International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development (11 papers in press)
Transfer of Training Determinants in Indian Public Organisations
by JOLLY SAHNI, Norshidah Mohamed
Abstract: The paper aims at investigating the transfer of training determinants in Indian public
organisations. The research is built upon the Kirkpatrick framework and CIPP (Context, Input,
Process, and Product) model. The research uses a survey approach. Data was collected
through structured survey questionnaires from a sample of 115 employees of selected public
organisations in India. In the present research, they represent the population of officers and
managers of selected public organisations in India. The research uses descriptive statistics and
Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) in analysing data. There is evidence to suggest that
employees overall satisfaction, training component, perceived training utility and trainers
performance relate to training effectiveness. Further, work environment and perceived transfer
performance relate to transfer of training. While the research provides the evidence for the
impact of training effectiveness on transfer of training, the relationship is weak, contrary to
prior research. Participants perceived training effectiveness, motivation to transfer training
and training design jointly determine the transfer of training. This study is different from other
researches on training effectiveness in that it develops a model to explain the individuals
transfer of training in Indian public organisations. For training professionals, the model and
instrument could be used for evaluating training effectiveness, participants motivation to
transfer training, training design and transfer of training. For academics, the result advances
the understanding of transfer of training determinants. One key limitation of the research is
that the findings cannot be generalised, as the sample is not random.
Keywords: Training effectiveness; Trainee satisfaction; Transfer of training; Indian Public Organization.
Corporate social responsibility and performance of SMEs in Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)
by Binh Tu Van, Ho Viet Tien
Abstract: The paper aims to explore the impact of CSR on market-oriented performance and financial performance of SMEs. To do this, the sample selection is 620 SMEs. Results found that there is a significant contribution to the literature review, which the interest of the CSR creates the growth of the market-oriented performance, in which the sales growth, the productivity growth and the labor force growth are enclosed. This study answered the doubts about the impacts of the labor union organization on SMEs. Although many adjustments on labor union laws, but invisible, this finding does not bring any result for SMEs performance.
Keywords: CSR; firm performance; management; development; SMEs.
Leagility in fashion supply chains: the potential of integration for managing complexity
by Shahriare Mahmood, Hanna Kropsu-Vehkaperä, Pekka Kess
Abstract: Offshore manufacturing and outsourcing trend in recent days in fashion industry complicates their supply chain (SC). This study focuses to this perplexity and assesses the potentiality of Leagility to achieve required competitiveness in such circumstances. The nature of the fashion supply chain is recapitulated and the aspect of Leagility is observed within existing literature and through case studies. The tendency of global sourcing, e.g. quick supply of manufacture economically obliges them to rethink the SC strategy and Leagility is beneficent in this context in absorbing the turbulence. This research provides a direction to the retailers unsure about the apt strategy by demonstrating the relevance of Leagility in fashion SC. It also builds the base for further deeper study for implement the concept in different part of manufacturing chain.
Keywords: leagility; supply chain; fashion industry; responsiveness; analytic hierarchy process.
Key Determinants for Growth in High-Growth Ecuadorian Manufacturing Firms (HGFs)
by Luis Simbaña, Diana Ushiña, Marcela Salas, María Isabel Sánchez, Ximena Morales-Urrutia
Abstract: ABSTRACT High-growth firms (HGF's) have awakened the interest of policymakers, especially on their contribution to increasing employment index. The objective of this study is to analyze the key determinants that influence the growth of high-growth manufacturing companies in Ecuador. The research evaluated a sample of 143 HGF's between 2010 and 2015; the methodology of panel quantile regression was applied. The findings show that leverage, profitability, innovation, liquidity, solvency, and size have a positive impact on the growth rate of HGF's. Meanwhile, the age variable has a negative relationship in the equation. The results of this study provide solid elements to discuss and promote public and business policies in developing countries.
Keywords: Innovation; High-Growth Firm; Panel Quantile Regressions; Manufacturing Companies; Ecuador.
MODEL FORMULATION IN ANALYSIS LINKAGE OF INSTITUTIONAL SUPPLY CHAIN TO PERFORMANCE AND COMPETITIVENESS (CASE STUDY IN SMES CLUSTERS OF TOFU STICK IN TINALAN VILLAGE, KEDIRI CITY, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA)
by Siti Mustaniroh, Riska Septifani
Abstract: The problems of SMEs tofu stick in SMEs were difficulty to fulfill raw materials requirement. This study aimed to structurally and mathematically improve a model for analysis linkage perfomance, institutional of supply chain and competitiveness of SMEs. The method of analysis used was Partial Least Squared with institutional supply chain (X) as exogenous variables, and the SMEs performance (Y1) and the SMEs competitiveness (Y2) as endogenous variables. The model of structural equation was obtained, where Y1 = 0.682X + ζ and Y2 = 0.664X + 0.323 Y1 + ζ. The findings indicated that the institutional supply chain had a positive and significant impact on the performance and the competitiveness of SMEs, as supported by high levels of trust and skilled human resources. Managerial implication this research is SMEs need to emforcement synergism of institution supply chain and perfomance of SMEs for maximize goal of business.
Keywords: Competitiveness; Institutional; Performance; Supply Chain.
Potential Entrepreneurs Transition from Corporate Organizations: The Relationships of Organizational Culture and Entrepreneurial Motivation in Nigeria
by MUHAMMAD ADAMU
Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine the influence of organizational culture and entrepreneurial motivation on potential entrepreneurs in corporate organizations. Quantitative technique was employed through a cross-sectional survey where primary data has been collected for the study. Correlation coefficients were used, and the study findings suggested that organisational culture and entrepreneurial motivation significantly influences corporate effectiveness. Furthermore, this study theoretically incorporates the VEMT and SCTOP especially in developing the conceptual framework. The merging of these theories explicate the novelty of this study. Also, exploring the under-researched self-employment determinants in the context of Nigeria added value to the entrepreneurship literature.
Keywords: Keywords: potential entrepreneurs; transition; corporate organizations; organizational culture; entrepreneurial motivation; new venture; management; development.
CSR pyramid, CSR in education development and stakeholders satisfaction: Evidence from the banking industry in Bangladesh
by Md Shamim Hossain, Sofri Yahya, Shaian Kiumarsi
Abstract: This study examines the effect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) pyramid on the satisfaction of stakeholders, with emphasis on the mediating role of CSR in education development. It also determines the manner to reconceive CSR to produce greater desirable educational outcomes. It collects data from 200 stakeholders who are involved in CSR programs in the Banking Industry in Bangladesh (BIB). Thus, the BIB is often engaged in CSR practices through the provision of financial assistance to individuals for the pursuit of further education and advancement. The study fills the literature gap in CSR practices of BIB, especially from ED perspective, which is one of the key practices of the bank for stakeholders. Hence, it makes invaluable contributions to the scanty literature on CSR in Bangladesh, as it analyzes the contributions of BIB towards ED through CSR. The findings of this study could be beneficial to CSR providers, ED practitioners and researchers.
Keywords: CSR pyramid; CSR in education; stakeholder’s satisfaction; banking industry.
Convergence Analysis of the Entrepreneurship Start-up Barriers
by Yu Sang Chang, Ji Hye Kim, Young Soo Kim
Abstract: In a majority of the existing research on entrepreneurship start-up, entry cost, time, and procedures were analyzed as the primary barriers against a faster rate of new business start-ups. We examine whether the country differences in the start-up barriers existing in 2003 have been reduced and if so, how fast. We deploy the convergence framework to answer these questions for 132 countries. Results of our analysis indicate that all three start-up barriers for 132 countries are converging toward a reduction of dispersion as well as a catch-up process during the period of 2003- 2015. However, significant variations are found in the convergence processes for the subgroups of countries by incomes and regions. Implications of our findings will be discussed.
Keywords: Start-up Barriers; “Cost”; Time”; and “Procedures”; Sigma convergence; Gamma convergence.
Learning Preferences and Brand Management in the Thai Housing Estate Industry
by Vissanu Zumitzavan
Abstract: This research scrutinises the linkages between manager learning preferences (LP), brand management (BM), and levels of firm performance (FP) of housing estate firms in Thailand. Mixed methods were applied. The research objectives were to understand the relationship between the independent and dependent variables, and to provide recommendations on how to increase firm performance. The findings suggest that the optimal LP for managers of housing estate firms are the pragmatist, reflector, activist, and then theorist learning preferences, whilst BM was established as a mediator.
Keywords: brand management; development; knowledge management; learning preferences; management; organisational development.
Designing a Marketing Model Based on Entrepreneurship Attributes
by Maryam Omidi Najafabadi
Abstract: This study compared the entrepreneurial attributes of organic and non-organic booth managers working in a Fruit, Vegetables and Agricultural Products Organization (FVAO). It investigates whether brokers are driven to apply alternative marketing approaches by social entrepreneurship or business entrepreneurship attributes. The results indicate the following: (1) The booth managers can be categorized as either commercial or social entrepreneurs; (2) Commercial entrepreneurs (those selling non-organic products) are oriented toward conventional marketing and are less concerned about consumers and community health and more concerned with profit maximization and rapid growth; and (3) Social entrepreneurs (those selling organic products) are oriented toward alternative marketing approaches and are less concerned about profits and more concerned about consumer relationships and long-term survival. Finally, several suggestions are made based on these results.
Keywords: MIMIC Comparative Method; management; development; Social Entrepreneurship; Commercial Entrepreneurship; Alternative Agricultural marketing; Ajzen’s Model.
Factors Influencing Employees Experience after Business Process Redesign
by Toni Malinovski, Dane Krstevski
Abstract: Since human dimension is an important factor during business process redesign, this study aims to distinct factors influencing employees experience after similar initiatives. A structural equation model was developed that represents relationships between several factors influencing employees experience after business process redesign. The proposed model was tested using survey data from a sample of 136 employees in large enterprise companies in Macedonia that significantly redesigned certain business processes in their information technology departments, while the obtained results explained 68% of variance in employees experience. The results emphasize that companys strategy that presents a clear vision to employees for the intended process redesign and employees attitude towards organizational change have the highest impact on perceived employees experience. Additionally, the new working conditions after the change, also positively influenced the perceived experience, as well as the employees personality traits, which were the lowest influencing factor. However, the study revealed a moderate direct link between employees personality dimensions and their attitude towards the needed organizational changes during business processes redesign. These results can help companies face the socio-cultural challenge and increase employees positive experience after business process redesign, for preferable outcomes of such activities.
Keywords: business processes redesign; employees’ experience; personality traits; strategy; working conditions.