International Journal of Intellectual Property Management
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International Journal of Intellectual Property Management (5 papers in press)
Intellectual Property: Country-wise trends of contributors and indicators in the knowledge economy by Ankur Kashyap, P.K. Ghosh Abstract: The transition of the economy from production based to knowledge focused is in process. This process has revealed two aspects; one is the production or generation of knowledge which could be done through research and the other is the dissemination or transfer of this knowledge to the commercial world. For a company, there are two options, whether to conduct research in-house in the company itself or hire the external agencies for innovation in its products without involving in any research activities. In both the cases, intellectual property needs to be protected through an appropriate tool. The role of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) becomes crucial and more important when innovation is derived from research institutes or higher academic institutes. The present study focuses on the role of IP and explores the importance of industrial indicators of IP in different geographic regions. To estimate the degree of responsiveness of the country's financial prosperity to IP, top 15 countries based on their GDP performance in the year 2014 were selected for the present study. We found that there is no single formula for enhancing GDP through IPRs, as the combination of different tools of IPR differs from country to country. The study also provides a conceptual framework which elaborates the role of different factors that are contributing to IP base, which further leads to faster economic growth in knowledge economy. Keywords: Intellectual Property Right; Knowledge Economy; inter-country comparison. DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2018.10019379
Measuring Research Efficiency of Higher Academic Technical Institutions of India: A Malmquist Productivity Index Approach by Akriti Jain, Ruchi Sharma, P. Vigneswara Ilavarasan Abstract: Purpose: The objective of this paper is to measure the relative research efficiency of scientific departments of Indian higher academic technical institutions and to understand the change in their Total Factor Productivity (TFP) over the period of time. The paper also explores the change in relative research efficiency of different departments and institutes with respect to the change in the type of competitive Decision-Making Units (DMU) and the type of research outputs.
Design/Methodology/Approach: Panel datasets for nine departments of six Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) have been created for the time period 2009-13. Stochastic Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) based Malmquist Productivity Index (MPI) model has been used for efficiency measurement due to the presence of panel data with multiple inputs and outputs.
Findings: Results indicate that in inter-IIT comparison, several departments of IIT Bombay (Aerospace Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Physics) and that of IIT Madras (Biotechnology, Chemistry, Mechanical Engineering) outperform similar departments in other IITs for publication output while none of the IITs is on the efficiency frontier for patent output consistently for the given period. In intra-IIT comparison, Biotechnology and Electrical Engineering departments of many IITs outperform other different departments for both patent and publication output.
Keywords: Efficiency; DEA; Malmquist Productivity Index; Universities; Technical Institutions; India; Research; Patent; Publication.
IMPACT ASSESSMENT AFTER THE FIRST YEAR OF THE NEW SPANISH PATENT LAW by Jorge Carbonell-Olivares, Antonio Hidalgo, Gerardo Penas Abstract: The new Patent Law 24/2015 has produced a revision and an update of the invention protection system in Spain. This new legal framework aims to modernize and adapt the system of granting patents to the most developed countries and to promote a quality patent system that helps the internationalization of companies. The article analyzes the impact of a set of indicators, at quantitative and qualitative levels, in the short period of time that has elapsed since the entry into force of the new law, and has allowed identifying some trends that should be studied in the next years. From a quantitative point of view, there has been a decrease in the number of patent applications. Nevertheless, from the qualitative perspective, it can be affirmed that the objectives related to the increase in the quality of patent applications established in the new Patent Law are being met. Keywords: Patents; Spanish patent law; utility models.
Benefits and Effects of Intellectual Property Rights by Christian Stauf, Michael Horeth Abstract: Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) are considered to be a severe tool to protect an enterprises product, process or service. However, solely the protection does not necessarily lead to a cash flow, which can be appropriated by the owner of the respective protection right. The paper aims to clarify how protection instruments may affect the appropriation of innovation revenues and thereby provides insights into the beneficial effects of IPRs for enterprises, if they are applied adequately. Furthermore, the aim is to analyse the multifunctionality of IPRs and their various effects as tools for appropriating innovation revenues. The paper shows that the ownership of IPRs does not lead to an automatic increase of revenues. It is rather the in-depth understanding of the different effects of IPRs, which are not restricted to proprietary protective measures, to enable enterprises to optimally appropriate innovation revenues. Keywords: Effects of Intellectual Property Rights; Product innovation; Intellectual Assets; Intellectual Capital Management; Benefits by using Intellectual Property Rights; Intellectual Property.
The effect of open innovation strategies on business models. A multiple case study in the automotive sector by Ignacio Odriozola-Fernandez, Jasmina Berbegal-Mirabent Abstract: Open innovation allows information to be obtained by a company from outside in, and vice versa, in order to achieve improved relationships and better innovation performance in all parties involved in the business environment. This study explores how the adoption of an open innovation strategy changes the business model, specifically, in the case of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Previous studies have mainly addressed this topic theoretically, and the original contribution of the approach in the present study stems from providing evidence from real cases. A multiple case study examines four cases in the automotive sector. A number of open innovation strategies are analysed, paying special attention to how they have shaped the company's business model and, ultimately, their impact on company performance. The overreaching conclusion is that the implementation of open innovation strategies helps companies to focus on its strengths and boosts them. This leads to a redefinition of the business model, so that they are better adapted not only to the essence of the companies but also to the demands of the market. Keywords: open innovation; business models; SMEs; case study.. DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2019.10023987