International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development (7 papers in press)
Promoting continuous Streams of innovation: evidence from professional service providers
by Nader Seyed Kalali, Ali Heidari
Abstract: Nowadays, professional services play an essential role in the knowledge-intensive economy. The employees of these companies specialize in a specific field and are characterized by high knowledge intensity. However, competition between these companies requires them to develop capabilities through which they can offer innovative services. Thus, innovative companies succeed in differentiating themselves from traditional service providers. From the perspective of the entrepreneurial theory of the firm, the present study aims to identify the capabilities and strategies that enable professional service providers to create continuous streams of innovation and ensure their survival and profitability. To this end, three financial advising, investment management, and accounting firms in Iran were selected to be studied, and behavioral patterns shared by them, which were associated with innovation development, were identified. The present study employs a qualitative approach using the multiple case study method. Data analysis was conducted using thematic analysis. Research findings indicate that by using entrepreneurial and strategic capabilities and business, structural and cultural strategies, these firms were enabled to create continuous streams of innovation.
Keywords: professional service providers; advantage; opportunity; strategic entrepreneurship; innovation.
Co-production in public management: a case study towards a smart city
by Tatiana Schreiner, Mariangela Poleza, Eduardo Moreira Da Costa
Abstract: This paper aims to analyse an initiative of a multidisciplinary group that co-produced guidelines for interventions in a public park, under the lens of the multidimensional smart city framework proposed by Yigitcanlar et al. (2018). For this analysis we used the action research method to collectively create solutions for this city asset. With the results, it is possible to state that the groups work took place as a collective co-production. Regarding the framework proposal, the community represented the mobilising force which contributed to another driver\'s development, public policies; whereas the technology aspect had a modest representation as a tool. In the group members evaluation, the perceived value of collective work stood out. The action research methodology was adequate, converging with the co-production and smart cities stages presented in the literature.
Keywords: co-production; smart cities; public management; citizen engagement; action research; collaborative work; common good; multidimensional smart cities framework; urban development; Parque da Luz; Florianópolis; Santa Catarina Island; Brazil.
Nothing happens in a vacuum here: Universityindustry collaboration in Iceland
by Verena Karlsdottir, Thamar Melanie Heijstra, Ingi Runar Edvardsson
Abstract: In recent years, universities have become driving forces of economic growth, and they have taken greater responsibility in economic, cultural, and social matters. In particular, universities have placed a stronger emphasis on universityindustry collaboration (UIC), which facilitates knowledge and technology transfer and frames teaching and research activities. In this article Iceland is an example to exemplify the importance of the triple helix which serves the purpose of enhancing formal UIC. The study conducts a thematic analysis of qualitative data collected in semi-structured interviews with staff in universities, public research organisations, and companies. The findings of this study show that the Icelandic government plays a role in UIC but only in certain areas. Furthermore, informal modes of collaboration were prevalent and characterised by short-term orientation and reliance on social capital. The reasons for these findings could be traced to the business culture, funding structures, and the location and size of organisations in Iceland. Based on our findings, we provide recommendations to governments, universities, and industries for strengthening their collaboration.
Keywords: University-industry collaboration; Triple Helix; Third Mission; Knowledge transfer; Neoliberalism.
Pluriactivity and Polyvalence as Territorial Adaptation Strategies in Protected Areas in Amazonas State, Brazil
by Pedro Henrique Mariosa, Ricardo Devides Oliveira, Duarcides Ferreira Mariosa, Maria Olívia De Albuquerque Ribeiro Simão, Henrique Dos Santos Pereira
Abstract: State intervention in the territories of indigenous people and communities of the Amazon seeks to promote sustainable local development by resolving the problems caused by the expansion of capitalist relations of production, through the adoption of strategies to guarantee populations rights to their territories and access to the natural resources. This research aimed to identify the local impacts of the processes of State intervention triggered by the creation of protected areas and to expand the concepts of polyvalence and pluriactivity as livelihood strategies for (re)adapting households to these interventions by the State. With a qualitative and empirical approach, the results point out that polyvalence of the Amazon peasants is their original strategy to deal with resources potential and ecosystem limitations while pluriactivity has become an adaptation strategy in response to limitations on access to resources imposed by State interventions and their impacts in economic and social dimensions of local livelihoods.
Keywords: pluriactivity; polyvalence; territorial adaptation strategies; protected areas; public policy; sustainability; Amazon; conservation units; rural non-farm activities; state intervention.
Special Issue on: Mapping Knowledge Management Practices and Strategies in Emerging Technology Innovations
Sustainable Development of Vietnam's Transportation from Analysis of Car Freight Management
by Hoang Phuong Nguyen, Viet Duc Bui
Abstract: The hot growth about the number of companies, the vehicles, and the variety of the business model of freight services in general, the road freight, in particular, have cooked up big challenges for business activities of transport companies. Faced with the need for sustainable development and improving the efficiency of the national transportation system, research on strengthening state management of car transportation in Vietnam is very urgent. The article focuses on analyzing and evaluating the current state of state management about the goods freight by cars, proposing radical solutions to strengthen state management to get the goals of sustainable development of the transport and the freight transport industry. Based on data collected from actual surveys, interviews, and published research, the author has analyzed the overall performance of state management in car freight transport. With the number of 1227 sending feedback votes, it is a reliable basis for analyzing, assessing the current situation, and clarifying the limitations, weaknesses, and causes in the management of freight transport in Vietnam.
Keywords: State management; road freight; logistics; sustainable development; economic policy; business model.
Monetary policy and stock market performance index in Egypt, a standard study using ARDL approach
by Mohamed A. Saber
Abstract: The examination is expected to dissect the effect of financial arrangement factors on Egypt's securities exchange execution list from January 2010 to December 2019 utilizing the ARDL Approach. The examination found that the time arrangement of factors through the ADF test (Augmented Dickey-Fuller) test was Stationary When the main contrast. The limits test was performed ARDL Approach. to check the factors' trustworthiness over the long haul. The examination found a drawn outbalance connection between the financial exchange list in Egypt. What's more, the financial approach factors incorporate the unfamiliar swapping scale, cash supply, momentary loan cost, and swelling rate. The blunder remedy model (ECM) was utilized, and the estimation of its coefficient was negative and critical, which affirms the presence of a co-combination connection between the examination factors. The model's legitimacy was approved for assessment by utilizing the Serial relationship LM Test, the Heteroskedasticity Test, and the histogram - Normality trial of Residuals utilizing the Jaque - Bera test.
Keywords: Monetary policy; Inflation; Stock Market; Macroeconomics; Historical data; The Egyptian Stock Exchange; Central Bank of Egypt ARDL model; ECM model; Auto-Regressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (ARCH) model; Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (GARCH) model.
Relationship between Economic Growth, Energy Consumption and CO2 Emission: Panel Investigation from ASEAN Countries
by Sihabudin S, Candra Zonyfar
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of economic growth, energy consumption and some macro factors on CO2 emission in ASEAN countries. A time period of 2000 to 2017 is selected for the panel analysis of selected variables and units of observation. Both descriptive and panel regression models are applied. Econometric techniques cover OLS, fixed effect and random effect estimates through full sample consideration is observed. To conduct a comparison between fixed and random effect, Hausman test is applied. Findings of random effect model explains that economic growth, energy consumption and macro factors have their significant & positive influence on CO2 emission in ASEAN countries. HM test also favors for the random effect facts. As per the significance, this study covers both theoretical and empirical dimensions. Theoretical significance describes contribution in the literature from the context of selected region. Practical significance is reflected through provision of documentary evidence to the policy makers. Future research should add more variables like foreign investment, and pollution effect on CO2 emission with more time period.
Keywords: CO2 emission; ASEAN; panel models; energy consumption; economic growth.