International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development
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International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development (4 papers in press)
Shall we cooperate, or shall we compete? How network learning episodes influence strategic decisions in strategic networks by Douglas Wegner, Anelise Rebelato Mozzato Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine how network learning influences decisions about cooperative or competitive strategies between strategic networks composed of small firms. This study responds to calls for research on network learning and focuses on developing an understanding of how network learning episodes shape the decisions of managers in strategic networks. We achieve this by analysing four Brazilian strategic networks, three of which decided to cooperate, while the fourth decided to continue competing. Data was collected through eighteen interviews with network managers and network members to identify how network learning episodes happened in each strategic network. The results show that learning episodes were influenced by contextual factors and elements of content and processes, according to the network learning model of Knight and Pye (2005). We conclude by presenting theoretical and managerial implications for the field of collaborative strategies. Keywords: Network learning; Learning episodes; Cooperation; Merger; Small firm networks; Collaborative strategies; Competition; Strategic networks; Interorganizational learning; Qualitative research.
The Impact of R&D Strategies on the Performance of New Product Development with emphasis on the Role of R&D Team Performance (Case Study: Hooshmand Sazeh Arvin Ara Corporation) by Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi, Siamak Ghorbanian Aghdam Abstract: The main goal of the paper is to study the effect of research and development strategies on performance of new product development with emphasis on the role of research and development team in Hooshmand Sazeh Arvin Ara Company (in the field of steel structures). This is an applied research and has done as a Survey, cause-effect research. In this research, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation test, and path analysis were used. In this survey, a questionnaire included 37 items has been distributed among 160 technicians, research and development, production and marketing experts of Houshmand Sazeh Arvin Ara Company whose work experience exceeds 3 years and research data have been analyzed by SPSS 21 and Smart PLS 2 statistic software. Various researchers in their research area have investigated the impact of research and development strategies on improving the performance of the research and development team or the impact of research and development strategies on the improving the performance of the new product development. Moreover they have studied the effect of performance of the research and development team on the improvement of performance of new product development. However research that specifically focuses on these three variables has not done on a single conceptual model so far. The innovation of this research is to examine the impact of these three variables in a single, general conceptual model. Findings of correlation show meaningful and positive relationship between model variables and indicate that research and development strategies contribute to performance of new product development that this influence is more when there is research and development team. Keywords: R&D Strategies; R&D Teams; Performance; New Product Development.
The Effect of Spiritual Intelligence on Organizational Entrepreneurship: Case Study of Educational Departments in University of Tehran by Mehdi Tajpour, Aidin Salamzadeh Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of spiritual intelligence on organizational entrepreneurship. The present research has a practical approach, and in terms of data collection is a descriptive-survey which follows a quantitative approach. The statistical population of the study consisted of the employees of the educational departments of University of Tehran. By using a random sampling method and Cochrans formula, 140 subjects were considered as the sample size. Data analysis is performed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and Smart PLS software. The results of the research showed that spiritual intelligence had an 84 percent effect on organizational entrepreneurship. Also, the results of sub-assumptions showed that critical thinking (77%), personal presentation (13%), transcendental consciousness (37%), and establishing a position of consciousness (41%) affect organizational entrepreneurship. Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence; Critical Thinking; Knowledge; Consciousness; Organizational Entrepreneurship.
Cost Matters to Small and Medium Enterprises: A Study of Malaysia Food and Beverage Manufacturing by Diana-Rose Faizal, Zariyawati Mohd-Ashhari Abstract: This study examines the costs faced by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) involved in food and beverage manufacturing. It investigates the relationship between product value and the costs of producing packaging and related branding. The majority of SMEs in Malaysia have limited funds for product related expenditure. The results from the partial least squares structural equation model (PLS-SEM) show a strong mediation between packaging and branding expenditure towards product value. The food and beverage industries are highly competitive and need to be focused on in more depth. This study, is potentially useful for future research directions on both theoretical and practical point of view. Keywords: branding; cost; entrepreneur; food and beverage products; SMEs; small and medium enterprises; packaging; product value; PLS-SEM; partial least squares structural equation model.