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International Journal of Intellectual Property Management

International Journal of Intellectual Property Management (IJIPM)

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International Journal of Intellectual Property Management (21 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Innovation Capabilities with Strategic Orientations towards Firm Performance in Technology Based Organizations: The Managerial Implications for Future of Business   Order a copy of this article
    by Avinash Pawar, Balkrishan Sangvikar, Retno Purwani Setyaningrum, Henry Loupias, Denok Sunarsi 
    Abstract: Information technology is the most innovative and fastest-growing industry in the world. In this context, this paper aims to discover the mediating role of innovation capability on the dimensions of strategic orientations and its outcomes in the performance of information technology firms in India. Moreover, it also explains the relevance of adopting innovative endeavours by high-tech information technology firms. The data is collected through the questionnaire. The study finds that innovation capability plays a predominant role in enhancing entrepreneurial and technological orientation behaviours to lead efficacious performance firms. In contrast, marketing orientation does not augment its long-term growth even in the presence of intervening variables of innovation capability in information technology. The outcome of this study helps in fostering a culture for innovation while considering the dynamics of the interactions in the dimensions of a firms strategic orientation behaviours for realizing superiority in its performance for success.
    Keywords: business innovation; strategic orientation; technological orientation; entrepreneurial orientation; marketing orientation; innovation capability; firm performance; information technology firms.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2021.10041684
  • Internal and external organisational strategies: repercussion of information management on relationship selling behaviour and salesforce performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Sathish Mahendran, Balasudarsun NL, Hari Sundar G.Ram, Karthikeyan Parthasarathy, Deena Roy 
    Abstract: Organisational strategies always aim at maximising profit, one among the ways is to increase the sales, and ultimately the pressure falls on the salesforce. Personal selling of salesforce and has been considered as an internal and external strategy of any organisation. The organisation develops a relationship selling strategy by creating a personal rapport with customers by equipping the salesforce especially, in B2B sales. In this strategy, salesforce needs to manage numerous information about product profiles, customer basic information, competitor product portfolio, and external environment information. This study focuses on identifying the impact of information management on relationship selling behaviour and salesforce performance. Further, this study attempts to understand the direct link between information management (IM) and salesforce performance. Foundry raw materials manufacturing and trading industries were selected for the present study. The study identified that self-disclosure positively impacts relationship selling behaviour, and information management has a negative impact on salesforce performance. These findings will help the organisations frame internal and external strategies that improve the salesforces selling behaviour, resulting in better performance and brand positioning.
    Keywords: organisational strategy; OS; relationship selling behaviour; RSB; information management; IM; salesforce performance; SP; business to business sales; interaction intensity; self-disclosure; SD; foundry industry; customer disclosure; CD.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2021.10044084
  • Global innovation and competition in quantum technology, viewed through the lens of patents and artificial intelligence   Order a copy of this article
    by Zeki Can Seskir, Kelvin W. Willoughby 
    Abstract: In this work we elucidate international trends in the field of quantum technology (QT) by analysing a global patent database built from an operational definition of QT that was generated through the curated application of artificial intelligence (AI). In doing so we demonstrate how the sophisticated use of intellectual property information, enhanced by the artful deployment of AI techniques, may produce more reliable and useful revelations for policy makers and managers about global innovation in emerging fields of technology than is possible through conventional methods of data collection and analysis. We also demonstrate the utility of this approach for reliably characterising the evolving constituent sub-fields of QT. By adopting a hybrid human-AI approach to both the definition and the analysis of QT, we have produced some novel insights about global innovation and national organisational profiles in the QT field, particularly concerning dynamic competition between the USA and China.
    Keywords: quantum technology; quantum innovation; patent analysis; artificial intelligence; patent landscape; patinformatics; global technological innovation; quantum competition; quantum industry.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2021.10044326
  • Digitisation in retailing: the game-changing driver of industrial transformation   Order a copy of this article
    by Mahwish Sindhu, Tahir Masood Qureshi, Sonia Singh, Shabir Hassan Banday 
    Abstract: Digitisation is changing business patterns of different industries since the beginning of the 21st century. The purpose of the current study is to explore different retailing digitisation dimensions using MSDPs and their contribution towards customer readiness to use the platforms, customer satisfaction, economies of scale, and organisational sustainability. Following positive epistemology, this mixed-method explanatory research was conducted based on an inductive approach. Primary data was collected from 394 internal customers of Amazon, Alibaba, and eBay using a five-point Likert scale questionnaire. The analysis findings revealed that different MSDPs transformed the transaction logic and facilitated entrepreneurs to implement economies of scale for the sellers, reduce buyers costs, and bring ease to sale and purchase for sellers and buyers. The study portrays the essence of customers changing buying behaviour and modern business mechanics in the retail industry in addition to filling the gap by testing customer readiness as an essential mediator.
    Keywords: multi-sided digital platforms; MSDPs; customer readiness; customer satisfaction; economies of scale; organisational sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2021.10044392
  • Intellectual property rights protection and prospect of industrial development in Nigeria   Order a copy of this article
    by Solomon O. Okunade, Ahmed S. Alimi, Abiodun S. Olayiwola 
    Abstract: The incidence of infringement and violation of intellectual property rights (IPRs) especially in the nature of counterfeiting and piracy has been on the increase in Nigeria; and has deprived many producers and industrialists of the benefits of their creativity. This study explores how IPRs protection influences industrial development in Nigeria using quarterly data spanning 2007Q2 and 2019Q1. The result of Autoregressive Distributed Lag model reveals that IPRs protection exerts negative effects on industrial development due to weak enforcement and non-compliance with industry-related IPRs laws which discourage individuals and firms to develop new commercialisable inventions and innovations. Based on this finding, we conclude that IPRs protection cannot significantly improved the prospects of industrial development if not properly enforced with total compliance in Nigeria. Therefore, we recommend that government should strengthen IPRs laws with formidable policies that would create incentives for firm-level innovations/inventions through knowledge creation, adequate funding for R&D in Nigeria.
    Keywords: intellectual property right; IPR; protection; industrial development; Nigeria.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10045741
  • What is in a name? Deciphering domain name protection in India and Russia   Order a copy of this article
    by Aneela Fatima, Nikolaos Voutyrakos 
    Abstract: Ever since the advent of the internet and e-commerce, buying and selling of goods and services has become easier and more efficient. Although this has brought development, it has also given way to challenges in handling ones intellectual capital, by allowing third parties to easily access and infringe intellectual property rights (IPR) through domain name infringement. This paper assesses domain name legal protection, with the main point of reference being trademark law, as it is used as the legal mechanism in dealing with domain name dispute resolution. More specifically, this paper focuses on how two large economies, India and Russia, which have chosen to deal with domain name-related concerns and disputes, in light of the latest international developments in the field. The two countries represent very distinct approaches towards domain name regulation, each with their merits and demerits, which the paper addresses, juxtaposes and evaluates.
    Keywords: intellectual property rights; IPR; domain names; trademarks; cybersquatting; top-level domain name; internet protocol; uniform domain dispute resolution policy; Indian law; Russian law; India; Russia.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047024
  • Impact of the technological implications of teleworking on higher education teaching staff   Order a copy of this article
    by María De Las Mercedes De Obesso, Oliver Carrero 
    Abstract: Although the concept of teleworking has existed for more than 30 years, it was in 2020 when it experienced its greatest boom, when an unprecedented and virtually unplanned social experiment forced millions of people to work from home due to a global pandemic. In the case of higher education, face-to-face teaching became online in a matter of weeks, without having been so designed neither in terms of the training activities nor the teaching methodologies nor evaluation systems, with virtually no training for teachers and with unsuitable infrastructures. In this context, our study, based on the C.I.S. survey Trends in the Digital Society during the COVID-19 pandemic, conducted in March 2021, tries to analyse the perception of telework for 474 university teachers in relation not only to the technological resources available but also to the digital skills of teachers, concluding that they see it as positive for business, for employees, for family life and for society.
    Keywords: telework; university; higher education; hybrid training; digital competencies for teachers; innovation; technology management; organisational strategies; teaching; professors.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047183
  • Reporting and disclosure of intellectual capital: a literature review   Order a copy of this article
    by Shilpa Bhide 
    Abstract: The objective of the paper is to review the literature on the measurement methods, valuation, and disclosure (reporting) of intellectual capital. Research papers from 1998 to 2021 were collected, studied, and classified into relevant and non-relevant for the present study. Out of 150 research papers, 91 papers were identified and studied in detail, out of which around 64 research papers appear in the literature review. The results of the literature review were that it was observed in many cases the disclosures are voluntary and there seems to be no harmonisation in the disclosure requirements. Disclosure and reporting can help in decision-making to the stakeholders, even if the measurement and valuation are difficult. It can also be observed that in different types of businesses the degree of reporting and disclosures are different and influences the profit and the firms financial performance, making it an important component of disclosures and reporting.
    Keywords: intellectual capital; valuation; measurement; disclosure; reporting; firm performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047184
  • Entrepreneurial self-efficacy in female Latin American university students   Order a copy of this article
    by Adriana Cascante-Gatgens, Ronald Mora-Esquivel, Juan Carlos Leiva 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of locus of control, the social environment, and the university environment on the entrepreneurial self-efficacy of female university students in Latin America. Hypotheses were tested using a sample of students on business administration, computing, and engineering programs taken from the Global University entrepreneurial spirit students survey, 2018. Deductive triangulation sequential analysis (QUAN qual) was performed using Stata 12 Software and interviews. The analyses show a positive effect of locus of control, the university environment, and the social environment on the entrepreneurial self-efficacy of female university students, with Locus of Control having the most significant effect. These findings corroborate those arguments supporting the effect of these variables as predictors of entrepreneurial self-efficacy in female university students.
    Keywords: entrepreneurial self-efficacy; locus of control; university environment; social environment; female entrepreneurship.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047650
  • Effect of auditor experience, independence, professional skepticism, ability to detect fraud on capital spirituality audit results quality as moderating   Order a copy of this article
    by Ida Bagus Teddy Prianthara, Made Setini, Ida Ayu Budhananda Munidewi 
    Abstract: This study aimed to analyse the auditor experience, independence, professional skepticism, ability to detect fraud on capital spirituality audit results quality as moderating. The technique of taking respondents in this study uses the non-probability sampling technique with the method used purposive sampling on criteria: 1) auditors working in public accountants in Bali and Lombok; 2) auditors having periods minimum 1-year work; 3) the auditor has an accounting education background. The processed data is primary data through a survey by distributing questionnaires which are then analysed by Amos software with structural equation modelling analysis techniques. The results of this study indicate that partially the variables of auditor experience, independence, professional skepticism, and the ability to detect fraud have a significant positive effect on audit results. Other findings, partially the auditor experience variable, independence, professional skepticism, and the ability to detect fraud has a significant positive effect on spiritual capital. However, in this study, the mediation of spiritual capital cannot mediate exogenous and endogenous relationships in the audit environment.
    Keywords: auditor experience; independence; professional skepticism; ability to detect fraud; audit results quality; capital spirituality.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047651
  • Copyright piracy and education   Order a copy of this article
    by Amit Kumar Jha, Priyanka Rajan 
    Abstract: This paper attempts to link different types of copyright piracy and education to check the effect of education on piracy. It focuses on four specific domains of copyright law cinematography, musical works and sound recording, software and literary works with a focus on unauthorised copying (duplication), purchasing pirated materials and unauthorised downloading and photocopying of books. For this purpose, a survey of 1,350 students at the University of Delhi was done. The findings show that both the levels and types of education affect piracy.
    Keywords: cinematographic piracy; music and sound recording piracy; software piracy; literary piracy; education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047854
  • IP management of an academic institute: a case study of an Institute of Eminence from India   Order a copy of this article
    by Priyadarshini Singh, Gouri Gargate 
    Abstract: Intellectual property (IP) is one of the key assets and empowers an organisation. It helps the organisation to realise the value of an IP associated with it. Academic and research institutes have capability to generate various forms of IP. However, in developing countries, these academic and research institutes are not always well equipped to identify and efficiently manage IP. In India, Institutes of National Importance (INIs) including Institute of Eminence (IoE) have recognised the importance of IP and developed their intellectual property management system (IPMS). This paper focuses on IPMS of one of Indias IoE. Authors have applied an IPM audit model to understand various IPM processes followed by an IoE to channelise resources for generating revenue through IP. Case study methodology is employed for this study.
    Keywords: innovation; intellectual property; technology transfer; incubators; start-ups; IP management; IP audit; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10047856
  • Intermediary liability for online copyright infringement in India: a trans-judicial dialogue   Order a copy of this article
    by Sunidhi Setia, Samanvi Narang, Suhaib Salman 
    Abstract: With the internet becoming a vital part of our day-to-day life and the enormous opportunities that it creates; its use and abuse also bring new challenges every day. The development of the internet not only enables access to quality information and data in seconds but also leads to economic issues due to mammoth intellectual property infringements. The authors in this work focus on the burgeoning intermediary liability for copyright infringement in the USA, and European Union with a brief discussion on laws in BRICS countries and Japan. Subsequently, the authors make a clear contrast in the approach of the judiciary to deal with such issues in India. Advocating a balanced mechanism to deal with copyright infringement on the internet, the authors suggest a harmonised international framework like the notice and take down/safe harbour mechanism to limit the liability based on intermediaries knowledge/awareness of the unauthorised communication and reproduction.
    Keywords: intermediary liability; safe harbour; infringement; intellectual property; internet; copyright; actual knowledge; notice and take down; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10048348
  • Use of peel-based activated carbon in wastewater treatment: a study of patents   Order a copy of this article
    by Prashant Mahajan, Dipika Jaspal, Amit Kumar Tiwari 
    Abstract: Clean water is one of the most essential components for almost all industries. Reuse of wastewater is becoming the only weapon to combat the growing scarcity of clean water. Materials such as mineral sorbents, activated carbons, peat, chitin, etc., have been used as adsorbents for the treatment of textile wastewater. Activated carbon has been commercially employed for the removal of contaminants. The current manuscript is a patent study on the use of peels as adsorbents for the removal of contaminants, especially dyes. This review is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of patents on the use of peel-based activated carbon for industrial and textile wastewater treatment. Further, this review gives landscaping of patents in this domain including nonlimiting to country-wise, classification-wise, inventor-wise, etc. This report includes data from the patent database and analytics tool, Relecura. This study is a manual and reflects all the major contributions in wastewater treatment using peels.
    Keywords: adsorption; relecura database; innovation: patent analysis: quantitative and qualitative analysis.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10048570
  • A systematic study of mobility and innovation and technology management for skilled enhancement with operational frameworks   Order a copy of this article
    by Nik Alif Amri Nik Hashim, Hira Batool, Vipin Jain, Felix Julca-Guerrero, Nelson Cruz-Castillo 
    Abstract: COVID-19 has forced HEIs to rethink instructional methodologies. In emergencies, colleges substituted information for face-to-face education. Mobile information is a teaching technique with several educational tools. This content analysis aims to classify: 1) explore subjects; 2) applicable hypotheses; 3) most scrutinised methodologies; 4) methods of investigation. The PRISMA results were observed inside this case, and various techniques for Text classification and textual analysis were used. The literature was chosen from three journals of first quartile specialising in educational technology that were indexed in JCR-SSCI. The final sample consisted of 248 papers. Three key nodes emerged from the text analysis: 1) virtual students; 2) digital instructors; 3) instructional practices with a program. The most-studied information medium is MOOCs. Innovative acceptance model and context of interest were most widely employed hypotheses. Case studies were most popular. Finally, we present our SRL's aims. The study focuses on the most explored information modality, essential e-learning theoretical structures, and research methodology typologies.
    Keywords: text-mining; effectiveness; web-based education; innovation; mobile information management; technology management; educational research; educational technology; systematic literature review.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10049757
  • Intellectual property education with serious games: predictors of perceived learning   Order a copy of this article
    by Jorge Bacca-Acosta, Jenny-Paola Lis-Gutiérrez, Mercedes Gaitan-Angulo, Cecilia Avila-Garzon 
    Abstract: Intellectual property education plays an important role to support innovation and production of knowledge in our society. However, the predictors of perceived learning are not clearly defined when a serious game is used to support learning processes in intellectual property education. To fill this gap, in this study, a serious game for intellectual property education is evaluated and some predictors of students perceived learning are identified. A structural model based on the flow theory was validated using partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) with data from 81 university students who used a web-based serious game for learning about what is eligible for patentability or not for a period of five weeks. The results show that the game increases the students learning performance. Moreover, the predictors of perceived learning are concentration, challenge, and ease of use. The implications for theory and practice in intellectual property education are also discussed.
    Keywords: intellectual property education; serious games; perceived learning; flow; patent.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10049892
  • The impact of the social media on consumer behaviour amid economic crisis: the case of luxury consumption   Order a copy of this article
    by Deepesh Kumar Srivastava, Madhurima Ganguly, Girish Bagale 
    Abstract: Since 2019, the ongoing economic crisis has severely impacted the luxury industry, resulting in an overall loss of 8%, significant changes in consumer behaviour, and increased competitive pressure on luxury fashion enterprises strategic responses. Financial crises change customers motives, values, and attitudes. More people are considering their wants and needs before buying. During a recession, a luxury company wants to compete. It must know what drives luxury purchases and how the economic crisis affects them, which could change luxury consumption. In this exploratory research on consumer behaviour and luxury fashion executives brand tactics in times of financial crisis, a survey was sent to over 150 respondents, of whom only 123 answered the questionnaire. Senior executives from a multi-brand store (CADRANS) and a luxury mono-brand were also interviewed (ELIE SAAB). This studys qualitative and quantitative data may help us understand how customers react to economic crises and how luxury businesses respond. Most consumers in the study are paid in Lollar or Banquer Cheques, which reduces their purchasing power and restricts them from buying luxury items. Despite the crisis, clients continue to buy luxury goods within their budgets, though the ratio has decreased.
    Keywords: luxury fashion; retail; crisis; strategies; consumer behaviour; artificial intelligence; AI; multi-brand store; luxury industry.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10049893
  • Human centric intellectual property rights and legal personality of artificial intelligence   Order a copy of this article
    by S. Suganya, E. Prema 
    Abstract: As technology continues to revolutionise how humans work and operate, many parts of human activity will be replaced or supplemented by newer technologies. Trends in technological innovation may have a more significant impact on some previously unaffected human tasks. A growing number of consensus recommendations give legal personality to AI systems. Arguments are often based on utility and contrasted with companies. When AI systems are indistinguishable from living things, they should have the same legal status. Therefore, a legal assessment of the effectiveness of technological developments is required. This article will discuss the potential impact of AI on intellectual property. With AI advancing so rapidly, existing IP rules need to be overhauled. There are few or no legal provisions for AI in the intellectual property. However, there is a significant degree of interaction and correlation between the two, which we will discuss in this article. AI is developing rapidly worldwide, coinciding with the scope of intellectual property (IPR). Because of this, the system needs to recognise and change some rules.
    Keywords: artificial intelligence; autonomy; corporation; intellectual property rights; legal person; legal entities; legal personality of artificial intelligence; natural person; technology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10050730
  • An overview on practices related to geographical indication protection in the USA and Europe   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohammed Abdul Fasi 
    Abstract: Geographical indications (GIs) recognise the uniqueness and culture of items, notably food and drinks originating in certain geographical locations. The GI mark protects registered items against counterfeiting and consumers from being misled about the geographical origin of goods, and it is essential to the rural economy and ecology. This article offers an outline on GI protection practices and procedural legislation pertaining to its regulation in the USA and the European Union. The article will highlight the qualifying requirements for geographical name registration in both the jurisdictions as well as show specific case examples relating to the enforcement regulations in both the authorities. The article examines how GIs are enforced, especially how the EU and the US conflicting regulatory systems function. Based on the comparison of legislation and regulations in both jurisdictions, the study shows that GIs are significantly more protected in the EU than in other countries.
    Keywords: geographical indications; GI registration; protection of GIs; examination of GIs; GI regulations; intellectual property; USA; Europe; trademarks; certification marks.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10051001
  • Innovation in legal education: the role of artificial intelligence and its significance for the legal profession   Order a copy of this article
    by R.K. Rajkhanna, C. Rabbiraj 
    Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) has improved tremendously in the previous decade, and a wide range of sectors have begun utilising AI systems in their daily operations (Carrel, 2019). AI is changing the profession of law and legal education. The use of sophisticated AI systems may improve legal services and increase access to justice (Surden, 2019). Law and legal education are impacted by developing technologies. Legal education is changing. Educators must design a curriculum to teach law students to integrate new technology in education and the profession (Rissland, 1990). Technology is boosting legal practise. Lawyers need legal research. Lawyers must constantly research legal concerns. Lawyers often conduct research, although goals and methods vary. AI's impact on the legal industry can be quantified by legal research. Legal AI is revolutionising the legal profession. Educators must prepare pupils for these changes. National and international policy planning is vital (Hutchinson, 2006). Today's legal education lacks technology and innovation, according to the report. This essay examines how AI affects legal education and pedagogy.
    Keywords: artificial intelligence; legal education; legal profession; law; lawyers; implications; research; technology; policies; development.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10051705
  • E-portfolios to foster creative innovation and communication technology management in undergraduate engineering learners   Order a copy of this article
    by Syed Farhat Jahara, Tribhuwan Kumar, Abbas Hussein Abdelrady 
    Abstract: Todays learners are more realistic and spend most of their learning time exploring information technologies like eLearning, video-assisted learning, Blockchain technology for MOOCs, artificial intelligence (AI), learning analytics, gamification, immersive learning with VR and AR, STEAM-based programmes, social media, and others to generate novice ideas. This research paper analyses the efficacy of e-portfolios to involve engineering students of BTech first year in setting, organising, comprehending, evaluating, and analysing academic writing skills through information and communication technology (ICT). The English language and communication skills lab uses a quantitative experimental research strategy that emphasises questionnaires and e-portfolios to improve participants writing skills (ELCS). This project studies using JNTU-related e-portfolios to create intrinsically motivating creative competency in students. E-portfolios are easily accessible and allow students to provide multimedia proof, say the researchers. Instead of writing about their accomplishments, students can submit photographs, videos, and audio recordings. This speeds up and enhances learning. Many engineering students enhanced their persuasive writing using e-portfolios.
    Keywords: e-portfolios; ELCS Lab; information and communication technologies; ICTs; writing skills; engineering learners.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIPM.2022.10052097