International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development (6 papers in press)
The Digital, Quaternary, or 4.0 Web Economy: Aspects, Effects and Implications
by Philip Cooke, JinHyo Joseph Yun, XIAOFEI ZHAO, YoungDuk Kim
Abstract: The world economy is changing dynamically with the expansion of information technology (IT). The change is not only happening at the technology industry itself; other industries are also being disrupted with the appearance of smart factories, autonomous cars, smart e-commerce, and the like. This paper preliminarily analyzes the economic effects and concrete aspects of the quaternary economy, the knowledge-based part of the economy, which typically includes services such as information technology, information generation and sharing, media, research and development, as well as knowledge-based services. First, it analyzes the economic effect of the quaternary economy on the United States, United Kingdom, and Israel in addition to the technological base of the quaternary such as Internet of Everything and financialization effects. Second, it investigates the concrete aspects of the quaternary economy in five main areas including interactive or crossover innovation in artificial intelligence, appearance of cybersecurity from firewalls to cyber warfare, precision agriculture and smart farming, smart grid, electric vehicles and pilotless planes, and precision medicine. Third, the paper discusses the governance of the quaternary economy along with thin globalization and relevant regulatory issues of the digital culture of our time.
Keywords: Quaternary economy; the fourth sector; Web 4.0; knowledge economy; and information technology.
The Roles of Universities in Knowledge-Based Urban Development: A Critical Review
by Andrew Johnston
Abstract: Universities are increasingly recognised as key actors in the knowledge-based development process, occupying a crucial role of knowledge creators and transmitters. This paper takes a critical view of these roles and reviews the extant literature to present a synopsis of relevant work examining universities and open innovation, the uncertainties involved in the process of knowledge transfer, and the spatial scope of university-industry links. The paper proposes a number of areas for future development: understanding the heterogeneity of universities and how this influences their potential roles in knowledge-based development; a better understanding of how uncertainties in the partner selection process may prevent efficient university-industry collaboration to promote knowledge based development; further exploration of the micro-level processes involved in knowledge transfer between universities and firms; and a broader understanding of the roles of proximities in facilitating these links.
Keywords: university-industry links; knowledge-based development; innovation; collaboration.
Exploring the evolution of urban emotions in the city of Seoul using social media information
by Rachida Benabbou
Abstract: The city is a complex combination of various features that create our everyday living environment. It influences our perception of the urban surroundings and generates in us different feelings and emotions. Today, thanks to new technologies, social media provide multiple networking platforms where people can share their emotional experiences. These platforms generate a wide range of data and make available open information for all. However, their potential benefits are still not largely explored. This research focuses on visualizing the evolution of urban emotions in the city of Seoul, using emotion information from social media platforms. The main purpose of this study is to explore the evolution of Koreans feelings about their city for the last five years, through processing their urban emotions in geospatial and temporal dimensions. The insights brought by this research may help understand the interaction between humans and the urban landscape. Thus, help improve existing urban spaces and create emotionally enjoyable places that meet the citizens expectations.
Keywords: Evolution; urban emotions; social media; urban space; geo-mapping.
Computer Modelling Reveals the Optimal Development for the Organisational Structure of Business Clusters
by Mousa Al-kfairy, Souheil Khaddaj, Robert B. Mellor
Abstract: Science and Technology Parks (STPs) foster innovation between firms inhabiting the cluster. Networking channels are considered as integral parts of the knowledge exchange process, and therefore the innovation process. We simulated three organizational topologies for STPs; firstly, in the star model all are connected to the cluster initiative (CI), secondly the strongly connected model, when all are connected to each other, and finally the randomly connected model, where the network follows no centralised topology.
Analyses used adjacency matrixes and Monte-Carlo simulation, trading transaction (networking) costs against knowledge benefit. Results show that star topology is the most efficient form from the cost perspective, and this is especially the case for start-up STPs. Later, when the cost of knowledge transformation is lowered, then the strongly connected model becomes the most efficient topology, but this transition to high transaction costs is very risky if direct ties do not quickly result in tangible benefits.
Keywords: Cluster; innovation; network; tech-hub; simulation; modelling; Monte Carlo.
Computer Modelling and Identification of Factors Important for the Success of Business Clusters.
by Mousa Al-kfairy, Souheil Khaddaj, Robert B. Mellor
Abstract: Business clusters are often intended to provide the environment needed to stimulate the financial growth of corporate inhabitants. This study identifies factors influencing the growth of high-technology firms by analysing a longitudinal dataset from Ratsit database for both on- and off-cluster firms with industrial code 62x (computing and related industries) in Mj
Keywords: Business Clusters; Innovation Networks; Science Parks; Success Indicators; Success Factors.
Corporate Entrepreneurship in University of Tehran: Does Human Resources Management Matter?
by Aidin Salamzadeh, Mehdi Tajpour, Elahe Hosseini
Abstract: The present study aims to examine whether human resource management affects the development of corporate entrepreneurship in University of Tehran, or not. This research is applied in term of purpose and descriptive-correlational in terms of quantitative approach. As the topic was strategic in University of Tehran, the statistical population consists of 200 directors and deputies of the university, among whom 132 were randomly selected. Data collection was conducted based on a questionnaire designed by Loshali and Krishnan (2013) regarding human resources management, and Huges and Morgan (2007) regarding corporate entrepreneurship. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the experts and its reliability was confirmed by composite reliability coefficient and Cronbach's alpha. To analyze the information structural equation modeling (SEM) and Smart PLS software were used. Finally, the results indicated that if more attention is paid to human resources management practices in University of Tehran, corporate entrepreneurship will be improved accordingly.
Keywords: Human resources management; corporate entrepreneurship; University of Tehran.