International Journal of Innovation in Education (16 papers in press)
Implementing Collaborative Learning in Classrooms: Science Teachers Perspectives
by Saadeddine Shehab, Emma Mercier
Abstract: Research indicates that collaborative learning can lead to increased learning, interest and persistence in science fields. To inform future professional development and teachers preparatory programs, it is important to examine teachers conceptions of, and experiences with collaborative learning. This study explores middle and high school science teachers conceptions of, and experiences with, collaborative learning in addition to the barriers that prevent the implementation of collaborative learning in the classroom. Survey data collected from 66 science teachers indicated that they viewed collaborative learning as a process that has a specific purpose. They reported having positive experiences when implementing collaborative learning. They were concerned about student-related barriers for not using collaborative learning. These findings provide insights about the content of professional development that can be designed to support these science teachers when implementing collaborative learning in their classrooms.
Keywords: collaborative learning; high school; middle school; science teachers.
Leveraging Teacher Leadership Inspiring Creativity and Innovation at ACS-Athens
by Eleoussa Polyzoi, Stefanos Gialamas, Kristina Cliteur, Maureen Babb
Abstract: Using a transformative learning lens, based on the work of Mezirow (2000), this study provides insight into the factors that influence excellence and innovative teaching at the American Community School of Athens. Using a case-study methodology, ten one-hour interviews were conducted with teachers and administrative staff of the school to examine their perspectives on the importance of innovation, qualities of teachers as leaders, and factors that facilitate the transformation process as exemplified by their school. Questions included: How do you cultivate innovation and creativity through your teaching? How do you foster an educational climate that values critical reflection? How do you encourage a deeper-level thinking among students that is transformative in nature? The interviews were uniquely positioned to examine innovative change as it occurs and the processes and challenges that emerge when such change is instituted (Fullan, 2016). Three exemplary school programs are described that illustrate innovative practices at this school.
Keywords: international schools; innovation; transformative learning; the change process; teachers as leaders; case study; interviews; thematic analysis; inspiring creativity.
Assessment Methods on Serious Games
by Carlos Oliveira, Ulrick Pimentel
Abstract: Digital games have conquered a growing space in the lives of children, adolescents and adults. In this perspective, the use of this resource has shown to be an important strategy that facilitates the learning process. This research is a literature review on the use of serious games in teaching, which shows the characteristics of these games, the benefits and possible harms that this resource can produce, in addition to the possible methods of evaluating the effectiveness of this resource in teaching. The results point out that Serious Games have significant potential as a tool for instruction. However, their effectiveness in terms of learning outcomes is still poorly studied, mainly due to the complexity involved in evaluating intangible measures.
Keywords: Assessment; Serious Games.
A Method to Promote Innovation by University Students
by Fernando Moliní, Diego Barrado-Timon, José Antonio Rodríguez Esteban
Abstract: This is a proposal to promote innovation in university students. On the one hand, the students should elaborate a paper on an innovative idea of his or her own and try to refute its originality. On the other hand, a system of 23 measures has been designed to train students in innovative thinking, to broaden their achievements, to evaluate them and to give continuity to their ideas. The application of this method to 457 students appears to have been successful. According to a survey taken by the students (47% rate of return), the method has improved their ability to think innovatively at a high or very high level (21.58%) or at a medium level (43.19%). The method is particularly suitable for nations with few resources. As far as we know, this has not been previously applied or proposed by any other authors.
Keywords: education; innovation; university; higher education; educational method; educational system; students; promote innovation; survey to students; creativity; innovate thinking; critical reasoning.
Mixed Methods in Multi-level Sampling: A research paradigms teaching and learning case to spur downstream innovation.
by Felistas Zimano, Alouis Chilunjika
Abstract: The authors present a condensed use of select probability and non-probability sampling methods in different levels of sampling showing the utility of mixed methods (MM) in finite/ infinite and heterogeneous/homogeneous populations. This is based on a Zimbabwe entry points survey sampling prototype. Findings uphold the efficacy of both MM and multilevel sampling. The researchers uphold the marriage of methodologies in the MM configuration as permitting effective population coverage giving a sample that equitably captures the uniqueness of the population overcoming any disproportionateness that may be occurring in the sampling frame. The methodology consequently eliminates biases imminent in the coverage of a study area. Recommendations include the idea that researchers can utilize this method to ensure that all the various characteristics in a population are captured in their uniqueness. In the quest to promote innovativeness in education, educators can utilize this initiative as a teaching aid to expose learners to a variety of sampling paradigms ingeniously condensed in one place.
Keywords: Mixed Methods; Multi-level sampling; Probability Sampling; Non-Probability Sampling; Finite populations; Heterogeneous populations.
Mining MySQL Error Logs to Map Student Learning
by Challiz Omorog
Abstract: Information Management is a crucial course in undergraduate programs related to information technology education (ITE) that focuses on database design and management. However, reports reveal that there is a significant skills shortage in ITE graduates along database analysis and design, which is an important skill for companies that are database-dependent in a sense. Also, evidence suggests that academia is not being responsive to cope with the deficiencies in the database design and analysis skills of its graduates. Given the challenge, this research intends to corroborate the students manner of learning the SQL language with the knowledge units (KU) that students find difficult in the Information Management course to recommend interventions to overcome the skill deficiency. The study used mixed methods to develop a comprehensive conclusion from a qualitative and quantitative form of data. In this study, the collection of data was administered through an application program that collects MySQL logs to generate analysis using Na
Keywords: Information Management; Database Management System; MySQL; data analysis.
Examining the relationships of factors influencing student mathematics achievement
by Masood Badri, Ali Al Nuaimi, Guang Yang, Asma Al Rashedi
Abstract: The objective of the study was to investigate and better understand the interlinked and causal relationships that might exist between various factors related to eighth-grade students and their achievement in math. Both the International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) math score and the student questionnaire items were used in this study. The sample comprised 18,012 students from the United Arab Emirates who participated in TIMSS 2015. The composite scores of several constructs were hypothesized to have structural relations with each other. Path analysis produced a good model with evidence of existence of reciprocal (non-recursive) effects. Reciprocal effects were noted between math scores and school-related matters, perception of math impact on life/jobs and school-related matters, and perception of math impact on life/jobs and teacher-related matters. The maximum total effects were witnessed with regard to learning of the math construct and the perception of the impact of math on life/jobs. The highest total effect on math scores were from students attitude toward math.
Keywords: student achievement; math; path analysis; TIMSS; UAE.
Connections between participation in mini-companies and intrinsic motivation and effort at upper secondary school
by Vegard Johansen
Abstract: The EU focus on entrepreneurship education has partially been justified on the basis that it contributes to a more varied education and increases pupils educational motivation. This article examines connections between participation in the Company Programme (CP) and pupils intrinsic motivation and effort at upper secondary school. The study found that most pupils enjoyed CP as a form of work, but some pupils had a less good experience of participating in CP. Comparing intrinsic motivation and effort for pupils with no, low and high CP participation, it was found that those with low activity (less than hundred hours) experienced reduced intrinsic motivation and effort in school work. About 5000 pupils (aged 16-19) at twenty-five schools in five countries took part in a pre- and post-test study.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education; mini-companies; Company Programme; secondary school; intrinsic motivation; school effort; pupil survey; Belgium; Estonia; Finland; Italy; Latvia.
A Design Rationale to Support Data Use in Successful Teacher Practice: Some Considerations for Educational Technology Design
by Peter Wardrip, Phillip Herman
Abstract: Despite the growing ubiquity of educational technologies in K-12 classrooms, many scholars have pointed out that impact of these technologies for all students has been uneven (Gomez, Gomez & Gifford, 2011). Some attribute this to a lack of cumulativity in educational research, in general. In this paper, we present design rationale as a mechanism to support designers building upon others designs and assumptions of designs. Reporting on design-based research study to support teachers data-informed instruction, we highlight our own process connecting our decisions and outcomes to both the conditions on the ground as well as the current research literature.
Keywords: data-informed instruction; practice-based design; educational technology; rnschool data systems; design-based research.
Developing Happiness Quotient among Students to Support Their Cognitive Learning & Academic Performance
by Sadia Riaz, Arif Mushtaq, Maninder Jeet Kaur
Abstract: Happiness quotient is a sum total of all factors that contribute towards an overall positive academic outlook. This study has been done to investigate the relationship between happiness and academic performance of the students. In this research, literature is probed to see how happiness is associated with various academic and non-academic aspects of learners. While a plethora of research provides evidence that happiness correlates positively with many outcome assessment components; no study significantly addressed measuring of happiness quotient in general. The study uses a primary research design to collect data on a sample of foundation students to determine what makes them happy in a learning environment. Data reduction technique, Factor analysis is used with appropriate rotation methods to confirm the emergence of reliable groups. Parallel analysis is conducted for randomization of data to meet parametric assumptions and Cronbach alpha is estimated to ascertain the reliability of the findings.
Keywords: happiness quotient; learning environment; factor analysis; scale development.
Implementing augmented learning and teaching design for impact: exploring the use of digital gamification in tertiary sport and hospitality business curriculum
by Michelle O'Shea, Catherine Link
Abstract: The unprecedented rise of computer technologies through the 1980s constructed a unique context in which education institutions began to draw on game technologies to complement existing learning and teaching practice. In highly nuanced ways, the internet, smartphone technologies and digital media, continue to shape the way we connect, consume, and in context to this research case, learn. While tertiary institutions are increasingly trialling the use of augmented technologies for learning, the convergence of gamification and tertiary education has not been as widely pursued as first envisaged. Drawing on lecturers' reflections on designing and implementing gamified curricula and preliminary student feedback, this case study interrogates the challenges and opportunities associated with designing and implementing gamified undergraduate sport and hospitality management educational models.
Keywords: gamification; technology; business education; industry impact.
Acculturation strategy and innovation in higher education: a study of individuals and dyads
by Rukhsar Sharif
Abstract: This novel quasi-experimental study examines the relation between two salient constructs: acculturation strategy and innovation in higher education. A sample of 54 undergraduates, comprising equal numbers of assimilated and bicultural students, participated in the first study session where they individually assembled comic books and stationery into new product prototypes to cheer stressed classmates. In the second study session, the students were randomly grouped into 13 homogeneous and 13 heterogeneous acculturated pairs to assemble the comic books and stationery into novel prototypes to help classmates reconcile over a disagreement. Two external innovation judges blindly scored the degree of innovation of each prototype. Findings exhibit that acculturation strategy significantly predicts the original dimension of individual innovation, but dyad acculturation type does not significantly predict dyad level innovation. The study suggests that pairing may not need to be solely based on acculturation strategy for enhancing pair innovation in higher education and organisations.
Keywords: acculturation strategy; biculturalism; dyad acculturation type; pair acculturation type; homogeneous acculturated dyads; assimilation; individual innovation; dyad innovation; higher education; homogeneous acculturated pairs; heterogeneous acculturated dyads; heterogeneous acculturated pairs; organisations.
New analytical education methodology for young minds - Asian countries' perspective
by Jyoti Batra Arora
Abstract: Knowledge can be inherited using innovative methods of teaching. Education has become an important concern for the growth and progress of a nation in the context of changing global market and requirement and emphasis on education. The changes with an appropriate design of education are required to make it as integral to the economic development of country. Educated citizens are pillar of growth and development of a nation. This paper proposes the innovative and analytical methods in the education system in the Asian continent. It focuses on the issues and challenges related to education and proposed innovative methodologies to promote education. This paper covers every aspect such as information communication and technology, student's behaviour, class size, academic excellence and curriculum, etc.
Keywords: ICT; academic excellence; technological pedagogy; curriculum.
Factors affecting the teachers' intention to adopt audio-visual aids in education sector of Pakistan
by Zeeshan Iqbal, Maimoona Malik, Farhan Iqbal
Abstract: An emergent body of research mainly from the developing countries indicated that behavioural and cultural factors have significant influence on the adoption of technology. Based on the theoretical lenses of technology acceptance model (TAM) and theory of reasoned action (TRA), this study examined the teachers' behavioural intention towards the adoption of audio-visual aids. The researchers conducted self-administrated questionnaire-based survey for data collection from the teachers working at government secondary schools of district Khanewal-Pakistan. Structural equation modelling approach was applied with the help of SmartPLS software in order to test the hypothesised relationships. The results revealed that perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, social influence and culture are positively, while access to audio-visual aids is negatively, associated with the teachers' behavioural intention towards the adoption of audio-visual aids. Furthermore, theoretical and practical implications for teachers' professional development as well as for educational policy makers, limitations of study and directions for future research were also discussed.
Keywords: education; audio-visual aids; AV aids; secondary schools; teachers; intention; Pakistan.
Handling cross-disciplinary conflicts for innovation: two action cases facilitated by artefacts
by Zulfiqar Ali, Hongyi Sun
Abstract: Collective thinking accelerates the process of problem-solving in unconventional and innovative ways, but very few cases were reported. The purpose of this study is to explore cross-disciplinary collaboration, the emergence of conflicts during cross-disciplinary interactions and the role of artefacts to accelerate the process of innovation. Using two academic case studies observed and analysed by ethnography and active participation methodology to study the iterative collective thinking process and conflicts handling. It is found that cross-disciplinary teams engulf with conflicts due to divergent thinking and cross conversation. It is also found that artefacts help to converge the group thinking and enable cross-disciplinary collaboration. This paper provides real-life cases in higher education especially on how to practically handle and leverage cross-disciplinary conflicts for innovation. In this study, only small groups were observed and most of the team members were from Europe. Future research with more groups and people from more places can be conducted.
Keywords: conflict; cross-disciplinary collaboration; artefacts; innovation; collective thinking.
Structural semantic test: an effective tool for transition of vocabulary from receptive to productive mode
by Ferdi Bozkurt, Kamal Heidari
Abstract: Vocabulary as the building block of language has always encountered challenging issues by researchers. One of these challenges is the transition of receptive lexical knowledge to productive mode. The nature of such a process and also the tools which might be useful in simplifying it are among basic questions which are needed to consider by related researchers. The present study, in essence, sets out to cast light on this issue by elaborating on structural semantic tests as an appropriate practical tool for helping learners push their receptive vocabulary knowledge into productive mode. To explain such a goal, 58 EFL learners took part in the study to take two productive tests: a L1 to L2 translation test; and a structural semantic test accompanied by sentence making. A number of them were then interviewed to share their views on the test. The results of the study revealed that structural semantic test is an effective approach for facilitating the procedure of transferring receptive vocabulary into productive compared to the commonly-used equivalent finding test. The study also led to a set of implications which are discussed.
Keywords: receptive vocabulary; productive vocabulary; structural semantic test.