Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation

International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation (IJMatEI)

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International Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation (29 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Tribological Behavior of Al6061-SiC Hybrid MMC Reinforced with 4% MoS2/Cu/Gr   Order a copy of this article
    by Bhanudas Bachchhav 
    Abstract: The Al6061-SiC MMC was prepared by stir casting method with 4% of MoS2, Cu, and C separately. Experiments were performed by using Taguchi’s L9 orthogonal array on a pin-on-disc set-up to study the friction and wear behaviour of the composite materials. Effect of speed, pressure, and time on the friction and wear rate were studied. Analysis of variance and ranking of parameters were done using Minitab statistical analysis software. The friction coefficient of composites against EN-31 disc was found to be in the range of 0.22 to 0.36. Minimum and maximum wear rate is observed when Al6061-20SiC is reinforced with 4% MoS2 and 4% Gr respectively. The surface characteristics were analysed using SEM. The composite materials finds potential to be used as a light weight material in various sliding contact conditions. Further investigation on heat dissipation characteristics with addition of MoS2/Cu/C is recommended.
    Keywords: Al6061-20SiC; metal matrix composite; MMC; friction; wear; pin-on-disc; Taguchi method.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10050224
  • Using Fuzzy Logic Predict the Influence of the Tool Shoulder Geometry of Friction Stir Welded Al 6082 T6 Alloy   Order a copy of this article
    by M.N. Qureshi, Dhairya Vyas, Saumil Joshi, Karishma Qureshi 
    Abstract: Friction stir welding (FSW) and its variants are important welding processes in many industries, including aerospace, railway, robotics and computers. Since welding plays a vital role in enhancing production and productivity, the effect of tool shoulder geometry on weld quality must be investigated. The weld quality is affected by tool geometry, welding speed, tool traverse speed, tool inclination angle, and so on. Consequently, the interaction of such parameters influences the weld quality, which becomes difficult to predict. In this research, welding was performed on Al 6082 T6 alloy using two separate shoulder geometries (raised and recessed shoulder) at three different welding rates and tool transverse speeds. Further, the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and the microhardness of the material were used in weld quality evaluation. Two adaptive network-based fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) were used to train and evaluate the UTS and microhardness, respectively. The Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy inference system was used to find the effect of tool shoulder geometry on the weld quality.
    Keywords: adaptive network-based fuzzy inference systems; ANFIS; artificial intelligence; artificial neural network; ANN; friction stir welding; FSW; genetic algorithm; Al 6082 T6 alloy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10050707
  • Utilization of White Aluminium Dross Based Briquetted Synthetic Slag during Secondary Steelmaking Process   Order a copy of this article
    by S.K. Wasim Haidar, Albin Samiraj Rozario 
    Abstract: Aluminium dross which is a waste product of aluminium manufacturing process is toxic and hazardous in nature. Therefore, search for a suitable disposal method becomes crucial to process this dross effectively. Recycling is recognised as the best way out for sustainable development. Present study discussed the utilisation of white aluminium dross-based briquetted synthetic slag (WADBBSS) in place of pre-melted synthetic slag (PMSS) during secondary steelmaking. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of WADBBSS shows around 9% of metallic aluminium. Viscosity analysis of WADBBSS and PMSS shows a difference of 0.04 Pa.s at steelmaking temperature. Industrial trials carried out with the addition of WADBBSS shows a reduction of 0.07
    Keywords: aluminium dross; synthetic slag; recycling; secondary steelmaking; FactSage; viscosity; liquidus temperature.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10050708
  • Re-entrant Auxetic Cellular Structures Fabricated by Material Extrusion Technique: An Investigation on Mechanical Properties under Shear Loading   Order a copy of this article
    by Swapnil Vyavahare, Soham Teraiya, Shailendra Kumar 
    Abstract: Re-entrant auxetic cellular (REC) structures are recently employed in various automotive, aerospace, biomedical and sports applications. For fabrication of these structures with good mechanical strength, material extrusion (ME) technique is most economical additive manufacturing technique. Mechanical properties of ME fabricated parts majorly depend upon process parameters. The present paper describes an experimental study of influence of process parameters under shear loading for ME fabricated REC structures. Structures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and poly-lactic acid (PLA) materials are fabricated. Three process parameters of ME namely layer thickness, raster width, and build orientation are considered to investigate their influence on responses namely strength, stiffness, and specific energy absorption (SEA) under shear loading. Experiments results are analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). It is observed that all parameters along with their interaction significantly influence all responses. In ABS structures, shear strength initially decreases and then increases with increase in layer thickness; while for PLA structures exact reverse trend is observed. Based on the analysis of experimental results, regression models are developed. Also, optimal configurations of the specimens are determined to maximise responses using desirability function.
    Keywords: re-entrant auxetic cellular structures; mechanical properties; material extrusion technique; process parameters; shear.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10050987
  • Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of SiC coated graphene Composites   Order a copy of this article
    Abstract: Graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) surface was modified by reducing the precursors of SiO to silicon carbide (SiC) coating at a temperature of 1,350
    Keywords: graphene nanoplatelets; GNP; SiC coated GNP; SGNP; specific surface area; SSA; carbothermal; nanoindentation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10050988
  • CRYOGENIC TREATMENT ON M2 HSS TOOL & IT'S PERFORMANCE   Order a copy of this article
    by Onkar Nath Choubey, Vikas Kumar Shukla, Ajay Pratap Singh Chauhan, Bipin Kumar Singh 
    Abstract: In this study, an effective approach of deep cryogenic treatment has been selected to analyse the mechanical properties of AISI M2 tool steel and C45 steel. The microstructural analysis of deep cryogenic treatment AISI M2 tool steel reveals an improvement of 5.81% and C45 steel by 4.59% in hardness, due to better homogeneity of carbide density inside the metal matrix. An interesting result is observed in the case of power consumption, which is found minimum for treated tools and treated workpiece. This happens may be due to softening of the workpiece, by rising high temperature at tool and job interaction. A favourable effect on surface roughness, power consumption and material removal rate is observed with an increase in cutting speed. The increase in feed rate and depth of cut deteriorates the quality of the surface that also increases the tool wear and power consumption. The deterioration in machined surface may be observed due to presence of more unmachined material per revolution at high feed rate and depth of cut.
    Keywords: deep cryogenic treatment; AISI M2; C45; turning; microhardness; microstructure.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051244
  • Experimental investigation on mechanical properties of FDM fabricated hexachiral auxetic structure under compressive loading   Order a copy of this article
    by Shailendra Kumar, Soham Teraiya, Rushikesh Badhe 
    Abstract: The present paper describes an experimental investigation on mechanical properties of hexachiral auxetic structure under compressive loading. Structures of polylactic acid (PLA) are fabricated using fused deposition modelling (FDM) technique of additive manufacturing (AM). Influence of two geometric parameters namely node radius and ligament thickness on compressive strength, compressive modulus, plateau strength and specific energy absorption (SEA) of hexachiral structures is studied. It is found that modulus is significantly influenced by both geometric parameters. For compressive strength, plateau strength and SEA, only node radius is found to be a significant parameter. All compressive properties increase with decrease in node radius and ligament thickness. Regression models are also developed to predict compressive properties of structure. To maximise the responses, optimisation of geometric parameters is performed.
    Keywords: mechanical properties; hexachiral; auxetic; structure; compression; fused deposition modelling; additive manufacturing.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051276
  • Enhancement of weld penetration in 2205 stainless steel by TIG welding novel variants   Order a copy of this article
    by Dipali Pandya, Amarish Badgujar, M.N. Qureshi, Nilesh Ghetiya 
    Abstract: The study compares the effects of welding joints made in 2205 duplex stainless steel with activated tungsten inert gas (A-TIG), flux-bounded TIG (FB-TIG) and flux-zone TIG (FZ-TIG). To examine the effects of activated fluxes welded by the A-TIG and FB-TIG welding procedures, four single component oxide fluxes (Cr2O3, MoO3, SiO2 and TiO2) are chosen. The highest penetration is achieved with SiO2 flux among all selected activated fluxes in A-TIG as well as in FB-TIG welds. FZ-TIG welding is performed with eight unique combinations of selected oxide fluxes. The maximum penetration is achieved in FZ-TIG welding with SiO2 as the centre region flux and Cr2O3 as the side region flux. The robust arc constriction and reversal Marangoni convection lead to higher penetration. The microstructure study shows that A-TIG and FZ-TIG weld joints form a more balanced structure of ferrite/austenite by forming larger laths of Widmanst
    Keywords: activated tungsten inert gas; A-TIG; flux-zone tungsten inert gas; FZ-TIG; flux-bounded tungsten inert gas; FB-TIG; weld bead geometry; Marangoni convection.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051277
  • Anti-Tetrachiral Auxetic Structures Fabricated by Material Extrusion: Numerical and Experimental Investigation on Influence of Design Parameters on Mechanical Properties under Compressive Loading   Order a copy of this article
    by Soham Teraiya, Swapnil Vyavahare, Shailendra Kumar 
    Abstract: The present article describes a numerical and experimental investigation on mechanical properties of anti-tetrachiral auxetic structures under compressive loading. The structures of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene material are fabricated by material extrusion technique of additive manufacturing. The influence of design parameters namely node radius and ligament thickness is studied on responses including strength, modulus and specific energy absorption (SEA) of in-plane and out-of-plane oriented structures. Experiments are planned using face-centred central composite design. From the experimental study, it is found that both design parameters significantly influence strength, modulus and SEA of structures. Also, it is observed that the stresses in plateau region of stress-strain curve remain almost constant till the densification phase during compressive loading of in-plane oriented structure, while the strength and modulus are high in out-of-plane oriented structure. Further, regression models for strength, modulus and SEA are developed, and optimisation of design parameters is performed to maximise the responses.
    Keywords: mechanical properties; anti-tetrachiral auxetic structure; compressive loading; material extrusion; additive manufacturing; design parameters; strength; modulus.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051278
  • Effect of Cryogenic Treatment on Non-Ferrous Materials: A Review   Order a copy of this article
    by Viren Parikh, Amarish Badgujar, M.N. Qureshi 
    Abstract: Enhancement of material properties has become an important factor in cost-cutting. To improve performance, materials are subjected to several processes such as heat treatment, peening, coating, and many more. Cryogenic treatment, or sub-zero heat treatment, is one such treatment that has made a substantial contribution to the improvement of several properties such as hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength, wear rate, and corrosion rate of ferrous and non-ferrous materials. The present article focuses on the effect of cryogenic treatment on non-ferrous materials. The article discusses the variation in microstructure and mechanical properties of non-ferrous materials when subjected to cryogenic treatment. Furthermore, the effects of the soaking period, soaking temperature, number of cryogenic cycles, and other process parameters related to cryogenic treatment have been considered for discussion.
    Keywords: cryogenic treatment; heat treatment; non-ferrous material; mechanical properties; microstructure.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051776
  • Prediction of Elastic Properties of Cotton Waste Reinforced Epoxy Composites for Structural Applications   Order a copy of this article
    by Mantesh Basappa Khot, K.S. Sridhar, Sethuram D 
    Abstract: Fibre reinforced composite materials have become a popular engineering material type. They have excellent mechanical characteristics, a wide range of flexibility in design, and are simple to fabricate. Fibre reinforced composites (FRP) are gradually displacing traditional materials in a wide range of applications, including aircraft, automobiles, containers, space vehicles, offshore constructions and pipelines, sporting goods, and electrical appliances. The mechanics of FRPs, on the other hand, are complicated due to their anisotropic and heterogeneous properties. To determine the elastic behaviour of the composite, a representative volume model was considered in this paper, and a finite element model incorporating the required boundary conditions was developed using FEA ABAQUS software. The results of the analysis are compared to those acquired from numerical calculations, and it is seen that they are in good agreement and are applicable to all volume fractions of the composite.
    Keywords: cotton waste; effective elastic constants; ABAQUS; rule of mixture.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051777
  • Development of Kevlar-Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Composites for Ballistic Applications   Order a copy of this article
    by Santhosh Sundharesan, Anand Narayanan Nair 
    Abstract: The present study aims at developing a new composite material for bullet-proof vest used in defence applications. The components of the composite were Kevlar, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, combined with and without natural date fibre mixed in epoxy resin. Different combinations of polymeric layers were fabricated to form compact sandwich plates by hard pressing. Then ballistic tests were done with standard 9 mm bullets to assess the suitability of the materials for real firing conditions at common firing ranges of 20 m and 25 m. A comparison in penetration resistance of the composite plates with and without date fibres was made and it was observed that the sandwich plates with date fibres was observed to be better resistant to the firings.
    Keywords: Kevlar; epoxy; armour; fibre; firing.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10051980
  • Comparison of Corrosion Behaviour on 18% Ni 250 Grade Maraging Steel Under weld aged condition in NaCl and H2SO4   Order a copy of this article
    by Rama Pavan Kumar Varma Indukuri, RAMA MURTY RAJU PENMETSA, Srinivasa Rao Chalamalasetti, Rajesh Siriyala 
    Abstract: Maraging steel sheets are used to manufacture components such as metal bellows that must withstand extreme temperatures and corrosion resistance in a variety of industries, including aircraft and aerospace. Laser beam welding is used to join maraging steel 250 plates with a thickness of 2 mm in this work. Under weld-aged conditions, the corrosion behaviour of 18% Ni MDN 250 grade maraging steel was examined in 1 M sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and 1 M sodium chloride (NaCl) solutions of equal concentrations. The potentiodynamic linear polarisation technique was used to conduct corrosion study. The results indicated that the corrosion rate increased with increasing laser power followed by welding speed and focal position. It is possible to improve the corrosion resistance of welded connections by adjusting the welding process parameters.
    Keywords: maraging steel; similar welded joints; corrosion resistance; NaCl; H2SO4.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10052687
    by Vipul Kumar Mishra, Ravi Shankar Raman 
    Abstract: In this research Nanocomposite coatings were electrically co-deposited on AISI 304 using a Watts bath with two distinct ceramic particles (ZnO and TiO2) without the use of any surfactants to develop nanocomposite coatings with improved hardness and hydrophobic property. The influence of Electro co-deposition process parameters was tuned and the main focus was on the variation of properties by the changing of pH. In this paper two pH 3.5 and 4.0 are used and tried to study the comparative results The coating hardness was found to be directly impacted by the kind of ceramic dispersions on different pH, with TiO2 dispersion producing the highest value at pH 4.0, followed by ZnO at 4.0 pH. Also, the superhydrophobic property was measured using a contact angle test and found that Ni- TiO2 coating with pH 4.0 has the highest contact angle of 149
    Keywords: Nanocomposite; Superhydrophobic; Coatings; Electro co-deposition; Electroplating; pH; Contact Angle; Zinc Oxide (ZnO) and Titanium Dioxide (TiO2).
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10054207
  • Numerical and Experimental studies of thin super duplex stainless steel GTAW joints   Order a copy of this article
    by Sujeet Kumar, Vimal KEK 
    Abstract: Super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) thin sheets are welded together in this study by adjusting the welding speed (250
    Keywords: three-point bending; super duplex stainless steel; SDSS; welding current; butt joint tensile test; welded joint.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10054846
  • Influence of alkali pre-treatments on the physio-mechanical, tribological and thermal performance of hemp fiber reinforced phenolic brake friction material   Order a copy of this article
    by Mithul Naidu, Ajit Bhosale 
    Abstract: Five variants of friction bio-composites were developed
    Keywords: hemp fibres; alkali pretreatments; physio-mechanical performance; tribological performance; Taguchi method; thermo-gravimetric analysis.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10054847
  • Characterization of TiNiNbZr quaternary alloy by atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation   Order a copy of this article
    by Mairaj Ahmad 
    Abstract: Effect of thermal treatments (solution treatment, annealing, and aging) and Zr content on microstructure and mechanical properties of TiNiNbZr quaternary alloy was investigated using optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), micro-Vicker, and nanoindentation. These samples were solution treated at 950
    Keywords: atomic force microscopy; AFM; nanoindentation; advanced characterisation; nano and microhardness; elastic modulus; nitinol; TiNiNbZr quaternary alloy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10054870
  • Experimental Investigation and Characterization of Two-Phase Graphene Modified Epoxy Nanocomposites.   Order a copy of this article
    by Mahendra Shelar, V.B. Suryawanshi 
    Abstract: Graphene’s exceptional qualities have piqued the interest of scientists and business people alike. Its potential as a reinforcement in composite materials is another area where it has attracted a lot of attention from researchers. Graphene with its remarkable properties stands out as the most important nanofiller for reinforcement. Graphene’s dispersion and interfacial adhesion with the polymer determine the composite’s performance. In this study, graphene was dispersed effectively in epoxy resin through a multi-stage process. The tensile behaviour of the nanocomposite was studied to determine the effect of the addition of various weight percents of graphene on the mechanical properties of epoxy resin. The fractured surfaces were analysed using a scanning electron microscope. The tensile test revealed that, compared to pure epoxy, the graphene-reinforced epoxy has higher tensile strength and Young’s modulus of 15.33% and 31%, respectively, at 0.2 wt.%. For a larger graphene content, tensile strength was lower than epoxy.
    Keywords: dispersion; graphene; polymer composite; mechanical characterisation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10055224
    by Ram Niwas Singh, Vikas Kumar 
    Abstract: In the present study, hybrid magnesium-based surface composites were created via FSP, and the impact of tool speeds, plunger depth, number of passes, and tilt angles on the microstructure and hardness were examined. TiO2 nanoparticles and Ag nanoparticles were packed in grooves in equal ratios. Microhardness test, optical scanning, and FESEM were used to assess the composite surfaces. The findings showed that grain size increased with increasing rotational speed and the number of passes but decreased with increasing travel speed. It was also revealed that the distribution of the nanoparticles and hardness are directly related. The maximum microhardness stir zone (SZ) of hybrid composites was 120 Hv, significantly higher than base metal (63 Hv).
    Keywords: friction stir processing; FSP; magnesium alloy; microstructure modification; hardness.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10055434
  • Parametric Optimization and Experimental Modelling of AWJ Machining of GFRP Composite   Order a copy of this article
    by Anil Kumar Dahiya, Basanta Kumar Bhuyan, Shailendra Kumar 
    Abstract: Abrasive water jet machining (AWJM) is extensively employed for machining composites such as glass fibre-reinforced polymers (GFRP). AWJM is proven to be efficient and economical for material processing in manufacturing industries, in which a high-speed abrasive water jet is impinged on workpiece surface to erode material to get the desired shape. In this paper, experiments are performed to study the kerf taper (Kt) in AWJ machined GFRP composite according to response surface methodology (RSM) based on the central composite design (CCD) approach. Water pressure (WP), traverse rate (TR), stand-off distance (SOD) and abrasive mass flow rate (AMFR) are considered to study their influence on kerf taper. Optimisation of parameters is executed by applying the desirability technique to minimise the kerf taper. In order to validate the results, confirmation tests have been carried out and which show less than 4.535% of error. Thereafter, an experimental model (second-order mathematical) is made for kerf taper by using RSM. From the analysis, it has been found that the predicted values are very close to the experimental results with a deviation of less than 4%.
    Keywords: glass fibre-reinforced polymers; GFRP; abrasive water jet machining; AWJM; kerf taper; optimisation; modelling; response surface methodology; RSM; desirability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10055435
  • Experimental Investigation of the effect of Micro-Arc Oxidation (MAO) Coating on Al-5456 alloy   Order a copy of this article
    by Kushal Chandel, Sayon Pramanik, SAURABH KUMAR MAURYA, Alakesh Manna 
    Abstract: Paper presents the parametric impacts of micro
    Keywords: MAO; coating thickness; surface roughness; microhardness; corrosion resistance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10055725
  • Investigation of sustainable production opportunity in fabrication of hybrid Aluminum metal matrix composites by Powder Metallurgy technique   Order a copy of this article
    by Anup Choudhury, Jajneswar Nanda, Sankar Narayan Das, Kamalakanta Muduli, Srikanth Bathula 
    Abstract: The impact of date palm leaf powder (DPLP) as a reinforcement material in pure aluminium-alumina composites in improvement of physico-mechanical and morphological properties is investigated in this work. The fabricated hybrid composite is made up of a set amount of aluminium and various percentages of DPLP and alumina in weight% ratios of 1:4, 2:3, 3:2, 4:1. To evaluate the individual features of reinforcements and matrix, particle size distribution (PSD), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and CHNSO studies were used. Specimens were prepared with compacting pressure 474 MPa, two hours sintering time, 600
    Keywords: date palm leaf powder; sintering temperature and time; conventional powder metallurgy; scanning electron microscopy; SEM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10055926
  • Characterization and Evaluation of Al-8011 Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced with B4C+Carbon Nano Tubes Particulate   Order a copy of this article
    by Shivaprakash S., H.K. Shivanand, Srinath M. K., Din Bandhu 
    Abstract: In this study, a novel metal matrix composite (MMC) was created by reinforcing an Al-8011 alloy with carbon nanotube (CNT) and boron carbide (B4C) hybrid particles. The composites’ density (?), Poisson’s ratio (v), and Young’s modulus (E) were calculated using the rule of mixture. Hardness, tensile, and compression strengths were measured on relevant specimens according to ASTM standards. The hybrid reinforced composite (5% B4C + 1.5% CNT) reached 123.6 HRA in the hardness test. 5% B4C + 1.5% CNT reinforcement improved tensile strength to 310.2 MPa. Compression strength, on the other hand, reduced as B4C and CNT percentages increased. For applications demanding the greatest hardness and tensile stresses, the MMC of Al-8011 alloys with 5% B4C and 1.5% CNT was optimal. For the most compressive applications, it was determined that Al-8011 doped with 1% B4C and 1.5% CNT would be the optimal choice. The hybrid reinforcements of B4C and CNT improved the composite, making it suitable for structural applications.
    Keywords: stir-casting; Al-8011; hybrid reinforcement; boron carbide; carbon nano tubes; mechanical attributes.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10056325
  • 3D printed cellulose nanofiber-PLA nanocomposites: Experimental investigations and multi-objective optimization   Order a copy of this article
    by Mugdha Dongre, V.B. Suryawanshi, Y.R. Suryawanshi, Sujatha Parmeswaran 
    Abstract: By incorporating cellulose nanofibres (CNFs) into the polymer matrix, bio-nanocomposites gain more stiffness and tensile strength. FFF is a popular 3D printing technique because of its affordability and simplicity. Many printing parameters affect component cost and function, making process settings for part quality difficult to determine. This work focuses on experimental analysis and multi-objective optimisation of FFF printing parameters and different CNF concentrations for PLA-CNF nanocomposites. The effects of layer thickness, raster angle, and CNF concentration on tensile strength, elastic modulus, toughness, and warpage are analysed. The different responses were combined into single number using TOPSIS (multi attribute performance index
    Keywords: polylactic acid; PLA; cellulose nanofibre; CNF; nanocomposites; fused filament fabrication; FFF; multi objective optimisation; mechanical properties; TOPSIS.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10056989
  • Investigations into Surface Erosion Characteristics and Thermal Stability of Epoxy-based ZnO Nanocomposites   Order a copy of this article
    by Mihir N. Velani, Ritesh Patel 
    Abstract: The study examines the surface erosion characteristics and thermal stability of epoxy-based ZnO nanocomposites in various configurations. These include the effect of filler loading, co-loading of nano-micro fillers, and the synthesis process. The surface erosion experiments were conducted as per IEC60112, and the results were analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was carried to determine the materials’ thermal stability. It was observed that with the high filler contents, ZnO nanocomposites offered smaller craters and discontinuous conducting channels, impeding the bulk erosion of epoxy. Also, the composite exhibited stronger interphase with the epoxy matrix delaying thermal degradation at lower temperatures. The co-loading of nano-micro fillers reduced the mobility of epoxy resins and resulted in superior discharge resistance and thermal stability than the micro composite. The nanocomposite synthesised with heated ZnO particles in a solvent-free approach showed thermal decomposition beyond 250
    Keywords: filler loading; nano-micro fillers; synthesis process; thermal decomposition; tracking resistance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10057688
  • Synthesis and Study of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) For Lithium Ion Batteries   Order a copy of this article
    by Swapnil Potdar, Shashank Kawar 
    Abstract: Development of Lithium Ion Batteries is an essential energy storage technology for different applications. A novel combination of materials are proposed for development of the cathode material of Lithium Ion Batteries. Through the research paper we are proposing synthesis of Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) cathode material using hydrothermal process. In these assumptions, the time is kept constant and temperature is varied from 1300C to 1600C. Further, study of different parameters like Grain Size, Morphology, and Electro Chemical properties are critically observed by varying temperature by Hydrothermal Synthesis process. Study the properties of the synthesized films by the XRD, SEM and TGA techniques. Finally, the electrochemical analysis is carried out to understand the performance of the prepared cathode material.
    Keywords: Rechargeable Battery; Discharge Control; Lithium-Ion; LiFePO4.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10057689
  • Modelling Mechanical Behaviours of Polypropylene Sheet for Incremental Forming Process using graphic method   Order a copy of this article
    by Sy Le V. 
    Abstract: This paper presents modelling the mechanical behaviours of polypropylene sheet (PP) at room temperature. The standard linear solid model (SLS) is used to establish the constitutive equation for FEM simulation of incremental forming process for PP. The tensile, relaxation and creep tests are performed to calibrate the constituting model. This model is integrated into Abaqus environment by using a user-material subroutine in Fortran language. The cone model is simulated in this FEM environment and verified through lab experiments with model formed by the incremental forming process. The results show that the established constitutive model has responded well to the mechanical behaviour of PP. There is significant agreement between the simulated model and empirical experiments in terms of the thickness distribution and geometric accuracy.
    Keywords: polypropylene; PP; modelling; incremental forming; mechanical behaviour; standard linear solid model; SLS; ISF; constitutive equation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10057690
  • Preparation and Characterization of 3D Printed Bio-composites containing Carica Papaya Cellulose Nanofibers   Order a copy of this article
    by Mugdha Dongre, V.B. Suryawanshi, Y.R. Suryawanshi, Sujatha Parmeswaran 
    Abstract: For the first time, cellulose nanofibres (CNFs) were extracted from Carica papaya petioles using chemo-mechanical treatment. The obtained nanofibres were characterised by using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and thermogravimetric analysis. The morphological studies confirmed the nanofibre dimensions in the range of 10
    Keywords: cellulose nanofibres; CNFs; polylactic acid; PLA; Carica papaya petioles; chemo-mechanical treatment; fused filament fabrication; FFF; mechanical properties.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10058893
  • Modeling the Mechanical Properties and Stress Mapping of Aluminium Based Metal Matrix Composite Used in Brake Disc Rotor   Order a copy of this article
    by Ankit Roy Nandy, Ashraf Ali, Satadru Kashyap, Sushen Kirtania, Sanjib Banerjee 
    Abstract: Aluminium-based metal matrix composites (AMMCs) are extensively employed in industries due to their superior and unique properties such as high strength-to-weight ratio, specific modulus, hardness, wear resistance, and fatigue strength. In this research, the analysis of silicon carbide (SiC) reinforced AMMC was conducted for determination of elastic properties with varying volume fractions of their reinforcements. The elastic properties were calculated based on analytical models such as rule of mixture (ROM), Halpin-Tsai model and Shear-Lag model. Subsequently, this composite was considered as the material in a disc brake rotor, in order to study the stress mapping and its applicability. Traditionally used brake disc material, grey cast iron, was compared with the proposed SiC and CaCO3 reinforced AMMC, in order to study their deformation behaviour under compressive wear loading using FEM analysis. FEM was used to map the stress fields on the material and compared with grey cast iron-based disc brake rotor.
    Keywords: aluminium matrix composite; finite element modelling; FEM; wear resistance; calcium carbonate.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMATEI.2023.10059307