International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management
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International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management (8 papers in press)
An Applied Requirement Simulation Model to Forecast the Needs of Nursing Services in the Malaysian Health Sector by M. Raziff Ramli Abstract: This paper aims to forecast the requirement of the nursing workforce for the next 15 years in Malaysia. Healthcare services act as the benchmark to estimate the requirement of the nursing workforce. The services were estimated based on 11 types of preventive care and 91 diseases, which was modelled in order to calculate the total services that would be required. System dynamic has been used as computer aid approach to simulate the insight of all the models. This model results in the total number of nursing service time required to meet the demand of the healthcare services in a population. The results would be discussed with the supply model for gap analysis. The implication of the results discussed in this paper would help the planning division in theMinistry of Health Malaysia in determining the right number of nurses that are required to meet the needs and to improve the health outcomes. Keywords: Needs; Nurse workforce; Health human resources planning; Policy analysis.
Learner-Centered Training Design: A Definitional Review by Shweta Gupta Abstract: In recent times, training design has been experiencing a shift in its focus by keeping the learner at the centre of the training design process. However, the theoretical conceptualization of this shift is not well defined. Though the concept of learner-centeredness is discussed in the extant literature, yet appropriate definition is missing. This review aims to explore the origin of the concept of learner-centeredness, emphasizing initial learning theories, the need of learner-centered approach and the APA learner-centered principles, and thereby presents a possible definition of learner-centered training design. It also includes characteristics of the learner-centered approach and possible future research directions. Keywords: learner-centered; participation; experience; active; self-regulation; training; learning; facilitation; social-construction; knowledge; learner.
Determinants of Time Investment in Education and Training of Corporate Workers, by Training Type by Sungeun Cho, Young-Min Lee Abstract: This study aims to identify the factors affecting the participation of Korean corporate workers in vocational education and training, focusing on the types of participation and the total training time. We utilized a hierarchical linear model to analyze the data of 7,985 workers from 392 companies from the seventh wave survey of the Human Capital Corporate Panel (HCCP) of the Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training (KRIVET). The dependent variable was the workers annual time investment in education and training. The individual-level variables included the demographic variables of gender, age, and education, and the job variables of employment status, position, wage, and job satisfaction. The firm-level variables included the industry type, firm size, and HR-related infrastructure variables. The results of the study showed that the individual variables of education, job satisfaction, and working hours positively influenced participation. In terms of training types, participation in group, distance, and on-the-job training significantly affected education and training time. At the firm level, industry type and the firm HR infrastructure (such as establishing a human resource development plan) showed an effect. Accordingly, beyond the individuals interest and willingness, firm-level support and systems are needed. Based on these results, we suggest policy considerations at corporate and policy levels to increase Korean workers participation in vocational education and training. Keywords: Vocational Education and Training; Determinants; Hierarchical Linear Model; VET investment.
Intention towards work post-retirement: a mediator-moderator analysis through job satisfaction and age by Preeti Tarkar, Somesh Dhamija Abstract: Aim of the present study is to determine the impact of the attitude of retired academicians towards work post-retirement keeping in purview job satisfaction and age. A questionnaire administered in this regard 240 retired academicians were approached for filling it. Hayes process was applied to test the effect of attitude towards work (predictor variable) on the intention to continue working after retirement (outcome variable) through the mediator (Job satisfaction) -moderator (age). The result of this study shows that the tested model is significant, thus implying that attitude towards work has a positive effect on the intention towards work post-retirement and mediator- moderator model significantly affects the same. The study suggests that the experience of academicians can be further utilized by creating an intention towards work post-retirement. This paper addresses a research gap about how the interaction of job satisfaction and age affect the relationship between attitude towards work and intention towards the work of retired academicians. Keywords: intention towards work; age; job satisfaction; attitude towards work; academics; mediation analysis; moderation analysis; older employees; Hayes process.
Human Capital Principles Underlying the Legal Protection of Trade Secrets as Intellectual Property by A. Vijayalakshmi Venugopal Abstract: This article explores links between human capital principles and employers legal rights to protect trade secrets as intellectual property. The legal judgments of cases are reviewed which highlight that the rationale for these decisions can be reminiscent of human capital principles. This suggests that human capital principles can be used to justify and appreciate the courts approaches in determining an equitable balance between employers and employees legal rights in owning and using trade secrets. This multidisciplinary approach studies the situation from different perspectives and adds depth to the understanding and application of such principles from both disciplines. Keywords: human capital; trade secrets; law; intellectual property.
Impact of Mentoring on Organistional Role stress and Role efficacy: An empirical evidence from India by Neetu Jain Abstract: This study examines the impact of two functions of mentoring i.e career and psychosocial on Role efficacy and Organisational role stress of employees. Survey methodology was used to test the hypotheses. The sample was randomly selected from the employees of IT companies in Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR) ,India. A total of 220 correct responses were received from IT company employees wherein 89 employees did not have any mentor whereas 131 employees were mentored.. A pilot study was carried out to develop valid data items for the survey and to test the reliability and internal consistency. The findings indicate that mentoring plays a significant role in improving Role Efficacy and in reducing Organizational Role Stress in case of mentored employees than non-mentored employees. Keywords: Mentoring; Organisational roles tress; Role efficacy; Mentees.
Prioritization of TM Functions and Talent Development Practices in a Specific Service Industry Context by Ramazan Özkan YILDIZ, Kazim YENI, Soner ESMER Abstract: Given that talent management (TM) is still a developing concept, it is frequently stated that more, conceptual and empirical studies are needed to complete its development and to be recognized as a discipline. This study is one of the first attempts to comprehensively define TM functions conceptually. Using the F-AHP method, the study also provides a more robust and valid view of the identified functions and prioritizes them for one specific service industry: container shipping. The most prioritized and effective function is talent development. The findings provide a resource for organizations wanting to implement TM and a benchmark tool for organizations already implementing TM. Keywords: talent management; talent management functions; talent development practices; fuzzy analytic hierarchy process; service sector. DOI: 10.1504/IJHRDM.2022.10048430
Off-the-job embeddedness and work-related stress: The moderating effects of employee boundary management strategy by Andrew Hinrichs Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between off-the-job embeddedness, work-related stress, and boundary management strategy. Often, the demands of work and life intersect to create conflict between domains which can result in stress. An individual who is highly embedded in their community has active, demanding non-work roles which can create resource demands that permeate their workplace. When these non-work demands enter the work domain, highly embedded individuals are more likely to experience job hindrances as stressful. Results from 194 executive-level employees showed a positive relationship between off-the-job embeddedness and stress associated with work demands. Further analysis also revealed that a work-life boundary management strategy favoring integration of the two domains weakened the relationship. Therefore, if an individual is highly embedded in their community and adopts an integration strategy toward their work and life roles, it helps to reduce work-related stress. Keywords: work stress; job embeddedness; work-life boundaries; role conflict; integration; boundary management strategy; community embeddedness; occupational stress; role stress.