Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management

International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management (IJBCRM)

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International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management (11 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Exploring the Impact of Information Technology on the Relationship between Management Skills, Risk Management, and Project Success in Construction Industries   Order a copy of this article
    by Sahel Niyafard, Samira Sadat Jalalian, Farid Damirchi, Seyedalireza Jazayerifar, Shahin Heidari 
    Abstract: Global industries are associated with risk; the construction industry is not an exception. The construction industry has a complex nature, involving different participants; therefore, additional risk is imposed on construction projects. Therefore, with the aid of information technology (IT) as a moderating factor, the purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the impact of management skills and risk management on the success of construction projects. The method was descriptive correlational research with structural equation modelling (SEM). In this study, 146 expert managers of construction projects in Iran participated. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. By using SmartPLS, PLS-based SEM was used to analyse the data. As the results show, management skills (technical, human, and perceptual skills) and risk management lead to an increase in the success of construction projects, and IT moderates the risk management effect on construction project success.
    Keywords: management skills; risk management; information technology; success of construction projects.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10059509
  • Modelling Credit Risk using Merton-KMV Model: Evidence from selected Indian Firms   Order a copy of this article
    by Kumar Sudheer Raj, Mahadev Ota 
    Abstract: This paper focuses on the credit risk modelling of Indian companies, with the aim of determining their likelihood of default. The study uses the Merton model to estimate credit risk and the KMV1 model to verify the results. Additionally, the Altman Z-Score model is used to provide an alternative approach to credit risk modelling. The paper shows that the financial metrics of a firm are a critical determinant of credit risk, with firms that have worse financial metrics being more likely to default. The paper’s findings are relevant to investors and other stakeholders who rely on credit ratings to make investment decisions. By providing a better understanding of the creditworthiness of Indian firms, the paper may help investors to make more informed investment decisions. The study also contributes to current finance research by providing alternative methods for estimating credit risk. Overall, the paper’s empirical analysis shows that credit risk modelling is a crucial tool for measuring the creditworthiness of firms. The study provides a comprehensive analysis of the likelihood of default in Indian firms.
    Keywords: Merton KMV; credit risk modelling; Altman Z-Score; default probability; asset; volatility.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10060248
  • Confirmatory factor analysis of the adaptation guidelines to technology disruption problems   Order a copy of this article
    by Chatchai Poungsuwan, Kanyarat Sukhawatthanakun, Raknarin Sanrach 
    Abstract: This research aimed to examine the second-order confirmatory factors of the adaptation guidelines to technology disruption problems of Thai financial institutions and to turn the efficient practices strategies into a guidelines model. This study was mixed method research using qualitative and quantitative. First, the quantitative data was gathered from 500 executives of Thai financial institutions via questionnaires. Then, descriptive, inference, and multivariate statistics were used to analyse the collected data. Finally, the empirical evidence data from Thai financial institutions were supported by the developed confirmatory factor and second-order confirmatory factor analysis models and passed the evaluation standards. As a result, the four latent variables comprising workforce management, competitiveness, resource management, and business development are suitable for Thai financial institutions’ strategies to handle the technology disruption problems.
    Keywords: adaptation guidelines; technology disruption problem; business development; Thai financial institutions; confirmatory factor analysis.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10060566
  • Predicting and Diagnosing Self-Intermittent Faults in A Dynamic Distributed Attack on Wireless Sensor Network   Order a copy of this article
    by Bhabani Sankar Gouda, Parimal Giri, Sudhakar Das, Trilochan Panigrahi, Bijay Paikaray 
    Abstract: In the distributed sensor network, it is challenging to secure communication while simultaneously being aware of the intermittent failure situation of a sensor node during the connection. The existing methods rely on KNN with statistical methods and iterative to identify error-free communication for the random behaviour of the sensor node. This research developed a KNN-based method for predicting whether a transmission would be faulted or fault-free and the statistics of sensor received data over a specific time interval, time period, and amount of time measures and compares the distance statistics of the sensor node at a predetermined, specific tolerance level. Moreover, in the simulation study, the entire network is based on the sending and receiving data status in a distributed WSN for real-time measurement with 100% data accuracy, a lower FPR, and a 0% FAR. All the experimental results found the statistical distance from a problematic cluster node exceeds 30%.
    Keywords: distributed sensor network; fault diagnosis; statistical method; intermittent fault; KNN; wireless sensor networks; WSN; fuzzy set.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10061104
  • COVID-19 induced Supply Chain Disruptions and Economic Vulnerability of Vegetable and Fruit Farmers: A Sri Lankan Perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Navodika Karunarathna, Dinesha Siriwardhane, P. G. S. Amila Jayarathne 
    Abstract: Despite the significance and vulnerability of the vegetable and fruit supply chains, little is known about the disruptions caused by COVID-19 and its implications on the farmers’ livelihood. Hence, the main objective of this study is to examine the impact of COVID-19-induced supply chain disruptions on the economic vulnerability of small-scale farmers. Surveying 280 farmers across eight high-crop districts, logistic regression analysis in SPSS was conducted. The findings revealed that most farmers continued to cultivate even amid the pandemic although they had to face several challenges. It is reasonable to conclude that the transportation and demand disruptions caused by the COVID-19 measures have aggravated the economic vulnerability of small-scale farmers more than the supply and production disruptions during the crisis period.
    Keywords: agriculture; COVID-19; economic vulnerability; supply chain disruptions; vegetable and fruit farmers; Sri Lanka.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10061175
  • The Effect of Financial Incentives for the Board of Directors on the Disclosure level of the Quantity and Coverage of Risks in Jordanian Industrial Companies   Order a copy of this article
    by Ashraf Bataineh, Ziyad Shwiyat 
    Abstract: This study aimed to assess the effect of financial incentives for board members on the disclosure level of both the quantity and coverage of risks within Jordanian industrial companies. To gather data for the study analysis variables spanning from 2019 to 2022, the financial reports of these companies were examined by using statistical analysis program SPSS. The findings indicate a positive correlation between financial incentives, specifically the ownership percentage of non-executive board members and their financial expertise, and the disclosure level of quantity risks within these companies. Furthermore, the results reveal a negative relationship between board member salaries and compensation, and disclosure level of both the quantity and coverage aspects of company risks. Conversely, the educational level of board members positively influenced the disclosure of risk coverage. Regulatory authorities are recommended to encourage companies to strengthen their adherence to corporate governance standards in regulating the disclosure level of company risks.
    Keywords: financial incentives; board of directors; disclosure; corporate risks; Jordanian industrial companies.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10062093
  • Organisational factors that favour the development of the unity of effort needed to ensure organisational adaptability   Order a copy of this article
    by Delphine Micouleau, Benoît Robert 
    Abstract: Events such as COVID-19 and the related unforeseen issues highlight the importance of adaptability for crisis management. Since this kind of situation is hard to predict, planning alone does not allow for speedy, effective emergence from the crisis. Many studies have sought to characterise adaptability and develop tools to analyse it before and after an event. However, in the case of a long-lasting event such as COVID-19, organisations must be able to analyse adaptability during the disruption in order to make the necessary adjustments. Work done by the CRP with its various industrial partners has made it possible to suggest organisational factors on which organisations can rely to support the unity of effort needed for adaptability. To promote the implementation and analysis of these factors during disruptions, the authors propose the concept of sense of coherence to execute speedy diagnostics and identify the crisis management factors that must be adjusted.
    Keywords: resilience; organisational adaptability; crisis management; crisis cell; unity of effort; sense of coherence; consensus building; situational awareness; operational management requirements; OMRs; organisational constraints.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10060249
  • Principles and guidance on climate risk disclosure for businesses   Order a copy of this article
    by Konstantina Karatzoudi, Terje Aven 
    Abstract: The present paper discusses how businesses should conduct climate risk disclosures. The work builds on guidance provided by the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) and related work. Using current risk science knowledge, we question what should be the fundamental principles for defining and using such disclosures when the scope is all types of risks, not only financial. From these principles, we present and discuss some specific guidance on how to formulate the disclosures. Examples are used to illustrate the principles and guidance. Businesses are encouraged to use the figure and guidance provided in the current work when planning and presenting climate change disclosures.
    Keywords: climate risk disclosures; climate change risk; risk science; risk management principles.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10057467
  • Calculating the business continuity value by considering several destructive events and co-occurrence of risk factors   Order a copy of this article
    by Bakhtiar Ostadi, Zeinab Najafian Ghobadi 
    Abstract: In the event of any disruption or interruption in the organisation's activities, methods and frameworks related to business continuity value management should be used to reduce damages. Considering the occurrence of destructive events and the existence of risk factors causing an interruption in business activity and their impact on the business and thus the damage to the organisation, it is necessary to measure the business continuity value (BCV) to adopt appropriate business decisions for its continuity and prevent these effects. This paper presents a formula to calculate the value of business continuity in the conditions of the co-occurrence of risk factors. The results illustrated the calculation of the business continuity value by considering the risk assessment and the co-occurrence of these factors. In the conditions of the co-occurrence of risk factors, the amount of the business continuity value is more reduced than in the conditions of non-co-occurrence of risk factors.
    Keywords: business continuity value; BCV; co-occurrence of risk factors; destructive event; risk assessment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10058081
  • DDoS analysis using machine learning: survey, issues, and future directions   Order a copy of this article
    by Lalmohan Pattnaik, Suneeta Satpathy, Bijay Kumar Paikaray, Pratik Kumar Swain 
    Abstract: Technology has evolved as humanity's new religion in this generation. With everyone switching to online services for their work during the COVID-19 pandemic, digitisation increased more sharply afterwards. The distributed denial of service (DDoS) assault is one of many online dangers that needs to be taken seriously by companies or customers offering cloud services or in need of services respectively. Such threats make the customers deprived of cloud services by overburdening the network with the number of packets causing the shutdown of cloud services. In order to trick current detection systems, attackers are also evolving with the technologies and modifying their attack strategies. Every day, enormous amounts of data are produced, processed, and stored, with typical detection technologies unable to identify new and sophisticated DDoS attacks. This research study thoroughly examines the previous work on DDoS threat analysis using machine learning, as well as its difficulties and potential future applications.
    Keywords: denial of service; DoS; distributed denial of service; DDoS; machine learning; cloud service.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10060876
  • A brief literature review of renewable energy policies in Zimbabwe   Order a copy of this article
    by Jeremiah Mushosho, Abubaker Qutieshat 
    Abstract: This article provides a comprehensive review of renewable energy policies in Zimbabwe by examining ten papers that specifically discuss this topic. The findings of this review emphasise the importance of an enabling environment to support the growth of renewable energy in Zimbabwe's energy mix. Several policy instruments are identified as a key to creating such an environment, but poor administrative and coordination arrangements, limited technical capacity, and insufficient funding hinder their full implementation. Beyond policy instruments, the review highlights the critical role of prevailing administrative and political systems, market conditions, the economic situation, and the business environment in shaping the success of renewable energy deployment in Zimbabwe. Given these challenges, a more comprehensive and integrated approach considering various factors is necessary to support successful renewable energy development in Zimbabwe.
    Keywords: climate change; energy access; energy transition; electrification; renewable energy; policy; Zimbabwe.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2024.10058601