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International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital

International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital (IJLIC)

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International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital (10 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Intellectual capital and financial performance: evidence from Chinese retail firms   Order a copy of this article
    by Huanzhe Chen, Md Jahidur Rahman 
    Abstract: This study explores the impact of intellectual capital (IC) on Chinese retail public firms financial performance. This study chooses Chinese retail industry quoted on the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges as the sample, covering the period from 2011 to 2020. Results show that IC (measured through the value-added intellectual coefficient) has a positive relationship with EBITDA, NPM, ROI, ROA, and ROE. From this study, several implications suggest that managers and investors wisely utilise IC in firm decision-making. This study provides proof that high investments in IC can improve the efficiency of value addition for firms or industries in China. Managers must understand that investment in IC is vital to sustainably improve the financial performance of their companies. Investors can use a group of indicators instead of merely one for each aspect of financial performance to analyse the role of IC and obtain more accurate instructions to make investment decisions.
    Keywords: intellectual capital; financial performance; firm profitability; corporate return; value-added intellectual coefficient; VAIC; Chinese retail listed firms.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10052694
  • How do the components of green intellectual capital influence organisational performance? - An empirical study on Indian energy sector using the partial-least-squares method   Order a copy of this article
    by Arpita Ghosh, Shamima Haque 
    Abstract: The objective of the study is to examine the impact of different green intellectual capital (GIC) dimensions on organisational performance including financial and operational performance. Unlike the existing literature that have classified GIC into green human capital, green structural capital and green relational capital, this study considers green spiritual capital as another important dimension of GIC, which is expected to influence organisational outcomes. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey from the organisations operating in Indian energy sector. Exploratory factor analysis for GIC supports the inclusion of the new dimension in its construct. Confirmatory factor analysis validates the measurement model. Hypothesised relationships have been examined by applying structural equation modelling using partial-least-square method. In line with natural resource-based theory, the findings reveal that the dimensions of GIC have varying degrees of effects on organisational performance. The study provides new insights in the area and highlights significant theoretical and practical implications.
    Keywords: green intellectual capital; GIC; green human; structural; relational and spiritual capital; organisational performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10052889
  • Enhancing dynamic capability towards SMEs performance: the role of ICT and knowledge resources   Order a copy of this article
    by Heru Sulistyo, Sri Ayuni 
    Abstract: In the era of Industrial Revolution 4.0, companies and SMEs are required to have dynamic capabilities in responding to environmental changes and increasingly fierce competition. Reconfiguring ICT knowledge resources and capabilities is a must for companies to create performance and competitive advantage. This study aims to fill the research gap between knowledge resources and performance with dynamic capability as an intervening variable. This study also examines the effect of knowledge resources and ICT on dynamic capability and performance. This study used primary data through questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions with SMEs in Jepara, Rembang, Semarang, and Pekalongan, Indonesia. The sample used was 292 owners of SMEs. The data analysis using SEM with AMOS software shows that ICT significantly affects dynamic capability and SMEs performance. Knowledge resources also significantly affect dynamic capability and SMEs performance. In addition, dynamic capability significantly affects SMEs performance.
    Keywords: knowledge resource; ICT; dynamic capability; performance; small and medium enterprises; SMEs.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10052910
  • Intellectual capital as a performance factor of communication and information start-ups in Portugal   Order a copy of this article
    by António José Mendes Ferreira, Paulo Jorge De Almeida Pereira, Célia Dos Prazeres Ribeiro, Sílvia De Almeida Sousa 
    Abstract: In order to analyse the influence of intellectual capital on the performance of communication and information start-ups, a quantitative methodology was selected, whose data were collected through a questionnaire survey addressed to the management bodies of communication and information start-ups, and 100 valid responses were considered. The results obtained show that intellectual capital has a strong influence on performance and that, among the dimensions of intellectual capital, there is one that exerts a greater influence on each of the dimensions of the balanced scorecard. The present study indicates as contributions, regarding literature, the connection between the constructs, intellectual capital and performance, allowing to deepen the knowledge about these concepts and, also, to evidence the importance of intellectual capital as a performance enhancer. For the corporate environment, the most significant contribution is the affirmation of intellectual capital as a competitive advantage for companies of this type, as it enhances their performance.
    Keywords: intellectual capital; performance; balanced scorecard and communication and information start-ups; Portugal.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2023.10054557
  • The effects of emerging market traits on the relationship between intangible assets and company performance: evidence from a multilevel model   Order a copy of this article
    by Luis Ugarelli, Raúl Hopkins 
    Abstract: This study investigates the contribution of intangible assets to financial performance and market valuation in emerging economies, controlling for specific features of the latter. The authors developed a multi-level model using the value-added intellectual coefficient and its components as independent variables; financial ratios as dependent variables; and emerging markets’ traits, proxied by the global competitiveness index, as controls. Regressions were performed using nine years of data on manufacturing companies from Chile and Peru and their global competitiveness indexes. Intangible assets are positively associated with firms’ market valuation, and controls improve models’ explanatory power. The results confirm the importance of intangible assets in emerging markets and broaden understanding of the crucial role of their traits in value creation. Their effects vary with variables, countries, and periods. Considering these factors would contribute to sound investment decisions and policymaking. Additional contribution is the assessment of literature on intangible assets in Latin America.
    Keywords: intangible assets; intellectual capital; emerging markets; value-added intellectual coefficient; VAIC; multi-level modelling; firm performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2023.10054792
  • The effect of self-efficacy, psychological safety and meaningfulness of job on teacher effectiveness: a study among Indian engineering college teachers   Order a copy of this article
    by Ganesh Mangadu Paramasivam 
    Abstract: The purpose of the study is to understand the role of individual (self-efficacy), job-related (meaningfulness of the job) and organisational (psychological safety) factors in influencing teacher effectiveness among private engineering college teachers in India. Cross sectional research design was used to collect data from 178 engineering college teachers. Data collected from standardised questionnaires were analysed using the hierarchical regression method. Results show a significant positive impact of self-efficacy on all three dimensions of teacher effectiveness. The perceived meaningfulness of the job had a positive impact on interpersonal openness and preparedness dimension of teacher effectiveness. It also moderated the relationship between self-efficacy and interpersonal openness dimension. Perceived psychological safety had a positive impact only on the preparedness dimension of teacher effectiveness and it did not show any moderation effect. The results reiterate the importance of nurturing confidence among teachers to improve their effectiveness.
    Keywords: engineering education; teacher effectiveness; psychological safety; teacher self-efficacy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10050652
  • Dangerous liaisons: human capital and structural capital in the VAIC model   Order a copy of this article
    by Giuseppe Marzo 
    Abstract: This paper analyses the perverse effects generated by the relationship between human capital efficiency (HCE) and structural capital efficiency (SCE) that lies at the core of the VAIC. First, the VAIC is positive even for negative values of HCE and negative for positive values. This means that a firm's performance should be positive (negative) when the value added generated by human capital (HC) is negative (positive), which is non-sense from the economic point of view. Second, SCE being a function of HCE, the correlation between the two variables is given by the model and can be predicted in advance. Finally, a nonlinear relationship is hidden in the regression equation used in empirical analysis that dramatically changes the interpretation of the actual results. Some in recent articles' findings are reframed to demonstrate researchers' erroneous interpretations and the harmful impact they could have on managerial decision-making.
    Keywords: VAIC; intellectual capital; IC; intellectual capital efficiency; ICE; human capital efficiency; HCE; structural capital efficiency; SCE; nonlinear relationships.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10051511
  • How to improve the vision and competitive advantage of a new product? What is the role of ICT and OLC in this improvement?   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohammad Hossein Khasmafkan Nezam 
    Abstract: Human resources and capital are the basis of any successful organisation but nowadays, organisations that learn and are based on innovation are more successful. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on new product competitive advantage (NPCA) and new product vision (NPV) through the partial mediating role of organisational learning capability (OLC) by structural equation modelling (SEM). Iran's automobile industry was selected as the statistical population. The results show that ICT has a significant effect on OLC and OLC has a significant effect on NPCA and NPV, which indicates the indirect effect of ICT on NPCA and NPV and confirms the mediating role of OLC. ICT also has a significant direct effect on NPCA and NPV, which confirms the partial mediating role of OLC. Finally, NPCA and NPV can be improved through OLC by using and implementing ICT.
    Keywords: information and communication technology; ICT; organisational learning capability; OLC; new product competitive advantage; NPCA; new product vision; NPV; structural equation modelling; SEM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10051924
  • The agility challenge during organic growth   Order a copy of this article
    by Rui Pires, Leandro Pereira, Álvaro Dias, Rui Gonçalves, Renato Lopes Da Costa, Rui Vinhas Da Silva 
    Abstract: The growth of organisations naturally increases their complexity, often leading to a loss of agility which affects business performance. This research aims to study strategies for maintaining agility that keep up with the growth and consequent increase in complexity of organisations. This study was conducted with 21 interviews with consulting managers with the aim of knowing the main impacts, causes, and perceptions of organisational agility. The results showed that the main causes for the loss of agility are the non-prioritisation of organisational problems and the lack of standardisation and vagueness of processes, which has as main impacts the loss of efficiency, business, employee motivation and increased delivery time. To increase organisational agility, the main findings suggest critical actions to be taken: define and standardise processes, unify values and practices, and create coaching and training programs to consolidate concepts.
    Keywords: organisational agility; consulting; efficiency.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2022.10051228
  • Impact of intellectual capital on the performance of public administration   Order a copy of this article
    by Idolina Bernal González, Adán Jacinto Flores, Álvarez Herrera Maritza 
    Abstract: The objective of this research is to determine the impact that intellectual capital, measured through the dimensions of human capital (HC), structural capital (SC), and relational capital (RC), has on the performance of public institutions in Tamaulipas, Mexico. The study is managed through a quantitative approach with the application of 269 questionnaires. The data analysis was carried out using the multiple linear regression technique, highlighting as the main results the significant and positive influence that HC, as a dimension of intellectual capital, has on the performance of public administration, as this dimension is the only one that generates impact on the regression model. Hence, through this research, it is recommended to optimise the management of these intangible assets in order to make public performance more efficient.
    Keywords: intellectual capital; performance; intangibles.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLIC.2023.10054357