International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development
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International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development (6 papers in press)
Creative Placemaking Revisited: Exploring Major Drivers for the Making Practice and Co-Creation by Onur Mengi Abstract: The gap in the literature that demands attention for whether creative placemaking of today requires different interpretations beyond creative city formulas. A comprehensive approach towards reconsideration of creative actions of individuals that revolve around design, arts and craft, as expressing place-specific cultural values, social norms, and addressing problems within their communities is currently lacking. The main purpose of this article is to explore granular understanding of creative placemaking within the trajectories of creative city discourse, and to analyze creative placemaking strategies in terms of making in order to be exploited in todays creative city practices. The methodology draws on academic literature and research 1) to review the evolution of creative city discourse, 2) to explore the contextualization of the making practice via content analysis of the existing components of previous placemaking strategies since 2010, and 3) to delineate particular drivers by incorporating the co-creation and making practices to re-think about creative placemaking that follow: arts, design and craft as ways of making, individuals as creative initiators and makers, action areas as physicality of co-creation, and creative partnerships as channels of collaboration. The study contributes to a new narrative moving creative city from validating placemaking in primarily economic terms toward a broader consideration of social assets and place-specific values by integrating making with co-creation, production and community engagement. Keywords: Creative city; creative placemaking; placemaking strategies; conceptual framework; making; participation; co-creation; arts; design; crafts.
The Dynamics of learning and growth perspective and dynamic capabilities: A Study of Indian IT Industry by Ashok Sar Abstract: The aim of this research is to study the nature and extent of impact of learning and growth perspectives on dynamic capability. The associated constructs were developed from content analysis from expert interviews and extensive review of literature. The constructs were measured using a Likert scale for a sample of respondents from the Indian IT industry. Structural equation modelling was used for testing reliability, validity of the model and hypothesis testing. Results indicated that information capital and human capital had higher significant impact on alliance management, reconfiguration, learning and integration capabilities. Considering the ever-growing complexity and dynamism in the IT industry, the results from the study helps to gain insights into the nature and extent of impact of learning and growth perspectives on dynamic capabilities in a granular form. Accordingly, the study adds to the current literature in strategic management, particularly on how to win. Keywords: intangible assets; learning and growth perspectives; human capital; information capital; organization capital; dynamic capabilities.
Knowledge and innovation diffusion in retailing clusters: an analysis based on the social perspective by Renato Telles, Fabio Arten, Maciel Queiroz, Julio Carneiro-da-Cunha Abstract: This study addresses the diffusion of innovation in commercial clusters through the formal network analysis. The objective is to describe the innovation diffusion processes in business networks from Rogers model perspective in which innovation is influenced by its social structure. The research considered the relation between centrality and diffusion potential of actors of a commercial cluster in Brazil. A survey was applied in the cluster of bars and restaurants of Vila Madalena region in S Keywords: Business networks; Clusters; Innovation; Small and Medium Enterprises; Retail.
The role of open innovation platforms in facilitating user-driven innovation in innovation ecosystems by Sungho Rho, Moongi Lee, Teemu Makkonen Abstract: Open Innovation Platforms (OIPs) have been described as a new generation of co-creation spaces that enable the different actors of the innovation ecosystem to interact with each other and to facilitate user-driven innovation. Here the utility of OIPs was scrutinized with two case study examples: one from South Korea and one from Finland. In the two cases, OIPs provide a problem-solving cooperative model that gives young innovators authority promoting their transformation from users into producers and co-creators of innovative products and services. Moreover, OIPs play a key role in the innovation ecosystem by facilitating collaboration, diversity and social sustainability. The two cases are, however, very different in terms of transferability. While the Korean OIP is motivated to maintain its long-term investments in one region but less inspired to relocate and spread its success model to other regions, the Finnish OIP has expanded internationally to several other countries. Keywords: Co-creation space; Digital platform; Finland; Innovation ecosystem; Innovation space; Open innovation platform; Seoul; Social innovation; Social venture; South Korea; Tampere; User-driven innovation.
Towards a Knowledge-Based Development Framework for the Manufacturing Industry: Insights from Brazilian Companies by Priscila Nesello, Ana Cristina Fachinelli Abstract: The manufacturing industry, traditionally anchored in material resources, now faces the challenge to integrate knowledge-related activities to leverage development and foster jobs, wealth and economic growth. This study used extensive literature review, a qualitative study in manufacturing companies in Caxias do Sul (Brazil), and a Delphi consultation with experts from 16 countries to create a conceptual framework for knowledge-based development in the manufacturing industry. The study revealed that knowledge markets require organisations to shift from a price-led competition to an attribute-led competition, fostering better results through the implementation of knowledge assets in their value proposition. The framework generated is a guideline for repositioning the value system of the manufacturing industry in a knowledge-based universe. Keywords: Knowledge-based development. Manufacturing industry. Knowledge markets. Knowledge assets. Innovation. Caxias do Sul.
Innovation Reliability and Variability Strategies: the Importance of Absorptive Capacity to Systemic Outcomes by José Pinheiro, Alvaro Dias, Luís Filipe Lages, Graça Silva, Miguel Preto Abstract: The role of absorptive capacity (AC) has been widely recognized in the innovation literature. This study examines the predictive role of AC for business performance and evaluates the mediation of market orientation (responsive-proactive) and innovation competences orientation (exploitation-exploration) in that relationship. It addresses the gap in the literature on the relative importance of innovation competence orientations versus market orientations. The findings show that innovation competence orientations are more important to business performance than market orientations and that innovation competences are better enhanced by AC than by market orientations. AC is not only confirmed as an antecedent of ambidextrous market and innovation competence orientation, but it also helps directly and indirectly to explain business performance. Responsive market orientation and innovation competence orientation mediate the positive relationship between AC and business performance. The intensity and significance of the indirect effects reveal the specific knowledge-transformative roles of market and innovation competences orientations. Firms seem to mitigate uncertainty by adjusting their preferences toward less risky innovation strategies. Managerial implications highlight the relevance of innovation competences orientation versus market orientation. Furthermore, firms seem to use proactive market orientation ineffectively, a finding that signals a structural marketing handicap. Keywords: Absorptive capacity; market orientation; innovation competences orientation; business performance; explorative innovation; exploitative innovation.