
    by Muhamad Azahar Abas, Mohamad Faiz Mohd Amin, Seong Wei Lee, Nor Hizami Hassin 
    Abstract: The predominant indigenous population of Peninsular Malaysia is the Orang Asli. Orang Asli is one of the most vulnerable groups in Malaysia, with a disproportionately high incidence of poverty and hardcore poverty. Community development is one of the potential strategies in eradicating poverty. The community development model was used as a guideline to implement the catfish farming program for the Orang Asli community at Sungai Rual Village, Kelantan. This program was divided into four (4) phases namely i) selection of participant and preparation for catfish pond; ii) job training and coaching; iii) catfish production & harvesting, and iv) marketing & sales. A focus group discussion (FGD) was conducted to explore the benefits and challenges of the catfish farming program at Sungai Rual Village. A total of 4 Orang Asli had participated in this study. Content analysis was conducted and it was discovered that the knowledge of Orang Asli on catfish farming and marketing has increased. Besides that, this study also found out that Orang Asli has gained significant skills specifically in business management. Moreover, this project is still ongoing and it is expected to provide opportunities for Orang Asli to increase their income or revenue from the sale of catfish. Besides that, the challenges facing the community development program for the Orang Asli have been identified. Identification of challenges is very crucial in the effort to improve the community development program, particularly relating to the Orang Asli community in the future.
    Keywords: community development model; indigenous people; poverty eradication.

  • Blood Diamonds: An Analysis of the State of Affairs and the Effectiveness of the Kimberley Process   Order a copy of this article
    by Meike Schulte, Cody Paris 
    Abstract: In an era when corporate responsibility and sustainability are gaining momentum, and growing access to information and communication has empowered consumers to make more socially responsible purchasing decisions, the diamond industry remains opaque. The Kimberley Process was established to monitor the rough diamond trade with the objective of stemming the flow of conflict diamonds. The definition of conflict diamonds, however, often excludes human rights abuses, which has led to mounting criticism. The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence, magnitude, and scope of ethical issues affecting sourcing conditions in the diamond industry. The research found that ethical issues were reported in the diamond industries of several African nations, with Angola topping the list. Child labour and slavery are the most prevalent human rights abuses. In 2017, one in five diamonds in terms of volume and one in ten diamonds in terms of value may have been produced under conditions that cannot be regarded as sustainable or ethical.
    Keywords: Diamond Industry; Conflict Diamonds; Blood Diamonds; Human Rights; Kimberley Process; Ethical Sourcing; Sourcing Conditions; Civil War; Resource Curse; Sustainability; Transparency.

Special Issue on: ERPBSS 2018 Sustainable Development and International Business

  • Stakeholders’ role in delivering sustainable supply chains in the construction sector
    by Sreejith Balasubramanian 
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the role of each key supply chain stakeholders (Developers, Architects/Consultants, Contractors and Suppliers) and other extended stakeholders (Regulatory bodies, Buyers/end users and Non-government organizations) in delivering sustainable supply chains in the construction sector. The primary qualitative data for this study was collected from semi-structured interviews covering key stakeholders. The analysis of interview transcripts revealed the relevance and importance of each stakeholder as well as the various conflicting interests and challenges in engaging them to implement sustainable practices in a coherent manner vis-à-vis other supply chain stakeholders. The findings are expected to help environmental policymakers and industry leaders to make (informed) stakeholder specific policy changes, devise actions, strategies, and support mechanisms to effectively maximize/leverage the potential/contribution of each stakeholder, especially those who are lagging behind the others. The study is arguably the first attempt to understand the role of each stakeholder in delivering sustainable supply chains in the construction sector.
    Keywords: Construction sector, sustainability, Stakeholders, United Arab Emirates, Sustainable Supply Chains

Special Issue on: SGBED 2018 Achieving Sustainability in the Digital Business Environment

  • Multi Ethnicity Residents Perception towards a Country Evidences from United Arab Emirates   Order a copy of this article
    by Sakkthivel Annamalai Manickam, Shanumghan Jogee 
    Abstract: The study focused on identifying and testing the variables that impact residents perception towards a country i.e. UAE. The study was conducted among the residents who belong to multi-ethnic groups such as America, Europe, Africa, Middle East, South Asia including UAE nationals about the selected variables that influence their perception about UAE as a place of destination at present, and becoming a place of excellence in 2030. 213 respondents from different ethnic groups were interviewed and the results revealed (i) entertainment, tourism, shopping, safety and security, event management, medical tourism etc. elicit a positive perception among residents about present status of UAE (ii) entertainment, tourism, safety and security, investment, business, event management etc. elicit a positive perception among residents about UAE becoming a place of excellence in the year 2030. The implications of the results were discussed.
    Keywords: residents; perception; multi ethnic groups; emerging economies; construct analysis modeling.

  • Cultural Intelligence for Business Sustainability: A Fixed Effect Meta-analysis for a Decade of Empirical Findings   Order a copy of this article
    by Khalid Akhal 
    Abstract: Among the most important determinants of business sustainability for multinational national corporations (MNCs) is the cultural adaptability. To achieve that, the firm needs managers with a high level of cultural quotient (CQ). No wonder, such capability has become an essential antecedent of international business success. However, despite its inception in 2003, the subsequent research has been suffering from varying degrees of discrepancy in empirical results, conceptualizations, and measurements. This study starts with an integrative literature review of CQ conceptualizations and measurements. Later, it conducts a fixed effect meta-analysis for a decade of empirical findings. In doing so, the study aims at providing the most accurate account on CQs dimensional effects on the most tested behavioural outcomes in international business while suggesting a more logical conceptualization and future directions for a better measurement tool.
    Keywords: Business Sustainability; Cultural Intelligence; Meta-Analysis; Cross-cultural Adjustment; Work Performance; Leadership Outcomes.

  • Determinants of pro-environmental behavior in the context of emerging economies   Order a copy of this article
    by Muhammad Alshurideh, Barween Al Kurdi, Abdel Monim Shaltoni, Samah Saad Ghuff 
    Abstract: This research presents the factors that influence pro-environmental behavior in the context of emerging economies. In order to test the conceptual framework, the study examines the impact of environmental knowledge on environmental attitudes. In addition, the impact of people environmental attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control on behavioral intention, which in turn may impact pro-environmental behavior, are assessed. Using a Jordanian sample, it is shown that the theory of planned behavior is applicable in understanding the predictors of pro-environmental behavior. The findings of this study show that environmental knowledge has a positive impact on environmental attitude. Moreover, environmental attitude, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norms have direct and positive effects on behavioral intention. The results also show that behavioral intention and perceived behavioral control have positive and direct effects on pro-environmental behavior, which leads to a number of interesting implications for practice, research, and policymakers.
    Keywords: environmental knowledge; environmental attitudes; subjective norms; perceived behavioral control; behavioral intention; pro-environmental behavior.

  • Sustainable procurement framework for basmati rice in India   Order a copy of this article
    by Rajni Kant Sharma, Naseem Abidi 
    Abstract: Sustainability at grass root level in rural area is an increasing challenge in India. Various alternatives trade mechanisms have taken shape that proclaim to link farmers to ethical consumers and connect to sustainable procurement at farm level, which are more effective and make positive contributions towards economic, environment, social and governance dimensions of sustainability. This research paper, identifies dimensions of sustainability at farmers level through systematic literature review, and examine existing procurement frameworks through integrative literature review. It also does the basmati rice procurement and commodity chain process mapping of existing Conventional System as well as procurement through Fair-Trade System. Authors also collect insights from farmers as well as traders involved in both the procurement systems to develop a framework for sustainable procurement of basmati rice in India to reduce economic vulnerability of farmers, increase environment and social harmony through effective governance.
    Keywords: Sustainability; Sustainable Procurement; Conventional Procurement System; Fair-Trade System.