International Journal of Information Technology and Management (46 papers in press)
Investigating the Role of Information Technology in Developing the Learning Organization: Empirical Evidence from Egypt
by Hadia Hamdy, Karim Hodaib
Abstract: Developing a learning organization has been associated with organizational growth and innovation as it enables companies to maintain a memory for their created knowledge and experiences that can be shared among all organizational members. The most important tool identified to build such a memory is Information Technology knowledge management systems. However, despite their importance, their actual contribution to the development of the different dimensions of the learning organization has rarely been studied, especially in developing countries like Egypt.
This research investigates the effect of using IT knowledge management tools on the development of the learning organization using the dimensions of the learning organization questionnaire developed by Watkins and Marsick. A pre-post quasi experiment was conducted in an Egyptian organization to measure the dimensions of the learning organization before and after the application of a new IT system designed to enhance employees learning and knowledge sharing. Results indicate that the implementation of the new IT system significantly improved all the dimensions of organizational learning except for degree of teamwork that is essential for the process of knowledge integration. It concludes that IT systems facilitate the creation of the learning organization, and convey a positive message regarding organizational commitment to developing and empowering employees towards a shared organizational vision. However, they have to be implemented within an integrated strategy, structure, culture, and policy change management system to be able to achieve the desired outcome of transferring a rigid organization into a learning one.
Keywords: Learning organization; Organizational learning; Information Technology; Knowledge management systems; Egypt.
Enhancing Excel Business Tools with Additional Relational and Recursive Capabilities
by Pedro Ramos, Luís Botelho, Antonio Martins
Abstract: This paper presents a new plug in that enriches spreadsheet capabilities mainly in what concerns its potential regarding relational queries and recursive computational processes. Currently some apparently trivial and useful queries can only be handled with the support of programming skills. Spreadsheet users with low computer science skills should have a natural and easy way to handle those queries within the spreadsheet, without relying on external programming (e.g., VBA). The tool we have developed can be used with Prolog technology, and provides those features to the most used professional spreadsheet: Microsoft Excel. Throughout the paper we explore the plug-in features with several business examples.
Keywords: Dedutive Spreadsheet; Business Tools; Excel; Prolog; Recursive Processing; Relational Data.
Validation of Cognitive Inhibitors to Technology Adoption using Content Analysis
by Easwar Krishna Iyer, Sreehari Unnikrishnan, Paul Philip, Mallika Sundarrajan, Bharadhwaj Sivakumaran
Abstract: Inhibitors to technology play a crucial role in predicting eventual technology adoption. In the inhibitor space, studies have so far been limited to understanding affective inhibitors only. The central proposition of this paper is to identify two new cognitive inhibitor constructs. This study augments the existing body of knowledge in the area of technology acceptance behavior by positing Dissatisfiers and Risk as two cognitive inhibitor constructs to technology adoption. The methodology used for validating the proposed model is Content Analysis. The target technology chosen for validation is Internet of Things (IoT). The results obtained provide strong support for the proposed hypotheses thereby establishing Dissatisfiers and Risk as two new cognitive inhibitor constructs.
Keywords: Cognitive Inhibitors; Dissatisfiers; Risk; Content Analysis; Technology Adoption Model; Internet of Things.
Illusion of SNS Influence: Are Popular SNS Influential?
by DongBack Seo, Martin Bügel
Abstract: People influence each other in the environment of social networking sites (SNS). Some SNS have gained popularity. Practitioners and researchers assume that these popular SNS are influential. However, influence and popularity are two different concepts. This research aims to provide two clear concepts of influence and popularity as well as their relationship. Popularity is hypothesized that it is affected by elements in the surroundings (e.g. societal position of a SNS owner) of SNS based on a peripheral information processing mechanism, whereas influence is hypothesized that it is affected by core elements (e.g. quality of content on a SNS message) of SNS based on a central information processing mechanism. The results indicate that influence is solely affected by the central information processing mechanism, but popularity is affected by both central and peripheral information processing mechanisms. There is a relationship between influence and popularity but it is marginal. Therefore, it should not be assumed that popular SNS are influential and vice versa.
Keywords: Popularity; Influence; SNS; Micro-blog; Twitter; Central information processing; Peripheral information processing.
Information Systems Continuance:
The Role of Incentives and Goal Harmony
by Tove Boee, Boge Gulbrandsen, Tom Roar Eikebrokk
Abstract: This paper extends information systems continuance theory (ISCT) and integrates it with a managerial perspective. Our study integrates principalagent theory (PAT) to capture the managerial influence on users continued use of information technology. We argue that the two theories offer complementary explanations, ameliorate each others shortcomings, and enhance our ability to explain and predict IS continuance. As predicted by PAT, the study finds support for the effects of goal harmony and incentives on users continuance decisions. Additionally, goal harmony reduces the positive relationship between incentives and continuance. While the supported ISCT model shows an explained variance of 37%, the full model explains 51% of the variance of the dependent variable, indicating that the integrative model is more powerful in explaining user continuance than is ISCT in isolation. The study advances the theoretical understanding of continued use of IS from both a personal and a managerial perspective and offers proposals for organizational actions.
Keywords: Information Systems Continuance Theory; Agency Theory; Goal Harmony; Incentives.
Impact of E-commerce on supply chain management
by Saleeshya P.G, Rahul R
Abstract: E-commerce is web-enabled technology that brought significant changes in the supply chain activities of anindustry. Supply chain management has become a major strategy in manufacturing and service industry. An attempt has made in this paper on identifying the significant factors that affect the e-commerce adoption in the supply chain of a company, identifying the effects of e-commerce on different aspects of supply chain. The study also identifies the major performance parameters of a supply chain and effect of e-commerce adoption on these supply chain variables. An attempt has been made to propose a conceptual model for the study based on the existing literature and field study; the model is validated by academic experts and also experts in industry. Correlation analysis is being carried out to find gap between the ideal and actual situation.rnrn
Keywords: supply chain; E-commerce; correlation; conceptual model.
Determinants of Success and Failure of Knowledge Transfer in Information Systems Offshoring: A Ranking-Type Delphi Study
by Artur Strasser, Susanne Strahringer, Markus Westner
Abstract: The transfer of knowledge from client to service provider poses major challenges in information systems (IS) offshoring projects. Knowledge transfer directly affects IS offshoring success. Therefore, associated challenges must be overcome. Our study examines the determinants of success and failure of knowledge transfer in IS offshoring projects based on a ranking-type Delphi study. We questioned 32 experts from Germany, each with more than ten years of experience in near- or offshore initiatives to seek a consensus among them. We identified 19 success and 20 failure determinants. These determinants are ranked in order of importance using best-worst scaling. Aspects of closer cooperation are critical for effective knowledge transfer. This includes regular collaboration, willingness to help and support, and mutual trust. In contrast, critical determinants of failure are concerned with fears and fluctuation of human resources. Hidden ambiguities or knowledge gaps, an unwillingness and disability to share knowledge, and high fluctuation of human resources negatively impact knowledge transfer.
Keywords: best-worst scaling; BWS; delphi; determinants of success; determinants of failure; information systems; IS; information systems offshoring; knowledge transfer; ranking-type delphi.
How to evaluate brand extension in the mobile Internet environment
by Wenlong Zhu, Shiye Wang
Abstract: How to successfully implement a brand extension has been a common topic among global enterprises. Mobile Internet (M-Internet), a new information and communication technology, creates suitable conditions for enterprise brand extension. However, most researches related to brand extension evaluation focus on traditional information technologies presently. Little research has addressed M-Internet. From the perspective of consumer, this study constructs brand extension evaluation model based on the Task-Technology Fit (TTF) and Aaker and Keller Model (A & K Model), and analyzes the influencing mechanism of brand extension evaluation by using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The final results show that technical characteristics of M-Internet produce a positive effect on attitude of parent brand. Furthermore, attitude of parent brand influences the brand extension evaluation, brand trust and perceived fit positively. Lastly, brand extension evaluation is subject to positive impact of brand trust and perceived fit besides attitude of parent brand. The theoretical and practical implications of this study are discussed lastly.
Keywords: Mobile Internet; Brand extension evaluation; Structural Equation Modeling; Mediation effect.
QoE-based service differentiation: An analysis of the business implications for the mobile services market
by Luis Guillermo Martinez Ballesteros, Per Jonny Nesse, Jan Markendahl
Abstract: Mobile network operators (MNOs) face a future characterized with new challenges, such as growing data consumption, a slowdown in subscriber growth and reduced revenues due to the success of over-the-top providers. To remain competitive, MNOs must offer affordable services and provide innovative strategies to retain current customers. Quality of Experience (QoE) is a well-established methodology for measuring and understanding the overall level of customer satisfaction and has also been presented as a way to improve telecommunication services. Even though QoE can be used to solve problems, such as customer loyalty and optimization of network resources in mobile networks, there is still a lack of knowledge on how the MNOs can take advantage of QoE and its potential benefits. In this paper, we explored the implications of the incorporation of QoE feedback in mobile networks at the business level. The analysis, which is based on a combination of value network configuration and business model analysis of scenarios, shows that value-added offers of differentiated and personalized services can be seen as alternatives to generate new revenue streams in the mobile service market. An important finding from our study is that, due to the nature of the challenges facing the mobile services industry, a QoE analysis cannot be limited to only a technical discussion but needs to be combined with an informed analysis of the business implications of the proposed solution.
Keywords: Quality of Experience; Business Models; Mobile Networks; Service Differentiation.
Research on Evaluation of Network Payment Security
by Xiang Xie, Ying Cui
Abstract: The paper collects the data about the network payment fraud through the questionnaire and then analyzes the data. We propose a prediction model based on the hybrid support degree Apriori algorithm, and find out the factors that are closely related to the success of cheating. Then we find out the nodes of the decision and their importance tree use the ID3 algorithm to construct the decision tree, construct and verify the evaluation index system of the network payment from the user's point of view, considering the results of association rules and decision tree, combined with principal component analysis and text mining results, and then determine the weight using entropy method. So we can determine the probability of being deceived according to the situation of different people, not only remind people to be vigilant, but also provide reference for the community.
Keywords: Apriori algorithm; ID3 algorithm; Internet payment security; styling; Evaluation System; Principal component analysis; entropy method.
Scrutinizing medical practitioners twitter feeds analysis
by Arushi Jain, Vishal Bhatnagar, Nilanjan Dey, Amira Ashour, Fuqian Shi
Abstract: Mining of social media data has found widespread applications in recent times. Twitter feeds and facebook posts are being used to device product marketing strategies, sentiment analysis, financial predictions and forebode alarming situations. Twitter feeds analysis can be applied for analyzing the behavior and experiences of medical practitioners. Doctors informal conversations on Twitter can provide deep insights about their work experiences, their concerns about the profession, their feelings- pathos or excitement they feel and the affecting conditions. In the present work, twitter feed of Doctors along with the Twitter hashtags are used to collect data from tweets with hashtags such as #DoctorProblems. Afterward, data analysis was performed to determine the major problems faced by the members of the medical fraternity. These problems were categorized into five main categories. Further, based on these categories, the multi-label Na
Keywords: Big data; Hadoop distributed file system; MapReduce; Naïve Bayes multilabel classifier; Tweets; Evaluation based measure; Label based measure.
Big Data Block Impact within Big Data Environment
by Ron Ziv, Oded Koren, Nir Perel
Abstract: Handling data is becoming more and more complex. A higher velocity of data is created as more people have access to data generating devices such as computers, mobile phones, medical devices, home appliances, etc. Data files, such as user activity logs, system logs and so on, are stored in HDFS big data platform in various sizes, considering the business requirements, infrastructure parameters, administration decisions, etc. Dividing the data files (in various volumes), without taking into consideration the HDFS predefined block size may create performance issues which can affect the systems activity. This paper presents how HDFS block design affects the performance of Apache Hadoop
Keywords: architecture; HDFS; performance; big data.
A reliability and security enhanced framework for cloud-based storage systems
by Peng Xiao
Abstract: In cloud computing environments, reliable and secure data storage service plays a more and more important role in many data-intensive applications. However, existing storage systems either fail to provide them or provide them in a cost-ineffective manner. To provide better storage service in nowadays cloud environments, we propose a novel framework called Reliability and Security enhanced Cloud Storage (RSCS), which consists of several well-designed components to improve low-level data reliability as well as guarantee up-level data accessing security. In the RSCS framework, a simple yet effective file system scheme is proposed, which can mirror striped data among different nodes to improve the reliability while maintaining a high aggregated throughput. A centralized lease-based mechanism is designed to allow simultaneous accesses to different portions of a single file while maintaining the multiple-reader-single-writer semantics to each requested data portion. Finally, we provide a secure data accessing tunnel technology which allows the RSCS to establish secure communication channels between users and storage nodes without introducing too many extra costs. Extensive experiments are conducted in a real-world cloud storage platform, and the results indicate that the performance of the proposed RSCS framework can easily meet the requirements for most of current cloud systems.
Keywords: cloud storage; data security; replication service; file system.
Are You Having a Laugh? Detecting Humorous Expressions on Social Media: An Exploration of Theory, Current Approaches and Future Work
by Suzanne Elayan, Martin Sykora, Tom Jackson, Ejovwoke Onojeharho
Abstract: The role of humorous content on social media has rarely been taken into account in prior work. Understanding its dynamics on social media provides insight that could benefit a range of applications in sentiment analysis. This paper introduces literature on humour theory, related human behaviour and a discussion of existing automated approaches to humour detection. We present and review current research on humorous language use on social media and its significance. In particular, example humorous expressions from Twitter are used to illustrate the heterogeneous types of humour on social media. Since most prior work focused on English language contexts, the analysed example uses of humour are set in the Arabic cultural context, providing a novel view. The primary contribution of this paper is the position that similar to sentiment analysis, automated humour detection in its own right has potential in understanding public reactions and should be explored in future studies.
Keywords: humour; social media; Twitter; sentiment analysis; natural language processing; data mining; automated humour detection; computational linguistics; social media analytics.
Openstack: a virtualization overview
by Pedro Martins, Faouzi Mechraoui, Filipe Cladeira
Abstract: The major cloud computing software companies offer a new concept, on which resources are virtualized to provide the service on the internet. Currently, there are multiple service providers, and additional options to virtualize services on premises. OpenStack is an open source alternative to create virtual local or cloud setups, which supports the petabytes of data, unlimited scale, and configurable networking. These features make this tool suitable for large scenarios virtualization, reducing maintenance costs and optimizing hardware resources utilization (e.g., schools, government). This paper presents an overview of the study of OpenStack software, oriented to build a scalable hosting architecture suitable for an educational setup. Functional and architectural details are discussed to implement unique cloud computing to fit the virtualization purposes. An experimental virtualization setup is described in the scope of an educational scenario. Finally, a guideline to configure OpenStack is given.
Keywords: OpenStack; IaaS; Virtualization; Cloud computing; Open Source.
Consequential effects of leading technology-driven offensive strategy in a universal bank
by Asare Yaw Obeng, Alfred Coleman
Abstract: Globally, banking industry is saddled with intense competition. Management of banking firms are required to formulate effective strategies to drive their capabilities to compete, discover and defend their positions in a competitive industry. ?n Ghana, universal banks are leveraging the capabilities of information technology to devise technology-driven offensive strategies. The core of these strategies is embarking on innovative activities to enhance performance and respond to business challenges. A qualitative analysis was performed using primary data from 17 participants. Using NVivo, consequential effects of IS-technological innovation (ISTI) on business challenges, innovation performance, operational performance; and specific moderating factors of ISTI were assessed. Strategic-IS Project impacts strong (r=0.634601) and positive on ISTI than the other moderators. ISTI impacts strongly (r=0.644951) and positively on operational performance. With r=0.7422, innovation performance positively and strongly influences operational performance. ISTI impacts positively on business challenges.
Keywords: Bank; Ghana; industry threats; information systems; linear regression; moderating factors; offensive strategy; technological innovation.
AQINM: an adaptive QoS management framework based on intelligent negotiation and monitoring in cloud
by Zeng Saifeng
Abstract: Recently, more and more federated cloud platforms have been constructed to deal with non-trivial large-scale applications, which typically require certain level of quality-of-service (QoS) guarantee. However, most of existing cloud-oriented QoS solutions are likely to introduce extra overheads on either resource allocation or task execution, which is especially true in federated cloud environments. In this paper, we present a lightweight QoS-enhancing middleware, namely Adaptive QoS Management based on Intelligent Negotiation and Monitoring (AQINM), which provides three QoS-enhancing services including policy management, service-layer-agreement (SLA) negotiation, and SLA monitoring. Unlike the conventional QoS-enable middleware, these services in the AQINM framework introduce several novel mechanisms to offer more cost-effective and efficient solutions to enforcing the QoS management in federated clouds. The implementation of our AQINM framework are tested in a campus federated cloud platform by using different applications as experimental benchmarks, and its performance are compared with other similar solutions. The experimental results indicate that the proposed AQINM can significantly reduce the costs of SLA negotiation and monitoring for large-scale cloud application that deployed in federated cloud environments.
Keywords: cloud computing; quality of service; service layer agreement; resource virtualization.
Global Information Technology Outsourcing: Issues of Attractiveness of Some Regions in Eastern Europe
by Grigori Feigin, Anna Hayduk
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of the development of global information technology outsourcing. Based on the summary of main theoretical approaches used to explain the phenomenon of outsourcing, the conditions for making decisions on information technology outsourcing (ITO) nationally and globally are identified. The authors overview of the chances (positive effects for companies) arising from the ITO application specific to the national and global outsourcing is provided. The causes of the ITO insufficient spread at the present stage are indicated. A model classifying the factors that influence the attractiveness of the national economies of some countries for ITO is proposed. The attractiveness of the countries of the Eastern European region for ITO is assessed based on the example of a comparative analysis of Russia and Ukraine.
Keywords: information technology outsourcing; supplier company; client company; chances and risks; factors of attractiveness of regions; Eastern Europe; comparative analysis; Russia; Ukraine.
Special Issue on: Intelligent Service Computing in Advanced Technology Management
Fine-grained sentiment classification based on semantic extension of target word
by Xindong You, Pengfei Guan, Xueqiang Lv, Baoan Lv
Abstract: Current existing fine-grained sentiment analysis method usually extract the context of the sentence while ignoring the semantic representation of the target words. We extent the target words in comments as the additional input parameters to the deep learning model in this paper. And the influence of the number of extended words on the models performance is also discussed thoroughly during the experimenting process. Main procedures of our proposed fine-grained sentiment classification method can be described as: (1) Firstly, target words are expanded by using the semantic distance of the word embedding, which used as the key information. (2) Bidirectional LSTM neural network is used to extract the semantic information afterwards. (3) Additionally, the attention mechanism is employed to learn the sentiment weight distribution of the target words among the text automatically. Experiments conducted on the SemEval 2014 Task 4 corpus showed that the proposed method outperforms the other LSTM model.
Keywords: Fine-grained sentiment analysis; Target word extension; Bi-directional LSTM; Attention mechanism.
Research on Evaluation of Minimum Backbone Grid of Transmission Network Based on Differentiation Planning
by Xinyang Deng, Tao Wang, Yihe Wang, Na Zhang, Kai Liu, Fangyuan Yang
Abstract: The essence of the differential planning of transmission network is to evaluate the minimum backbone networks of transmission grids, and the evaluation of the backbone network of transmitting minimum network includes the evaluation of important nodes and the evaluation of important lines. In this paper, the important node evaluation of the transmission network takes into account the structural fragile nodes and the important load nodes, and the important line evaluation is based on the line number, which is considered synthetically from the point of view of the structural fragile line and the important load line. The minimum backbone network of transmission network is constructed by the structure backbone network and the important load backbone networks.
Keywords: Electrical network architecture;The power system;The grid.
Research on Control Strategy of Grid-Connected Inverter Based on Three-loop Structure
by Yan Geng, Jianwei Ji, Bo Hu
Abstract: In this paper, a grid-connected inverter system is deeply researched based on the two-stage single-phase PV grid-connected inverter. Full bridge structure is adopted in the backend inverter circuit. In order to realize the balanced flow of power, to improve the system's response speed and to eliminate the influence of the resonance peak of LCL filter, the three loop control strategy is adopted in the inverter system. At the same time, the reason of generation of the dead-time and its influence on the output of the grid-connected inverter are analyzed in detail. And an improved dead-time compensation method is proposed for zero-current clamping phenomenon. The output voltage error of inverter is extended from two to seven in this method, which effectively solves the problems, such as zero-crossing distortion of the grid-connected current, more odd harmonic content, higher distortion rate and lower amplitude of fundamental wave.
Keywords: Grid-Connected inverter; Dead-time Compensation; PV.
An Intelligent Image Denoising Method Using Weighted Multi-scale CB Morphological Filter Algorithm
by Yongjie Tan, Jie Qin
Abstract: In order to improve the accuracy of paper disease recognition in paper making process, a paper image denoising method based on multi-scale contour bougie (CB) element morphological filter is proposed. The small-scale structural elements in CB morphological filtering algorithm have better detail protection ability, and the large-scale structural elements have stronger noise suppression ability. By selecting several structural elements to filter the image, and then fusing the filtered images at different scales, the final denoising image can be obtained. The simulation results on the holes paper disease image with Gauss noise and salt and pepper noise show that the PSNR reaches more than 43dB and 38dB respectively, which proves that this method can suppress the noise in the image and keep the image details well.
Keywords: image denoising; CB morphological filter; multi-scale structural elements; weighted fusion.
Network intrusion detection method based on improved ant colony algorithm combined with cluster analysis in cloud computing environment
by Xifeng Wang, Xiaoluan Zhang
Abstract: Aiming at the low detection accuracy of traditional clustering algorithm in intrusion detection under cloud computing platform, a network intrusion detection method based on improved ant colony algorithm combined with clustering analysis is proposed. In this paper, ant colony optimization clustering algorithm is proposed to improve the current mainstream clustering algorithm. This step mainly designs an ant colony clustering processing module suitable for intrusion detection, aiming at the improvement of the function parameters, objective function and calculation method of clustering center of ant colony algorithm. The purpose of the ant colony clustering module is to distinguish most of the clusters belonging to the same type again by clustering algorithm. Each feature vector is used as the clustering center to process and analyze them, so as to realize the separation of legal and illegal acts of network data as far as possible. Finally, the KDDcup99 data set which is recognized by the current research on intrusion detection algorithm is used to carry out experiments. In the experiment, cluster identification technology is used to identify a small number of anomalous intrusion data. Experiments show that the accuracy of the algorithm can achieve at 94.3% for DoS intrusion types and 94.1% for U2R intrusion types, which is higher than that of the contrast methods. It further proves that the proposed improved algorithm has a good clustering effect.
Keywords: Network intrusion detection; Ant colony algorithm; Cluster analysis; Genetic algorithm; Abnormal data.
An Intelligent Image Detection Method Using Improved Canny Edge Detection Operator
by Qian Wang, Wenxia Chen, Haiyun Peng
Abstract: In order to meet the requirement of edge detection of paper disease image in papermaking process, a paper disease image detection method based on improved Canny operator is proposed. Firstly, according to the principle of Gauss filtering and the method of feature statistical analysis, the filtering function and window are selected adaptively. Then, in the gradient solution, the traditional 2?2 neighborhood is replaced by the 3?2 or 2?3 neighborhood which enhances the weight of the intermediate pixel, and the accuracy of edge detection is improved by enhancing the influence of the intermediate pixel. Finally, the iterative averaging method is used to determine the optimal threshold and reduce the error rate of image edge segmentation. The experimental results show that this method can effectively detect the edges of paper disease area and has good edge continuity.
Keywords: Intelligent image detection; edge detection; improved Canny operator; Gauss filtering; feature statistical analysis; Adaptive.
Special Issue on: Information Management in the Information Age
Research on Integrated Management of Sales and Inventory Information in Circulation Enterprises based on Case-based Learning
by Ruirong Jing, Huilin Wang, Guohui Gao
Abstract: Aiming at the problems of low classification accuracy, low recall rate and low efficiency of comprehensive information management of circulation enterprises, a case-based integrated management method of sales and inventory information of circulation enterprises was proposed.Taking a circulation enterprise in hebei province as an example, this paper introduces the function of integrated management of sales and inventory information.This paper classifies the sales and inventory information of circulation enterprises, obtains the classification results of sales and inventory information by calculating the discriminant matrix, analyzes the risk management of sales and inventory information of circulation enterprises, and expounds the relationship between the risk management of sales and inventory information of circulation enterprises and other fields.The accuracy and recall rate of information classification of this method are good, which can correctly and completely complete the classification of enterprise inventory information.Comprehensive information management efficiency in more than 90%, with higher efficiency of comprehensive management.
Keywords: Case study; Circulation enterprises; Sales and inventory information; Integrated management;.
Research on Efficiency Evaluation of Financial Refinement Management based on DEA
by Wenwen Lv, Zarina Abdul Salam
Abstract: Aiming at the low fitting degree of the traditional financial management performance evaluation method, a dea-based financial refinement management effectiveness evaluation method is proposed. This paper analyzes the overall structure of the financial department, takes the effectiveness evaluation index of financial management at home and abroad as the reference object, and constructs the effectiveness evaluation index system of financial fine management. According to the evaluation index system, CR model and BCC model in DEA method are adopted to evaluate the efficiency of financial delicacy management. Experimental results show that the method has small error, high fitting index and good practical performance.
Keywords: DEA; Financial refinement management; Efficiency evaluation; Evaluation index system.
Mobile Payment Risk Prediction Of Communication Operators Under New Business Model
by Xiao-ying Shi
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of low precision and high energy consumption existing in traditional methods, this paper studies the risk prediction of mobile payment of communication operators under the new business model. In this paper, the expert evaluation method is used to establish the mobile payment risk prediction index system of communication operators under the new business model. The analytic hierarchy process is used to calculate the weight of the prediction index through the structure of hierarchy, the construction of judgment matrix, the calculation of weight vector, the consistency test and the calculation of combined weight vector. The fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is used to build the mobile payment risk prediction model. The prediction accuracy of the proposed method is always higher than 97%, the total CPU consumption is 34.64%, and the memory utilization is 12.36%, which has high prediction accuracy and low prediction energy consumption.
Keywords: New business model; Communication operator; Mobile payment risk; Prediction model.
Establishment Of Business Risk Information Value Assessment Model Based On Raroc
by Nuan Wang
Abstract: Aiming at the problem of low precision of current enterprise risk assessment methods, a RAROC based enterprise risk information value assessment model is proposed. The crawler search method with topic search is adopted to collect the business information data, and the extended tree structure is introduced to clean up the collected data. Transformation of basic information data and business value. RAROC is used to process the information with commercial value and realize the value evaluation of commercial risk information. According to the model and KMV model, the risk adjustment coefficient was calculated. Reflect RAROC value evaluation results through statements. The experimental results show that the goodness of fit index, standard fit index and comparison fit index of the model are all close to 1, and the approximate root-mean-square error is less than 0.02, which proves the effectiveness and accuracy of the method.
Keywords: RAROC; Business Risk; Assessment.
Research On Real-Time Acquisition Method Of Logistics Location Information Of Electric Commerce Based On Ranking Threshold
by M.E.I. MEI
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of high energy consumption, poor real-time performance and low quality in current methods of collecting positioning information of e-commerce logistics, this paper proposes a real-time method of collecting positioning information of e-commerce logistics based on ranking threshold. By adjusting the mechanism of sensor nodes, the deployment of information acquisition nodes is realized. Redundant data in e-commerce logistics positioning information is removed by comparator, and sorting threshold method is introduced. The real-time collection of e-commerce logistics positioning information is completed by classifying and processing e-commerce logistics positioning information with mixed features. The experimental results show that the energy consumption factor of the proposed method is less than 1.8, the information transmission delay is less than 0.2, and the user satisfaction is more than 90%. It proves that the proposed method is more effective and robust.
Keywords: Sorting Threshold; E-Commerce Logistics Positioning Information; Information Collection; Redundant Data;.
Research On Visualization Transmission Method For Business Innovation Strategy Data Based On Structural Characteristics
by Jing Hu
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of low transfer accuracy and user satisfaction existing in the existing data visualization transfer methods, this paper proposes a data visualization transfer method of business innovation strategy based on structural features. The similarity calculation method of structure feature tree is used to realize the data structure feature processing. The sub trees of all non isomorphic patterns of K nodes are constructed. The number of isomorphic sub trees is calculated in the tree, and the transfer data division is completed. Based on the basic program of business intelligence, the original data of business innovation strategy is processed, converted into various types of visualization structure data, and transmitted to relevant personnel in online form to complete the visualization transmission of business innovation strategy data. The experimental results show that the proposed method is more accurate, up to 99.3%, and users are more satisfied.
Keywords: Structural characteristics; Business innovation; Strategic data; Visualization transmission.
Early Warning Method For Enterprise Financial Informatization Caused By Tax Difference
by Guojian Lin, Weichuan Chen
Abstract: In order to overcome the problem that the traditional method only considers the financial report index when designing the early warning model, and ignores the influence of non-financial data on the early warning model, there is a low accuracy problem. Based on the discrete-time risk model, this paper proposes an early warning method of enterprise financial information caused by tax differences. Starting from the establishment of enterprise financial information early warning system, this paper analyzes the importance of tax indicators to enterprise financial information early warning. By studying the early warning system, we select index data in the model, add tax difference indicators, select multi period panel data, and use discrete-time risk model to build enterprise financial information early warning model. The experimental results show that the accuracy of this method is as high as 99.05%, and there is no multicollinearity among the variables in the model, which is reliable.
Keywords: Tax differentials; Enterprise finance; Informatization; Early warning; Discrete time risk model;.
Research On Digital Management Method Of Market Information Based On Fusion Information
by Jing Li, Ming Yan
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of low management efficiency and long management execution period of traditional market information management methods, this paper proposes a digital management method of market information based on fusion information. Firstly, the original market information is counted, and the chart information and Literature information in the original market information are digitized. By calculating the similarity of market information, the digital information is clustered and fused. Based on the results of clustering and fusion of digital information, the market information management database is constructed, and the comprehensive digital management of market information is realized from the aspects of confidentiality management, authority management, Literature information management and so on. The experimental results show that the management efficiency of this method is always over 96%, and the management efficiency is the highest; the management execution cycle is between 1.4min-1.9min, and the management cycle is the shortest.
Keywords: Fusion Information; Market Information; Digital Information; Information Management Methods;rn.
Trajectory Information Acquisition Method For Library Borrowing Behavior Based On Rfid Technology
by Huan Zhou, Enjun Ding
Abstract: In order to overcome the low speed of the traditional methods of collecting the track information of library lending behavior, this paper proposes a new method of collecting the track information of library lending behavior based on RFID technology. In this method, access software is used to export the record data of borrowing behavior and classify them according to the types; the original data format is converted into the materialized data, and Apriori algorithm is used to analyze the association and mine the track information of library borrowing behavior; RFID reader is used as the main part, and the track information of library borrowing behavior is collected through the track estimation algorithm. The experimental results show that the information collection rate of this method is between 5.26s-6.39s, and the collection effect of library borrowing behavior track information is better.
Keywords: RFID technology; Library borrowing behavior; Trajectory information acquisition; Borrowing behavior record data;.
Feature Extraction Modeling Of Enterprise Innovation Behavior Data Based On Morphological Gradient
by Shibiao Mu
Abstract: Aiming at the problem of slow speed and low accuracy of traditional feature extraction model for enterprise behavior data, a feature extraction model for enterprise innovation behavior data based on morphological gradient is constructed. The model is divided into two parts: the virtual method is used to integrate the data of enterprise innovation behavior, and the data are synthesized and filtered; the morphological gradient operator is used to extract the features of the integrated data of enterprise innovation behavior. The simulation results show that using the proposed model to extract the characteristics of enterprise innovation behavior data, the extraction process only takes 15.68 min, and the average extraction accuracy can reach 96.68%. This result is much better than the three traditional models and achieves the expected goal.
Keywords: Morphological gradient; Enterprise innovation behavior; Data characteristics; Feature extraction model.
Information Supervisory Model For Financial Risk Prevention And Control Based On Twin-Svm
by Qiong Kang
Abstract: Aiming at the problems of poor effect and low accuracy of traditional financial market risk prevention and control methods, a financial risk prevention and control information monitoring model based on double support vector machine is proposed.The improved support vector machine and asymmetric COvAR data were combined with covariance operation to reduce the actual tail risk overflow.Through financial aggregation and covariance tail data of current characteristic financial system, the spillover effect of financial risk is obtained.According to the extreme value statistical analysis theorem, it is determined that the current financial risk gradually obeys the extreme value.In order to verify the effectiveness of the method, the financial data from 2012 to 2018 provided by a bank were used as experimental samples to conduct simulation experiments.Experimental data show that the proposed method has lower boundary cost and higher market arbitrage, and has a strong market applicability.
Keywords: Financial risk; Data set; Support vector machine;.
Integration Technology Of Logistics Information Resources In Electric Power Enterprises Based On Web Services
by Zijian Zhang, Yu Liang, Yu Cui, Junyu Liu
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of high data access delay and poor security in current logistics management of electric power enterprises, the integration technology of logistics information resources in electric power enterprises based on Web services is proposed. ID3 algorithm is used to rank the attributes of logistics information resources in power enterprises. Based on Web services, three-dimensional mapping space is constructed by using attributes and management patterns of information resources. The best integration mode is obtained by combining rules, to realize the integration of information sources to resources storage and transmission. The experimental results show that the data access delay of the proposed technology is less than 10 seconds, the security of data integration and the satisfaction of integration results are higher than 95%, which proves that the proposed technology is more reliable and effective.
Keywords: Web services; Power enterprises; Logistics; Information resource integration; ID3 algorithm.
Optimization Decision Model of Enterprise Financial Risk Management Combining Stochastic Demand
by Dandan Zhao, Lin Li
Abstract: The Corporate financial management has certain risks. The influencing factors include the laws of economy, politics, and the market itself. Constructing a suitable enterprise financial risk management model based on the market mechanism can effectively reduce the enterprises financial risks and increase the investment return rate. The random demand is a kind of artificial intelligence optimization decision model with better optimization ability, but sometimes will fall into a local optimal solution. Combining random demand with optimization decision and adding optimization decision random number can make the algorithm jump out of the local optimal solution and get the global optimum so as to improve the accuracy of the algorithm. Then the random demand is used to optimize the enterprise financial risk management model. Experiments show that the random demand, which has better convergence accuracy and convergence speed, can achieve a better optimization effect on the enterprise financial risk management model, reduce the risks, and increase the income.
Keywords: Optimization Decision Model; Enterprise Financial Risk Management; Optimum; Accuracy of the algorithm.
Special Issue on: Impact of Emerging Technologies on Smart Governance Systems in Smart Cities
Construction of urban multi variable geospatial information integration model based on distributed artificial intelligence
by Lede Niu, Mei Pan, Yan Zhou
Abstract: In order to improve the ability of urban multi-spatial information integration, a multi-spatial information integration model based on artificial intelligence is proposed.The empirical analysis model of urban multivariate geospatial information integration is established, and the statistical characteristics are analyzed according to the information distribution.The multi-resolution clustering model of urban multi-spatial information is established by using the multi-regression parameter method.The methods of fuzzy feature extraction and associated feature mining were used to extract information features, and the constraint parameters of urban multivariate geospatial information integration were analyzed by GIS parameter estimation and statistical analysis.The parameter optimization model of urban multivariate geospatial information integration is established and the artificial intelligence learning algorithm is used to integrate urban multivariate geospatial information.The simulation results show that this method has a good adaptability to the integration of urban multi-spatial information, and is helpful to the spatial distribution planning of geographic information, and improves the ability of accurate mining and scheduling of urban multi-spatial information.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence; urban; multivariate geo-space; information integration; GIS.
Optimization Of Cost Accounting Method For Resource Flow Based On Block Chain Technology
by Sanping Qiu
Abstract: Aiming at the problem of low safety factor and long time consuming of cost accounting method for target resource flow, a new cost accounting method for resource flow based on block chain technology is proposed. The accounting cost existing in the resource flow is classified. The direct cost is directly included in the business cost, and the indirect cost is allocated in the business cost. Finally, the accounting cost of the resource flow is calculated by the operation cost method. The experimental results show that the safety factor of the proposed method meets the requirements of this field, and the accuracy of the experimental process research method has been stable at more than 80%, and the accounting time of the research method is less than 0.2s, lower than that of the traditional method. According to the experimental results, the proposed method has a wider application prospect.
Keywords: Block chain technology; Resource flow; Accounting cost; Accounting method.
The Information Association Model Of College Students Archives Based On Cloud Computing Management Platform
by Can Yi
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of slow response time and poor field integrity of the first level of the poor update effect of the student file service, this paper proposes an information association model of college student file based on the cloud computing management platform. To build a cloud computing management platform architecture, according to the characteristics of multi-source and heterogeneous information, judge whether the weight distribution is reasonable through the judgment matrix, calculate the user interest using the processed data, apply the Ebbinghaus forgetting formula to the user interest attenuation, build a complete file information association diagram by solving the association strength between file entities, and get a complete file information association diagram Interest correlation analysis model. The experimental results show that it can modify personal space style and log, web service response is faster, service update effect is 7.0, and field integrity is about 7.8.
Keywords: Cloud computing; Students’ archives; Information association.
Design of Information Push System for Global Tourist Routes in Eco-Scenic Spots based on GIS
by Cuixia Li, Wenqia Shao
Abstract: Aiming at the problem of low push precision and efficiency of traditional system, a global tourism route information push system based on GIS is designed. In order to improve the flexibility of information push system, the integrated control unit and processor unit are designed in the system hardware. In the system software design, the original GIS information data flow is obtained by processing the acquired information with GIS information processing software. By combining mobile client ID and collaborative filtering algorithm based on users and projects, the global tourism route information push of ecological scenic spots is realized. The experimental results show that the accuracy and efficiency of the system designed in this paper is much higher than that of the traditional system, and its push efficiency can reach up to 75%, and the push accuracy is high, which shows that the system has high application value.
Keywords: GIS; Eco-scenic spot; Global tourism route; Information push system;.
A Multi-Terminal Pushing Method For Emergency Information In Smart City Based On Deep Learning
by Zheng Xie, Xin Su
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of large information identification error and high error rate in traditional emergency information push methods, a multi terminal push method of emergency information in smart city based on deep learning is proposed. The convolution neural network based on deep learning is used to identify the real-time collection results of intelligent city operation monitoring information, and the combination of softmax loss function and center loss function is used to reduce the identification error. Through the process of retrieval, adaptation and detection of crisis cases, crisis types are determined and emergency decision-making is selected. Based on XMPP protocol, a multi terminal push network of emergency information is constructed to push monitoring information and emergency decision to each push terminal. The experimental results show that the information recognition rate of the proposed method is higher than 99%, and the emergency information push result has high precision.
Keywords: Deep learning; Smart city; Emergency information; multi-terminal; Push; Case reasoning.
Intelligent Control Method Of Accounting Information Based On Multi-Objective Evolution
by Qian Liu, Kim R. Thorup
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of poor control effect and high control cost of traditional intelligent control method for accounting information, this paper proposes a new intelligent control method for accounting information based on multi-objective evolution. This method introduces ERP system to deal with accounting information from general ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable, fixed assets, cash, salary, financial statements, etc. On the basis of information data processing, information integration is realized, and further processing of accounting information data is carried out by using a wide-ranging processing program. Based on the obtained accounting information, the multi-objective evolutionary algorithm is used to construct the accounting information control system and achieve the intelligent control of accounting information. The experimental results show that the control effect of this method is superior, the control cost is low, and the highest control cost is only 120000 yuan, which shows that this method has good practicability.
Keywords: Multi-objective evolution; Accounting information; Intelligent control; Information integration.
Dynamic Distribution And Planning For Traffic Flow Of The Urban Ecological Road Network Based On Block Chain Technology
by Rongtao Liao, Zhihua Xiao, Yixi Wang
Abstract: In order to overcome the problems of low planning efficiency and long traffic time existing in the traditional traffic flow dynamic distribution planning method, a new dynamic distribution planning method of urban ecological highway network traffic flow based on block chain technology is proposed. The block chain technology is used to store the traffic flow information of the urban ecological highway network, to construct the dynamic distribution planning model of the traffic flow of the highway network, to solve the dynamic planning model of the traffic flow of the urban ecological highway network by using the genetic algorithm, to obtain the dynamic planning results of the traffic flow, and to complete the dynamic distribution planning of the traffic flow of the urban ecological highway network. The experimental results show that the proposed method has high planning efficiency and short traffic time, and the shortest planning time is only 1.7 min.
Keywords: Block chain technology; Urban ecological road network; Traffic flow; Distribution and planning;.
Special Issue on: LISS 2017 Emerging Trends, Issues and Challenges in Big Data and Its Implementation
Evolution of intellectual structure of data mining research based on keywords
by Yue Huang
Abstract: Data mining has made rapid progress in the past decade and detecting intellectual structure of data mining research is of great help to researchers. We retrieved 5380 papers, published in 11 leading journals of data mining defined by Google Scholar, from SCIE under Web of Science and Scopus databases between 2007 and 2016 to carry out bibliometric analysis. As indicated by the analysis on the evolution of keyword frequency, the research focus of data mining has shifted from such topics as association rule mining to large-scale complex networks. Matrices of high-frequency keywords were also built for different time periods, namely 2007 to 2016 for the whole picture during these years, 2007 to 2011 and 2012 to 2016 for two periods. Clustering results show there are four main data mining topics and the attention has been paid more to graph data mining and complex network analysis in the past 5 years.
Keywords: data mining; intellectual structure; co-word analysis; clustering; evolution analysis.
The Effects of Relationship Quality and Knowledge Sharing on Service Innovation Performance: Organizational learning as a mediator
by Zhaoquan Jian, MOHAMED A.L.I. OSMAN, L.E.I. LI
Abstract: Drawing on RBV and service dominant logic and using data collected from 243 companies, this paper aims at examining the interplays between relationship quality, knowledge sharing, organizational learning, and service innovation performance. This empirical research found that knowledge sharing and relationship quality were significantly related to organizational learning, that in turn significantly affected service innovation performance. Moreover, better relationship quality would yield improved knowledge sharing. Furthermore, we propose that organizational learning is a significant mediator through which knowledge sharing influences firm performance, and that relationship quality is also a critical factor that facilitates service innovation.
Keywords: Relationship Quality; Knowledge Sharing; Organizational Learning; Service Innovation Performance.