International Journal of Management and Network Economics
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International Journal of Management and Network Economics (5 papers in press)
The impact of economic growth on pollution in developed European countries by Lamia Jamel, Samir Maktouf Abstract: In this paper, we empirically investigate the impact of economic growth on environmental degradation in the developed European economies during the period of study from 1985 to 2015. For the econometric methodology, we utilize the Cobb-Douglas production function. From the tests of Kao and Fisher cointegration confirm the existence of a cointegration relationship between the economic growth and pollution. Also, we confirm the hypothesis of basic CEK which assumes the existence of a bidirectional relationship between economic growth and emissions of CO2 in developed European countries during the period of study (1985-2015). In addition, we find that there is a two-way causal relationship between energy consumption and pollution in developed European countries. Keywords: Economic growth; pollution; developed European countries; financial development.
An analysis of network neutrality regulation with reference to price discrimination by Shabana Chandrasekaran Abstract: Traditionally, the internet platform has always been viewed as a one-sided network, imposing neutral network pricing between the subscribers and the content providers. This paper aims at analysing a situation that deviates from net neutrality and thereby studying the competitive outcomes when price discrimination is followed. The characteristics of internet platform as a two-sided market are initially reviewed followed by the analysis of the existing pricing mechanism of the internet service providers. The analysis throws light on the benefits accrued by the stakeholders, namely internet service provider, application provider and subscriber. With this understanding of the internet platform, the current issues of regulating net neutrality and ways of introducing price discrimination are briefly discussed. Building on seminal literature works, the central tenet of the article focuses on introducing a price discriminatory mechanism in a duopoly market condition that increases the overall stakeholders value. Keywords: Network neutrality; Price discrimination; Network externality; Multi-homing; Internet service provider (ISP); Two-sided markets.
Cognitive Capabilities and the Strategic Alliances' Performance: How Time Frame Matters? by S. Hossein Jalali Abstract: Pursuing underpinnings of managerial cognition, researchers have been exploring cognitive capability in organizations. Although such investigations have largely focused on managerial decision making, few studies have explored the cognitive capability as a needed capability for strategic alliances' partners. In this article, the cognitive capability is considered as a key capability in alliances' partner selection, and relationships between psychological underpinnings of cognitive capability and alliance performance are studied in different time frames of alliances' endurance. Using OLS regression analysis on data from 115 international alliances, the empirical models comprised of perception, attention, problem-solving, communication and social cognition are designed to explain the role of cognitive capability in performance of strategic alliances. Results provide a clear understanding of the importance of cognitive capability in alliances' partner selection and show how these psychological underpinnings fuel alliances' performance in short/medium-term and long-term. Keywords: Strategic alliance; Alliance performance; Cognitive capability; Managerial cognition; Alliance time frame.
Do banks have special features of corporate governance that influence financial performance? Evidence from Tunisian Listed Banks by Khaoula Aliani, Khadija Ben Ali, Imen Mhamid Abstract: The paper aims to investigate the impact of corporate governance, based on the board, on the bank's financial performance. We complete previous literature by analyzing the case of an emerging context, Tunisia. Specifically, our sample includes eleven banks listed on the Tunisian stock exchange, during 6 years (2008-2013). Our empirical results suggest that there is a negative effect of foreign directors and administrators representing the State. Second, we identify a positive effect of the following variables: independence of directors, audit quality and duality on bank performance. However, board diversity doesnt seem to have substantial effect on Tunisian bank performance. Keywords: performance; corporate governance; board; Tunisian banks.
Brand Equity and Competitive Advantage in Alcoholic Beverage Products by Agaba Moses K., Emenike Kalu O. Abstract: In the face of growing competition in modern business environment as a result of globalisation and development in information and communication technology, firms are required to gain and sustain competitive advantage. This study therefore investigates the effect of brand awareness, brand association, brand loyalty, perceived quality, and other proprietary brand assets on competitive advantage in alcoholic beverage products and producers in Kabale District Uganda. The study employed descriptive and multiple regression analyses. The estimates from the multiple regression model indicate that brand equity has significant effect on competitive advantage among alcoholic beverages products and producers. This is evident in the statistical significance of the brand awareness, brand loyalty, and perceived quality variables at the 5% significant. We conclude therefore that brand equity has positive and significant predictive effect on competitive advantage. Hence, firms could enhance competitive advantage by paying attention to brand equity variables. Keywords: brand equity; competitive advantage; alcoholic beverages; Uganda.