Forthcoming articles

International Journal of Business and Systems Research

International Journal of Business and Systems Research (IJBSR)

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International Journal of Business and Systems Research (33 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • An Improved Authenticated Key Agreement Protocol with Privacy Protection for Mobile Healthcare Systems with Wearable Sensors   Order a copy of this article
    by Tian-Fu Lee, Yin-Yu Diao, Meriske Chen 
    Abstract: Authenticated key agreement schemes for mobile healthcare systems with wearable sensors enables patients wearable devices, the mobile terminal, healthcare staff and the healthcare service to authenticate each other and establish a secure communication channel. Recently, Li et al. proposed an authenticated key agreement scheme based on elliptic curve cryptography for mobile healthcare systems with wearable sensors. Although the scheme of Li et al. provides a complete solution for providing healthcare staff, wearable sensors, mobile users, controller nodes and the healthcare service provider with authentication and key agreement, their scheme still fails to realize mutual authentication, user privacy protection, perfect forward secrecy. This investigation discusses these limitations and presents an improved protocol based on the scheme of Li et al. The improved protocol not only avoids the limitations in previous approaches, but also increases the efficiency in computation.
    Keywords: Authentication; key agreement; elliptic curve cryptography; privacy protection; mobile healthcare systems; wearable sensors.

  • Firm size effects on stock returns in mergers and acquisitions in Asian emerging markets   Order a copy of this article
    by Jianyu Ma, Yun Chu, Robert Beaves 
    Abstract: This study finds that firm size effects can be captured at every step during the process of estimating abnormal returns. Our small firm portfolio has higher averages with respect to alpha, total risk, firm-specific risk, expected return, actual return, and abnormal return. However, this small firm portfolio has a smaller beta average, which contradicts most prior findings which suggest that small firms tend to have higher betas. The observed higher alpha coefficient (not beta coefficient) makes a major contribution to the observed higher expected return for small acquiring firms. Small acquiring firms still gain higher abnormal returns than large acquiring firms even when the higher expected returns of the small firms are incorporated in the process of the abnormal return estimation.
    Keywords: firm size effect; mergers and acquisitions; Asian emerging markets; market model; alpha coefficient; beta coefficient.

  • Analyzing the Impact of IT Governance on the Performance of Project-based Organizations   Order a copy of this article
    by Sajjad Shokouhyar, Sadaf Zarin, Sina Shokoohyar 
    Abstract: The present study investigated the impact of IT Governance on the performance of project-based organizations by employing the COBIT framework and ISO 38500, and examines the relationship between IT governance principles and BSC dimensions on project-based organizations performance. This research attempts to answer this question: Does the implementation of IT governance have a significant influence on project-based organizations performance? 94 employees of Mapna Company, which is a project-based organization, have participated in this study. The reason for selecting the participants from this enterprise was the fact that Mapna is among few project-based organizations in Iran. The authors data is collected using a questionnaire with questions about the principles of IT governance and BSC dimensions. 53 acceptable questionnaires were gathered after distributing among project managers and IT managers. In order to test the hypotheses, the researchers have used the structural equation technique based on partial least squares with the help of PLS software. It has been revealed that all IT governance Dimensions have a positive correlation with project-based organizations performance and information technology governance has significant and positive impact on these organizations performance. This study enlightens managers of the project-based organizations that the role of IT in these organizations can be very high. Information technology systems can cause the achievement of organizations to the desired status. These systems has made it possible for information to be useful and efficient. Organizations implement information systems, to keep operations running smoothly. Rapid advances in technology and the positive effects of it on work and organizations and the proper use of it can result employee satisfaction, increased profitability and effective use of time, and generally increase job satisfaction and organizational efficiency. The main distinctive feature of this study compared to other studies is the fact that it pays particular attention to the impact of IT on project-based organizations. Using the results of this study can help project managers to make the best decisions about how to use information technology in their organizations.
    Keywords: IT governance; COBIT 5; ISO 38500; information systems; technology.

  • The current trends and overview for Portfolio Management   Order a copy of this article
    by Victor Chang, Lihao Ni, Jingqi Zhang, Taiyu Li 
    Abstract: According to statistical report, cumulative wealth per capita has been increasing since 2000s, and in order to deal with the increasing free resources, portfolio management seems to play a significant role for both personal and corporate investment. This paper introduces the development of modern portfolio management, emphasizes the importance of investment portfolio management and project portfolio management, and then discusses the methods of constructing investment portfolios and project portfolios. We use financial tools and some mathematical models to construct different portfolios according to the risk preference of investors and make some suggestions to them. The Monte Carlo methods we designed in this research will help investors improve the portfolio management optimization. We suggest the investment strategy should be adjusted by preferences and the project with extreme grades should be reconsidered carefully.
    Keywords: portfolio management; modern portfolio theory; project management; investor; pricing model; Monte Carlo simulation; capital market line; portfolio analysis; mathematical model of portfolio; financial risk.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10025970
  • Systems of Business Travellers Heterogeneity in Air Transport   Order a copy of this article
    by James Hunak, Petr Kolar, Richard Brunet-Thornton 
    Abstract: Low-cost airline development is related to the deregulation of the air transport market that began in the United States (USA) in 1978. It affected other regions in the world including the European Union (EU). The deregulation enabled new entities to enter the industry, which caused a pivotal market transformation. The reviewed literature focused on the systems of business travellers proves that low-cost carriers are used not only by leisure passengers but by business travellers as well. This research deals with the heterogeneity of business passengers who use full-service and low-cost airlines in the sample market of the Czech Republic. It focuses on factors that determine the airline selection process by business travellers. Based on the analysis of empirical results, this geographically scoped discussion complements similar studies conducted in countries such as, the UK, Brazil and South Africa located outside the Central and Eastern Europe zone (CEE).
    Keywords: Airline marketing; Air transport; Air transportation systems; Business traveller; Full-service carrier; Low-cost carrier; Heterogeneity.

  • Consumer Buying Decision towards MLM Branded Health Supplement in Malaysia   Order a copy of this article
    by Chyuan Yan Heng, Alex Hou Hong Ng 
    Abstract: With increasing health awareness and demand for health supplements in Malaysia, the purpose of this study is to identify the reasons why consumers in Malaysia choose to buy Multi-Level Marketings branded health supplements. This study examines the extent of price, membership status, influencers impact and product attributes towards consumers buying decision of Multi Level Marketings branded health supplements. A questionnaire-based survey was used to collect data from 391 consumers in Malaysia and the data was analysed by employing SPSS. The results indicated that price, membership status and influencers impact have significant positive effect on consumers buying decision, but such effects were not shown by product attributes. The results suggested that the Multi-Level Marketing companies should look more into the development and promotion of the product rather than the method of selling and this is important in developing strategies to be competitive in Multi-Level Marketing business.
    Keywords: Buying decision; Consumer Behaviours; Direct Selling; Multi-Level Marketing; and Health Supplements,.

  • Ambidexterity and sustainable balanced performance in knowledge-based organizations: investigating the role of open innovation   Order a copy of this article
    by Javad Sofiyabadi, Davood Feiz, Bahare Kolahi 
    Abstract: Main purpose of current research is to investigate effect of ambidexterity on sustainable balanced performance in knowledge-based companies active in the field of biotechnology and advanced medicine system in Tehran province. Research has attempted, through providing a scientific answer to the hypotheses, to improve sustainable balanced performance and value creation in the activities of studied companies. Through the application of multivariate statistical model of the relations of knowledge management system activities, ambidexterity, open innovation and sustainable balanced performance was studied. The research method was an applied and experimental one. To gather the data, 114 questioners was distributing. In first phase of research, by using exploratory factor analysis, factors loading was extraction and in second phase by updating the reach model, Partial least squares (PLS) was applied. Research finding show significant and positive relations of all research hypotheses.
    Keywords: Knowledge Based organizations; Ambidexterity; sustainable balanced performance; open innovation; Knowledge management system.

  • Recommender Systems: An Overview, Research Trends and Future Direction   Order a copy of this article
    by Pradeep Kumar Singh, Pijush Kanti Dutta Pramanik, Avick Kumar Dey, Prasenjit Choudhury 
    Abstract: Recommender System (RS) has emerged as a major research interest that aims to help users to find items online by providing suggestions that closely match their interest. This paper provides a comprehensive study on the RS covering the different recommendation approaches, associated issues, and techniques used for information retrieval. Thanks to its widespread applications, it has induced research interest among a significant number of researchers around the globe. The main purpose of this paper is to spot the research trend in RS. More than 1000 research papers, published by ACM, IEEE, Springer, and Elsevier from 2011 to first quarter of 2017, have been considered. Several interesting findings have come out of this study, which will help the current and future RS researchers to assess and set their research roadmap. Furthermore, this paper also envisions the future of RS which may open up new research directions in this domain.
    Keywords: Recommender system; Issues; Challenges; Literature review; Filtering approach; Filtering technique; Information retrieval technique; Research trends; Future direction.

    by Joao Pereira, Renato Lopes Da Costa, Jose Borges, Maria Miguel 
    Abstract: The present work addresses the association of leadership quality factors (e.g. decision direction success and effectiveness of strategic moves) and gamification. In the last 30 years, commerce and international investments have increased faster than world economy as a whole. In order to deal with such complex environment, leaders and their decision making processes (either formal or informal) play a crucial role. Therefore, the study of leaders performance while attempting to solve real-life gamified scenarios, correlated with leadership factors, provide a powerful (yet underutilized) analysis instrument. The work proposed in this paper attempts to contribute for the business management area, which is typically focused in determining correlations between leadership factors framed by literature models and behaviour analysis of leaders in the different contexts. The present investigation comprehends the following objectives: analysis of leadership models and their framework in the scope of a management simulator; the effectiveness of gamification for organizational learning. Such objectives are achieved through: correlating operational results with leadership styles for players managing a company; to understand how the management style can and will affect the game final results; to identify prominent leadership styles during the game. The assessed sample of gamers consisted of 92 players. At the end of the game each player answered a leadership survey to assess leadership factors. The results obtained suggest a stronger focus on a decision making scope of traits model.
    Keywords: Leadership; Models; Gamification; Management Game; Organizational Learning.

  • An Integrated Model for Formulation, Alignment, Execution and Evaluation of Business and IT Strategies   Order a copy of this article
    by Sarandis Mitropoulos 
    Abstract: New global markets operation strongly depends on information technologies which radically influence the business strategies of enterprises and organizations. Towards this direction, this paper proposes an effective integrated architectural model and framework for the purpose of formulating, aligning, executing and evaluating in a combined way both Business Strategy and Information Technology Strategy. In order to achieve this goal, key concepts and respective frameworks, such as the strategic alignment, the balanced scorecard, the strategic architecture, and the business architecture are thoroughly investigated. Then, we progressively integrate all of them in one model in order to eliminate the weaknesses of the previous models and provide the enterprises and the organizations with an innovative, useful and applicable tool. The proposed model can lead to high business performance, agility and consistency in decision making, improved resource control, refinement capability via feedback mechanisms, increased coordination, quality of service, and positive financial results.
    Keywords: IT strategy; business strategy; strategic alignment; balance scorecard; strategic architecture; business architecture; systems/technology.

  • A hybrid systems approach to determine effective factors on the growth of marine industries in developing countries   Order a copy of this article
    by Shahdad Eshaghpour, Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Seyed Amir Aghaei, Mohammad Saeed Seif 
    Abstract: Marine industries have always been provided power and development for countries both militarily and economically. Due to the lack of essential economic, industrial, and technological infrastructure in developing countries, the development of marine industries, has been facing serious obstacles. As a developing country, Iran has been tackling similar barriers. This paper aims at developing a conceptual model, to examine this complex problem, using a systems approach by which subsystems and casual loop diagrams have been created. Afterward, DEMATEL technique has been used, revealing the most effective variables. The research can remarkably help practitioners in appropriate recognition and investigation of marine industry development challenges. The results show that "domestic supply chain development", "special rights and benefits for employees", "increase in manpower efficiency", "domestic demand absorption", "low-interest loans with suitable guaranties", and "effective and integrated management" are the key factors and main issues in marine industry progress in developing countries.
    Keywords: Systems approach; Marine industries; Technology; DEMATEL; Casual loops diagram; Developing countries.

  • Musculoskeletal health problems and relationship of risk factors among manual Clay Brick Sector Workers   Order a copy of this article
    by Manoj Kumar Sain, M.L. Meena, G.S. Dangayach 
    Abstract: Adverse working conditions with prolonged awkward postures and traditionally designed hand tools result in musculoskeletal health problems among brick kiln workers. The occurrence of musculoskeletal problems depends on various physiological and work-related factors. The present cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalent musculoskeletal health issues among 150 manual clay brick sector workers and the relationship of risk factors with these issues. Random sampling survey using modified Nordic questionnaire and postural assessment methods, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) and Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) were used for data collection. The association between prevalence of MSDs and risk factors was determined by binary logistic regression. Most prevalent musculoskeletal issues were found in shoulder (56.15 %), wrist (50.77%) and lower back (50%) regions. Musculoskeletal issues were found to be associated with personal and work-related factors. The average REBA and RULA scores for all tasks indicated high postural risk. The outcomes of the study pointed out the need for ergonomic interventions to reduce the issues among kiln workers.
    Keywords: brick; business; health; musculoskeletal; posture; regression; risk factors; workers.

  • Examine Factors Affecting Success of Enterprise Resource Planning System Adoption on Organization Performance among Medium-Sized Enterprises Sector   Order a copy of this article
    by Adejare Yusuff Aremu, Arfan Shahzad, Shahizan Hassan 
    Abstract: This study presents a conceptual framework to determine the factors affecting the failure and success of ERP system adoption in medium-sized enterprises. These factors are technological change, government policy and the performance of medium enterprises. The current study also applied resource-based value, contingency and diffusion of innovation theories to explain the factors affecting ERP system adoption. In this light, a proposed conceptual framework has been designed based on information obtained from a newly developed questionnaire which were distributed to one hundred and forty-four (144) medium-sized enterprise organizations in Ondo State, Nigeria. For this study, the CEO / director and managers of these companies were selected as the key respondents and the empirical data were analyzed using the Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling. The result obtained revealed that technological change significantly influences the adoption of the ERP system to enhance the performance of medium-sized enterprises organizations. However, government policy has no significant relationship with the performance of medium-sized enterprise firms. In this light, the outcomes of this study are useful for organizations adapting ERP to help them strategize future ERP system implementation in different industry, such as education, SMEs and multinational companies. However, this study is limited to medium-sized enterprise firms as the author has not included other measures of medium-sized enterprises performance factors.
    Keywords: Enterprise resource planning;System Technology; Technological change; Government policy; Performance of medium-sized enterprises firm.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10026434
  • Factors of technology transfer and its relation to success   Order a copy of this article
    by XIMENA Lopez-Mendoza, David Mauricio 
    Abstract: Technology transfer is the process by which science and technology developed in universities are transferred to companies for technical, scientific, and economic development. Success in this process is effected by several factors; hence its importance to identify them and note how they influence the different dimensions of the success of the technology transfer process. The critical success factors are analysed: adaptation to change, government policies, selection criterion of the project portfolio, work environment, product satisfaction, entropy, stress, and ethics; and, how these effect successes in its three dimensions scientific, social, and financial. A study was carried out based on confirmatory factor analysis and structural equations model on 84 universities in four countries of the Andean region dat confirm to 85% confidence dat the proposed factors influence all the success dimensions of the technology transfer process.
    Keywords: technology transfer; technology transfer factor technology; transfer success; university-industry.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10026523
  • Performance Analysis of Retinal Features for Diabetic Retinopathy Characterization and Diagnosis   Order a copy of this article
    by Charu Bhardwaj, Shruti Jain, MEENAKSHI SOOD 
    Abstract: Automated retinal feature extraction serves as a significant step for accurate Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) diagnosis and screening. Ophthalmologists highly rely on retinal fundus segmentations for the treatment of severe eye related abnormalities; glaucoma, strokes, occlusions and diabetic retinopathy. DR caused due to prolonged retinal blood vessel deterioration and if it is left untreated, it may lead to severe vision complications. This work proposes a mathematical morphology based optical disc localization and blood vessel extraction approach to determine vascular alterations and expedite accurate identification of pathological symptoms. Shape and pixel based features are evaluated for optical disc localization and blood vessels obtained along with a new set of fractal features to determine the self similarity between the extracted blood vessels and ground truth vessels labelled by the professional experts. A three-fold analysis is done on two benchmark databases; DRIVE and STARE, consisting of visual, statistical and performance analysis of the proposed blood vessel extraction approach. Performance evaluation of the proposed approach yields average accuracies of 95.50% and 94.80% respectively, when tested on benchmark DRIVE and STARE databases. The accuracy values obtained are appreciable and comparable to the various researches done in this field.
    Keywords: Retinal Features; Blood Vessel; Diabetic Retinopathy; Fractal Features; Optical Disc Localization; Mathematical Morphology.

  • The Effect of the Consumers Engagement in the Process of Adopting Functional Applications: the Mobile Banking Case   Order a copy of this article
    by Cid Goncalves Filho, Plínio Rafael Reis Monteiro, Melissa Morais Simplício, Renata De Sousa Da Silva Tolentino 
    Abstract: The use of mobile applications in the banking sector has achieved a representative growth with customers that use uniquely online devices to transact. In this scenario, this paper has the objective of analyzing the impacts of the adoption of functional applications in the improvement of consumer-brand relationships. A survey, which involved 408 respondents, was conducted. The basic model for this study was the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), whose effects were analyzed by the moderation perspective exerted by the consumers engagement with the brand. According to the results, it was observed that effective engagement alters the modus operandi of adopting a functional technology, starting from the constructs of performance, the expectation of effort, social influence and facilitating conditions. The field data demonstrated differences between the UTAUT models tested in groups of high and low engagement. This research presents a new approach for the adoption of technologies to bring the role of engagement as a factor of influence.
    Keywords: Adoption of Technology; Systems and Technology; Relationship Marketing; Engagement.

  • The Dead Goat Syndrome in Organisations   Order a copy of this article
    by Robert M. Yawson, Emmanuel Osafo 
    Abstract: The use of metaphors to explore the connection between theory and practice in organisation and leadership studies has proven to be highly effective. This paper discusses the dead goat syndrome (DGS) as a benchmark in discussing the importance of metaphor in organisation life and to identify the various leadership types that conform to the DGS metaphor. The dead goat syndrome emanates from a popular Ghanaian metaphor literary meaning a goat that is already dead does not fear to be thrust with a knife. Using this metaphor, we present a new lens for looking at leadership effectiveness and identify the basis for certain leadership behaviours in organisations. We illuminate some definitions of metaphor by briefly reviewing the literature on the classical views on metaphors, metaphors in organisational theory development, and how the DGS metaphor can be utilised to identify certain leadership behaviours in organisations.
    Keywords: Complex Adaptive Systems; Systems Change; Metaphors; Wicked Problems; Altitude Sickness; Organisational Leadership; Self-Concept; Systems; Organisation Effectiveness.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10026528
  • Laying the Foundation for High Performance of New Digital Logistics Ventures   Order a copy of this article
    by Martin Schwemmer, Angela Roth, Alexander Pflaum 
    Abstract: New ventures can have a crucial effect to infuse innovation into an industry. The recent emergence of new logistics ventures can be identified as relevant trend. Taking into account digitalisation, this study analyses, how new logistics ventures can lay the foundation for high performance in a digital environment at an early stage of existence. The chosen research approach combines secondary data collection and an interview study following the principles of grounded theory. The sample is composed of founders, investors, corporate investors and consultants from Central Europe experienced in the area of interest. As a result, ten propositions for new venture performance in a digitalising environment are presented and discussed. These propositions can be categorised in four dimensions: entrepreneurial team, entrepreneurial resources, entrepreneurial opportunity, and strategic and organisational fit. Likewise, these propositions constitute a shortlist of what is relevant to lay the foundation for high new digital logistics venture performance.
    Keywords: Logistics startups; new ventures in logistics; logistic entrepreneurship; technology application in logistics and supply chain management; innovation in logistics and supply chain managment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10027334
  • Workforce Gender Diversity and Corporate Performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Khaoula Aliani, Imen MHAMID, Ghousia Khatoon Khatoon 
    Abstract: Gender diversity is equitable or fair representation of people of different genders. Gender diversity, as it relates to a work environment system, means that men and women are hired at the same rate, paid equally for equal work, and promoted at the same rate. The study conducted by McKinsey & Company titled 'Woman Matter' suggests that the companies where woman are most strongly represented at the level of top management may perform better. The objective of this paper is two-fold. First, we aim at understanding the impact of the feminisation of the lowest ranks of the company on the performance. Secondly, we focus on analysing the relationship between the disclosure of the feminine values at the lowest ranks and the performance. Based on a sample composed of 209 unlisted Tunisian companies, the empirical analysis indicates that the existence of the female values at the lowest echelons influences positively and significantly the operating profit of the Tunisian companies.
    Keywords: Diversity; Gender; Workforce; Corporate Performance; Generalized method of moments.

  • Environmental Sustainability Performance: A Study of the Role of Green Human Resource Management and other Green Internal Intellectual Capital Components   Order a copy of this article
    by Yasmeen Shamsi Rizvi 
    Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this review article is to analyse the role of green human resource management (GHRM) in the implementation of the environmental sustainability (ES) strategies of organizations and how it is related to environmental sustainability performance (ESP). This study also analyses the role of the other internal fields of green intellectual capital (IC), specifically, green human capital (GHC), green organizational culture (OCul.) and environmental management (EM) systems in context of green human resource management (GHRM) and ESP. Design/Methodology/Approach: To achieve its objectives, the paper is divided in four parts: 1. Introduction 2. Literature review 3. Model 4. Discussion and Conclusion. Literature on ESP, GHRM and other components of green internal IC, namely, environmental management (EM), GHC, and green oOCul. has been reviewed. Seven functions of GHRM have been studied. A macro-level analyses of ES issues in India was discussed. Information on the role of job description was supplemented with that from interviews. Findings: The study found that an integrative approach is required for the achievement of green goals. Based on literature analysis, ESP is found to be related to GHRM and other internal fields of green IC. GHRM also has interlinkages with other internal fields of green IC. A knowledge body has been created for further studies and research gaps have identified. These issues have been found to be at a nascent stage in a developing country--India. Implications: This study will help practitioners understand the relationships between the variables which would enhance their abilities in implementing ES strategies. It also makes a case for systems approach to green management and also for the robust formulation and implementation of environmental strategies in organizations where these may be at nascent stages. A need for focus on building green intellectual capital for the achievement of green goals has also been highlighted through this study. A research model based on the hypothesized relationships has been developed for further testing and areas of research have been identified for further studies.
    Keywords: Environmental Sustainability Performance; Green Human Resource Management; Green Internal Intellectual Capital; Green Human Capital; Green Organizational Culture; Environmental Management.

  • The factors that influence the acceptance and adoption of mobile marketing by university students   Order a copy of this article
    by Rui Cruz, Albérico Rosário, Gabriela Rio 
    Abstract: Technological evolution has a strong impact in many aspects of our daily lives: from turn control systems in hospitals or supermarkets, to ticketing machines in subway stations that already have touch screens, recent developments lead us to be able to reach the users/consumers of mobile phones in real time in any location. This study aims to establish a theoretical reference of the main concepts related to mobile marketing and has the purpose of studying variables such as Attitudes Towards Advertising, Perceived Utility, Perceived Risk and Attitudes Towards Mobile Marketing, to understand which can influence most the behavioral intentions among college students. A research was carried out with students of two Universities and the results lead us to conclude that the variables Attitudes Towards Advertising and Perceptual Utility have more impact on the behavioral intention favorable to the acceptance and adoption of mobile marketing.
    Keywords: advertising; mobile marketing; behavioral intention; perceived risk and utility.

  • Analysis of influencing factors of grain yield based on multiple linear regression   Order a copy of this article
    by Victor Chang, Qianwen Xu 
    Abstract: Food security is a strategic issue for economic development and social stability. Agriculture plays the forefront of national economic development The production of grain is of great importance to China. Therefore, in order to ensure the national food security and assist the food administrative department in making scientific and effective decisions, it is significant to study the law of variance in grain production and make accurate forecasting of its development trend This paper constructs the stepwise regression model and principal component regression to analyze the influencing factors of grain yield respectively and compares these two models in terms of their accuracy in prediction After conducting the two regressions, this paper concludes that the two models both explain the variance in grain yield ideally, but from the aspect of accuracy in prediction, the principal component regression is more effective than stepwise linear regression.
    Keywords: Grain yield; influencing factors; prediction; stepwise regression model; principal component regression; industry 5.0 for food safety.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10028503
  • Improving Internet Service Providers (ISP) Competitiveness: ISP's Perception Regarding Customer Satisfaction   Order a copy of this article
    by Sina Shokoohyar, Sepide Naseri, Sajjad Shokohyar, Anae Sobhani 
    Abstract: The needs and quality expectations are not the same among different customers; therefore, Internet service providers (ISP) companies should cluster their customers and allocate their limited resources to the customers with the highest priority for the organization This study focuses on the quality of services or in other words, meeting the ISP customers' real needs Customers of an ISP company in Iran are clustered by using a combination of clustering techniques (i e K-Means, Kohonen and TwoStep clustering algorithms), and then Fuzzy Kano model is used to assess the customer satisfaction A Fuzzy Kano questionnaire were distributed randomly between 1000 customers and then needs and requirements of each cluster were reviewed and clustered Satisfaction increment index (SII) and dissatisfaction decrement index (DDI) are calculated for each cluster The findings of this study facilitate clustering ISP customers and perceiving their needs, and in turn can be used by ISP managers to enhance customer satisfaction.
    Keywords: Assessing Services; Internet Services; Data Mining; Clustering; Fuzzy Kano Model.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10028504
  • Event detection in educational records: An application of big data approaches   Order a copy of this article
    by Alan D. Smith 
    Abstract: As the exponential growth of predictive analytics applied to educational institutions continues, with various goals in mind, an event detection system could serve as the foundation for more sophisticated predictive systems What is envisioned is a system that flags educational records that have a sudden change (i e event detection in education records) The basic algorithm prosed would retrieve the current week’s data for each student, calculate Euclidian and Mahalanobis Distances among current week’s data, and historical student data, sort all student data based on these distances, and update historical data with current data The educational event detection system uses a query-based, R-tree structure, big data analytical approach A simulated experiment determined that the event detection algorithm was able to detect relatively small changes in simulated data Although, the units of the 2 distance metrics do not coincide, so distance measurements are not directly comparable, the event detection algorithm with the two different distance metrics have comparable CPU run times. Research and suggestions for constructing predictive analytics on student learners' attrition/retention approaches were documented.
    Keywords: big data; clustering; data mining; Educational Data Clustering (EDC); Euclidian distance; Mahalanobis distance; event detection; network intrusion detection; predictive analytics; student success.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10028505
  • A size and impact analysis of digital footprints   Order a copy of this article
    by Chia-Chi Teng, Whitney Maxwell 
    Abstract: Personal information accessible online can be known as a digital footprint. While most of us have a digital footprint in today’s technological society, few if any, know what it encapsulates or how to manage it. Technology and personal information are becoming more intertwined as we become more dependent on technology with everyday activities. In addition to basic information such as names, addresses, and phone numbers; personal information also includes one’s demographic, interests and shopping history which is used by businesses to track consumers spending and even predict future purchases. With such wide variety of personal information being captured and exposed online, not all are equally valuable or personally unique. This study proposes methods to identify the content, size and impact of an individual’s digital footprint by measuring the discoverability of various types of personal information.
    Keywords: technology; information security; personal information; information privacy; open source intelligence.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10028555
  • Customer Experience with Self-Service Technologies in Banking Sector: Evidence from Nigeria   Order a copy of this article
    by Chidera. C. Ugwuanyi, Joseph. I. Uduji, Chukwunonso Oraedu 
    Abstract: This study investigates experiential indicators within the retail banking sector. Specifically, the paper examines the drivers and outcome of self-service technologies experience and customers’ satisfaction. A survey research design was used to generate data from a densely populated Nigerian university and was analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling Partial Least Square Technique (SEM-PLS). Findings show that perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of banks’ self-service technologies are strong indicators of customers’ cognitive experience, and in turn influences customers’ satisfaction. Perceived ease of use was also found to directly predict perceived usefulness and customer satisfaction. An interesting, but surprising result was that perceived usefulness did not directly predict customer satisfaction, meaning that customers expect the performance of banks’ self-service technologies to be a basic requirement. This perceived usefulness is therefore not necessarily a factor influencing customers’ satisfaction. These findings and important implications for bank managers were discussed herein.
    Keywords: Customer experience; Perceived ease of use; Perceived usefulness; Self-service technology; Nigerian banking sector; PLS-SEM; Systems/Technology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10029513
  • Assessment of barriers in Lead time improvement: An exploratory study of Electronics Manufacturing Companies in Himachal Pradesh (India)   Order a copy of this article
    by Sumit Gupta, Anbesh Jamwal, S.M. Towhidul Islam Nayim, Rajendra Kumar Shukla, Rajeev Agrawal 
    Abstract: Reduction in Lead time is very essential in every industry to increase the productivity, satisfy the volatile demands of a customer and sustain the market reputation among the global industries. The competition among the global industries has forced almost all industries to adopt the lean manufacturing system over the traditional manufacturing system. The present study focuses on the identification of barriers which resist the reduction of lead time in electronics industries in Himachal Pradesh. Nine critical barriers were found on the basis of data collected from the industry experts through the questionnaire survey and consultation from the different regions of Himachal Pradesh. This study investigates and ranks the barriers in lead time reduction based on the judgement of industry experts from electronics industry. Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) is used to prioritize the barriers.
    Keywords: Lead Time; Lean manufacturing; Barriers; Analytical hierarchy process.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2021.10029514
  • Formal design model for service-oriented system: a conceptual perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Amit Kr Mandal, Anirban Sarkar 
    Abstract: The numerous design specifications in the service-oriented architecture (SOA) standard space reflects knowledge captured from the various perspectives. However, most of these approaches merely exhibit any compliance with service design facets described in reference architectures. Moreover, majority of this approach lacks correspondence between the business process facets to service design facets and its real-world effects. This leads to semantic gap between services representation, its association with the business processes, and invocation of services to its real-world effects. In this paper a formal model of service-oriented system (SOS) is proposed. The SOS is divided into information model, process model and action model. The semantic relationship between these models helps in reducing the gap between the business processes and services, as well as services to its real-world effect. Further, the proposed service model facilitates flexible, reusable and scalable service composition and it follows the open reference standards of SOA.
    Keywords: service-oriented system; SOS; service model; business process; service binding; service composition.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2020.10029591
  • A multicriteria forecast of the default probability in credit risk assessment   Order a copy of this article
    by Ayrton Benedito Gaia Do Couto, Luiz Flavio Autran Monteiro Gomes 
    Abstract: This study analyses, through a multicriteria approach producing if-then rules, the possibility of forecasting the default probability (PD) for low-default portfolios in credit risk assessment. This approach relies on the simultaneous and complementary application of fuzzy and rough sets theories. The calculation of this probability is normally subject to judgments of experts, which imply subjectivity, imprecision and uncertainty of the results. In the proposed approach, the inferred if-then rules for a decision table generated by a simulation of 50 companies allowed the production of a knowledge base for the forecasting of classes of default probabilities. The 'RoughSets®' package, in 'R', was used as support for the analysis and forecasting system.
    Keywords: default probability; multicriteria analysis; rough sets theory; RST; credit risk assessment; forecasting system.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2020.10029593
  • Analysing competitive advantage of Iranian automotive industry using Porter's diamond model, case study: Iranian car manufacturers   Order a copy of this article
    by Ali Alavi, Mohammad Shokri, Behzad Zhiani, Somayeh Zhiani 
    Abstract: The automotive industry is looked upon as one of the main sectors of transportation in today's sophisticated business systems and bringing these realities into mind, studying the issues of this industry in Iran will find a high importance. The aim of this study is to investigate the barriers and issues of car exports in Iran based on Porter's diamond model of national competition. Hereupon, a related body of literature reviewed status of car exports in the world. Based on Porter's model, including the four main variables and the two mediator variables, six hypotheses have been proposed. To examine the indicators a questionnaire of 25 questions is extended. After data mining and analysis of the results, five out of six hypotheses are approved. Strategy, government, related and supportive industries, chance, demand conditions factors have been accepted after conducting T-test analysis. After discussing the results there are some recommendations for improving the situation of car exports in Iran.
    Keywords: exports; Porter's diamond model of national competition; competitive advantage; automotive industry; systems; strategy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2020.10029592
  • Development and evaluation of wearable electro-goniometer for the assessment of repetitive efforts and measurement of joint trajectories during carpet weaving   Order a copy of this article
    by Ashish Kumar Singh, M.L. Meena, Himanshu Chaudhary, Govind Sharan Dangayach 
    Abstract: The aim is to construct, calibrate and validate a low-cost sensor-embedded glove and elbow brace. This article establishes a common thread between electro-goniometry and postural assessment techniques. The output voltages from the sensors were converted into angles by implementing LabVIEW-Interface-for-Arduino based graphical environment. Ten experienced weavers participated in the study. Dynamic recordings of the finger, wrist and elbow bending trajectories were measured using sensory electro-goniometer. Assessment of repetitive task technique was used to identify the postural risks. Based on data output from each sensor, the voltage to angle optimal linear models were obtained for the measurement range of 0°-90° with 5° steps. The accuracy of the sensors was found within the limits of traditional goniometry. The cost-benefit breakdown revealed that wearable electro-goniometer is cost-effective as compared to commercially available electro-goniometers. The low-cost electro-goniometric glove and elbow brace for measurements of hand movements could be a promising tool for postural assessment and safety systems.
    Keywords: carpet weaving; sensory gloves; resistive flex sensor; RFS; electro-goniometer; goniometry; assessment of repetitive task; ART; ergonomics; carpal tunnel syndrome; CTS; systems; safety; cost-benefit analysis.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2020.10029594
  • Study of enhancing employee engagement at workplace by adopting internet of things   Order a copy of this article
    by Sumi Jha, Preeti Khanna 
    Abstract: The internet of things (IoT) continues to affirm its importance in the context of information and communication technologies (ICT) for the development of organisation and society. The ecosystem of IoT may still be in a nascent state but is rapidly evolving. As far as the business demand is concerned the demand for IoT solutions seems to be coming from all industry verticals across all functions. Therefore, it is required to align different business functions to IoT. Human resource management function is one such pivotal function. It is believed that good HR practice enhances employee engagement. There is an increasing awareness that employee engagement is pivotal to successful commercial and business performance, where engaged employees are the "backbone of good working environments where people are industrious, ethical and accountable" (Levinson, 2007; Cleland et al., 2008). The paper presents an analysis of human resource management practices and IoT interventions on employee engagement at workplace. Further, the paper discusses that, in practice, organisations need to continuously realign work practices with IoT to enhance the employee engagements, and stakeholder interests.
    Keywords: internet of things; IoT; employee engagement; systems; human resource management; technology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2020.10029596
  • The unique effect of dynamic motivation and different perception of organisational politics on students' ethics   Order a copy of this article
    by Setyabudi Indartono 
    Abstract: Although scholars coincide with the need to support higher education students toward higher levels of ethics, their findings lack dynamic individual behaviour and environmental influence. Students' motive and their perception of external dynamics are closely to react to their ethical behaviour. Various education systems and technologies are believed to boost students' ethics behaviours differently. This study investigates the effect of motivation and perception of organisational politics on students' ethics. It is employed by 2,375 higher educations' students. This study expected that students' motivation and their perception of organisational politics have a significant unique effect on their ethics. Multiple regressions are used to analyse the data. The better ethical behaviour of the student is shown by a student with higher motivation and perceives less political behaviour at school. The unique findings show that motivation able to strengthens the effect of perception of organisational politics on their ethical behaviour, and perception of organisational politics strengthen the effect of students' motivation on their ethical behaviour. Implications and future research are discussed.
    Keywords: motivation; perception of organisational politics; POP; students' ethics; systems; technology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBSR.2020.10029601