International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development
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International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development (4 papers in press)
Towards a Knowledge-Based Development Framework for the Manufacturing Industry: Insights from Brazilian Companies by Priscila Nesello, Ana Cristina Fachinelli Abstract: The manufacturing industry, traditionally anchored in material resources, now faces the challenge to integrate knowledge-related activities to leverage development and foster jobs, wealth and economic growth. This study used extensive literature review, a qualitative study in manufacturing companies in Caxias do Sul (Brazil), and a Delphi consultation with experts from 16 countries to create a conceptual framework for knowledge-based development in the manufacturing industry. The study revealed that knowledge markets require organisations to shift from a price-led competition to an attribute-led competition, fostering better results through the implementation of knowledge assets in their value proposition. The framework generated is a guideline for repositioning the value system of the manufacturing industry in a knowledge-based universe. Keywords: Knowledge-based development. Manufacturing industry. Knowledge markets. Knowledge assets. Innovation. Caxias do Sul.
Innovation Reliability and Variability Strategies: the Importance of Absorptive Capacity to Systemic Outcomes by José Pinheiro, Alvaro Dias, Luís Filipe Lages, Graça Silva, Miguel Preto Abstract: The role of absorptive capacity (AC) has been widely recognized in the innovation literature. This study examines the predictive role of AC for business performance and evaluates the mediation of market orientation (responsive-proactive) and innovation competences orientation (exploitation-exploration) in that relationship. It addresses the gap in the literature on the relative importance of innovation competence orientations versus market orientations. The findings show that innovation competence orientations are more important to business performance than market orientations and that innovation competences are better enhanced by AC than by market orientations. AC is not only confirmed as an antecedent of ambidextrous market and innovation competence orientation, but it also helps directly and indirectly to explain business performance. Responsive market orientation and innovation competence orientation mediate the positive relationship between AC and business performance. The intensity and significance of the indirect effects reveal the specific knowledge-transformative roles of market and innovation competences orientations. Firms seem to mitigate uncertainty by adjusting their preferences toward less risky innovation strategies. Managerial implications highlight the relevance of innovation competences orientation versus market orientation. Furthermore, firms seem to use proactive market orientation ineffectively, a finding that signals a structural marketing handicap. Keywords: Absorptive capacity; market orientation; innovation competences orientation; business performance; explorative innovation; exploitative innovation.
The role of Technology-based Knowledge-Intensive Business Services in the innovation performance of manufacturing firms in Mexico by Francisco Carrillo, Henar Alcalde-Heras Abstract: This paper examines the role of Technology-based Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (T-KIBS) as potential suppliers of crucial knowledge for innovation in foreign and domestic manufacturing firms in medium technology sectors. An emphasis is made on the mechanisms in which T-KIBS impact the innovation outputs of firms. The analysis is based on a sample of 3 907 manufacturing firms with 10 or more employees from the period of 2010 to 2013. The results show that product innovation in medium-low-tech (MLT) and medium-high-tech (MHT) manufacturing firms is positively influenced by T-KIBS to different extents depending on their ownership. Our findings suggest that T-KIBS might be linked to greater rates of innovation in manufacturing firms in an emerging economy. Keywords: Knowledge-Intensive Business Services; technology-based KIBS; manufacturing firms; ownership; product innovation; innovation output; medium-low-tech manufacturing; medium-high-tech manufacturing; emerging economies.
Intelligent transport systems in Turkish urban
environments: A comprehensive review by Tan Yigitcanlar, Can Biyik Abstract: Intelligent transport systems represent a technological advancement
in information and communications and indicate significant progress in the
digital era. The main aim of this paper is to address and elucidate both the
functions and the roles of intelligent transport systems, and to provide an
overview of their development in Turkey. To achieve this, we reviewed relevant
documents, identified best national practices, considered scope and context, and
defined a logical process that was easy to adopt. In this regard, this investigation aims to carry out a systematic analysis of intelligent transport system trends in Turkey. The major objectives of this paper are to give a clear understanding of and comment on intelligent transportation trends, and to discuss the impact of intelligent transport on traffic status in Turkey. Most of the indicated technologies and applications belong to various disciplines; hence, through the present papers material, we attempt to close gaps and offer a comprehensive overview. Information communication technologies are insufficient for addressing all dimensions in attaining the national city status. However,
intelligent transport systems designed for Turkish cities have been found to meet
the standard requirements and contribute partially to the solutions. Some of the
key intelligent transport system indicators are road and traffic information, dynamic traffic light sequences, smart bus stops, emergency vehicle notifications, emergency services, electronic toll collection, variable messages, wireless communication, and traveler information. Understanding these components can help developers and researchers comprehend how advanced sending can play a
crucial role in intelligent transport systems. Keywords: cities; urban transport; local governments; intelligent systems; smart mobility.