International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology (19 papers in press)
Analysing and Measuring the Economic Effects of Zero-Tillage Technology: The Case of the Rice-Wheat Cropping System of the Indo-Gangetic Plains
by Shyam Kumar Basnet
Abstract: This study assessed the impact of zero tillage (ZT) technology in the rice-wheat cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. We tested the recently developed nonparametric kernel density estimator to estimate the propensity scores of technology adoption and used the genetic matching algorithm to produce the impact estimates. To reveal the empirical evidence, a household survey was conducted using 353 farmers from Karnal (India) and Rupandehi (Nepal) districts. The results showed that although zero tillage does not lead to a promising premium of wheat yield from early sowing, farmers are benefiting from the technology with strong cost-saving effects (14.54-19.73%) on tillage operations. In Karnal, the current level of herbicide use is slightly higher (by 1.06%) in ZT plots, but the lower expenditure in Rupandehi shows the future prospects for a gradual decline in herbicide use with uptake of ZT technology.
Keywords: Zero tillage; impact assessment; propensity score matching; nonparametric specification.
Analysis of environmental changes resulting from the intensification of poultry production systems by rural families in Algeria
by Hemza Ouaret, Ammar Drias
Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the results of a field survey of 870 rural families (RF) in northern Algeria on the dynamics of family poultry (FP) activity. It also highlights the mechanisms of the new orientation of rural households that held onto the agricultural activity and resorted to the Intensification of Poultry Production Systems (IPPS), as well as studies the environmental changes based on the concept of "Causality" according to the Driving Force Pressure State Impact Response (DPSIR). IPPS activity has been shown to be a driving force reflected in three environmental pressures: infrastructure expansion, excessive use of chemical technology and the increase in wrong agricultural practices.These pressures lead to a change in the environmental functions and leave impacts on social, economic and environmental dimensions in light of the absence of response to mitigate or correct the adverse effects and the low level of environmental awareness among breeders. The study concluded that there is a weak to moderate correlation between the adherence of rural families to the activity of family poultry and their tendency to intensify poultry production systems, and the topographic characteristics of their geographical location.
Keywords: family poultry; rural development; agricultural policy; Agricultural technology; Environmental impact; DPSIR.
Implications of international cooperation on environmental protection: the case of agricultural sector of Mexico
by Amada Hidalgo Gallardo, Ruth Leticia Hidalgo Gallardo, Álvaro Dias, Ruth Ortiz Zarco, Leandro Pereira
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to disclose the need of the developing countries of economic, technological and training resources to be able to show progress in the mitigation and adaptation of the States: the case of Mexico and its agricultural sector. Using a qualitative research design under Pattacini and Weisstaub (2009) regarding international cooperation as a key element for the countrys modernisation, also with the support of the ideology of Keohane and Nye regarding complex interdependence. It is observed that despite Mexico has implemented a normative and institutional platform, there are still some isolated sectors such as the agricultural which requires the application of new production processes through new technologies, innovation, and training.
Keywords: international cooperation; environment; Mexico; agricultural sector.
Is traditional rice reviving? An exploratory study in Kerala, India
by Jayasree Krishnankutty, Rajesh K. Raju, Michael Blakeney, Kadambot H.M. Siddique
Abstract: Traditional rice systems are holistic systems, resilient, eco-friendly and a key to nutrition security but unfortunately, in decline. Traditional cultivation that uses local rice varieties appears to withstand the impacts of climate change. Many agencies in rice producing countries are working towards the revival of traditional rice varieties. This study explored the traditional rice farming scenario in Kerala, India. We looked at the farmers who cultivated traditional rice varieties, their satisfaction levels and what factors will possibly lead to the sustainability of traditional rice cultivation. The study found some emerging types of new rice farmers who were more satisfied with traditional rice cultivation. Marketed surplus, education, area and institutional support were identified as the key factors that lead to successful farm enterprises. While there were positive indicators for the sustainability of traditional rice, how far they will endure in the future is unclear.
Keywords: traditional rice cultivation; Kerala; emerging farmers; factors; sustainability; India.
Factors affecting farmer participation and willingness to pay for farmland conservation and protection programs in Burkina Faso
by Noël THIOMBIANO, Youmanli OUOBA
Abstract: Sustainable management of land is a key issue in Burkina Faso where agriculture accounts for 48% of the GDP of the country. This study aims to identify the factors explaining the decisions of farmers to participate both in the protection and conservation of farmland. A survey of 330 farming households was conducted in the southwest region of the country where land degradation is a key issue for farmers. Using double hurdle models, the results indicate that income, social capital and land ownership are the main determinants of farmers decisions to participate in farmland protection and conservation. The intensity of this participation depends on the education level of the household head. This study provides evidence that farmers are more sensitive to farmland protection than to its conservation. A policy increasing agricultural income for farmers will enable them to join a local agricultural land management initiative and could encourage them to find endogenous solutions for sustainable land management.
Keywords: farmland protection and conservation; farmer willingness to pay; double hurdle; Burkina Faso.
Public perspective on mangrove restoration at Kuala Selangor Nature Park, Malaysia
by Alamah Misni
Abstract: The study presents the public perceptions of the restoration of coastal mangroves in Kuala Selangor Nature Park. The natural function of mangroves in this study area is to conserve the rich biodiversity and as a natural filter to the park. The primary objective is to identify the importance of the coastal mangrove restoration programme along the shoreline of the nature park. The study also investigates the effectiveness of restoring coastal mangrove forests and examines user perceptions and appreciation of the area. The target respondents are visitors and the surrounding local community. This study applies mixed methods, qualitative and quantitative. Questionnaires were distributed to members of the public connected to the Nature Park. Observation was used to record the current restoration programme/data. The results show that the restoration of coastal mangroves in the study area is thriving and well-managed while it has also received positive feedback from visitors and nearby residents. Increased awareness of the local conservation/restoration of mangroves started after the devastating events of the 2004 Asian tsunami. This restoration programme is an excellent effort to conserve our precious natural ecosystem in order to maintain a healthy coastal environment. The programme also plays a vital role in educating the public.
Keywords: Biodiversity; conservation; environment; mangrove; restoration; Nature Park.
Special Issue on: HAICTA2020 Research Advancements Towards Sustainable Rural Areas
Greece on a sustainable future. Reviewing constraints and practices regarding forest and water resources management, flora and fauna biodiversity
by Panagiotis P. Koulelis, Alexandra D. Solomou, Vassilia P. Fasouli, Stefanos Tsiaras, Panos V. Petrakis
Abstract: The forest policy in Greece and the current regulatory framework is not efficient in supporting the implementation of sustainability at a satisfactory level. The main scope of this study is to review and present constrains and practices across the sectors of forest and water resources management, flora and fauna biodiversity. The hypothesis is that common practices in the forest field combined with inefficient and obsolete legislation are responsible for delays in the implementation of a national forest policy, which will promote sustainability. A systematic reviewing methodology was applied so to ensure a rigorous and repeatable method of sustainability constraints identification and evaluation. The identification of the constraints can promote the improvement of legislation, the revision of common practices concerning the forest sector and finally can help the forest managers to better understand how to work effectively within legal, regulatory and operational environments deriving from forest policy.
Keywords: forest management; biodiversity; constraints; sustainability; SDGs; Greece.
Micrometeorology of the agricultural terraces and stone walls and impacts on biodiversity in the Mediterranean landscape of Greece
by Alexandra Solomou, Nikolaos Proutsos, George Karetsos, Konstantinia Tsagari, Nikolaos Chatzipavlis
Abstract: Agricultural terraces and stone walls present a characteristic view of the Mediterranean landscape, and are vital in relation to the conservation of biodiversity, ecological functionality and cultural heritage. Aim of the study is to identify the contribution of micrometeorology of the agricultural terraces and stone walls, and impacts on the biodiversity of the Mediterranean landscape. Literature review survey indicate that terraces and stone walls provide various vital goods and services, and are potential and interesting assets for the development of the Greek areas. It is noteworthy that agricultural terraces and stone walls are an important habitat for biodiversity and they are creating multiple microenvironments enhancing its conservation and sustaining the stability of the ecosystem. Consequently, these landscape elements should be preserved as they favour the components of biodiversity which are the source of our food and medicines, fibers, fuels and industrial products. The utilisation of the biodiversity components contributes substantially to the economy and the development of tourism.
Keywords: terraces; stone walls; climate; micrometeorology; flora; fauna; conservation; landscape; Greece; Mediterranean.
The effect of seawater physical parameters in bivalve farming. Could systematic monitoring and early warning prevent negative impacts? A review focused on Vistonikos gulf, North Aegean Sea
by Ioannis Georgoulis, Konstantinos Feidantsis, Dimitrios Kouvas, Athanasios Lattos, Georgios A. Delis, Alexandros Theodoridis, Basile Michaelidis, Ioannis A. Giantsis
Abstract: Mussel farming in the Vistonikos Gulf (North Aegean Sea) constitutes an activity of high socioeconomic importance. The wider Vistonikos Gulf area consists of three basins (Porto Lagos Lagoon, Vistonikos Bay, and Vistonida Lake) rich in organic material. Oceanographic features, sea currents, meteorological and climatic conditions, and primary productivity of the wider Vistonikos Gulf marine area favour bivalve farming establishment. However, secondary factors associated with climate change may negatively affect these farming establishments. In the present study, historical oceanographic and meteorological data associated with the bivalves biology and culture are reviewed. The Vistonikos Gulf demonstrates a suitable area for mussels and other bivalves maintenance and aquaculture development. However, occasional restrictions imposed to mussel farm units in the past are related to meteorological extremes. Thus, monitoring seawater physicochemical properties within farming units may prevent harmful effects (e.g., mortality, heat and oxidative stress) through the establishment of an early warning system indicating the translocation or harvest of the reared bivalves.
Keywords: Aegean Sea; climate change; harmful algal blooms; mussel farming; ocean acidification; temperature; Vistonikos; wetland.
Perceptions of environmental benefits from sustainable food consumption patterns: evidence from the Generations Z and Y cohort
by Irene Kamenidou, Spyridon Mamalis, Ifigeneia Mylona, Aikaterini Stavrianea, Evangelia Zoi Bara
Abstract: This paper presents the research results of a study focusing on peoples' perceptions (N = 513) about the environmental benefits from specific consumption patterns. Data were collected from Greece with participants belonging to the Generation Z (N = 252) and the Generation Y (N = 261) cohort via an online questionnaire. Factor and cluster analyses provided segments based on subjects' perceptions of environmental benefits from sustainable food practices. Precisely, the three groups that arose were the 'neutrals', the 'mindful and relatively optimistic', and the 'pessimists'. The profiles of the segments are also presented. The groups formed reveal the marketing communication patterns that should be applied in order to target each segment to achieve long-run results of sustainable food consumption that can produce future environmental benefits.
Keywords: sustainable food consumption; SFC; environmental benefits; Generation Y; Generation Z; perceptions; marketing communication; digital marketing.
Indicators for sustainable tourism management: a case study using AHP and DELPHI to evaluate mountainous areas in Greece
by Apostolidis Georgios
Abstract: Indicators are identified as a modern tool for measuring and establishing the quality of goods such as tourism and leisure in an area. For this reason, that indicator systems have been introduced across Europe and almost all over the world, aiming to present thematic guidelines by assessing the current situation and analysing the distinct characteristics that provide the prospects for sustainable development. The presentation of such a system of tourism sustainability indicators for Greece was the purpose of introducing this study. The adopted system is expected to provide a high level of detail and to present diversity and new dimensions for tourism plans and studies. The data from the present study ultimately highlights the importance of critical factors and the contribution of a system of indicators to a country.
Keywords: rural development; inSTORM; multi-criteria decision-making analysis; MCDMA; analytic hierarchy process; AHP; Delphi.
Special Issue on: IOT in Agriculture
Practical IoT application review on the innovation activity: industrialised agriculture of Russian experience
by Kulikova Natalia Nikolaevna, Startseva Yulia Viktorovna, Budovich Lidia Sergeevna
Abstract: The effective development of innovative activities is a strategic task for the agriculture growth and development and the state should play a leading role in the development of such activities. IoT in the food industry can increase the production level by improving the quality and security in food line production. The article describes the key trends and scope of innovation activities in the Russian Federation, and the conclusion has been made regarding the need to improve the efficiency of using the available scientific engineering and intellectual potential, as well as the introduction of intellectual property into business turnover in agriculture industry.
Keywords: business activity; industrialised agriculture; innovation activity; internet of things; IoT.
Upgrading agricultural mechanisation by Smart technological shredders of roughage and grain feeds for mobile mini feed-centre
by Toktar Abilzhanuly, Daniyar T. Abilzhanov
Abstract: We propose a small-sized feed distributor-mixer with shredders of roughage and grain feeds, i.e., to develop a mobile mini feed-centre that works in small farms, which itself drives up to the stack and warehouse of grain feed, where the feed is crushed and immediately delivered to the hopper of the machine, i.e., the number of operations is reduced by 1.67 times and the operating costs are reduced by 1.5 times. The results of experimental studies have shown that at the productivity of the shredder 3,060 kg/h, there was a minimum energy consumption of the process, and it is also determined that the shredder at this productivity works without loads, the power consumed is equal to 7 kW. The results of experimental studies have shown that the optimal productivity of the grain crusher is within the range up to 800 kg/h. The quality of feed meets the zootechnical requirements for feeding cattle and sheep.
Keywords: mobile mini feed-centre; feed shredders; total mixed ration; agricultural mechanisation.
IoT-based fully automatic smart providing aseptic materials for vitro and cryogenic collections of wild Juglans regia L. for genetic resources preservation
by Svetlana Kushnarenko, Gulzhahan Utegenova, Gulzhan Danaeva, Moldir Aralbaeva
Abstract: Walnut (Juglans regia L.) is one of the most economically important nut crops. In Kazakhstan, the natural J. regia population is registered in the south of the country and is characterised by a high polymorphism. Excised embryonic axes were used as explants for in vitro culture initiation and cryopreservation. Driver and Kuniyuki medium containing 4.4 ?M of 6-benzylaminopurine, 0.04 ?M indole-3-butyric acid was used to initiate in vitro culture. Of the 196 axes cultured, only 3% showed visual contamination. 80% of axes were viable and aseptic and were then micropropagated. These accessions from Kazakhstans J. regia population have never been cultured before, so this study contributes to the preservation of important Juglans genetic resources. Desiccation of the excised axes to 7.2% moisture content and further direct immersion in liquid nitrogen resulted in 76.7% recovery, which makes it possible to recommend this method for cryopreservation of the wild J. regia germplasm.
Keywords: Juglans regia L.; micropropagation; cryopreservation; aseptic shoot culture.
Use of open platform communications (OPC UA) for water resources management in the internet of things platform
by Yaghoub Poorasad, Saeed Shami, P. Ghorbanzadeh
Abstract: Water consumption management are among the highest priorities of water sector authorities. Given the spectacular advancements in various scientific fields, including communication technologies, IoT is worth mentioning. The use of the IoT to manage water consumption is an important issue, in the field of environment engineering, by using the point-to-point monitoring equipment of water supply network and prevention of water leakage. The primary purpose of this research is to utilise this technology in water resources management. Applying the Arduino sensors and microcontrollers and the transfer of sensor information to the IoT platform in compliance with OPCUA standards and communication devices to store information, analysing data, displaying information and sending it to users, enable us to manage this new IoT-based method to prevent water loss and minimise waste by measuring the level and amount of water entering water resources.
Keywords: water management; internet of things; IoT; open platform communications standards; OPC UA; Arduino microcontroller.
Smart handling dynamic process of seed treatment for sowing within the digital transformation concept
by M.V. Sukhanova, A.V. Sukhanov
Abstract: The intelligent system of controlling farms and gardens, by constantly monitoring the soil moisture and salinity and climatic conditions of the region, controls the amount and method of irrigation, which has a significant effect on reducing farm water consumption. The basic working scheme of a smart control system for preparing seeds dynamic processes for sowing that ramps up the growing crops technologies, is taken into account. The smart operating system considering two aspects of monitoring and regulating developed into a biotechnical operation proactively in online condition. It is planned to facilitate and accelerate the working time providing up-to-date and straightforward regulation of the arrangement and the prepared seeds. The smart handling dynamic application decreases the burden on the administrator through work through 50% or so without diminishing the seed processing quality, enhances the decisions made quality, decreases the control period by nearly two times or more as opposed to the conventional techniques of managing and controlling the pre-sowing seed preparation process.
Keywords: digitalisation; pre-sowing seed treatment; intelligent control systems; seeds; biotechnical system; highly elastic working bodies; dynamic process; decisions; management; operator.
Creating a phenological database using electronic information and IOT in the Mangyshlak experimental botanical garden
by I.F. Belozerov, A.A. Imanbayeva
Abstract: This paper focuses on a smart and cost-effective plant introduction system. Mangyshlak Experimental Botanical Garden, based on the introduction research in Kazakhstan, created a phenological database of relational type. Using this database for the first time, we developed software named 'Feno-S'. It includes 137 information fields (symbolic, numeric, logical, and temporal types) and 5,342 records by year for 536 taxa from five systematic divisions, eight classes, 11 subclasses, 24 superorders, 49 orders, eight suborders, 52 families, and 108 genera. This software is designed for data input and search, mathematical processing and analysis, building and printing histograms, exporting to various text and graphic formats of specified taxonomic, bioecological, phenological information. Further implementation of this software significantly improves the analysis of seasonal rhythms of plant development. As a consequence, it reduces the cost of plant introduction as biologically stable.
Keywords: phenology; computer program; 'feno-s'; composition; structure; databases.
Socio-economic aspects of innovative enterprises management in digital agricultural system
by Budovich Lidia Sergeevna, Nikolaeva Olga Yurievna
Abstract: Social entrepreneurship has become an important issue in entrepreneurship today. The purpose of this study is to analyse the effect of social intelligence on social entrepreneurship in a case study. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-survey in terms of nature and method. This paper discusses modern approach to the innovative enterprises management. The study defined main events and phases of the innovation process, and identified their characteristics. The authors take a comprehensive approach to determining the resources of innovative enterprise, as well as pay attention to characteristics of development the organisational structure of an innovative enterprise.
Keywords: innovative management; digital agricultural system; organisational structure of an enterprise; socio-economic.
Digitalisation effect on the microclimate and functional characteristics of the artificial insemination point for mobile sheep
by R.A. Omarov, J.M. Alikhanov, B.I. Musabayev, T.E. Kenzhebayev, K.M. Kuder, D.R. Omar
Abstract: The article analyses the results of research on the microclimate and functional characteristics of the artificial insemination point for sheep of a mobile type of a new design, which is compared with similar indicators of a stationary point. The issues of optimal design of the point, the process of maintaining the microclimate, the productivity of the point, fruitful insemination and the results of sheep lambing are considered. A comparison of the dynamics of insemination and lambing of gimmers in flocks inseminated at mobile and stationary points is made. The authors conclude that the new design and its functional characteristics meet the standards of zoo technical requirements. Special attention is paid to the conditions of the process, devices for maintaining the microclimate, the effectiveness of fruitful insemination and sheep lambing. In comparison with stationary, the use of a mobile point reduces the specific operating costs by 20%-25%, meets the requirements of the environment, as it helps to reduce the concentration of sheep on the territory of the point, and ensures compliance with zoo technical requirements when obtaining the same results of insemination and lambing.
Keywords: mobile point; artificial insemination; microclimate; experiment; sheep breeding.