International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development
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International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development (9 papers in press)
CSR pyramid, CSR in education development and stakeholders satisfaction: Evidence from the banking industry in Bangladesh by Md Shamim Hossain, Sofri Yahya, Shaian Kiumarsi Abstract: This study examines the effect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) pyramid on the satisfaction of stakeholders, with emphasis on the mediating role of CSR in education development. It also determines the manner to reconceive CSR to produce greater desirable educational outcomes. It collects data from 200 stakeholders who are involved in CSR programs in the Banking Industry in Bangladesh (BIB). Thus, the BIB is often engaged in CSR practices through the provision of financial assistance to individuals for the pursuit of further education and advancement. The study fills the literature gap in CSR practices of BIB, especially from ED perspective, which is one of the key practices of the bank for stakeholders. Hence, it makes invaluable contributions to the scanty literature on CSR in Bangladesh, as it analyzes the contributions of BIB towards ED through CSR. The findings of this study could be beneficial to CSR providers, ED practitioners and researchers. Keywords: CSR pyramid; CSR in education; stakeholder’s satisfaction; banking industry.
Convergence Analysis of the Entrepreneurship Start-up Barriers by Yu Sang Chang, Ji Hye Kim, Young Soo Kim Abstract: In a majority of the existing research on entrepreneurship start-up, entry cost, time, and procedures were analyzed as the primary barriers against a faster rate of new business start-ups. We examine whether the country differences in the start-up barriers existing in 2003 have been reduced and if so, how fast. We deploy the convergence framework to answer these questions for 132 countries. Results of our analysis indicate that all three start-up barriers for 132 countries are converging toward a reduction of dispersion as well as a catch-up process during the period of 2003- 2015. However, significant variations are found in the convergence processes for the subgroups of countries by incomes and regions. Implications of our findings will be discussed. Keywords: Start-up Barriers; “Cost”; Time”; and “Procedures”; Sigma convergence; Gamma convergence.
Learning Preferences and Brand Management in the Thai Housing Estate Industry by Vissanu Zumitzavan Abstract: This research scrutinises the linkages between manager learning preferences (LP), brand management (BM), and levels of firm performance (FP) of housing estate firms in Thailand. Mixed methods were applied. The research objectives were to understand the relationship between the independent and dependent variables, and to provide recommendations on how to increase firm performance. The findings suggest that the optimal LP for managers of housing estate firms are the pragmatist, reflector, activist, and then theorist learning preferences, whilst BM was established as a mediator. Keywords: brand management; development; knowledge management; learning preferences; management; organisational development.
Designing a Marketing Model Based on Entrepreneurship Attributes by Maryam Omidi Najafabadi Abstract: This study compared the entrepreneurial attributes of organic and non-organic booth managers working in a Fruit, Vegetables and Agricultural Products Organization (FVAO). It investigates whether brokers are driven to apply alternative marketing approaches by social entrepreneurship or business entrepreneurship attributes. The results indicate the following: (1) The booth managers can be categorized as either commercial or social entrepreneurs; (2) Commercial entrepreneurs (those selling non-organic products) are oriented toward conventional marketing and are less concerned about consumers and community health and more concerned with profit maximization and rapid growth; and (3) Social entrepreneurs (those selling organic products) are oriented toward alternative marketing approaches and are less concerned about profits and more concerned about consumer relationships and long-term survival. Finally, several suggestions are made based on these results.
Keywords: MIMIC Comparative Method; management; development; Social Entrepreneurship; Commercial Entrepreneurship; Alternative Agricultural marketing; Ajzen’s Model.
Factors Influencing Employees Experience after Business Process Redesign by Toni Malinovski, Dane Krstevski Abstract: Since human dimension is an important factor during business process redesign, this study aims to distinct factors influencing employees experience after similar initiatives. A structural equation model was developed that represents relationships between several factors influencing employees experience after business process redesign. The proposed model was tested using survey data from a sample of 136 employees in large enterprise companies in Macedonia that significantly redesigned certain business processes in their information technology departments, while the obtained results explained 68% of variance in employees experience. The results emphasize that companys strategy that presents a clear vision to employees for the intended process redesign and employees attitude towards organizational change have the highest impact on perceived employees experience. Additionally, the new working conditions after the change, also positively influenced the perceived experience, as well as the employees personality traits, which were the lowest influencing factor. However, the study revealed a moderate direct link between employees personality dimensions and their attitude towards the needed organizational changes during business processes redesign. These results can help companies face the socio-cultural challenge and increase employees positive experience after business process redesign, for preferable outcomes of such activities. Keywords: business processes redesign; employees’ experience; personality traits; strategy; working conditions.
SM4PM: A Prescriptive Framework for Guiding Integrated Use of Social Media in Project Management by Miriam Naomi Ikemoto, Marcirio Silveira Chaves, Sonia Gantman, Rosaria De Fatima Segger Macri Russo Abstract: The main objective of this study is to gain an understanding of the uses of Social Media (SM) in Project Management (PM) and to integrate them into a single framework. The grounded theory methodology has been applied to rich data collected from over 30 PM professionals through personal interviews and two focus groups. The findings identify four categories of SM use: communication, control, dissemination and storage. A set of SM with their respective uses is suggested for each category. This study makes a contribution to research and practice by proposing a framework for integrated use of SM to support PM activities. Keywords: Project Management; Social Media; Collaborative tools; Web 2.0; Grounded theory methodology; communication; control; dissemination; storage; framework; integration; knowledge management; technology strategy.
The Effect of Government Support on Market Differentiation in Iraqi Small Medium-Sized Enterprises by Mohammed R. Zeebaree, Rusinah Siron Abstract: This study aims to investigate the effect of government financing and regulations that support market differentiation in the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Iraq. A quantitative approach will be used and a survey instrument employed to collect data from 279 SMEs in the targeted sample size of 2136 managers of SMEs working in Erbil city in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Structural Equation Modelling will be used to test the direction of the relationship between the variables. The results of this study showed that government regulation in Iraq positively affected competitive advantage and indicated that financing has an insignificant effect on the competitive advantage of Iraqi SMEs. This study also suggested several main policy implications of these findings as well as the limitations and recommendations for future research on supporting SMEs. Keywords: government support; market differentiation; small and medium size enterprises; management.
Do Leadership Orientation and Proactive Personality Influence Social Entrepreneurial Intention? by Md. Uzzal Hossain, Ahmed Al Asheq Abstract: This study aims at finding the role of leadership orientation and proactive personality on social entrepreneurial intention. A total of 428 Bangladeshi university students participated in this research study. Correlations analysis, hierarchical multiple regression analysis and analysis of variance were employed to find the relationship among variables and test the hypotheses. The study showed that task orientation, relationship orientation, and proactive personality have a significant positive impact on the intention of social entrepreneurship. The exploratory analysis found that prior voluntary experience also influenced students to become a social entrepreneur. The study is the first to introduce leadership orientation into social entrepreneurship literature.
Keywords: Keywords: Leadership orientation; Task orientation; Relationship orientation; Proactive personality; Social entrepreneurial intention; Management; Development.
Examining Gendered Variations in the Internationalization of Businesses by Golshan Javadian, Darlington Richards Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine gendered variations in the internationalization of businesses utilizing the gender-aware framework. Using Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data, we examined our hypotheses across 70 countries. We found no gender differences in the internationalization of businesses owned by entrepreneurs who were between the ages of 18-29. We also discovered that gender differences only exist in a few countries and in certain specific industries. This research contributes to women entrepreneurship literature by revealing the circumstances in which female-owned businesses internationalize to the same extent or even at a higher level than male-owned businesses. Keywords: Development; gender; gender-aware framework; internationalization; management.