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International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation
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International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation (5 papers in press)
Factors in Innovation Failure: A Case Study of the Automated Makhana Popping Machine by Abhinav Jha, Kunal Sinha Abstract: Innovations fail for complex reasons. In India, there is the prevalent social stratification of castes which plays a significant role in assigning work and allocating value along the agricultural value chain. However, the public research establishment tends to overlook these and other socio-technical aspects when they are designing machinery for the farming community. In this paper, we discuss a case of the automated makhana popping machine, an innovation introduced within the makhana value chain a few years back. Makhana is an aquatic cash crop grown in the eastern region of India mostly in the Mithilanchal region of Bihar. We will discuss why it did not diffuse as expected. The understanding gained can be extrapolated to improve the diffusion rate of other such innovations by intervening in the initial stages. Keywords: Socio-technical System; Agricultural Innovation; Makhana; Diffusion of Innovation; Caste. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10019644
Determinants of water utilization for small-Scale irrigation among Rural Households in southern Ethiopia: by Mesfin Nigussie Ibido Abstract: This study was conducted in Abaya district West Guji Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. The main concern of this study was to identify major factors affecting utilisation of small scale irrigation water. Primary data was collected through sample respondent interview, focus group discussions and key informants interviews. Through multistage sampling techniques three Kebeles were selected purposively and sampled household were stratified as user and non-user of small-scale irrigation water. Then 120 sample respondents were randomly taken from each stratum by using probability proportional to size. Both descriptive statistics and binary logit model were used in this study. Age of household heads and distance from the market were negatively and significantly affect utilisation of small-scale irrigation water. While, education, access to improved technology and access to credit service were positively and significantly related with utilisation of small-scale irrigation water. Keywords: Small-scale Irrigation; Water utilization; Households; Binary logit model. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10020234
The dynamic dependence between the major US indices and the meat commodities indices by Abdelkader Derbali, Houssam Bouzgarrou Abstract: In this study, we utilise for the first time the GARCH-DECO (1,1) to examine empirically the conditional nexus between the major US indices (S&P500 index and Dow Jones industrial index) and three selected meat commodities as; feeder cattle, leen hogs and live cattle during the period from July 22, 2010 to June 30, 2017. From the empirical findings, we conclude the existence of a highly significance of conditional heteroscedasticity parameters can demonstrate us to distinguish the nature of the volatility dependency between S&P500 index and Dow Jones industrial index and three selected meat commodities indices. This can find clear the significance of relationship in the process of financialisation of the major US index and meat commodities indices in the case of this paper. Keywords: US indices; dynamic dependence; meat commodities; financialization; DECO-GARCH. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10020417
Investigating the success of agricultural diversification among Saint Lucian Smallholder farmers by Melchior Antoine Abstract: The Saint Lucia banana industry declined severely as a result of the collapse of preferential trade treatment from the EU. The industry continues to suffer from competition from Latin American producers, which has led to sharp drops in prices and income for farmers. These circumstances have pushed policy makers to promote agriculture diversification as a solution. This study sought to examine how farmers have adopted diversification. Six farmers and two extension officers were interviewed and made to fill out questionnaires on questions such as the crops they plant and the challenges they face. This investigation discovered that farmers resorted to either completely abandoning the production of bananas or restricting banana production to satisfy only local market needs. In addition, farmers demonstrated a great deal of dynamism and innovation in experimenting with a range of crops which were mostly grown for the domestic market as opposed to exports. However, a variety of issues hindered the farmers innovation: high labour costs, lack of organisation, lack of technical support, lack of knowledge and information, praedial larceny, and a lack of access to credit facilities. Keywords: Diversification; Innovation platforms; Smallholder agriculture. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10020886
ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF PUBLIC INVESTMENTS ON AGRICULTURAL GROWTH IN THE WEST AFRICAN ECONOMIC AND MONETARY UNION (WAEMU) by Ichaou MOUNIROU, Jérémie YEBOU Abstract: This article aims to analyse the determinants of agricultural growth in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). Fixed effect panel models have been estimated. The sample used to assess these determinants covers eight African countries over the period 1961 to 2017. The estimation results indicate that agricultural public investments have a positive and significant impact on agricultural growth and this impact depends on the combination with other factors of agricultural growth. In addition, the findings shows that other factors such as producer cotton prices, rainfall, number of tractors and farm labour force also drive good agricultural growth. On the other hand, the quantities of urea, the production and cotton land use do not have a significant incidence on the agricultural growth of the zone. For an effective agricultural growth in this area, the adoption of chemical, mechanical and consequential agricultural investments is becoming imperative and a necessary and sufficient condition to boost a true green revolution. Moreover, our results suggest that the main channel for sustainable agricultural growth in the union is the combination of all factors of production. Keywords: agricultural public investment; agricultural growth; panel data model. DOI: 10.1504/IJAITG.2019.10020986