International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling
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International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling (5 papers in press)
Developing a multi-method simulation model of a green closed-loop supply chain and determining pricing and advertising policy against a competitor by Samira Parsaiyan, Maghsoud Amiri, Parham Azimi, Mohammad Taghi Taqhavi Fard Abstract: The environmental impact of supply chains has motivated many studies in this area. This research proposes a novel multi-method simulation approach which combines agent-based and discrete event modelling approaches to model a green closed-loop supply chain and optimize it through an Optimization Via Simulation technique. A closed-loop supply chain is developed under the demand uncertainty to minimize total cost and total greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and maximize management preference of the supply chain in the presence of a competitor. Taguchi design of experiments method is used to generate scenarios, then total cost and total GHG emissions are recorded through simulating the scenarios. Management preference is determined based on decision makers opinion. Scenarios are ranked against three attributes with the proposed panel-group TOPSIS method. Inventory replenishment parameters, pricing and advertising policies, and transportation type are determined via solving the model. An automotive industry case is provided to demonstrate the models capabilities. Keywords: green closed-loop supply chain; agent-based modelling; multi-method simulation; pricing policy; advertising policy; TOPSIS.
Effect of Internal Supply Chain Drivers on Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) Attributes by Ganesh Kumar Ramesh, Murali R, Anand S Abstract: With a call for cleaner and efficient processes every-where around, green supply chain management attributes came to the fore. This calls for their study in a systematic manner. In an attempt to fulfil this requirement, this study puts forth several ideas. It studies the impact of the variables anticipation of benefits and customer orientation on green supply chain management (GSCM) attributes. These variables have impacts on the GSCM attributes to a varying degree. Partial Least Squares Structural Equations Modelling was used for the study and the open-source statistical tool R was used for the analysis. Partial Least Squares Structural Equations Modelling is an apt tool when the data size is small and there are no assumptions about the characteristics of the data. Keywords: Internal Supply Chain drivers; Anticipation of benefits; Customer Orientation of benefits; GSCM Attributes; Partial Least Squares Structural Equations Modelling.
Expansion of cross-border e-commerce through digital enterprise development by Yulia Panova, Xu Hongsheng Abstract: The purpose of this study is to propose a model for digital enterprise development from scratch. The attention is paid to technical aspects of using the website as a tool of enterprise allocation in a cross-border e-commerce market. The article briefly describes common steps of website design, such as the development of its content and structure; selection and registration of a domain name; certification procedures, according to the governmental regulations; registration of the site in catalogues and search engines. The main focus covers the initial phase of site development that is devoted to the analysis of content management systems (CMS) and hosting alternatives. For novices in web development, two options are suggested: Joomla, open-source CMS, and its free hosting on Denwer, local server for Windows. The provided guidance for their configuration on the personal computer allows Windows users to learn the web design in a free environment, as well as helps users of Linux to understand the key steps of the installation process and apply them to similar alternatives, for example, LAMP (Linux-Apache-MySQL-PHP). Once the training and the project website development are fully completed, i.e. after debugging of a website on a local server and its customization with plug-ins, such as VirtueMart for online sales, the site can be easily transferred to the purchased hosting server. Its location can be found on the ground of principle of the proximity to the user/customer, which tends to be in the Sino-Russian cross-border e-commerce market that opens a new opportunity for international merchants, and though poses additional challenges. Particularly, the sphere of logistics in cross-border trade requires further consideration. Keywords: Cross-border e-commerce; digital enterprise; commercial platforms; website design; local server.
Quantification of Social Cost at product price-level for urban freight: A study of industrial products by Chitresh Kumar, Anirban Ganguly Abstract: The urban area largely relies on the movement of goods and services. Additionally, pollution and congestions, the two negative externalities of urban freight movement, has led to a plethora of restrictions and regulations from operational and supply chain perspective. The paper tries to develop a bi-level programming model to analyze the social cost of pollution and congestion due to freight movement within urban areas of India at the product unit price-level. The model was based on governments toll and time-windows based regulation for vehicular entry restrictions within the urban areas for pollution and congestion reduction the model was iterated for various buyer-supplier scenarios and for different service levels for backorders and deliveries during restricted time windows. It was observed that for various levels of service, profit differential varied between (-1.7%) to 2.8% of the product unit price and seemed to be significant enough for supply chain policy consideration. Keywords: Urban freight; Urban freight regulations; Time-windows; Steel company; Supply chain policy; Bi-level programming; Business performance; India; Pollution; Congestion.
Efficiency Assessment of Indian Electronics Retail stores using DEA by Anshu Gupta, Nomita Pachar, Jyoti Dhingra Darbari, P.C. Jha Abstract: Retail plays an important role in creating a link between upstream stages of a supply chain and the end customers. Supply chains can create higher customer value and competitive advantage if retailers are capable of extending their capabilities and performance. It is imperative for retail businesses to monitor their performance based on appropriate performance measures and devise strategies for continuous improvements. This study presents methodology for selection of performance assessment measures integrating fuzzy Delphi and data envelopment analysis (DEA) selective measure methods; and then compute the relative efficiency of multiple stores of an Indian Electronics retail chain following the DEA method retail. The overall performance of a retail chain rest on the individual stores performance and hence it is all the more important for the inefficient stores to benchmark the performance of the efficient stores. Subsequent to efficiency measurement, super efficiency scores are computed to rank the efficient stores and input/output slack are determined for inefficient stores to help practitioners in planning strategies for benchmarking and performance enhancement. Keywords: Electronic Retail Stores; Fuzzy Delphi Method; Performance measurement; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).