International Journal of Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation
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International Journal of Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation (4 papers in press)
Discussing Social Business Again - An Interview with Professor Muhammad Yunus by Michael Wirtz Abstract: Five years after his first interview with Professor Muhammad Yunus the author of this article had the opportunity to conduct an interview with him again. The issues discussed are Yunus vision for 2050, the current corona crisis and the necessary institutional changes for a global sustainable development. I.e. Yunus refers to the education system and urges young people to found enterprises themselves instead of seeking a job. He also stresses the importance of following a new path as a society because of the danger of global warming. Finally Yunus made some personal remarks on what he calls superhappiness and his motivation for enhancing the concept of social business worldwide. Keywords: Social Business; Social Entrepreneurship; Corona Crisis; Global Sustainable Development.
Effects of a street tour project on public attitudes toward homeless people, and a tarnished city district by Shu-Chun Huang, Li-Pin Lin Abstract: In many countries, homelessness has become a widespread social problem in large cities. The aim of this paper was to explore the outcomes of Hidden Taipei, a street tour project aligned with the concept of social entrepreneurship, which trains local homeless people to become tour guides. Questionnaire surveys were carried out in the Wanhua District, which has the largest congregation of homeless people in Taipei, the capital city of Taiwan. Questionnaires were distributed to participants of street tours before and after their tours; 309 valid questionnaires were obtained. Our findings showed that participants positively evaluated the interpretation abilities of homeless tour guides (HTGs) and were extremely satisfied with the tours. After the tours, participants attitudes toward homeless people changed significantly. Moreover, participants positive emotions toward and sense of safety in the tarnished Wanhua District increased. Keywords: tourism social entrepreneurship; tour guide; homeless people; interpretation abilities; attitudes toward homelessness; sense of safety.
Providing clean water to rural villages: A cost-effectiveness analysis of boreholes versus purification sachets by Anna-Maria Aksan, Kaitlyn Aussenheimer, Margaret Williams Abstract: Clean, reliable water access remains a challenge in rural communities throughout the developing world. A number of alternatives are available for combatting infrastructure shortfalls, ranging from water purification methods to infrastructure developments such as drilling of boreholes. We apply economic valuation methods to compare two such options for providing clean water to rural communities in various countries. Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses demonstrate the benefits relative to the costs of providing clean water by drilling boreholes versus using water purification sachets. We compare short-run and long-run costs and value the health benefits of clean water to demonstrate a lower incremental cost effectiveness ratio for boreholes. We also value the difference in time spent collecting water and calculate the internal rate of return for borehole installation. The social return on investing in boreholes is high across all settings analyzed. Keywords: economic valuation; water access; quality adjusted life year; cost-benefit; cost-effectiveness; incremental cost effectiveness ratio; internal rate of return.
THE GLOBAL PERFORMANCE AND THE ORGANIZATIONAL LEGITIMACY OF COOPERATIVES, WHAT IS THE LINK? by Naoual MAMDOUH Abstract: This article aims to answer the question how global performance influences organizational legitimacy in the context of social and solidarity economy organizations, in this case, cooperatives. In this perspective, we proceed, first, by a literature review drawing up the inventory of the two concepts allowing to develop a conceptual model. This model is then validated on the basis of an empirical study, carried out using a quantitative approach, carried out among cooperatives located in the Agadir Ida Outanane prefecture (Morocco), to verify the existence of a link between their global performance and their organizational legitimacy. The data collected is processed using the method of structural equations explaining the causal relationships between the dimensions of the two variables studied. The results affirm the significant and positive impact between the two dimensions in the structures studied. Keywords: Global performance; Organizational legitimacy; Social and Solidarity Economy; Cooperative.