Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Knowledge and Learning

International Journal of Knowledge and Learning (IJKL)

Forthcoming articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.

Forthcoming articles must be purchased for the purposes of research, teaching and private study only. These articles can be cited using the expression "in press". For example: Smith, J. (in press). Article Title. Journal Title.

Articles marked with this shopping trolley icon are available for purchase - click on the icon to send an email request to purchase.

Online First articles are published online here, before they appear in a journal issue. Online First articles are fully citeable, complete with a DOI. They can be cited, read, and downloaded. Online First articles are published as Open Access (OA) articles to make the latest research available as early as possible.

Open AccessArticles marked with this Open Access icon are Online First articles. They are freely available and openly accessible to all without any restriction except the ones stated in their respective CC licenses.

Register for our alerting service, which notifies you by email when new issues are published online.

We also offer which provide timely updates of tables of contents, newly published articles and calls for papers.

International Journal of Knowledge and Learning (15 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Learning Paradigm, Derived Analogically from Japanese Economic Policy "Abenomics"   Order a copy of this article
    by Toyohide Watanabe 
    Abstract: The current learning environment or learning means is far from the traditional classroom-based learning style: in anytime and anywhere any one can learn individually, referring to desirable/preferred learning contents through mobile devises. The evolutional information technologies have been contributed such learning environments and means drastically. The word ubiquity is adjust consistent to the borderless learning activity without any exceptions. However, it is not always assured or verified how to apply or use various kinds of systems, functions, tools or devises, developed by IT (Information Technology) with a view to making the learning activity more effectual.rn In this paper, we address the advanced learning paradigm in IT society. As one of approach viewpoints, we focus on the framework on the basis of Abenomics, promoted as one of to break free from deflation means in Japanese economic policy. It seems that the viewpoint to be discussed cognitively in Abenomics is straightly applied to our current learning environment with various kinds of pedagogic problems. The most important concept transition from deflation to inflation in Abenomics is analogically corresponded to the trend extension from centralized classroom to distributed personal learning space. Under the understanding of such situation, we investigate our advanced learning paradigm on the basis of Abenomics.rn
    Keywords: Abenomics; Worth of money and article price; monetary policy; fiscal policy; growth strategy; learning paradigm; IT-based functionality; knowledge composition; knowledge acquisition; knowledge understanding; knowledge resources and learning curriculum.

  • The impact on society of false news spreading on social media with the help of predictive modelling   Order a copy of this article
    by Riktesh Srivastava, Jitendra Singh Rathore, Sachin Kumar Srivastava, Khushboo Agnihotri 
    Abstract: The interaction on social media for the latest news is an excellent source of information nowadays. Most of the time we read online news that may primarily appear authentic, but we cannot assure it because it does not happen every time. According to Gartners published report, by 2022, most mature economies will get fake information than the correct information, mainly through social media. Fake news is one of the prevalent threats in our digitally linked world. This paper proposes a model for recognising fake news through the data set from the Kaggle. There was 3,000 news collected from various social media sources in the dataset, of which 2,725 news is a training dataset and 275 for the test dataset. The fake and real news is classified and compared using five machine learning classification algorithms and analysed accordingly. The five classification algorithms are support vector machine (SVM), na
    Keywords: support vector machine; (SVM); naïve bayes; logistic regression; random forest; neural networks; classification accuracy (CA); precision; recall; F-1 score.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10045737
  • Overcoming barriers to product innovation among businesses in the informal sector   Order a copy of this article
    by Oluseye Jegede, Nazeem Musthapha 
    Abstract: Even though the informal sector is the largest contributor to African economies, very little empirical research has been done on determinants of and barriers to product innovation in the informal sector. The study assessed how informal businesses overcome barriers to product innovation by econometric analysis of 996 informal enterprises in a township in KwaZulu-Natal Province in South Africa. Analysis showed a significant positive relationship between technological challenges and product innovation, but a significant negative relationship between social challenges and product innovation. Also, there was a significant positive relationship between percentage of family members in the business and product innovation, but a significant negative relationship between educational qualifications and product innovation. The study concludes that, based on their high level of flexibility due to their smallness, proximity to another and to their customers, these informal sector businesses found suitable alternatives to their technology related barriers.
    Keywords: product innovation; small businesses; informal sector; innovation barriers; RSA; South Africa; knowledge and learning; determinants of innovation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10046841
  • Toxic leadership and knowledge hiding behaviour: examining a serial mediation mechanism   Order a copy of this article
    by Shahzore Ali Khan, Muhammad Anwar Ul Haq 
    Abstract: Knowledge management is the need of today’s complex business environment. Effective knowledge sharing develops cooperation among employees which enhances firm performance and creativity. Leaders are the main players which transform their followers and develop sharing habits among them. Knowledge is required by co-workers to accomplish a particular task. Like positive, dark leadership phenomenon also exists in the organisations and affects the knowledge sharing process by forecasting knowledge hiding behaviour. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to find out the effect of toxic leadership on knowledge hiding behaviour. Moreover, this study investigates the underlying mechanism that how leader toxicity affects employee organisational identification and self-esteem which urges them to involve in knowledge hiding behaviour. Based on the leader-member exchange theory, current research suggests that knowledge hiding behaviour is the outcome of leader toxicity. A survey of 158 employees from the education sector has empirically validated the hypotheses. SEM was used to analyse structural paths using Smart PLS 3.0. The result shows that toxic leadership has a direct effect on knowledge hiding behaviour whereas dual mediation unveils the underlying mechanism. Current research has enriched the literature on toxic leadership and provided important managerial implications to practitioners.
    Keywords: toxic leadership; knowledge hiding behaviour; dark leadership.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10046842
  • Mindfulness and well-being in management students: analysing the moderating role of gender in corona times   Order a copy of this article
    by Teena Bharti 
    Abstract: This research explores the relationship between mindfulness and the well-being in adult individuals studying in management institutions of India in the COVID pandemic times. The responses were collected via online survey from adult postgraduate students (N = 481) from management institutions of India. Regression and a moderation analysis were used to explore the effect of trait mindfulness on well-being and the moderation effect of gender in the relationship. The study indicated favourable results suggesting that mindfulness leads to the increase in well-being of the adults. Also, the female adult postgraduates were found to be more mindful as compared the males. The limitations and implications of the study have also been discussed. This study adds to the theory of flourishing suggesting that mindful individuals would have better well-being.
    Keywords: adults; COVID pandemic; Indian study; mindfulness; negative affect; students; positive affect; well-being.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10046843
  • Teachers' perceptions of student barriers to sustainable engagement in online education   Order a copy of this article
    by Pankaj Kumar, Ramesh Kumar Garg, Parveen Kumar, Manoj Panwar 
    Abstract: This study examines teachers' perceptions of student barriers to sustainable engagement in online education in northern India's higher educational institutions (HEIs) during the lockdown period of the Covid-19 pandemic. In HEIs, e-learning has emerged as a prominent mode of obtaining education during the Covid-19 emergency. Data was collected through an online google form from 1,111 teachers (1,060 considered usable) of different HEIs in northern India using the purposive sampling technique. The statistical analysis includes descriptive and inferential statistics, factor analysis, ANOVA, correlation, and regression analysis. Results revealed that barriers to students' sustainable online education engagement are divided into two clusters: behavioural and technological. These barriers differ significantly based on gender and discipline of the study of the respondent - teachers. Behavioural barriers have a higher impact than technological barriers. Results show that both barriers, i.e., behavioural and technological barriers, are significantly correlated with the students sustainable engagement in online education.
    Keywords: online education; teachers’ perceptions; barriers; sustainable engagement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10047469
  • Teacher candidates' proficiency in utilising the REACT strategy through experimental activities   Order a copy of this article
    by Harun Çelik, Hüseyin Miraç Pektaş, Abdulsamet Karaşahin, Orhan Karamustafaoğlu 
    Abstract: It is known that the success of a science education reform depends considerably on science teachers’ knowledge, skills and activities. In accordance with this, the aim of this study is to investigate the proficiency of science teacher candidates in the use of the REACT strategy through their experimental science activities within the scope of context-based learning approach. Within this context, this study was designed in the form of a longitudinal analysis, performances were analysed periodically, and the transformation was pursued. The data obtained from documents by means of a content analysis was presented via graphical instruments through converting it into quantitative data by means of the rubric which was developed by the researchers. According to the longitudinal analysis findings, it was observed that the teacher candidates’ performance in utilising the REACT strategy parallel to the ascending number of activities advanced.
    Keywords: react strategy; context-based learning; science teacher candidates; science activities.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10047592
  • Start-up's ecosystem: a case study on DevX   Order a copy of this article
    by Sachin Kumar Srivastava, Rekha P. Khosla 
    Abstract: In this study, researchers have discussed a firms develop a new dynamic capability(ies) in new start-ups’ strategic dimensions. An innovative approach in organisations is not a new feature for large firms. Small scale and start-up firms can also integrate innovation in their business strategy. Attentive positioning of strategies towards its combined efforts of working innovation and innovative competence gives high levels of owner-employee motivation. This technology helps technology-based small businesses to convert into profitable and competitive businesses for long-term survival in the market. DevX is a space and innovative support providing the firm with a high-quality, high-tech, cost-effective organisation founded by three friends. A good start-up ecosystem means, organisation which is full of basic amenities, for example: physical infrastructure. The study is based on primary and secondary data of the case. Most of the times, study tries to fill the case gaps during the process. The findings of the study are based on observations and discussion with the top management of one start-up firm and research carried out through primary and secondary sources.
    Keywords: start-up; DevX; ecosystem; business model; entrepreneurship.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10047687
  • Three level weight for latent semantic analysis: an efficient approach to find enhanced semantic themes   Order a copy of this article
    by Pooja Kherwa, Poonam Bansal 
    Abstract: Latent semantic analysis is a prominent semantic themes detection and topic modelling technique. In this paper, we have designed a three level weight for latent semantic analysis for creating an optimised semantic space for large collection of documents. Using this novel approach, an efficient latent semantic space is created, in which terms in documents comes closer to each other, which appear far away in actual document collection. In this approach, authors used two dataset first is a synthetic dataset consists of small stories collected by the authors, and second is benchmark BBC-news dataset used in text mining applications. These proposed three level weight model assign weight at term level, document level, and at a corpus level. These weight models known as: 1) NPC; 2) NTC; 3) APC; 4) ATC. These weight models are tested on both the dataset, compared with state of the art term frequency and it has shown significant improved performances in term set correlation, document set correlation and has also shown highest correlation in semantic similarity of terms in semantic space generated through these three level weights. Our approach also shows automatic context clustering generated in dataset through three level weights.
    Keywords: single value decomposition; SVD; latent semantic analysis; LSA; context clustering; semantic space.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10047822
  • Personality attributes, selfie posting and university culture. Understanding the psychological underpinning mechanism   Order a copy of this article
    by Fozia Alam, Naveed Saif, Muhammad Alam Khan, Sadaqat Ali 
    Abstract: The current study try to find out the relationship between various characteristics of students personality and selfies posting behaviour among the students of University of Science and Technology Bannu (USTB) and National University of Modern Languages (NUML). The reason of selection two universities from deferent culture is that upon the concept of validating the moderating role of culture. For this purpose data was collected from 220 students of both universities. It was analysed through SPSS via regression and correlation, while moderating role of culture was assessed through Preacher and Hayes (2008) macros. Results indicate that extraversion and openness to experience is significantly associated with selfies posting, while culture did not show any moderating effect between personality traits and selfie posting behaviour. Based on the results of the current study it is recommended to assess students personality through social media may be investigated through more detail list of variable.
    Keywords: personality big five model; PBFM; selfie posting behaviour; culture; SPSS; university.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10048056
  • Knowledge management maturity in healthcare service   Order a copy of this article
    by Inês Rego, Leandro Pereira, Álvaro Dias, Rui Gonçalves, Renato Lopes Da Costa 
    Abstract: The concept of knowledge management can be defined in a broader sense as the process that includes the creation, sharing, use and management of knowledge within the service/company to improve the practices of using knowledge to achieve the organisational goals. Healthcare organisations must develop knowledge management departments, considering investing in crucial factors as solutions that allow the improvement of the healthcare systems. The main goal of this research is to evaluate the impact of KMM on the success of healthcare institutions and how the process of KM is implemented. The present study was developed based on answers given by Portuguese healthcare professionals working in mainland Portugal and the Islands. Data were collected using a questionnaire to hundreds of professionals and statistical analysis was done with SPSS. The main findings allow to understand that inefficient communication among everyone, few meetings, technology problems, rare feedback sharing, few service innovations and rare professional training are the main barriers in healthcare service.
    Keywords: knowledge; knowledge management; knowledge management maturity models; KMMMs; healthcare.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10048423
  • An experiential study on the role and inclusion of Indian languages for generating employment opportunity   Order a copy of this article
    by Anju Khandelwal, Ankita Tandon, Avanish Kumar 
    Abstract: India is a multilingual country where the spoken language diverges approximately every 100 kilometres. About 2,000 dialects are spoken in India by different communities and there are 22 official languages. English and Hindi are used for official language by most of the states of India. All official documents and reports of the Central Government are published in bilingual, English and Hindi. Among the International community as well as business language, English is becoming more important in both native and non-native English-speaking countries. Speaking has been considered the most important skill at workplace therefore this paper aims to find out the importance of Hindi/other Indian Language in workplace by conducting a survey among career opportunities and deep learning in India. This result shows that the necessity of Hindi language skill in workplace hasn’t changed, and the participants have reiterated the role of Hindi as the influencing factor during interviews/workplace.
    Keywords: language barrier; employment opportunity; language skills; NEP 2020.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10048424
  • Knowledge sharing practices in non-profit sector: a case of an intergovernmental organization   Order a copy of this article
    by Quang Ngoc Le, Kulthida Tuamsuk 
    Abstract: This paper aims to present findings of knowledge sharing practices from professional employees in a case study of non-profit sector. The study includes both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Firstly, a survey was conducted in an intergovernmental organisation operating in Thailand. Secondly, an in-depth interview identified the understanding of knowledge management and knowledge sharing and what factors should be considered to promoting share the knowledge among others. Quantitative data analysis revealed that lack of time is the most significant barrier for knowledge sharing practices. Regarding knowledge sharing behaviours, the finding also confirmed that professional staff in the organisation only considered sharing their colleagues voluntarily. Qualitative data analysis reported highly positive perceptions regarding knowledge management and knowledge sharing and revealed some additional factors affecting knowledge sharing practices in non-profit contexts.
    Keywords: knowledge management; knowledge sharing; non-profit organisation; NPO; intergovernmental organisation; sharing barrier; sharing behaviour; organisational culture.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10048589
  • Truth and justification problem in educational administration: opinions of the academics in Turkey   Order a copy of this article
    by Fatih Sahin 
    Abstract: This research deals with the problem of truth and justification of belief expressions put forward in educational administration. To clarify this problem, the researcher interviewed nine academics from educational administration. Content analysis was conducted over these transcribed interviews. According to the results, beliefs put forward in educational administration must correspond to reality and produce pragmatic results for a belief to be knowledge. Still, there are also some negative criticisms on this issue. As part of the justification, it was observed that justification with fundamental beliefs and corresponding beliefs were considered essential for justification. Still, similarly, negative assessments were also made on that issue. It is expected that this study will mainly contribute to knowledge production processes in educational administration.
    Keywords: truth problem; justification problem; educational administration; academics; Turkey.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10048592
  • Organisational learning: COVID-19 strategy for human resource skill adjustment   Order a copy of this article
    by Friday Ogbu Edeh, Joy N. Ugwu, Linus Adama, Nicholas Ihentuge Achilike, Chimeziem C.G. Udeze, Ngozi Franca Iroegbu, Stephen F. Aleke, Collins Okechukwu Irem, Peter Ifeanyi Okwu, Ikechukwu Ogbu 
    Abstract: The survival of the home country and multinationals such as manufacturing companies depend solely on their readiness to learn the new normal by adjusting the behaviour, attitudes, and culture of their human resources through upskilling and reskilling approaches. It is based on this premise that this study investigates organisational learning as a strategy for human resource skill adjustment in manufacturing companies in South-Eastern Nigeria. The overall results revealed that dimensions of organisational learnings have positive significant effects on determinants of human resource skill adjustment which implies that an improvement on organisational learning leads to human resource skill adjustment with regards to new work culture engendered by COVID-19 pandemic. This study implies that for HR managers to effectively adjust the behaviour, attitude, skill, and knowledge of their subordinates; upskilling and reskilling, exploration learning, and exploitation learning should be deployed.
    Keywords: human resource skill adjustment; HRSA; organisational learning; OL; upskilling; reskilling; COVID-19 pandemic.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJKL.2022.10048780