International Journal of Innovation in Education (7 papers in press)
Academic Stress Management through Framework and Outcome Based Learning
by Lakshmi C. Radhakrishnan, Mallika Ramanathan
Abstract: Stress is commonly associated to personal inadequacies and work environments. The stress resulting of academic performance demands is seldom ignored. United Arab Emirates-UAE aims to meet the global employment requirements through Academic City and Knowledge Village offering an array of institutions with multi-disciplinary qualifications. Ambiguity of facilitator-learner roles towards learning mission coupled with grade demands and skill expectations from the employers lead to academic stress. The study aims to assess the potential academic stressors leading to poor performance and learning stress among learners in UAE and the role of framework and outcome-based learning in supporting metacognition; reducing academic stress and anxiety by supporting the students to a much effective deeper learning experience. A qualitative research method has been followed to compare the impact of outcome/ framework-based teaching pedagogy among undergraduate students majoring in Business Administration. The research results reveal a positive relationship of students subject to outcome-based learning who reported to experiencing higher level of satisfaction, increased responsibility and achievement of cognitive abilities during the course. However, the research scope is limited towards analyzing the National Qualification Authority-UAE (NQA) developed Qualification Framework of Emirates (QFE) as a model to deliver outcome-based courses to learners of the Undergraduate Level which has been set as the Level 7 in the QFE.
Keywords: Academic Stress; Deeper Learning; Outcome Based Learning; Framework; QFEmirates.
Developing Pre-service Maths Teachers Resilience Using the Growth Zone Mode
by Holly Heshmati, Sue Johnston-Wilder, Madeleine Findon
Abstract: This paper reports on action research aimed at developing teacher resilience. Relationships between teacher resilience and teacher retention have been well established; however, less is known about effective strategies for building resilience. Teacher resilience is known to be the outcome of dynamic interactions between everyday challenges and protective resources in a process involving teachers employing practical strategies through harnessing their personal and contextual resources. This research focused on using an intervention programme to develop five aspects of resilience amongst 25 pre-service maths teachers. For a period of one academic year, various approaches for developing motivational, professional, emotional, social and physical aspects of resilience were identified and evaluated. The results of questionnaires and interviews confirm that increasing participants personal and professional networks, along with their use of the growth zone model, can improve resilience. Adapting the interventions for use within both pre and in-service teachers is a route for future research.
Keywords: Teacher resilience; pre-service maths teachers; five aspects of resilience; growth zone model.
Kratos: A solution for data privacy, literacy, and student agency in a data driven school ecosystem
by Velislava Hillman, Varunram Ganesh
Abstract: Growing digitization has made data ownership an important focus point for institutions and students. Broadly, there are three issues, which require urgent attention for optimisation of data privacy, literacy, and utilisation. First, schools globally are equivocal about data generated by and about students as a result of the digitization of instruction, learning, and assessment. They lack necessary frameworks for data literacy, data interoperability, and optimisation, while maintaining privacy and control. Second, the scale, source, and nature of school data make its interoperability impractical, resulting in an inability to assess the true impact of educational technologies on instruction and learning. Third, while data helps teachers improve pedagogical practices, an increasingly data-driven decision-making process suggests that student dimensions of learning and equitable participation in curriculum design becomes secondary. Finding a balance between data- driven decision-making and student voice is critical for an efficient school ecosystem. In this paper, we introduce Kratos: an immutable decentralised data management system that provides data privacy and applied data literacy while empowering students with a user interface for data governance and active participation in the school ecosystem. Using the advantages of blockchain technologies, Kratos enables easy authentication and access to data. The objective of Kratos is thus to equip students and schools with the ability to access, manage, and control their data and to understand how, why, and by whom data is accessed without compromising student agency and privacy. This paper describes proof of concept for Kratos, its benefits to students and schools, and necessary future work.
Keywords: education technologies; blockchain; data privacy; children and young people; data literacy; data interoperability.
Is Competition Negative for Learning? Imitation, Learning, Competition, and Innovation. A Girardian Perspective
by Per Bjørnar Grande
Abstract: This article contains a discussion on how imitation may be considered an essential premise for learning and innovation. Imitation has been considered, until lately, a wilful representation of the world. However, today imitation or mimesis is viewed by many first and foremost as a desire, evoked by the other. The emphasis on the other is fundamental in Ren
Keywords: Girard; Imitation; Mimesis; Desire; Competition; Rivalry; Violence; Innovation.
Transformative Basic Education in Public Secondary School Students' Digital Service Co-creation and Sustenance of Digital Safety in Lagos state, Nigeria.
by Mandu Umoren, Gloria Ikedife, Geraldine Ekpe-Iko, Esther Oshionebo
Abstract: With digital advancements and technological transformations in today's world and likelihood of increase in years to come, a major concern is how to use school intervention strategies to arm students with critical thinking and personal intelligence skills for safe digital adventures and responsible cooperative behaviours. This study examined basic educational institutions' intervention in students' digital skill acquisition and applications for safety in digital world. The descriptive survey that was conducted on 510 basic nine students from six junior secondary schools in the randomly selected education district showed that students formed positive perceptions about school's digital literacy skill intervention strategies. While students' critical thinking skill was positively related to the sustenance of digital safety, personal digital intelligence was not. It was recommended that digital service providers should offer digital contents in forms that will stimulate user's critical thinking and that digital intelligence should be given more attention during digital literacy trainings.
Keywords: digital safety; critical thinking; personal digital intelligence; digital contents; skill acquisition; intervention strategies; digital trainings; digital world; digital adventures; service providers.
Blockchain Technology and its Impact on Education Sector
by Shankar SUBRAMANIAN, Arumugam Seetharaman, Koilakuntla Maddulety
Abstract: The education sector has grown as one of the best in the World. The Education industry has been faced with “disruption, digitization and educational transformation”. Blockchain technology in education can change the education domain drastically and can enhance the way it works. In addition to higher efficiency, the key reasons for using blockchain technology include improving the education system, improving learner experience, improving analytics, launching innovative services and enhancing stakeholder experience. However, organizations struggle with the implementation of Blockchain Technology (BCT) initiatives and are not able to achieve their plans. There is a lack of credible literature written on the impact of BCT on the education domain. Moreover, it is based on secondary research. This study aims to identify the variables that drive educational transformation using BCT and to study the impact of BCT in the education industry
Keywords: blockchain technology (BCT), Application of blockchain (BCT), smart government initiative, BCT success in education, BCT features, educational BCT benefits and challenges, BCT impact in education framework
The Way Forward: Collaborative Organizational Decision-Making
by Abeni El-Amin
Abstract: The focus of this deliberation is to analyze how educational leaders intentionally implement the politics of organizational decision-making. Leadership decision-making affects organizational effectiveness and determines how leaders forge alliances, influence, build trust, manage assets, empower, reproduce, encourage stakeholders to buy into the vision, incorporate deference for timing, promote explosive growth, and build a legacy. Given is an analysis of the requirement for senior leadership and predecessors to create succession plans. Moreover, as educational organizations face significant difficulties and pressure, organizational changes are often made with the most significant impacts felt by stakeholders. Explored is how decisions leaders make either create conflict or provide exceptional practice.
Keywords: collaborative leadership; educational leadership; leadership; higher education; organizational decision-making; organizational development; organizational leadership; shared leadership; stakeholders development; succession planning