International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health
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International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health (1 paper in press)
Nutritional Management in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Challenges and opportunities by Caroline Hmedeh, Ghina Ghazeeri, Ihab Tewfik Abstract: PCOS is one of the most common endocrine diseases affecting women of reproductive age. Its etiology remains unresolved but it is thought to have a genetic basis as well as interactions with other environmental factors. However, cure involves targeting the multiple symptoms of PCOS where weight loss is the first-line intervention. Obesity may not be the universal feature of PCOS, but studies have shown that there is a high prevalence among diseased females. Since the patients are more likely to be obese, they are also more likely to develop insulin resistance. The proper diet for PCOS thus targets these two characteristics of the disorder and through their management, the other symptoms of PCOS including hirsutism, acne and infertility are targeted. A properly managed diet combined with a balanced lifestyle addresses insulin resistance, cardiovascular health and metabolism, all of which target PCOS symptoms and alleviate them. Keywords: PCOS; fats; carbohydrates; proteins; insulin resistance; diabetes; hirtsuism; infertility; ; glyceamia; glycemic index; physical activity; lifestyle; diet.