International Journal of Research, Innovation and Commercialisation (7 papers in press)
ROLE OF INNOVATION IN COMMERCIALIZATION OF BIOENERGY RESEARCH
by Mustafa Özilgen
Abstract: Role of innovation in commercialization of bioenergy research is reviewed by referring to bioenergy management within the body and the biofuel industry. Studies regarding the living beings follows a similar path as those of the medical drugs. The most striking biofuel research aims producing a renewable and sustainable product from the pollutants. Research universities and entrepreneurs are the major players of these activities. Less than 10% of the startups are successfully commercialized and the others fail usually when the entrepreneur runs out of cash and leaves. Therefore, intervention of the governments to the process with strong commitment is needed.
Keywords: Bioenergy research; innovation; commercialization of a product; startup companies.
Ramifications of the second law of thermodynamics on innovation and sustainable future
by Yunus Cengel
Abstract: The second law of thermodynamics deals with the non-conserved quantities of entropy and exergy, and is associated with non-conserved entities like quality. The 2nd-law efficiency defines perfection. A process with a 2nd-law efficiency of 100% is thermodynamically perfect. As such, it involves no entropy generation, no exergy destruction and thus no waste of resources. Therefore, the 2nd law of thermodynamics is closely related to the concepts of sustainability, green practices, effectiveness, efficiency and performance. In this paper, energy conservation, renewable energy and sustainability are examined from the 2nd-law point of view. Then the 2nd-law concepts are applied to technology development and innovation activities to assess their efficiency and effectiveness and thus the best utilization of resources.
Keywords: 2nd law of thermodynamics; efficiency; effectiveness; innovation; sustainability; green thermodynamics; entropy generation; exergy destruction; research and development; climate change; energy efficiency; performance evaluation.
ACCELERATING INNOVATION IN A CHANGING WORLD
by Kamiel Gabriel
Abstract: Innovation-driven economies have the foundation and impetus to create new jobs and new value-added products and services. Research and Innovation are at the core of the knowledge economy which characterizes the 21st century. Knowledge-based economies derive value from the application of knowledge to advance knowledge and create prosperity. Innovation arises from the new, typically societal or science and engineering based; and the incremental, research-based and process and industry-based. Innovation and commercialization are fluid and dynamic processes. They are constantly and rapidly drawing additional resources from more and varied communities of practice indicating that the transition from industrial to knowledge economy is well underway. Initiating, activating, and strengthening these systems in a jurisdiction is foundational to the development of an innovation-driven economy and should be central to the jurisdictions Science & Technology strategy. This paper succinctly summarizes the essential elements that contributes to a successful innovation eco-system in a rapidly changing world.
Keywords: Innovation; global context; knowledge transfer; innovation ecosystem elements; clusters.
Developing the Business Model of Research and Technology Department of National Iranian Gas Company
by Reza Bandarian
Abstract: The uniqe role of technology in competitiveness of gas industry, make esstential attention to the research and technology (R&T) in order to building technological & innovative capabilities in this industry.
Regarding to the mission of R&T Department of National Iranain Gas Company (NIGC) which is responsible for technological and innovative support of NIGC, in this study first, it is serveyed how much the business model of this depertment is compliance with its mission and then based on acquired result the implication have been offerd for improving and evolveing of its business model.
For this purpose first, comprehensive business model of corporate research and technology department were developed by configuration methodoligy and based on extractions from literature and its implementation mechanisms were explain.
In the next step, the current business model of R&T depertement of NIGC with using qualitative data and by reviewing organizational documents, excuting 10 semi-structured interviews with directors and expert employees of R&T depertement and data analysis by theme analysis was developed.
Finally, The current business model of R&T depertement of NIGC is compared with the model derived from the literature and existing shortcomings in the business model identifed and necessary recommendations to improve the performance of this department has been proposed.
Keywords: R&T business model; technological innovation; technological competency; acquisition; leveraging; protection.
Influence of atmospheric cues on the consumers behavior: Moderating effects of the aesthetic centrality of the store and the purpose of the visit.
by Anissa Zarrouk, Chourouk Ouerghemmi
Abstract: In this research, we have focused on the study of the influence of the olfactory, auditory and visual factors on the approach or avoidance behaviour of the shoppers. To reach our goal, we have collected data using an online questionnaire on 152 people visiting cosmetics stores. The results have shown that the environmental factors like smell, music, or lighting can affect the emotional responses in different ways: odors can influence pleasure, music influences pleasure and arousal and lighting influences arousal. In addition, its important to point to the fact that only the arousal felt at the store influences the approach and avoidance behaviour. Our analysis indicates that the emotional responses play a mediating role between the auditory and visual factor and the customers approach or avoidance behaviour. Our research also considers the moderator effect of two variables: the aesthetic centrality of the store and the purpose of the visit.
Keywords: Atmospheric stimuli; olfactory cues; auditory cues; visual cues; interaction;Stimulus-organism-response model; Emotions; pleasure; arousal; Approach or avoidance behaviour;Purpose of the visit;Centrality of the aesthetics of the store.
Innovation and commercialization dynamics in agri-food industry under contemporary forcing functions
by Ilhami Yildiz
Abstract: Innovation and commercialization turned into a more collaborative activity due to the shrinking technology life cycles and the current complexity of emerging technologies dispersing across different industries and therefore exceeding beyond the internal capacities of most firms. Agri-food innovation and commercialization can be fully studied within the context of three main clusters: global agri-food and health demand, bioeconomy, and the environment, each adding spatially and temporally varying value to the overall industry. A well designed and established bioeconomy will bring agri-food production, agricultural biomass, energy and the environment all together for economically, environmentally and socially sustainable operations and rural communities while the industry is adapting to a warmer and more variable climate and many other forcing functions around the globe. This article examines the research, innovation and commercialization dynamics in agri-food industry under contemporary forcing functions such as climate change, environmental consciousness, growing populations, rising incomes, and changing lifestyles.
Keywords: Research and development; invention; innovation; commercialization; diffusion; agri-food industry; forcing functions; climate change; consumer acceptance; adoptation; resistance.
Human engineering for innovative research and commercialization directions
by Zekâi Sen
Abstract: Research, development, innovation and engineering features are among the human activities that are essential ingredients for any society to have future aspirations in social, economic, environmental and justice improvements on the pavement for humanity to pace stable, reliable, thrustable, mutual interests and support for human rights in any domain. Human individuals are equipped with mind, intellect, intuition, and belief abilities and capabilities as defaults, which are ingredients of human intelligence given by Allah (God) as gifts. It is up to human to compose them in harmonious proportions to search for scientific and technological methodologies, gadgets, instruments for comfortable, prosperous and sustainable development of humanity. Especially, differences in the intellectual capabilities have the most effective idea generations, and consequent productions in a team similar to the football game with the goal to reach innovative consequences with collective aspirations. Human engineering concept is based on such aspirations for practical, optimum, simple, cost effective, and at times innovative solutions. Unfortunately, today, in many disciplines, and societies human intelligence reflection to science and technology has been overlooked, and consequently such societies are lacking behind well developed countries. The main goal of this paper is to reflect human engineering aspects in research and technology subjects to trigger the basic concepts for better improvements. Although engineering as a career that requires systematic education, but without the engineering consciousness many careers remain at static level, and the specialists cannot come out with new, innovative or even with modified methodological productions. Human engineering concepts drive knowledge and information accumulations towards dynamic features, which might end up with acceptable conclusions that are useful to the society. Today, let along the crisp understanding of engineering, it became as rather fuzzy concept reaching even to the social, political, physiological and many disciplinary engineering concepts.
Keywords: Engineering; geometry; human; innovation; logic; philosophy; science; technology.