World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development (19 papers in press)
Sustainability risk management: An integrative framework to evaluate emerging risks and other non-quantifiable risks affecting company survival
by NORLIDA ABDUL MANAB, NAZLIATUL ANIZA ABDUL AZIZ, Diara Md. Jadi
Abstract: The importance of sustainability risk management (SRM) in managing emerging risks and other non-quantifiable risks has recently been the subject in many discussions. The debate focuses on the flaws of the risk management programme, which excluded sustainability risk in the risk assessment. Thus, this study attempts to develop an SRM framework for company survival by adopting the triangulation approach which integrates both quantitative and qualitative methods to identify the key components of an SRM framework. A total of 88 respondents from public listed companies participated in the survey and 4 companies were interviewed. The findings highlight that stakeholders expectations, board and senior management risk oversights, resources and capabilities, risk assessments and methods, and risk reporting are the key factors in developing an SRM framework. As a general conclusion, this study develops a generic SRM framework which is applicable to all types of companies, irrespective of its size or business type.
Keywords: sustainability risk management; emerging risks; non-quantifiable risks; company survival.
Green Campus Governance for Promoting Sustainable Development in Institutions of Higher Learning-Evidence from a Theoretical Analysis
by Bokolo Anthony Jnr., Mazlina Majid, Awanis Romli, Shahid Anwar
Abstract: This study examines the current Green practice implementation in Institutions of Higher Learning (IHL) towards attaining sustainable development. Accordingly, a theoretical analysis was conducted based on primary data from Green practice documents and secondary data from review of prior studies. Based on the findings from the theoretical data, a Green campus governance model grounded on economic, social and environmental dimension of sustainability was developed to further extend the collaboration among sustainability practitioners by providing incorporated data on factors that influences sustainable development in universities. Accordingly, findings from this study present the declarations and summits, background, importance and issues faced by institutions of higher learning in attaining sustainable development. Moreover, evidence from this study presents sixteen universities in Malaysia that currently implements Green practices. Respectively, the derived factors in the developed Green campus governance model can be employed as an assessment tool for benchmarking sustainable development in universities.
Keywords: Sustainable development policies; Green growth; Green campus governance; Green policies; Institutions of higher learning.
Technology, sustainable development, and corporate growth - striking a balance
by Vinod Durge, Shirish Sangle
Abstract: This paper presents a theoretical study focused on three objectives: (i) to integrate evolving concepts of technology, sustainable development, and corporate growth; (ii) to establish the importance of performance management for developing sustainability capabilities; and (iii) to devise a sustainability balanced scorecard for operationalising multi-dimensional strategies of sustainability. The study highlights the changing perceptions of technology right from a cause of pollution to a source of the solution. A revolutionary improvement in technology is essential for sustainable development. Corporations can achieve competitive advantage by implementing sustainability strategies based on technological and organisational innovations. The sustainability strategies are dynamic capabilities that can be developed through a continuous practice of addressing emerging issues of sustainable development. The competing and multi-faceted dimensions of sustainability strategies can be operationalised by using sustainability balanced scorecard. This study contributes to the literature on natural resource-based view by integrating sustainable value framework with sustainability balanced scorecard. An illustration of how to design the sustainability balanced scorecard is provided to guide researchers and practitioners on the implementation of sustainability strategies.
Keywords: technology; sustainable development; corporate growth; sustainability strategies; dynamic capabilities; sustainability balanced scorecard.
Special Issue on: PRE 14 Environmental Challenges and Sustainable Development
A Review Article Vermibiotechnology and Waste Management
by Keshav Singh, Deepak Kumar Bhartiya
Abstract: Abundant use of chemical fertilizers disturbs the soil texture and physicochemical properties of soil and affects the human health as well as environment. The use of chemical fertilizers has posed a serious threat to the environment and caused destruction of useful microorganisms, insects and worms in soil. The biological wastes caused environmental hazards and various adverse effects on human health and their domesticated animals, if their proper management and disposal practices are not available. Organic farming through vermibiotechnology is a better option for management of wastes by the earthworms and improvement of soil quality. It is one of the interesting aspects, since it contributes to a broad relationship among food, environmental quality and safety of human and animal health.
Vermicomposting is an easy and effective way to recycling of biological wastes through vermic-activity. During this process important plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus potassium, calcium etc. are present in feed materials converted in to more absorbable form for plant. Vermicompost has not only plant nutrients but also growth regulators, beneficial bacterial and actinomycetes population with large number of worms eggs. It increases the porosity aeration, drainage water holding capacity, which reduces the irrigation water requirement for crops. It improves nutrients availability and could act as complex fertilizer granules and evolves great reduction in the population of harmful pathogenic microorganisms. Vermicompost of wastes is easily pre-parable, biodegradable, most effective, easily transportable, non-hazardous to animal, human and environment and eco-friendly which is boon for the farmers. So, we can say that the vermibiotechnology is a suitable way for sustainable development and now today need of uses of biofertilizers in crop fields.
Keywords: Vermibiotechnology; Biological Wastes; Earthworm; Vermicomposting; Biofertilizer; Sustainable Development.
Special Issue on: WRSTSD CITED2018 Sustainable Development Science, Technology and Education to Achieve Global Goals
Multivariate analysis of volumetric shrinking of industrial cassava varieties
by Angelica Torregroza, Jhonatan Rodriguez, Rafael Ruiz, Rolando Lopez
Abstract: The drying of cassava (mandioca) is the process by which most of the water contained in the roots of the plant is extracted, which can be stored for a long period. The objective of this research was to analyze the factors that affect the volumetric contraction of three varieties of industrial cassava, by analyzing the same covariance matrices, under a linear multivariate model (Manova). Methodologically, a drying process was carried out of three varieties of industrial cassava (Corpoica Tai, Corpoica Ver
Keywords: Volumetric contraction; Multivariate Analysis; mass transfer.
Visual methodology for agile creation of IoT applications for LoRaWAN networks
by Sebastián Yesid Tabares Amaya, José Noé Poveda Zafra, Elvis Eduardo Gaona-García
Abstract: This paper presents the recommended guidelines for the creation of applications for LoRaWAN, an IoT LP-WAN network technology. This work is based on the LoRa Alliance documentation and also from the different applications for the LoRaWAN network tested in laboratories of Universidad Distrital laboratories. Since LoRaWAN is an open technology, an alternative to the suggested methods was development for a practical implementation of applications based on IoT protocols such as MQTT, following a flow-oriented programming paradigm. The main objective is to suggest the configuration and software units requirements that must be considered for communication in the application layer.
Keywords: LoRaWAN; Node-RED; application; IoT; flow-based.
Equal access to quality higher education: consolidation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), case of virtual software engineering of the Manuela Beltr
by Brigitte Rodriguez, Jose Rodriguez Munca, Javier Ochoa Avila, Alejandro De Mendoza
Abstract: The Manuela Beltran University, located in Cajic
Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals; quality education; virtual modality; educational access; software engineering.
Special Issue on: ICSSB-2019 Innovative Approaches Towards Sustainable Development in a Globalised World
Employee Happiness in Indian Banking Sector: An Exploration of Factors
by Arijit Choudhury, Anirban Dutta, Sonit Dutta
Abstract: Employee happiness is an emerging area of interest in management as well as in psychology. The purpose of this study is to identify the significant factors responsible for employee happiness in commercial banks. The methodology adopted for this study is descriptive in nature and primary data were collected through a structured questionnaire from scheduled commercial banks in the North-Eastern states of India, comprising of a sample of 246 bank employees. After using factor analysis the study revealed eleven factors that are significant for employee happiness, among these factors values and relationships' act as the major contributor.
Keywords: Employee happiness; banking sector; factor analysis; India.
Employer Branding: Attracting and Retaining Employees for Sustainable Development in Disruptive Economy
by Geeta Rana, Ravindra Sharma
Abstract: Disruptive trends provide firms with openings for new capability development and competitive advantage attainment. Substantial research attention has been paid to employer branding and organizational attractiveness in the past due to their importance in disruptive economy. Drastic changes in economies, societies, and technologies due to globalization, social structure and digital transformation and disruption over decades have caused problems for employers in drawing employees in competitive advantages. Firms need to stay competitive, and to do so, employers carry out several exercises to draw and retain talent. This study seeks to empirically test employer branding-organizational attractiveness relationship in the context of IT companies in India. Job engagement was found to partially mediate between employer branding and organizational attractiveness.
Keywords: Employer Branding; Organizational Attractiveness; Attraction; Engagement; Disruptive Economy; Digitalization; Retention; Sustainable Development; Competitive Advantage; Human Resource Management.
Home-based entrepreneuring for Empowerment and Sustainability of Muslim women: A Study in Indian Context
by Safoora Habeeb, Vikas Arya, Naseeb Ahmad
Abstract: The position of Indian women in India is sort of a paradox. Every sixth woman of the world is Indian and they grossly differ in their status and condition among themselves. India is a country of high gender inequality index that stands with tremendous need to empower its women for sustainable development. Here woman prime minister held central power for eleven years; numerous women of the country are still powerless and spend their life in glass ceiling. Women empowerment through entrepreneurship has been an area of active research and many studies established the positive relation of women empowerment and sustenance with their entrepreneurial activity.
The aim of this research study is to explore the liberation and emancipation of Muslim women through their home-based entrepreneuring. Also, the dimension of work stress as impact of home based entrepreneurship is also covered. Home based entrepreneurial activities include - beauty salon, tailoring and fashion designing and tuition services of the sample investigated for the study. The impact of flexibility of home based entrepreneuring to manage home and entrepreneurial responsibility at the same time and place is studied.
Keywords: Muslim women entrepreneurship; Home based entrepreneuring; Empowerment; Sustainability.
Special Issue on: CUDC - 2019 Emerging Trends in Business and Management
Electric Vehicles (EVs) Business Models: An Integrative Framework for Adoption of Electric Mobility
by Kumar Shalender
Abstract: The study presents four business models currently being operational in different parts of the world in order to support the commercialization drive of electric vehicles (EVs). With the help of extant literature, the author develops systematic and multidimensional frameworks on value creation and customers adoptions barriers related to EVs. These multidimensional frameworks are then used to analyze the selected business models for their strengths and weaknesses. Findings of the study underscore differences in the business models adopted by the selected players with Tesla and e2o emphasizing on product innovation while the other two, i.e., Carma and Wanxiang focusing on the service dimension. The study recommends that adoption of a holistic approach combining product and service orientation in business models is necessary for wide spread adoption of EVs. Besides, the role of forging partnerships across the value-chain partners and having policy support are also highlighted as key success factors for EVs.
Keywords: Business model; Customer; Electric vehicles (EVs); Mobility; Strategy; Sustainability; Value.
Challenges faced by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises: A systematic review
by HEMENDRA BISHT, DILPREET SINGH
Abstract: Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) play a pivotal role in the growth of the economy but their progress has been marred by problems. Given this premise, the authors attempted to identify the challenges faced by MSMEs in India. An examination of the long-standing literature revealed five categories of challenges namely finance, human resource, market/export, technology/infrastructure, and government.
The study recommended measures such as simplification of loan disbursal process, provision to accept alternative arrangements of collateral from MSMEs, up-gradation of skills and knowledge of employees, improvement in productivity and product quality, simplification of labor laws and other statutory requirements, usage of IT tools in the business processes amongst others for sustainable growth of MSMEs in India.
Keywords: Micro; Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs); challenges; sustainability; economic growth.
Special Issue on: IC2AIS 2019 Technological Innovation for Sustainable Development
COPLANAR WAVE GUIDE FED CIRCULAR FRACTAL ANTENNA USING WIRELESS APPLICATIONS
by Rajasekar Boopalan
Abstract: Micro strip patch antennas are noticed because the ones that have placed a most vital role in trendy wireless communications, during this project, analysis of high potency multiband antenna fed with two-dimensional wave guide for wireless applications is mentioned, two-dimensional wave guide(CPW) fed antennas give inherent electrical resistance matching for broader frequency vary, This planned style uses pattern patch as diverging layer with CPW feed. Performance of the planned style is investigated on range of pattern iterations with defected ground structure. The planned antenna is written on a awfully low value substrate material known as FR4 that has relative permittivity 4.4. HFSS simulation tool is employed so as to style the planned antenna.
Keywords: COPLANAR; CIRCULAR; FRACTAL; ANTENNA; WIRELESS APPLICATIONS.
Low-Complexity Particle Swarm Optimization based Adaptive User Clustering for Downlink Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access deployed for 5G systems.
by S.Prabha Kumaresan, Tan Chee Keong, Lee Ching Kwang
Abstract: Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been envisioned as a fundamental sustainable method towards fifth generation (5G) cellular networks. Typical user clustering schemes in NOMA system employ adaptive user clustering (AUC) for partitioning users into multiple clusters with same or different number of users to overcome the poor capacity of the system caused by channel diversity among the users. The AUC method generates all possible partitions of users using Brute-force search (BF-S) technique. As a result, the performance of the NOMA cellular system is improved by choosing the best partition that gives maximum value. However, the search to perform AUC using BF-S is computationally complex and practically infeasible. Therefore, AUC using particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed to replace the BF-S in order to minimize the complexity of the clustering. PSO is an intellectual algorithm that performs using a random number of particles moving in a search space. The fitness value of particles is evaluated by updating the position and velocity on every single iteration, until it reaches the optimal solution. Simulation results demonstrate that NOMA system employing PSO-based AUC is able to reduce the complexity with acceptable throughput performance compared with BF-S-based AUC. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that the proposed PSO-based AUC outperforms the conventional clustering with fixed number of users in NOMA system and orthogonal multiple access (OMA) system in terms of throughput performance.
Keywords: Non-orthogonal multiple access; Adaptive user clustering;particle swarm optimization; acceptable throughput maximization;low complexity.
An efficient Data Mining Process on Temporal data using Relevance feedback method
by Yuvaraj D, Dinesh M, Sivaram M, Nageswari S
Abstract: Some data is historical such as the judicial or medical which the factor of time is very important. temporal databases can deals with these data because it provide a systematic way of dealing with historical data.The new generation type of data mining which is called temporal data mining deals with these type of data that has time stamping and influnces by the factor of time after mining.the relevance feedback technique is included in the individuals revisitation habits and memory strength. we have additionally executed and assessed the performance by utilizing a trace driven methodology dependent on the online real behavior dataset. the exploratory outcomes demonstrate that our plan bolsters successfully on both overall aggregate queries and the different specific aggregate queries with correspondence overheads and satisfactory calculation.we also presented the efficient technique for calculating competitiveness in large level datasets introducing a profile that encode the user subjective notation of similarity in domain. These profiles can be gained ceaselessly from connection with client. we further show how the client profile might be embedded in a system that utilization relevance feedback mechanism. Finally, we calculate the quality of our results and the scalability of our technique by using multiple datasets from the different domains.
Keywords: Data Mining ,Process; Temporal; data ,Relevance.
Special Issue on: 7th Sweden Brasil Innovation Week Innovation, Technology and Sustainability Brazilian and Swedish Experiences
Forecasting power load curves from spatial and temporal mobile data
by Frederico Coelho, Lourenço Araújo, Murilo Menezes, André Barbosa, Vinícius Silva, Carlos Natalino Silva, Paolo Monti, Antônio Braga
Abstract: This work aims at applying computational intelligence approaches to telecommunication data, in order to associate mobile data to energy consumption load curves. Clustering methods are applied in order to allow the telecommunication network to infer about its topology and consumption load forecasting. Through an extensive analysis of Telecom Italia dataset and power distribution lines data available for the city of Trento, it was possible to confirm the high correlation between them, mainly when voice data is considered. To a great extent, this
correlation can be explained by the fact that cellular communication devices are physically present in the service area of the distribution lines and when people are communicating, they are also consuming energy. Based on the aforementioned dataset, load curves for the city of Trento were constructed having as inputs data from
Results show that it is possible to use the telecommunication load as the input to predict the energy load, with the proposed model performing better than the naive predictor in 82% of the tested distribution lines.
Keywords: Mobile data; Smartphones; Clustering; Energy Forecasting; Learning.
The triple helix approach in the defence industry: a case study at the Brazilian Army
by Ligia Lopes Fernandes, Giselle Farias Rosa, Leonardo Oliveira De Araújo, José Luiz Andrade Jr.
Abstract: As in many other industries, technological innovation plays an important role in the economic development of the defence industry. In recent years, the Brazilian Army has adopted the triple helix model and open innovation as cooperation models in research in order to generate innovation, involving the Army research efforts, the defence industry and academia. Inspired on a Swedish model, one of the most recent Armys initiatives to stimulate innovation was the creation of an Open Innovation Arena in order to encourage joint open innovation projects in the area of intelligent energy conversion devices and energy storage, involving academia and industry actors. In this article, the concept of this pilot initiative and its first results are described. With the Arenas the Army intends to induce the creation of a sustainable defence industry with companies based on dual use technologies in order to achieve strategic and economic goals.
Keywords: Triple Helix; Brazilian Army; Open Innovation; Open Arena; Technological Innovation; Innovation Ecosystem; Defence Industry; Dual-use Technology; Technology spillover; Sweden.
Open innovation: the challenges of knowledge integration in bi-national projects
by Kleber Celadon, Roberto Sbragia
Abstract: Purpose This paper seeks to evaluate the professional culture factors that are present in knowledge integration mechanisms in two selected open innovation cases. Design/methodology/approach In-depth case studies were conducted in two different expatriate groups, Embraer Brazilian workers (at Saab in Sweden) and Kuhn French workers (at Kuhn-MB in Brazil), in order to investigate their collaborative practices and professional cultures. Findings This study identified ten main professional cultural factors that were present and influenced open innovation. Research limitations/implications The research is based on different large sized firms. Therefore, the findings may not be applied to SMEs. Practical implications This study provides information and is based on real factors that involve workers from different cultures in collaborative projects. Originality/value The factors described in this paper are based on the on-going collaborative practices at the studied organisations, and results are expected to contribute to the management literature and practitioners.
Keywords: Open Innovation; Knowledge Integration; Bi-national projects; Collaborative project; Transcultural Management.
Proposal of innovation criteria for the selection process of micro, small and medium enterprises projects in the Inovacred Program
by Matheus Lincoln Borges Dos Santos, Izabel Cristina Zattar, Marcel Matsuaki Da Silva
Abstract: Innovation plays a prominent role in development strategies in the world. Developed and emerging countries seek to make their economies in order to become more competitive. From this, these countries make innovation promotion policies the central issue of their economic agenda, Brazil is no different. It has mechanisms that ranging from tax incentives to the financing of innovative projects. The Financing of Studies and Projects (FINEP), one of the main institutions responsible for financing innovation, has several credit, among which is the Inovacred program, which is aimed at micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. This, however, does not have criteria innovation in the project selection process. Therefore, the objective of this innovation criteria to help the process of project selection of the Inovacred Program. In order to do so, four steps were taken: (i) to identify the criteria used in the evaluation of entrepreneurial innovation, using as a method the systematic review and content analysis; (ii) to identify the characteristics of micro and small companies (MPEs) in Brazil, also using content analysis; (iii) the relevance of the innovation criteria for the innovation through the application of a questionnaire to specialists; and, finally, (iv) proposal of criteria for the Inovacred Program, through the analysis of the answers and counting on the aid of the factoral analysis. As a main result, two proposals for innovation criteria based on the 29 experts from agencies accredited to Inovacred. The first MPEs, the evaluation of 53 criteria arranged in 10 dimensions. The second proposes 55 criteria listed in 10 dimensions for the evaluation of medium-sized companies. Although of the difference, both tenders have a significant number of criteria, being considered broad according to the scope of evaluation.
Keywords: Promotion of innovation; Financing for innovation; Innovation Criteria; Inovacred Program.