African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development
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African J. of Economic and Sustainable Development (2 papers in press)
The Effect of Household Income on Child Welfare Clinic Attendance in Ghana by Abdallah Abdul-Mumuni Abstract: This paper examines the effect of household income on child welfare clinic attendance in Ghana using the Ghana Living Standards Survey round six (GLSS 6) data. The article argues that although child welfare clinic service is free in Ghana, household income still plays a major role in encouraging the number of times children are sent for child the service in the country. Since child welfare clinic attendance is count data, the estimation technique employed for the analysis is the Poisson regression model. The paper finds evidence that other things being equal, a child in a household that gets a GHȼ1 increase in income is 0.022 (1.022-1) more likely to be sent for child welfare clinic services and this will in turn, lead to an improvement in the child health. It is recommended that the government should design cash transfer policies in order to increase the amount given to poor households on the LEAP programme so as to encourage nursing mothers to attend child welfare clinics on regular basis. The government should also provide mobile child welfare clinics to make the services more accessible. Keywords: Household income; Poisson regression; child health; child welfare clinic.
Manufacturing in Africa: An Example From Zambia by Richard Grabowski, Sharmistha Self Abstract: Structural change in the development process usually involves the decline of agriculture and the rise of manufacturing. Structural change in Sub-Saharan Africa (and some other developing countries) has altered with agriculture declining as a share of GDP and total employment, but manufacturing as a share actually declining or remaining stagnant. It is argued in this paper that this is at least partly the result of liberalising reforms beginning in the late 1980s and partly the result of a significant dependence on a natural resource, in this case copper. However, it is further hypothesised in this paper that growth in agricultural productivity is critical to the development of manufacturing. Specifically, growth in this sectors productivity restrains the cost of agricultural goods and thus allows the manufacturing sector to expand. If agricultural productivity lags relative to manufacturing productivity rising relative agricultural costs make it extremely difficult for manufacturing to expand. These ideas are illustrated by examining the experience of Zambia. Keywords: structural change; agriculture; manufacturing; price distortions; policy. DOI: 10.1504/AJESD.2020.10028089