International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development (9 papers in press)
Computer Modelling and Identification of Factors Important for the Success of Business Clusters.
by Mousa Al-kfairy, Souheil Khaddaj, Robert B. Mellor
Abstract: Business clusters are often intended to provide the environment needed to stimulate the financial growth of corporate inhabitants. This study identifies factors influencing the growth of high-technology firms by analysing a longitudinal dataset from Ratsit database for both on- and off-cluster firms with industrial code 62x (computing and related industries) in Mj
Keywords: Business Clusters; Innovation Networks; Science Parks; Success Indicators; Success Factors.
Global pipelines and absorptive capacity: insights from the clustered firms at S
by Vinicius Farias Moreira, Jose Luis Hervas-Oliver, Adriana Fumi Chim-Miki, Walter Fernando Araújo De Moares
Abstract: This study verified if the knowledge provides by global pipelines is absorbed by clustered firms contributes to minimizing both local and clusters asymmetries. We studied one of the most important agricultural barns of Brazil, the Fruit-growing Cluster S
Keywords: Cluster; Global Pipelines; Absorptive Capacity; Asymmetries.
Spatial Disruption and Planning Implication of the Sharing Economy: A Study of Smart Work in Canberra, Australia
by Richard Hu
Abstract: The advancement of the digital technology and the rise of the knowledge economy have facilitated a growing practice of smart work working anywhere and anytime. This study approaches smart work as a form of the sharing economy: they are aligned in terms of digital facilitation, collaborative consumption, and spatial disruption, but smart work extends the sharing through enabling higher degree and complexity of temporal-spatial flexibility, and consumption-production integration. The central concern of this study is the spatial disruption of smart work to inform planning implication, based on a case study of Canberra, Australia. The analysis combines Australian Census data to demonstrate spatial clustering of smart workers at small community level, with an online survey on the practice and perception of smart work. The results and interpretations suggest an emerging spatial disruption of smart work on both land use and space use, which implies a need for some new planning thinking for urban-suburban relationship, infrastructure provision, localised economic development, and spatial reconfiguration for communities and spaces. This study also suggests a cautious and critical approach to sustainability aspirations, which have in part elevated the recent enthusiasm in smart work and the broader sharing economy.
Keywords: sharing economy; smart work; spatial disruption; sustainability; Canberra.
City life satisfaction: a measurement for smart and sustainable cities from the citizens' perspective
by Marcelo Benetti Correa Da Silva, Suélen Bebber, Ana Cristina Fachinelli, SUANE D.E. ATAYDE MOSCHEN, Rafael De Lucena Perini
Abstract: The study aims to analyze and contribute to the current panorama of instruments that qualify cities by presenting an approach of sustainable goals and indicators. Insight from inhabitants about their cities reveal dimensions and attributes not captured by official indicators. The focus of this study is to define appropriate indicators for sustainability and smartness of cities according to their citizens, considering the idiosyncrasies of local contexts and less notable dimensions pointed out in earlier studies. The aim of this study is to contribute toward the current set of instruments used to evaluate cities through the adaptation of a satisfaction scale that captures citizens views. The scale is based on consolidated metrics, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and the ISO 37120/2017, in association with the European Barometer and American Barometer. The CITYLIFESAT (City Life Satisfaction) scale was tested and validated in Southern Brazil through exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and discriminant analysis. The results of this study show that citizens satisfaction is primarily linked to health and safety, well-being, recreation, public transport, walkability, social inclusion and participation, primary services, city attachment, and environment.
Keywords: Citizens’ satisfaction; Quality of life; Citizen perception; Urban Development; NBR ISO 37120; SDGs; European Barometer; American Barometer; Sense of community; PREQI.
Sharing cognitive, emotional and spiritual knowledge within smart and connected communities
by Ramona Leon, Mauro Romanelli
Abstract: The research concentrates on describing how knowledge is shared within private and public smart and connected communities. The focus is on the type of shared knowledge and also on the knowledge flow direction. Thus, the activity from TripAdvisor and Barcelona CityHall Facebook page is tracked and synthesized from September 1, 2017, until February 1, 2018; 469 posts with 150 users liking or commenting 38.119 times are extracted and processed based on social network analysis techniques. The results prove that the smart and connected communities foster the relationships developed among members, and support the acquisition and dissemination of emotional and cognitive knowledge. Furthermore, these findings have both theoretical and practical implications; on the one hand, it extends the theory from the knowledge management area, and on the other hand, it provides a valuable tool for co-creating economic and social value in the digital ecosystem.
Keywords: knowledge sharing; smart community; emotion; value; social media; collaboration.
Special Issue on: IFKAD 2018 Social Innovation for Knowledge-based Local Development
Knowledge-based social innovation for cultural endeavours revitalizing urban structures
by Mauro Romanelli
Abstract: Urban regeneration is a common challenge especially for post-industrial cities. Cultural and creative entrepreneurship is one possible option since culture-led urban development is a sustainable approach, involving different types of communities, increasing social cohesion, and cultural dynamism. The article aims to understand how knowledge exchange is connected to social innovation and urban regeneration, analysing several situations in Romania. Several dimensions are considered, such as the role of the policy framework and public administration, the dynamics of the relationship between the actors involved, knowledge sharing processes, innovation drivers and the impact of cultural and creative initiatives on the urban, physical and mental fabric.
Keywords: cultural and creative entrepreneurship; knowledge sharing; culture-led urban regeneration; Romania.
Optional and necessary activities: Operationalising Jan Gehls analysis of urban space with Foursquare data
by Damiano Cerrone, Jesús López Baeza, Panu Lehtovuori
Abstract: The article presents a method to operationalise Jan Gehls categorisation of dwellers activity patterns in public space using Foursquare data. The Urban Activity Wheel method is instrumental in showing how location based social media data is beneficial to understand the distribution and variety of contemporary activity patterns. Re-organising both location-based social media data and statistical sources, unearths emerging activity patterns across scales from local to regional city making. Urban Activity Wheel shifts focus from the traditional functional analysis of urban space towards understanding activities and, thus, the human perspective of use, practices and new agencies. A specific analysis, the Shannon-Wiener Index of the complexity implemented on urban activities, gives further hints about the experiential qualities and development opportunities of urban spaces and neighbourhoods.
Keywords: Activities; Public Space; Social Media; Urban Analytics; GIS; Jan Gehl.
A Minimal Viable Process and Tools for Massive Participation in Urban Development
by Benjamin Stelzle, Fabrice Naumann, Jörg Rainer Noennig
Abstract: The paper aims at providing a framework for enabling massive citizen participation in urban planning projects. Derived from a structured analysis of existing formal and informal citizen participation processes in urban development we developed a comprehensive process supported by a set of digital tools for massive participation. This so-called Minimal Viable Process fulfils a) good practice standards for participation while b) utilising as few as possible technical means and procedural steps. rnThe newly developed procedure ensures proper citizen involvement from the very start of a project up to design selection. The framework involves all necessary stakeholder groups, who are addressed by specific tools and algorithms.rnThe results of a test run indicate the general applicability of the process and the tools, and provided insight for the further technical development of the IT tools and the procedure itself within the H2020 project U_CODE Urban Collective Design Environment.rn
Keywords: Urban design; urban development; participation; co-design; ICT.
Implementing Social Innovation in Real Contexts
by Francesca Rizzo, Alessandro Deserti, Tamami Komatsu
Abstract: Increasing attention is being paid towards the potential of social innovation in responding to societys greatest challenges. While measures have been taken to support the flourishing of these innovations, they have thus far been made on ideal models of development, misaligned with what occurs in reality. This has led to the creation of supporting infrastructures that fail to respond to social innovators real needs. The article seeks to provide a picture of the real social innovation development process through a case-based discussion coming from the results of, SIMPACT, a recently EU research project. The research demonstrates how SI actually takes place in constrained contexts and typically develops as a frugal answer to a social problem. The article offers substantial empirical evidence that a support system is fundamental in making. SI thrive, thus providing relevant insights and guidance for policy making, with particular emphasis on the concept of SI ecosystems.
Keywords: social innovation; innovation processes; spiral model; scaling; policy support; innovation tools; technological innovation; open innovation; participatory processes; design thinking.