World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development (15 papers in press)
Upgrading the buildings energy performance with an advanced ventilated fa
by Katerina Tsikaloudaki, Theodoros Theodosiou, Dimitra Tsirigoti, Stella Tsoka, Dimitrios Bikas, Asier Martinez-Urrutia, Julen Hernández González
Abstract: This paper aims at identifying the energy benefits deriving from the installation of a new technological solution developed for the retrofit of existing buildings within the research project E2VENT. The E2VENT system comprises an advanced ventilated fa
Keywords: ventilated facade; building's energy performance; energy retrofit; existing buildings; thermal insulation.
Design and validation of a rubric to evaluate the ethical project of life in university students
by Andrea Juana Lima Bautista, Luis Gibran Juárez Hernández, Sergio Tobón
Abstract: Abstract: Acting with ethics means considering the implications of actions and the welfare of others, addressing environmental sustainability and seeking personal growth. From this perspective, the ethical project of life emerges as a process of concrete actions in which people develop holistically applying universal values. Considering its conceptualization and its key axes, an instrument was designed to evaluate the ethical project of life in university students. For its validation, the instrument underwent a review process from three experts along with some expert judgment and a further application to a pilot group of university students. The experts made suggestions to improve aspects such as instructions, items and descriptors. Regarding the expert judgment, all the items and descriptors of performance levels presented content validity (mean> 3.0, Aiken
Keywords: Keywords: ethical project of life; rubric; socioformation; content validity.
Strategizing CSR in addressing Sustainable Development Goals using a Scorecard approach
by Shulagna Sarkar, Punam Singh
Abstract: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a way of responsible businesses to produce an overall positive impact on society through economic, environmental and social actions. CSR has matured rapidly as a concept, driven by demand for greater accountability by corporate to society. CSR is also regarded as one of the key drivers to attaining Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Although CSR initiatives may not generate direct and fast economic outcomes for enterprises in the short run but it has the potential to deliver strategic returns in long-term. The paper discusses the need to integrate organizational goals as well as sustainable development goals through a strategic outlook towards CSR using a Balanced Score Card approach. The paper describes a scorecard approach to CSR and shares the Indian way of addressing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through strategic CSR. The paper also explains a strategy map for implementing CSR using balanced scorecard approach.
Keywords: CSR strategy; Sustainable Development Goals; Strategizing CSR; Balanced Scorecard.
State-of-the-Art Surface Texturing and Methods for Tribological Performance
by Faarih Farhan Mohd Nasir, Jaharah A. Ghani, Mohd Shahir Kasim, Wan Fathul Hakim W. Zamri
Abstract: Studies revolving surface texturing appear to be both challenging and exciting for a substantial number of researchers since past few decades ago. To date, researchers aggressively seek suitable methods for surface texturing with the attempt of enhancing tribological performance. The selection of the most suitable methods applied and the optimum parameters for surface texture are highly desirable. Surface texture has a significant impact on load-carrying capacity, wear resistance, and friction coefficient of the tribological components by generating appropriate surface textures on their surfaces. These surface textures are applied in the engineering field for their benefits in oil lubrication, thermodynamic, hydrodynamic, and aerodynamic. Several types of surface textures, such as groove, dimple, pillar, and channel, are discussed in this paper. The mentioned surface texture genres are beneficial in real applications for piston engine, submarine, and airfoil. This paper presents an overview of surface texturing process, fabrication methods to produce various types of surface textures, and cutting-edge applications that embed surface texturing. Primarily, this paper presents a summary of the state-of-the-art surface texturing and manufacturing methods.
Keywords: surface texture; tribological performance; fabrication methods.
Sustainability risk management: An integrative framework to evaluate emerging risks and other non-quantifiable risks affecting company survival
by NORLIDA ABDUL MANAB, NAZLIATUL ANIZA ABDUL AZIZ, Diara Md. Jadi
Abstract: The importance of sustainability risk management (SRM) in managing emerging risks and other non-quantifiable risks has recently been the subject in many discussions. The debate focuses on the flaws of the risk management programme, which excluded sustainability risk in the risk assessment. Thus, this study attempts to develop an SRM framework for company survival by adopting the triangulation approach which integrates both quantitative and qualitative methods to identify the key components of an SRM framework. A total of 88 respondents from public listed companies participated in the survey and 4 companies were interviewed. The findings highlight that stakeholders expectations, board and senior management risk oversights, resources and capabilities, risk assessments and methods, and risk reporting are the key factors in developing an SRM framework. As a general conclusion, this study develops a generic SRM framework which is applicable to all types of companies, irrespective of its size or business type.
Keywords: sustainability risk management; emerging risks; non-quantifiable risks; company survival.
Multi-criteria decision making and GIS techniques in the design of a stream gauging network
by Aimilia-Panagiota Theochari, Elissavet Feloni, Apollon Bournas, Dimitrios Karpouzos, Evangelos Baltas
Abstract: Stream flow data collection is of major importance for various hydrologic applications. The design of a proper stream gauging network is a requirement in order to obtain accurate, continuous and quantitative flow information, important for various hydrologic purposes such as planning and management of water resources, flood forecasting and assessment of impacts of climate change. The accuracy of the flow estimations depends on the instruments network density. A denser network always provides more information but the added cost of the instrument installation and operation should always be considered. Therefore, while it is necessary to minimise the number of stream gauges in terms of feasibility and cost, the most suitable locations should be found that is a case of spatial decision problem. In this context, this paper presents an approach based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) techniques and Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) for the optimal site selection regarding stream gauging network design. The proposed station network design method was applied to the Sarantapotamos River basin in Attica region, Greece, and incorporates various criteria such as the morphology, land cover, network density and the general guidelines of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO, 2010). The criteria weights were estimated for three scenarios regarding hierarchy using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP), in order to illustrate the impact of the selected method to the final result. Results indicate that GIS-based MCDM may contribute to the identification of suitable locations for a stream gauge installation, as a way to minimise the necessary field exploration for a station network design. It is also illustrated that the criteria number and their weights values affect the final result regarding suitability score.
Keywords: hydrometric station network; stream gauge; river monitoring; floods; GIS; MCDM.
Green Campus Governance for Promoting Sustainable Development in Institutions of Higher Learning-Evidence from a Theoretical Analysis
by Bokolo Anthony Jnr., Mazlina Majid, Awanis Romli, Shahid Anwar
Abstract: This study examines the current Green practice implementation in Institutions of Higher Learning (IHL) towards attaining sustainable development. Accordingly, a theoretical analysis was conducted based on primary data from Green practice documents and secondary data from review of prior studies. Based on the findings from the theoretical data, a Green campus governance model grounded on economic, social and environmental dimension of sustainability was developed to further extend the collaboration among sustainability practitioners by providing incorporated data on factors that influences sustainable development in universities. Accordingly, findings from this study present the declarations and summits, background, importance and issues faced by institutions of higher learning in attaining sustainable development. Moreover, evidence from this study presents sixteen universities in Malaysia that currently implements Green practices. Respectively, the derived factors in the developed Green campus governance model can be employed as an assessment tool for benchmarking sustainable development in universities.
Keywords: Sustainable development policies; Green growth; Green campus governance; Green policies; Institutions of higher learning.
Technology, sustainable development, and corporate growth - striking a balance
by Vinod Durge, Shirish Sangle
Abstract: This paper presents a theoretical study focused on three objectives: (i) to integrate evolving concepts of technology, sustainable development, and corporate growth; (ii) to establish the importance of performance management for developing sustainability capabilities; and (iii) to devise a sustainability balanced scorecard for operationalising multi-dimensional strategies of sustainability. The study highlights the changing perceptions of technology right from a cause of pollution to a source of the solution. A revolutionary improvement in technology is essential for sustainable development. Corporations can achieve competitive advantage by implementing sustainability strategies based on technological and organisational innovations. The sustainability strategies are dynamic capabilities that can be developed through a continuous practice of addressing emerging issues of sustainable development. The competing and multi-faceted dimensions of sustainability strategies can be operationalised by using sustainability balanced scorecard. This study contributes to the literature on natural resource-based view by integrating sustainable value framework with sustainability balanced scorecard. An illustration of how to design the sustainability balanced scorecard is provided to guide researchers and practitioners on the implementation of sustainability strategies.
Keywords: technology; sustainable development; corporate growth; sustainability strategies; dynamic capabilities; sustainability balanced scorecard.
Visual methodology for agile creation of IoT applications for LoRaWAN networks
by Sebastián Yesid Tabares Amaya, José Noé Poveda Zafra, Elvis Eduardo Gaona-García
Abstract: This paper presents the recommended guidelines for the creation of applications for LoRaWAN, an IoT LP-WAN network technology. This work is based on the LoRa Alliance documentation and also from the different applications for the LoRaWAN network tested in laboratories of Universidad Distrital laboratories. Since LoRaWAN is an open technology, an alternative to the suggested methods was development for a practical implementation of applications based on IoT protocols such as MQTT, following a flow-oriented programming paradigm. The main objective is to suggest the configuration and software units requirements that must be considered for communication in the application layer.
Keywords: LoRaWAN; Node-RED; application; IoT; flow-based.
Special Issue on: PRE 14 Environmental Challenges and Sustainable Development
A Review Article Vermibiotechnology and Waste Management
by Keshav Singh, Deepak Kumar Bhartiya
Abstract: Abundant use of chemical fertilizers disturbs the soil texture and physicochemical properties of soil and affects the human health as well as environment. The use of chemical fertilizers has posed a serious threat to the environment and caused destruction of useful microorganisms, insects and worms in soil. The biological wastes caused environmental hazards and various adverse effects on human health and their domesticated animals, if their proper management and disposal practices are not available. Organic farming through vermibiotechnology is a better option for management of wastes by the earthworms and improvement of soil quality. It is one of the interesting aspects, since it contributes to a broad relationship among food, environmental quality and safety of human and animal health.
Vermicomposting is an easy and effective way to recycling of biological wastes through vermic-activity. During this process important plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus potassium, calcium etc. are present in feed materials converted in to more absorbable form for plant. Vermicompost has not only plant nutrients but also growth regulators, beneficial bacterial and actinomycetes population with large number of worms eggs. It increases the porosity aeration, drainage water holding capacity, which reduces the irrigation water requirement for crops. It improves nutrients availability and could act as complex fertilizer granules and evolves great reduction in the population of harmful pathogenic microorganisms. Vermicompost of wastes is easily pre-parable, biodegradable, most effective, easily transportable, non-hazardous to animal, human and environment and eco-friendly which is boon for the farmers. So, we can say that the vermibiotechnology is a suitable way for sustainable development and now today need of uses of biofertilizers in crop fields.
Keywords: Vermibiotechnology; Biological Wastes; Earthworm; Vermicomposting; Biofertilizer; Sustainable Development.
Special Issue on: WRSTSD CITED2018 Sustainable Development Science, Technology and Education to Achieve Global Goals
Multivariate analysis of volumetric shrinking of industrial cassava varieties
by Angelica Torregroza, Jhonatan Rodriguez, Rafael Ruiz, Rolando Lopez
Abstract: The drying of cassava (mandioca) is the process by which most of the water contained in the roots of the plant is extracted, which can be stored for a long period. The objective of this research was to analyze the factors that affect the volumetric contraction of three varieties of industrial cassava, by analyzing the same covariance matrices, under a linear multivariate model (Manova). Methodologically, a drying process was carried out of three varieties of industrial cassava (Corpoica Tai, Corpoica Ver
Keywords: Volumetric contraction; Multivariate Analysis; mass transfer.
Special Issue on: CUDC - 2019 Emerging Trends in Business and Management
Electric Vehicles (EVs) Business Models: An Integrative Framework for Adoption of Electric Mobility
by Kumar Shalender
Abstract: The study presents four business models currently being operational in different parts of the world in order to support the commercialization drive of electric vehicles (EVs). With the help of extant literature, the author develops systematic and multidimensional frameworks on value creation and customers adoptions barriers related to EVs. These multidimensional frameworks are then used to analyze the selected business models for their strengths and weaknesses. Findings of the study underscore differences in the business models adopted by the selected players with Tesla and e2o emphasizing on product innovation while the other two, i.e., Carma and Wanxiang focusing on the service dimension. The study recommends that adoption of a holistic approach combining product and service orientation in business models is necessary for wide spread adoption of EVs. Besides, the role of forging partnerships across the value-chain partners and having policy support are also highlighted as key success factors for EVs.
Keywords: Business model; Customer; Electric vehicles (EVs); Mobility; Strategy; Sustainability; Value.
Special Issue on: 7th Sweden Brasil Innovation Week Innovation, Technology and Sustainability Brazilian and Swedish Experiences
Forecasting power load curves from spatial and temporal mobile data
by Frederico Coelho, Lourenço Araújo, Murilo Menezes, André Barbosa, Vinícius Silva, Carlos Natalino Silva, Paolo Monti, Antônio Braga
Abstract: This work aims at applying computational intelligence approaches to telecommunication data, in order to associate mobile data to energy consumption load curves. Clustering methods are applied in order to allow the telecommunication network to infer about its topology and consumption load forecasting. Through an extensive analysis of Telecom Italia dataset and power distribution lines data available for the city of Trento, it was possible to confirm the high correlation between them, mainly when voice data is considered. To a great extent, this
correlation can be explained by the fact that cellular communication devices are physically present in the service area of the distribution lines and when people are communicating, they are also consuming energy. Based on the aforementioned dataset, load curves for the city of Trento were constructed having as inputs data from
Results show that it is possible to use the telecommunication load as the input to predict the energy load, with the proposed model performing better than the naive predictor in 82% of the tested distribution lines.
Keywords: Mobile data; Smartphones; Clustering; Energy Forecasting; Learning.
The triple helix approach in the defence industry: a case study at the Brazilian Army
by Ligia Lopes Fernandes, Giselle Farias Rosa, Leonardo Oliveira De Araújo, José Luiz Andrade Jr.
Abstract: As in many other industries, technological innovation plays an important role in the economic development of the defence industry. In recent years, the Brazilian Army has adopted the triple helix model and open innovation as cooperation models in research in order to generate innovation, involving the Army research efforts, the defence industry and academia. Inspired on a Swedish model, one of the most recent Armys initiatives to stimulate innovation was the creation of an Open Innovation Arena in order to encourage joint open innovation projects in the area of intelligent energy conversion devices and energy storage, involving academia and industry actors. In this article, the concept of this pilot initiative and its first results are described. With the Arenas the Army intends to induce the creation of a sustainable defence industry with companies based on dual use technologies in order to achieve strategic and economic goals.
Keywords: Triple Helix; Brazilian Army; Open Innovation; Open Arena; Technological Innovation; Innovation Ecosystem; Defence Industry; Dual-use Technology; Technology spillover; Sweden.
Open innovation: the challenges of knowledge integration in bi-national projects
by Kleber Celadon, Roberto Sbragia
Abstract: Purpose This paper seeks to evaluate the professional culture factors that are present in knowledge integration mechanisms in two selected open innovation cases. Design/methodology/approach In-depth case studies were conducted in two different expatriate groups, Embraer Brazilian workers (at Saab in Sweden) and Kuhn French workers (at Kuhn-MB in Brazil), in order to investigate their collaborative practices and professional cultures. Findings This study identified ten main professional cultural factors that were present and influenced open innovation. Research limitations/implications The research is based on different large sized firms. Therefore, the findings may not be applied to SMEs. Practical implications This study provides information and is based on real factors that involve workers from different cultures in collaborative projects. Originality/value The factors described in this paper are based on the on-going collaborative practices at the studied organisations, and results are expected to contribute to the management literature and practitioners.
Keywords: Open Innovation; Knowledge Integration; Bi-national projects; Collaborative project; Transcultural Management.