International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy (15 papers in press)
Green Manufacturing attributes analysis through MCDM in Indian manufacturing Industries
by Jasvinder Singh, CHANDAN DEEP SINGH, Dharmpal Deepak
Abstract: Due to implementation of new laws by government regarding protection of environment, manufacturing companies are being compelled to adopt environmental policies. Green manufacturing and sustainability have shown variety of corporate interests in including IT and marketing companies etc. The purpose of this groundwork is to recognise and examine the critical success factors (CSFs) of GMP that contribute to the accomplishment of environmental sustainability in the manufacturing industries of India. Factors and sub factors responsible for GM implementation were identified through a literature analysis in this research work. The Cronbachs alpha method was used to check the reliability of the selected factors then on these factors different tests i.e., AHP, TOPSIS and VIKORs tools were applied to check the priority of the selected factors. Through the analysis of all tools most appropriate factors are GM implementation issues, organisation style, role of legislation for promoting GM and eco knowledge.
Keywords: green manufacturing processes; GMP; multi criteria decision making; MCDM; critical success factors; CSFs; Indian manufacturing industries.
Psychological Capital: A Reconceptualisation
by Jose Mathews
Abstract: Psychological capital as conceptualised by the pioneers involves the four state-like characteristics of hope, optimism, self-efficacy and resilience within the existing framework. This paper attempts to broaden and build the base of psychological capital by encompassing the positive psychological resources that have productive and adaptive value in work situations and non-work situations. This is about the fundamental intra-individual sub-systems of cognition, affect, motivation and the personality trait processes which become fundamental to any or all of the positive psychological resources identified and yet to be identified. The positive psychological capital is further differentiated into general psychological capital and OB capital.
Keywords: psychological capital; positive psychological resources; positive psychology; state vs. trait; intra-individual sub-systems; CAMP; cognitive; affective.
Challenges of Social Sustainability: Supply Chain Management Perspective
by Munira Halili, Yudi Fernando
Abstract: Social sustainability has become an emerging issue due to the firm response to society and is a vital enabler to remaining competitive. However, there is less evidence on how social issues can be solved through sustainable social supply chains. Therefore, it is critical to understand social domain challenges raise in manufacturing firms. This study aims to conceptualise social sustainability drivers to overcome social challenges. The study has explored the social impact and issues using a critical review technique. The results found five drivers for firms to adopt social sustainability practices and highlight the ethical concern. The issues have been discussed, with foresight solutions focused on improving the performance of firms in responding to societal challenges. From a practical perspective, these findings are crucial because they have implications for firms seeking to develop a sustainable social supply chain in achieving a competitive edge.
Keywords: social sustainability; social issues; sustainability development; ethical practices; foresight.
Financial Reporting in Family firms and Socioemotional Wealth
by Charlotte Haugland Sundkvist, Andre Opsahl, Tonny Stenheim
Abstract: The paper discusses the theory of socioemotional wealth (SEW) and explains how and why this theory complements the principal-agent theory in the understanding of the financial reporting in family firms. The SEW theory argues that family owners often emphasise other objectives than the traditional economic objective of maximising their return on invested capital. These other objectives might be referred to as socioemotional objectives and may for example be the need to retain control of the firm or to preserve the familys financial wealth over time. Findings from the literature on financial reporting in family firms are discussed in light of Berrone et al.s (2012) FIBER model. Based on this discussion, we also identify gaps in the literature and future research opportunities.
Keywords: family firms; socioemotional wealth; financial reporting; earnings management; voluntary disclosures.
Mediating role of supply chain traceability and supply chain visibility on environmental performance led by sustainable supply chain collaboration
by G.M.J. Patabandige, N.W.K. Galahitiyawe
Abstract: Business organisations have to play a significant role be attentive towards environmental friendliness throughout their core business activities, as there are harmful impacts on human lives and nature owing to environmental-related issues. To ensure the environmental performance at the organisational level in the supply chain, the business organisations have to work along with different parties, as mentioned in organisational information theory. Nevertheless, the achievement of environmental performance is not ensured via sustainable supply chain collaboration. Hence, as highlighted in the coordination theory, transparent information must be generated within the sustainable supply chain collaboration to clinch environmental performance. Thus, this study investigates the role of supply chain visibility and supply chain traceability in the form of transparent information on the achievement of environmental performance led by sustainable supply chain collaboration, based on the business organisations of Sri Lanka, which have obtained environmental compliance certifications.
Keywords: supply chain traceability; supply chain visibility; sustainable supply chain collaboration; environmental performance.
Digital Empathy and Supply Chain Cybersecurity Challenges: Concept, Framework and Solutions for Small-Medium Enterprises
by Anisha Banu Dawood Gani, Yudi Fernando
Abstract: Despite contributing significantly to the worlds economy and being the most targeted by cybercriminals for being the weakest link in the supply chain, small-medium enterprises (SMEs) lag behind cybersecurity implementation. The budget and expertise constraint hinders them from catching up with cybersecurity initiatives. This study explores the management concept of digital empathy and proposes a solution framework for SMEs to overcome cybersecurity challenges. We found that three drivers can be the solution to overcome the cybersecurity barrier within firms internal context, such as adequate funding, management support, and attitude towards cybersecurity risk. Our theoretical framework has also included the digital empathy approach incorporating subscription-based solutions, modular solutions, and zero-trust architecture. In addition, we suggest that the supply chains cybersecurity systems be regularly monitored and maintained to balance cybersecurity and affordability. Furthermore, to enable future scalability, SMEs must implement the zero-trust architecture, which acts as a foundation for self-healing and self-correcting supply chain networks.
Keywords: digital empathy; cybersecurity; zero-trust architecture; COVID19; supply chain.
Case study research: its relevance for practitioners and scientific investigations
by Roberto Sarmiento, Garvan Whelan
Abstract: Many articles have been written regarding the potential scientific and practical utility of the results/evidence obtained by means of case study research. In this paper, we propose to take a step back, in order to establish a few premises that are critical in the understanding of these topics. Firstly, we emphasise the importance of acknowledging the existence of two types of scientific hypotheses: universal-deterministic and probabilistic. Once this has been acknowledged and understood, we can then discuss the potential utility that case study research can have in the proposing and testing of scientific hypotheses, and the subsequent dissemination of knowledge amongst interested parties. We hope this paper can help ignite a much needed and detailed discussion about these themes and improve the standing of operations management as a practically relevant and valid empirical science.
Keywords: universal-deterministic hypotheses; probabilistic hypotheses; case study research; falsification; Karl Popper; research methodology.
Entrepreneurial Intention of Accounting Students: Role of Opportunity Identification Traits using SEM
by Alisha Soni, Kanupriya Misra Bakhru
Abstract: The ability of identifying profitable business prospect which also suits the personality and knowledge of a potential entrepreneur is considered as meta-skill for entrepreneurship. Thus, the study investigates the role of opportunity identification traits namely, entrepreneurial passion, creativity, self-efficacy and prior knowledge and experience, of students in promoting their intention to start a new business, i.e., entrepreneurial intention. Cluster sampling method was applied to collect the primary data from 408 Chartered Accountancy final students from Delhi-NCR region of India. The data was analysed with the help of structural equation modelling technique using AMOS version 23. The results demonstrate that all the opportunity identification traits except entrepreneurial passion, were positive and significant in enhancing students entrepreneurial intention. The students are required to be proficient in discovering profitable and suitable business opportunities, then only they can develop intention to choose entrepreneurial career.
Keywords: entrepreneurial passion; creativity; self-efficacy; prior knowledge and experience; entrepreneurial intention.
STRATEGIC IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETENCIES ON MANUFACTURING PERFORMANCE OF INDIAN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
by Harpreet Sharma, CHANDAN DEEP SINGH, Kanwaljeet Singh
Abstract: Technological competencies have long been recognised as essential for establishing a competitive edge in the market by quickly adapting to changing opportunities. This paper presents an insight into technological competencies and their impact on manufacturing performance. The survey and quantitative data analysis of the Indian manufacturing industry in the northern region is the focus of this paper. The data for this study was gathered by a questionnaire survey, and then analysed using several methods. The organisations turnover, the number of employees working, and the companys market share were the main demographic characteristics analysed. An analysis of variance significant level was drawn using the chi squared test. Quantitative approaches such as correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were utilised to identify the factors that have a greater impact on organisational performance.
Keywords: technological competency; ANOVA; multiple linear regression.
Moderation of innovation capability on innovation performance relationship
by Haulah Abd Aziz
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate the antecedents of innovation performance and the role demonstrated by innovation capability; whether strengthening or weakening the relationship within Malaysian manufacturers. This study implements quantitative approach with data collected from Malaysian manufacturing industry using structured questionnaires. The hypothesised relationships from 105 companies are further tested using Smart PLS software in measuring the frameworks structural equation modelling. The results from this study support the proposed research objectives indicating the positive direct relationship between the influencers and innovation performance. The finding reflects on the partial moderating effect of innovation capability on the relationship. From the obtained results, the scholars provide several recommendations to assist decision-maker within manufacturing industries. This paper further confers on suggestions to improve firms innovation performance through understanding and developing the constructs investigated.
Keywords: market orientation; total quality management; innovation capability; innovation performance; PLS-SEM; Malaysian manufacturers.
LEAN MANUFACTURING PRACTICES MEDIATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OUTSOURCING AND FIRMS PROFITABILITY
by Noah Mwelu, Susan Watundu, Musa Moya
Abstract: Persistent profit decline facing manufacturing firms have left managers and scholars with the task of looking for viable solutions to address the problem. This has seen various strategies being established to address the problem. However, the challenge remains characterised by collapsing businesses. This study empirically investigates whether lean manufacturing practices mediates the relationship between outsourcing and profitability of manufacturing firms. Whereas mediation studies are on the rise, little attention has been paid to interactive effect of these strategies in manufacturing industry that this study is addressing. A cross-sectional research design was adopted using a self-administered questionnaire to determine the relationship based on the 161 responses from selected manufacturing firms in Uganda. Partial mediation approach following Baron and Kenny guidelines was adopted and data analysed in Med-Graph excel programme and SPSS software. The study contributes by proving that lean manufacturing practices significantly mediated the relationship between outsourcing and profitability.
Keywords: outsourcing; lean manufacturing; profitability; mediation; manufacturing firms.
Community style leaderships effects on organizational performance: Analysis across industries and firm sizes in Mexico
by Andrée Marie López-Fernández, Santiago García-Álvarez
Abstract: Scholars and practitioners, across fields of study, have spent decades analysing and documenting the complexities of different styles of leadership encountered throughout industries around the world. With that, a series of constructs and respective definitions have been developed to better understand the implications of taking on certain leadership styles. Mintzbergs (2009) communityship concept is no exception; in fact, it has motivated the development of this empirical study aimed to uncover the characteristics of a community style leadership in organisations operating in Mexico. This study contributes to the understanding of the intricacies of a community style leadership and its potential impacts on collaborator satisfaction and commitment towards the firm, as well as on organisational performance.
Keywords: community style leadership; collaborator; engagement; proactivity; empowerment; performance; satisfaction; commitment; SMEs; large firms.
The Role of Meta-organisation in Sustainability for Emerging Markets
by Harchitwan Kaur Lamba, Sanjay Dhir
Abstract: To understand and examine the factors responsible for creating meta-organisations that play an influential role in creating environmental sustainability in emerging markets. The paper attempts to identify various factors of meta-organisation from the literature, which are analysed through total interpretive structural modelling (TISM) and Matrice dImpacts Crois
Keywords: meta-organisation; environmental sustainability; emerging markets; governance; authority.
Business Research Methods: systematic literature review
by Ferreira Pereira
Abstract: Academic research endeavours to progress by way of successive paradigm shifts. The current paper looks into four distinct typologies of research into the management field. It draws from a careful systematisation of research papers, through the use of the PRISMA software, which allows for an algorithm of scientific impact to be inferred. Four typologies of business research were identified and subsequently analysed with a view to identifying potential scientific impact. In so doing we aim to establish the relative importance of theoretical soundness vis-
Keywords: business research methods; BRM; systematic literature review; SLR; family business; business case studies; qualitative research; quantitative research.
REINVENTING CONFLICTS: THE ROLE OF TMT COGNITIVE CONFLICTS MANAGEMENT AND RETENTION ISSUES IN THE ORGANIZATION.
by Rashid Shar Baloch
Abstract: This study finds that the top management team (TMT) conflicts and a coalition are of great importance and an essential component of any organisation. This has numerous significant motivational or disenchanting implications because they may envisage work and performance in ways that are unaccounted for by prevailing motivation practices. We hypothesise that TMT structure affects overall performance in relation to organisational decision-making ability and retention programs. We further construct that the role of TMT revolves around the head of the outcome of statistical analysis confirms that conflict among TMT and coalition of team members against change or diversity is significantly associated with decision-making ability and executive retention programs. We find coherence between MD leadership credentials and TMT conflict and coalition. Model estimation and coefficient of determination for TMT conflict, organisational decision-making ability and leadership performance yielded significant results.
Keywords: TMT conflicts; MD leadership; decision-making ability; TMT retention programs; conflict resolution.