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International Journal of Environment and Health (3 papers in press)
Distribution analysis and autoregressive modelling of ultraviolet radiation over Akure, Nigeria by Ayodeji Ashidi, Samuel Ogunjo Abstract: Management of health risks associated with excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation involves understanding its characteristics within any location. This work employed five-year archived data of UV index for analysis and autoregressive modelling of UV radiation over Akure (7.15oN, 5.12oE), Nigeria. In-situ measurements of UV index were made every day between January 2007 and December 2011 at 30 minutes interval using Davis 6162 vantage Pro2 weather station. The prevalence of high intensity UV index, which indicates human susceptibility to UV-related health risks, was investigated. The statistical model that best describes UV distribution and its autoregressive characteristics was also determined for the location. The annual UV index was found to fit a Nakagami distribution and well modelled by a third order polynomial equation to at least 95% accuracy. Nonlinear autoregressive (NAR) artificial neural network analysis also returned regression coefficient values of 0.95, 0.94 and 0.94 for the training, validation and test parameters, respectively. Keywords: health risk; sun exposure; auto regressive; UV index; neural network.
Glyphosate photodegradation: stoichiometry, kinetic and catalytic effects by María Alcira Trinelli, Cecilia G. Cantera, Maria Mar Areco, Maria Dos Santos Afonso Abstract: In the present study the photodegradation of glyphosate (PMG) in aqueous solution by the action of UV light and the catalytic effect of copper and copper-alga Ulva lactuca is described. The photodegradation kinetic reaction of PMG can be explained using a first-order kinetic model, with a mean rate constant of k = (0.04 Keywords: glyphosate; photodegradation; copper; Ulva lactuca; kinetic; catalysis.
Occupational exposure to magnetic fields and the risk of somatic and psychological symptoms among sewing machine operators by Hamed Jalilian, Omid Gorjizadeh, Zahra Zamanian, Zeynab Hajizadeh, Martin Roosli, Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Mohammad Reza Najimi Abstract: This study aimed to assess the occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) and static magnetic field (SMF) and their relationship to health problems among tailors. Totally, 71 male tailors (exposure group) and 60 male clothing retailers (control group) participated in the study and completed three questionnaires. ELF-MF and SMF were measured in four levels of body organs in three states of sewing machine by two instruments. A significant risk for somatic symptoms (odds ratio [OR]: 1.58; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.02, 2.46), sleep disorders (OR: 1.68; 95%CI: 1.04, 2.78), dizziness (OR: 1.58; 95%CI: 1.00, 2.85), and fatigue (OR: 1.67; 95%CI: 1.00, 2.85) were observed. The tailors occupationally were exposed to 1.78 Keywords: occupational exposure; magnetic fields; tailors; somatic symptoms; psychological symptoms.