International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development (13 papers in press)
CSR pyramid, CSR in education development and stakeholders satisfaction: Evidence from the banking industry in Bangladesh
by Md Shamim Hossain, Sofri Yahya, Shaian Kiumarsi
Abstract: This study examines the effect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) pyramid on the satisfaction of stakeholders, with emphasis on the mediating role of CSR in education development. It also determines the manner to reconceive CSR to produce greater desirable educational outcomes. It collects data from 200 stakeholders who are involved in CSR programs in the Banking Industry in Bangladesh (BIB). Thus, the BIB is often engaged in CSR practices through the provision of financial assistance to individuals for the pursuit of further education and advancement. The study fills the literature gap in CSR practices of BIB, especially from ED perspective, which is one of the key practices of the bank for stakeholders. Hence, it makes invaluable contributions to the scanty literature on CSR in Bangladesh, as it analyzes the contributions of BIB towards ED through CSR. The findings of this study could be beneficial to CSR providers, ED practitioners and researchers.
Keywords: CSR pyramid; CSR in education; stakeholder’s satisfaction; banking industry.
Convergence Analysis of the Entrepreneurship Start-up Barriers
by Yu Sang Chang, Ji Hye Kim, Young Soo Kim
Abstract: In a majority of the existing research on entrepreneurship start-up, entry cost, time, and procedures were analyzed as the primary barriers against a faster rate of new business start-ups. We examine whether the country differences in the start-up barriers existing in 2003 have been reduced and if so, how fast. We deploy the convergence framework to answer these questions for 132 countries. Results of our analysis indicate that all three start-up barriers for 132 countries are converging toward a reduction of dispersion as well as a catch-up process during the period of 2003- 2015. However, significant variations are found in the convergence processes for the subgroups of countries by incomes and regions. Implications of our findings will be discussed.
Keywords: Start-up Barriers; “Cost”; Time”; and “Procedures”; Sigma convergence; Gamma convergence.
Learning Preferences and Brand Management in the Thai Housing Estate Industry
by Vissanu Zumitzavan
Abstract: This research scrutinises the linkages between manager learning preferences (LP), brand management (BM), and levels of firm performance (FP) of housing estate firms in Thailand. Mixed methods were applied. The research objectives were to understand the relationship between the independent and dependent variables, and to provide recommendations on how to increase firm performance. The findings suggest that the optimal LP for managers of housing estate firms are the pragmatist, reflector, activist, and then theorist learning preferences, whilst BM was established as a mediator.
Keywords: brand management; development; knowledge management; learning preferences; management; organisational development.
Designing a Marketing Model Based on Entrepreneurship Attributes
by Maryam Omidi Najafabadi
Abstract: This study compared the entrepreneurial attributes of organic and non-organic booth managers working in a Fruit, Vegetables and Agricultural Products Organization (FVAO). It investigates whether brokers are driven to apply alternative marketing approaches by social entrepreneurship or business entrepreneurship attributes. The results indicate the following: (1) The booth managers can be categorized as either commercial or social entrepreneurs; (2) Commercial entrepreneurs (those selling non-organic products) are oriented toward conventional marketing and are less concerned about consumers and community health and more concerned with profit maximization and rapid growth; and (3) Social entrepreneurs (those selling organic products) are oriented toward alternative marketing approaches and are less concerned about profits and more concerned about consumer relationships and long-term survival. Finally, several suggestions are made based on these results.
Keywords: MIMIC Comparative Method; management; development; Social Entrepreneurship; Commercial Entrepreneurship; Alternative Agricultural marketing; Ajzen’s Model.
Factors Influencing Employees Experience after Business Process Redesign
by Toni Malinovski, Dane Krstevski
Abstract: Since human dimension is an important factor during business process redesign, this study aims to distinct factors influencing employees experience after similar initiatives. A structural equation model was developed that represents relationships between several factors influencing employees experience after business process redesign. The proposed model was tested using survey data from a sample of 136 employees in large enterprise companies in Macedonia that significantly redesigned certain business processes in their information technology departments, while the obtained results explained 68% of variance in employees experience. The results emphasize that companys strategy that presents a clear vision to employees for the intended process redesign and employees attitude towards organizational change have the highest impact on perceived employees experience. Additionally, the new working conditions after the change, also positively influenced the perceived experience, as well as the employees personality traits, which were the lowest influencing factor. However, the study revealed a moderate direct link between employees personality dimensions and their attitude towards the needed organizational changes during business processes redesign. These results can help companies face the socio-cultural challenge and increase employees positive experience after business process redesign, for preferable outcomes of such activities.
Keywords: business processes redesign; employees’ experience; personality traits; strategy; working conditions.
SM4PM: A Prescriptive Framework for Guiding Integrated Use of Social Media in Project Management
by Miriam Naomi Ikemoto, Marcirio Silveira Chaves, Sonia Gantman, Rosaria De Fatima Segger Macri Russo
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to gain an understanding of the uses of Social Media (SM) in Project Management (PM) and to integrate them into a single framework. The grounded theory methodology has been applied to rich data collected from over 30 PM professionals through personal interviews and two focus groups. The findings identify four categories of SM use: communication, control, dissemination and storage. A set of SM with their respective uses is suggested for each category. This study makes a contribution to research and practice by proposing a framework for integrated use of SM to support PM activities.
Keywords: Project Management; Social Media; Collaborative tools; Web 2.0; Grounded theory methodology; communication; control; dissemination; storage; framework; integration; knowledge management; technology strategy.
The Effect of Government Support on Market Differentiation in Iraqi Small Medium-Sized Enterprises
by Mohammed R. Zeebaree, Rusinah Siron
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the effect of government financing and regulations that support market differentiation in the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Iraq. A quantitative approach will be used and a survey instrument employed to collect data from 279 SMEs in the targeted sample size of 2136 managers of SMEs working in Erbil city in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Structural Equation Modelling will be used to test the direction of the relationship between the variables. The results of this study showed that government regulation in Iraq positively affected competitive advantage and indicated that financing has an insignificant effect on the competitive advantage of Iraqi SMEs. This study also suggested several main policy implications of these findings as well as the limitations and recommendations for future research on supporting SMEs.
Keywords: government support; market differentiation; small and medium size enterprises; management.
Transfer of training determinants in Indian public organisations
by Jolly Sahni, Norshidah Mohamed
Abstract: The paper investigates the transfer of training determinants in selected Indian public organisations. The research uses the Kirkpatrick framework and context, input, process, and product (CIPP) model to develop and confirm a research model. Using a cross-sectional survey design, a total of 115 questionnaires were distributed to training participants. Data was analysed using structural equation modelling technique. Findings indicate that employee's overall satisfaction, training component, perceived training utility and trainer's performance relate to training effectiveness. Further, work environment and perceived transfer performance relate to transfer of training. Participant's perceived training effectiveness, motivation to transfer training and training design jointly determine the transfer of training. The research contributes to the literature through advancing the understanding of transfer of training determinants in Indian public organisations. For training professionals, the model and instrument could be used for future training evaluation. One key limitation of the research is that the findings cannot be generalised, as the sample is not random.
Keywords: training effectiveness; trainee satisfaction; transfer of training; Indian public organisation.
Corporate social responsibility and performance of SMEs in Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)
by Tu Van Binh, Ho Viet Tien
Abstract: The paper aims to explore the impact of CSR on market-oriented performance and financial performance of SMEs. To do this, the sample selection is 620 SMEs. Results found that there is a significant contribution to the literature review, which the interest of the CSR creates the growth of the market-oriented performance, in which the sales growth, the productivity growth and the labour force growth are enclosed. This study answered the doubts about the impacts of the labour union organisation on SMEs. Although many adjustments on labour union laws, but invisible, this finding does not bring any result for SMEs' performance.
Keywords: CSR; firm performance; management; development; SMEs; Vietnam.
Key Determinants for Growth in High-Growth Ecuadorian Manufacturing Firms (HGFs)
by Luis Enrique Simbaña-Taipe, Diana Carolina Ushiña Mullo, Marcela Salas Chuquin, Ximena Morales-Urrutia, María Isabel Sánchez
Abstract: High-growth firms (HGFs) have awakened the interest of policymakers, especially on their contribution to increasing employment index. The aim of this research is to determine the key factors that influence the development of high-growth manufacturing companies in Ecuador. The research evaluated a sample of 143 HGFs between 2010 and 2015; the methodology of panel quantile regression was applied. The findings show that leverage, profitability, innovation, liquidity, solvency, and size have a positive impact on the growth rate of HGFs. Meanwhile, the age variable has a negative relationship in the equation. The results of this study provide solid elements to discuss and promote public and business policies in developing countries.
Keywords: innovation; high-growth firms; HGFs; panel quantile regressions; manufacturing companies; Ecuador.
Leagility in fashion supply chains: the potential of integration for managing complexity
by Shahriare Mahmood, Hanna Kropsu-Vehkaperä, Pekka Kess
Abstract: Offshore manufacturing and outsourcing trend in recent days in fashion industry complicates their supply chain (SC). This study focuses to this perplexity and assesses the potentiality of leagility to achieve required competitiveness in such circumstances. The nature of the fashion supply chain is recapitulated and the aspect of leagility is observed within existing literature and through case studies. The tendency of global sourcing, e.g., quick supply of manufacture economically obliges them to rethink the SC strategy and leagility is beneficent in this context in absorbing the turbulence. This research provides a direction to the retailers unsure about the apt strategy by demonstrating the relevance of leagility in fashion SC. It also builds the base for further deeper study for implement the concept in different part of manufacturing chain.
Keywords: leagility; supply chain; fashion industry; responsiveness; analytic hierarchy process; AHP.
Potential entrepreneurs transition from corporate organisations: the relationships of organisational culture and entrepreneurial motivation
by Muhammad Adamu
Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine the influence of organisational culture and entrepreneurial motivation on potential entrepreneurs in corporate organisations. Quantitative technique was employed through a cross-sectional survey where primary data has been collected for the study. Correlation coefficients were used, and the study findings suggested that organisational culture and entrepreneurial motivation significantly influences corporate effectiveness. Furthermore, this study theoretically incorporates the VEMT and SCTOP especially in developing the conceptual framework. The merging of these theories explicates the novelty of this study also, exploring the under-researched self-employment determinants in the context of Nigeria added value to the entrepreneurship literature.
Keywords: potential entrepreneurs; corporate organisations; organisational culture; transition; entrepreneurial motivation; new venture; management; development.
Model formulation in analysis linkage of institutional supply chain to performance and competitiveness (case study in SMEs' clusters of tofu stick in Tinalan village, Kediri city, East Java, Indonesia)
by Siti Asmaul Mustaniroh, Riska Septifani, Rizky Luthfian Ramadhan Silalahi, Shufi Mujahida Andavidar
Abstract: The problems of SMEs' tofu stick are difficulty to fulfil raw materials requirement if demand was increasing rapidly, and performance has not been maximal yet, followed by high competitiveness. Models in supply chain had not been structured in relation to performance and competitiveness, so systematic model development was necessary to be implemented. This study aimed to improve a model for analysis linkage performance, institution of supply chain and competitiveness of SMEs. The method of analysis used was partial least squared with institutional supply chain, the SMEs performance and competitiveness. The model indicated that the institutional supply chain had a positive and significant impact on the performance and the competitiveness of SMEs, as supported by trust and skilled manpower. However, the SMEs' performance did not significantly affect the competitiveness. Managerial implication in this research is SMEs' need to enforce synergism of institutional supply chain and performance to maximise the goals of business.
Keywords: competitivenes; institutional; performance; supply chain; Indonesia.