International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation
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International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation (7 papers in press)
The dynamic dependence between the major US indices and the meat commodities indices by Abdelkader Derbali, Houssam Bouzgarrou Abstract: In this study, we utilise for the first time the GARCH-DECO (1,1) to examine empirically the conditional nexus between the major US indices (S&P500 index and Dow Jones industrial index) and three selected meat commodities as; feeder cattle, leen hogs and live cattle during the period from July 22, 2010 to June 30, 2017. From the empirical findings, we conclude the existence of a highly significance of conditional heteroscedasticity parameters can demonstrate us to distinguish the nature of the volatility dependency between S&P500 index and Dow Jones industrial index and three selected meat commodities indices. This can find clear the significance of relationship in the process of financialisation of the major US index and meat commodities indices in the case of this paper. Keywords: US indices; dynamic dependence; meat commodities; financialization; DECO-GARCH. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10020417
Investigating the success of agricultural diversification among Saint Lucian Smallholder farmers by Melchior Antoine Abstract: The Saint Lucia banana industry declined severely as a result of the collapse of preferential trade treatment from the EU. The industry continues to suffer from competition from Latin American producers, which has led to sharp drops in prices and income for farmers. These circumstances have pushed policy makers to promote agriculture diversification as a solution. This study sought to examine how farmers have adopted diversification. Six farmers and two extension officers were interviewed and made to fill out questionnaires on questions such as the crops they plant and the challenges they face. This investigation discovered that farmers resorted to either completely abandoning the production of bananas or restricting banana production to satisfy only local market needs. In addition, farmers demonstrated a great deal of dynamism and innovation in experimenting with a range of crops which were mostly grown for the domestic market as opposed to exports. However, a variety of issues hindered the farmers innovation: high labour costs, lack of organisation, lack of technical support, lack of knowledge and information, praedial larceny, and a lack of access to credit facilities. Keywords: Diversification; Innovation platforms; Smallholder agriculture. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10020886
Traditional Agriculture Product Repositioning: Goat Milk in Taiwan by Clyde Warden, Judy Chen Abstract: Traditional foods facing market decline can use consumer science approaches to define market segments and redesign the product. This study highlights the traditional food of goat milk in Taiwan that is locally well-known for its healthiness and has a historical distribution channel oriented to conveniently serving the young child market-post weaning and milk allergies. Market shifts and demographic trends place this traditional approach at risk. We show how conjoint analysis is used to define the most important attributes of this traditional food and what parts can be updated to better fit modern retailing trends. Eighteen conjoint scenarios are presented to consumers through images, defining both the part-worth utilities and importance of product attributes in a sample of 208 respondents. Results show the key attributes linked to tradition help define, in the mind of the consumer, this traditional food and the attributes that are open to updating. Keywords: choice analysis; traditional food; segmentation; goat milk; dairy; nutrition; consumer. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10023302
Macro-invertebrate population changes during composting of organic waste at Alesinloye market Ibadan by Oluwatobi Oni, Elizabeth Oloruntoba, Kehinde O.K. Popoola, Kolade Ibrahim, Sridhar Mynepalli, Taiwo Hammed Abstract: Composting has proven to be most effective in combating large organic waste generation in urban settings like Ibadan. This study was designed to determine macro-invertebrate population changes as indicator for stages of organic waste composting. Mixture of cow rumen (240 kg) and vegetable (80 kg) waste were shared equally into aerated (A) and non-aerated (B) windrows. Composite samples were taken twice from the each windrow for eight weeks. Macro-invertebrates were separated from compost by spread and Berlese funnel methods and species biodiversity by Simpson's (D) and Shannon-Weiner (H) indices. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and t-test at 5% level of significance. Dipteran, Coleopteran and Acarina population changes were predominantly observed. Biodiversity scores of D and H were 0.21; 1.89 in A and 0.19; 1.12 in B. Windrow B had more species abundance than A. Successive changes in macro-invertebrate population can be used with physico-chemical parameters during composting process. Keywords: composting; macro-invertebrate; windrow; organic waste; biodiversity; Berlese; Spread method; Alesinloye Market; Municipal Solid Waste; aeration. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10024157
The Research on Promoting Characteristic Agricultural Industry Competitiveness Based on GEM Model by Zhifeng Chen, Yurong Zeng Abstract: Enhancing the competitiveness of characteristic industries plays an important role in promoting the development of regional economy. Taking the carrot industry in Jinjiang City as an example, this paper analyses the market competitiveness status of county industries and products from the three factors of 'base-enterprise-market', and realises the potential of agricultural industry transformation and upgrading by applying GEM competitiveness model and the related theories. The analysis results show that the development of the six factors of the competitiveness of carrot characteristic industries in Jinjiang City is uneven, and it has advantages in resources, facilities, and external markets, but it is relatively insufficient in three aspects: manufacturer structure/strategy, suppliers/related enterprises, and local market. The overall level of competitiveness is normal. From the analysis of industrial development potential, due to the improvement of the diet structure will promote the expansion of the industrial market, the carrot industry in Jinjiang City has a large space for development, especially the demand for carrot processing products. Keywords: GEM Model; Competitiveness; Industrial Cluster; Carrots?Characteristic agriculture. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10024533
Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Land use and Land cover change in the Cocoa Belt of Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria. by Emmanuel Dada Abstract: The study evaluates land use and land cover changes in the cocoa belt of Ondo State being the most suitable belt for cocoa cultivation in Nigeria. Time series of satellite imageries from Landsat-7 ETM+ and Landsat-8 OLI covering year 2000 and 2015 were used. The imageries were classified into six themes of cocoa plantation, settlement, water body, light forest and grassland, forest, and bar surface and rock outcrop. The analyses revealed total land area of 997,714 hectares, cocoa plantations land area increased by 10.3% in 2015 from 2000. Forest land use increased by 6.3% in 2015 from year 2000, water body reduced by 0.1% between 2000 and 2015, settlement land use increased by 3% between 2000 and 2015, light forest and grassland area reduced by 10.4% between 2000 and 2015 and 9.1% reduction in bar surface and rock outcrop land use between 2000 and 2015 respectively. Keywords: satellite imagery; land use and land cover change; area of land. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10024542
Pricing Model for Real Estate Market in Taiwan - Adjusted Matching Approach by Che-Chun Lin, Jerry T. Yang, Jing-Tang Tsay Abstract: We propose an adjusted matching model to predict housing prices with actual transaction data for the real estate market in Taiwan. The lack of transparency in Taiwan's real estate market has resulted in information asymmetry between consumers and housing agencies for a long time until the Keywords: Valuation; Repeat sale method; Actual price registration; Hedonic price method; Matching method; Agricultural lands. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10024550