International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research
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International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research (5 papers in press)
Spread of COVID-19 and Citizens Behaviour: A Comparison of Importance-Compliance Analyses among Bangladeshis and Malaysians by Md. Mahbubar Rahman, Rafikul Islam, Md. Shahed Mahmud Abstract: Majority of the countries in the world are grappling with the onslaught of COVID-19 by engaging in various measures to safeguard the lives of citizens of their country. On this backdrop, the present research aims at identifying the attributes that governments need to pay increased attention. The perception data was collected from citizens of two countries i.e., Bangladeshis (n=102) and Malaysians (n=97). The Importance Compliance Analysis (ICA) was applied on 29 attributes for the two countries citizens and a comparison was made on the findings. Apart from ICA, Paired as well as Independent Sample t-tests were performed on the data collected. According to the findings (which are applicable for both countries) the respective government should take measures so that their citizens strictly adhere the recommended attributes. The study findings may also help other countries as well in limiting the spread of COVID-19. Keywords: COVID 19; Importance-Compliance Analysis; Bangladesh; Malaysia. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2021.10039530
Closing Circular Defects, After Cancerous Skin Removal - 6 New Skin Flaps, and a new 5-Point Corner Suture by GEORGE SGOUROS Abstract: For replacement of a skin defect after total removal of cutaneous cancer, flaps from the surrounding healthy skin tissue are chosen (not graft) that have the same color, texture and depth for secure covering of the defect. Usually, skin cancer defects are more or less circular in shape and according to Celsus, the great Roman physician of the 1st century, relative to other shapes, round defects are the most difficult to close. In this paper, we propose six new skin flap procedures (for the first time in literature) for circular defects in different anatomic sites and non-elastic areas of the body, as alternatives to rotation flaps, after we applied the procedures on primarily older patients often receiving anticoagulants. The new methods facilitate blood supply for the survival of the flaps and greatly improve the patients quality of life. Hopefully, the new procedures will be beneficial to skin cancer patients and, as the frequency of applications rises, continue to improve as techniques. Keywords: Skin cancer; circle defects; surgical repair; alternative procedures; patience comfort; secure replacement. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2021.10040199
Determining habits in physical activity and diet by Nadja Walter Abstract: Developing healthy lifestyle habits is an essential part of behaviour change programmes in health and exercise psychology, and in clinical and health care settings. The Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI) is frequently used to assess habits, but does not apply pre-defined cut-off values. Yet, to measure effectiveness of these programmes, a cut-off value consistent with an optimal SRHI range would be useful. This study aimed to determine an optimal range for physical activity- and diet-related habits for the SRHI in 95 participants by means of a receiver operating characteristic curve. Results showed different SRHI scores and optimal ranges for both habit types. It is therefore recommended to differentiate between physical activity and diet habits in behaviour change programmes. The resulting optimal ranges could also be applied to behaviour change programs aiming to reduce unhealthy behaviours such as smoking, alcohol drinking, or disordered eating. Keywords: Self-Report Habit Index; habits; physical activity; diet; behaviour change. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2021.10041477
Health Cost of Exposure to Passive Smoking: Evidence from Khulna City of Bangladesh by Nishad Nasrin, Sk. Faijan Bin Halim Abstract: This study attempts to estimate the health cost of non-smokers who are indirectly treated as smokers. Total of 185 respondents is surveyed by random sampling technique from Khulna City, Bangladesh. Result reveals that about 39 percent respondents are exposed to tobacco smoke inside their house. Predictors such as chain smoker, smoking behavior, exposure to passive smoking, and average suffering days have positive impact whereas, education, monthly income, sex, awareness of diseases, averting actions, and taking healthy food have a negative impact on either the probability of facing or on the consequences of smoking borne diseases (SBDs) to the passive smoker. The estimated illness cost is around US$ 44 per episode of illness. This study recommends that awareness through education, participation of NGOs, averting actions, balanced diet chart, along with the effective role of broadcasting media are considered to be momentous to stop smoking and develop better immune capacity against SBDs. Keywords: Passive smoking; Smoking borne disease; Averting actions; Health cost; Khulna city. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2021.10041531
A vital analysis of Factor affecting QoL of cancer patients in Uttar Pradesh through Structural equation modeling approach by Alpana Srivastawa, Sandeep Tewari, Gyan Chandra Abstract: Background: Assessing QoL of cancer patient has become a concerning issues for oncological research and treatment at every stage of disease Apart from disease other factors like physical, psychological, socio-economical, spiritual, cognitional & social dimensions plays a great role in uplifting wellbeing of patient But in India QoL in general is not good and worst in cancer patients Hence the primary objective of this article is to evaluate the factors effecting QoL in cancer patients through structural equation models Methods: This was an exploratory cross-sectional study with one follow Sample of 300 cancer patients were taken in the study from three tertiary care hospitals located in Lucknow Patients were assessed using a QoL questionnaire designed by Ferrells and consist of four domains Later after analysis of the QoL this was divided into five domains as fear factor emerged very prominent The structural equation model was used to see the relationship Keywords: Quality of Life; well-being; structural equation modelling; cancer; psychological counselling.