Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Project Organisation and Management

International Journal of Project Organisation and Management (IJPOM)

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International Journal of Project Organisation and Management (15 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • A Framework for Drivers of Stakeholder Mis-Management in Construction Projects   Order a copy of this article
    by Lahiru Kushan Gunawardena, Amir Hossein Ghapanchi 
    Abstract: This paper discusses stakeholder mismanagement in construction projects and identifies the factors that lead to it. This empirical study adopts a secondary data analysis method. Six main themes were identified for stakeholder mismanagement, namely: poor communication and stakeholder relationships, unethical practices and corruption, lack of skills and experience, regulatory issues and complexity, poor organisational and project practices, and inadequate implementation of project management processes. The qualitative analysis undertaken shows that unethical practices and corruption play a significant role in stakeholder mismanagement, and they have ripple effects on many aspects within projects. The drivers found herein will allow practitioners to identify stakeholder mismanagement early in the project and maintain project integrity.
    Keywords: project management; stakeholder management; construction project; stakeholder mismanagement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10056278
  • Strategies to Improve Communication Among Multicultural Teams involved in Construction Projects   Order a copy of this article
    by Jessica Justin Sundeep, Amir Hossein Ghapanchi 
    Abstract: The globalised construction environment necessitates the formation of multicultural teams (MCTs), with significant levels of collaboration. Although literature recognises the importance of communication strategies, it does not explicitly provide a structured taxonomy of strategies for improving communication in construction projects with multicultural teams. Therefore, this research explores the question What are the possible strategies to improve communication in multicultural teams involved in construction projects? Herein, a qualitative research approach was used to sift through data from ten case studies in the construction sector. The findings led to the development of a framework that may be used to enhance engagement and control conflicts. The approaches covered the necessity of a global communication mindset, the significance of localisation, and the use of adaptive, intercultural, and Interactive communication strategies. There are suggestions for specific practitioners for interpersonal communication and cultural sensitivity.
    Keywords: multicultural teams; construction projects; communication; strategies; local culture; cultural sensitivity.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10056790
  • Self-managed teams a literature review of a project organisation   Order a copy of this article
    by Simon Krause, Hana Stojanova, Viktoria Joy Behrens, Johannes Engelbert Hangl 
    Abstract: This article has examined the concept of self-managed teams. It explores the research question, Is the concept of self-managed teams a fundamental organisational approach or just a limited management method?. A state of research on the topic of self-managed teams has been defined. According to Mayring, a qualitative content analysis method was used to analyse the literature and interpret the results. Furthermore, the influencing factors that make up the concept of self-managed teams have been analysed and shown how they develop and interact with each other. We show that the concept of self-managed teams claims to be perceived as a comprehensive organisational approach rather than a limited management method. We discuss the possibilities of empirically supporting our findings through future research.
    Keywords: self-managed teams; project organisation; influencing factors.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10057470
  • Managing opportunism in stakeholder relationships: Case of a hospital construction project alliancing   Order a copy of this article
    by Farooq Ali, Harri Jouni Olavi Haapasalo, Kari-Pekka Tampio 
    Abstract: Large hospital construction projects demand a better way to deal with uncertainty and complexity connected with the large number and variety of stakeholders, their individual goals, and the alignment of their goals with the shared project goals. As observed by various scholars, these conditions often lead to opportunistic behaviours among project stakeholder and negatively impact their relationships. This article aims to address the issue of opportunism in construction projects by proposing a list of mechanisms and related actions that can develop collaborative behaviour among project stakeholders and restrict opportunism. We have adopted the qualitative research approach and applied the systematic text condensation method in this study. Our findings suggest that different mechanisms need to be adopted in tandem depending on the project delivery method. Accordingly, project managers need to apply these mechanisms and related actions in different phases of project alliancing.
    Keywords: construction project; project alliancing; opportunistic behaviour; collaborative behaviour; collaboration; opportunism.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10059623
  • Servant Leadership and Megaproject Citizenship Behaviour: The Mediating Role of Psychological Ownership   Order a copy of this article
    by Deribe Aga 
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to examine the linkage between servant leadership and project citizenship behaviour through the mediating role of project psychological ownership. Results of a field survey of 338 randomly selected project employees who worked at a hydroelectric power project in Ethiopia show that servant leadership has a significant positive effect on project citizenship behaviour. The study also finds that psychological ownership plays a mediating role in the relationship between servant leadership and project citizenship behaviour. These findings add insights to the existing project management literature by showing how citizenship in (mega) projects can be promoted. The paper discusses the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
    Keywords: megaproject; servant leadership; psychological ownership; project citizenship behaviour; PCB.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10060434
  • Managing Stakeholder Engagement in Australian Not-for-Profit Projects: Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic   Order a copy of this article
    by Stephanie Lim, Samer Skaik 
    Abstract: This study aims to identify and prioritise the critical success factors (CSFs) that enable stakeholder engagement in Australian not-for-profit (NFP) projects and investigate the extent to which COVID-19 has impacted these CSFs. A comprehensive literature review of relevant journal articles identified eight factors crucial for stakeholder engagement in NFP projects. To obtain empirical data, a questionnaire survey was administered to NFP project practitioners across Australia. The results of the study indicate a shared perception among different activity groups regarding the significance of the identified CSFs. The study also reveals that the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted stakeholder engagement in NFP projects. The implications of these findings suggest that NFP projects in Australia should prioritise effective communication, stakeholder identification and understanding, and clear project objectives to overcome the challenges posed by the pandemic and enable successful stakeholder engagement.
    Keywords: Australia; COVID-19; critical success factors; CSFs; not-for-profit; NFP; stakeholder engagement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10060715
  • A collaborative delivery model with multi-party contract for industrial engineering projects   Order a copy of this article
    by Tommi Pauna, Jaakko Kujala, Kirsi Aaltonen 
    Abstract: Industrial engineering projects are temporary, engineering- and technology-intensive capital projects of usually private sector investors. These projects require the integration of knowledge and competencies from various actors as well as effective interorganisational collaboration. However, in practice, the integration of knowledge and competencies and achieving comprehensive collaboration are challenging because of the absence of working models and guidelines for contractual arrangements in this context. To address this, action design research was applied, and a new collaborative delivery model called the EPCA (engineering, procurement, and construction alliancing) model was developed together with project practitioners. The EPCA delivery model engages key actors early on to identify joint themes and issues that benefit from collaboration and manage them through jointly defined risk and reward sharing structures. This paper identifies how multi-party arrangements with collaborative practices can be used and the key issues that should be addressed through collaborative arrangements in industrial engineering projects.
    Keywords: industrial engineering projects; interorganisational collaboration; knowledge integration; project delivery model; multi-party contract; action design research.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10060877
  • Competency Diagnosis Models according to Project Typology   Order a copy of this article
    by Nelson Rosamilha, Luciano Ferreira Da Silva, Renato Penha 
    Abstract: In response to the competitive and dynamic business landscape, organisations must enhance their activities by developing competencies, a critical success factor in project management. This article proposes a competency diagnosis model for project professionals based on project typology, drawing insights from academic and practitioner sources. The exploratory descriptive study comprises three stages: 1) a systematic literature review of 18 articles from Scopus and Web of Sciences; 2) mapping of grey literature; 3) analysis of 57 patents from Espacenet. The model facilitates competency diagnosis, comparison, and evaluation within project typologies, enabling organisations to identify gaps and select professionals aligned with project requirements. This contribution supports universities in adapting educational programs to meet competency demands for both the workforce and research pursuits.
    Keywords: competency; project professional; projects; project management; competency diagnosis; project typology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10061352
  • Self-managed project teams consist of three key factors that influence their effectiveness: trust, understanding, and power   Order a copy of this article
    by Simon Krause, Hana Stojanova, Viktoria Behrens, Johannes Hangl 
    Abstract: This paper explores the factors that impact trust, understanding, and power in self-managed teams. It utilises 15 expert interviews to confirm that these three factors are the primary influencing factors in self-managed teams and that there are no other factors. The study found that trust has the most substantial influence at 82.67%, followed by power at 81.33% and understanding at 80.67%. The interviewees' other influencing factors could be categorised under these three factors. Experts were selected based on their experience in the IT industry and with self-managed project teams. As a result, the study's findings can be generalised to the IT industry. The paper aims to provide insight into how these factors can be developed and enhanced to support self-managed teams.
    Keywords: self-management; self-managed project teams; influence factors; trust; understanding; power; expert interviews.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10063265
  • Critical Factors and Intention to use Public Private Partnership in Public Projects in Ghana: The Mediating Role of Institutional Quality   Order a copy of this article
    by Agyapong Daniel, Osman Light, Francis Gyesaw 
    Abstract: The paper examines the mediating role of institutional quality in the relationship between the critical factors and the intention to use PPP in public projects in Ghana. The paper employed a quantitative approach and an explanatory design. Data was collected from a sample of 186 managerial staff among MMDAs in Ghana. Data was processed using SPSS (version 25) and SmartPLS. The analytical tool was partial least squares structural equation modelling. The paper found that financial and non-financial factors have a significant positive effect on the intention to use PPP in public projects in Ghana. The paper found that institutional quality partially mediates the relationship between financial factors and the intention to use PPP in public projects but does not mediate the relationship between non-financial factors and the intention to use PPP in public projects. The paper found that institutional quality partially mediates the relationship between financial factors and intention to use PPP in public projects, but did not mediate in the relationship between non-financial factors and intention to use PPP in public projects. Policymakers can promote the use of PPPs by prioritising financial and non-finance factors and promoting institutional quality.
    Keywords: critical factors public private partnership institutional quality intention to use.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2025.10064250
  • COVID-19 - project success through a global pandemic, what changed for project managers?   Order a copy of this article
    by Jacob A. Darlison, James Prater 
    Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the global economy in unprecedented ways since early 2020; a catalyst for changes across every sphere of business and workplace, project management included. This research, via a series of interviews, demonstrates how systemic responses such as localisation, stakeholder assurance, over-ordering and shortened re-sequencing horizons were most effective at alleviating symptomatic issues including supply chain disruption, schedule delay, an altered stakeholder environment, and contractor liquidity.
    Keywords: COVID-19; project management; project success; supply chain; adaptation; lessons learned; construction management; lockdown; social restrictions; globalisation; virtual teams.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10054858
  • Should one nominate an internal or external project manager?   Order a copy of this article
    by Baruch Keren, Yossi Hadad 
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine the differences in performance between internal and external PMs and to identify the advantages and disadvantages of each employment type. An organisation that employs project managers (PMs) must consider which is better: an internal or an external PM. Internal PMs are usually employed with a monthly salary, while external PMs get a retainer or a percent of the project budget. The paper used a multi-criteria decision analysis model, (the super efficiency ranking method), that objectively compares the performance of PMs according to their past performance. The model was applied in a case study with 150 projects managed by 57 internal and external PMs, all executed during 2018-2021 in one water infrastructure company in Israel. The results show that the average performance of internal PMs is statistically significantly higher than external PMs.
    Keywords: project organisation; external project manager; PM; internal PM; multi-criteria decision analysis; MCDA; super efficiency; SE.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10055909
  • Evaluating and prioritising decision-making factors in construction project management to select the best constructor   Order a copy of this article
    by Hamed Gheibdoust, Shahram Gilaninia, Mohammad Taleghani 
    Abstract: This study aims to evaluate and prioritise the decision-making factors in construction project management to select the best constructor. The step-by-step weight ratio analysis (SWARA) method was used to prioritise the decision-making factors of construction project management to select the best contractors in Rasht City Municipality, Iran. Ten experts participated in this research to make decisions with the SWARA, and data were collected in 2022. Results show that the most significant sub-criteria among 28 sub-criteria of decision making in construction project management is the experience of the manager, and the least sub-criteria is resource planning. The present study helps construction managers to enhance their knowledge and have the best performance to choose the best contractor for construction projects and improve their weaknesses by influencing factors. Also, managers can significantly enhance the success of construction projects by focusing on the most significant decision-making factors.
    Keywords: construction; construction management; construction projects; decision-making; contractor; management project; construction project management; stepwise weight assessment ratio analysis; SWARA.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10055026
  • Managing projects in higher education institutions: a study on critical success factors   Order a copy of this article
    by Dian Trihastuti, Ivan Gunawan, Martinus Edy Sianto, Phatarina Natalia 
    Abstract: This article investigates the critical success factors (CSFs) of project management in Indonesian higher education institutions (HEIs). Based on the data from in-depth interviews with nine project managers in four Indonesian universities and survey results, this article identifies 12 critical success factors and their interconnectedness. The role of each factor and its relationship with other factors are described using a combination of decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL), interpretive structural modelling (ISM) and Matrice d'Impacts Croisés Multiplication Appliqué un Classement (MICMAC). There are seven causal success factors and five effect success factors. These factors are interrelated to form a four-level hierarchical structure. The findings can inform project stakeholders in Indonesian HEIs on increasing the success potential and minimising the risk of failure.
    Keywords: DEMATEL; higher education institutions; HEIs; interpretive structural modelling; ISM; critical success factor; CSF.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10060060
  • Hybrid project management models: a systematic literature review   Order a copy of this article
    by Miroslav Krupa, Jiří Hájek 
    Abstract: Hybrid project management (HPM) combines traditional and agile methods, fusing predictive and adaptive approaches. There is only fragmented knowledge about the appropriateness of the hybrid approach and the differences between existing HPM models. To deepen and expand an understanding of HPM, our systematic literature review analysed the advantages, disadvantages, drivers, and barriers of HPM, synthesised the results, and proposed five themes (methodology, project, team, customer and organisation) based on 4,623 abstracts and 72 full papers. The main original output of our review is a comprehensive overview of HPM models described so far in the scientific literature featuring 22 different hybrid models including the identification of their design patterns and nine additional metamodels. The critical challenges for future research are better methodological support of HPM, evaluation of the success of the hybrid approach, and further empirical research to broaden insights into the usage of HPM.
    Keywords: hybrid project management; HPM; methods; project management approaches; models; change management; systematic review.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPOM.2024.10056237