International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research
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International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research (5 papers in press)
HEALTH BENEFITS OF SHIFTING FROM BHARAT STAGE FOUR TO BHARAT STAGE SIX by Rohan Pothumsetty, Nirmal Viswam, Mary Rani Thomas Abstract: Bharat stage emission standards are the emission norms which is issued by the Indian government in order to control and regulate the emission and output of air pollutants from the exhaust of the vehicles and the Internal combustion engines (ICE) One of the biggest problems faced by a developing country like India is air pollution and the majority of the consumers in the country are not aware of the various health effects caused by the exhaust of the vehicles which are running on BSIV compliant engines The government of India has made it compulsory to introduce and implement the new BSVI norms in India from 1st April 2020 This applies in the case of both petrol as well as diesel engines Most of the consumers in India are not aware of the drastic health effects caused by BSIV compliant engines and the harm it is causing to the environment. Keywords: Bharat stage four; Bharat stage six; Health effects; Public health; Vehicle emissions; Pollutants; Air pollution; Internal combustion engines; Environment; Engine exhausts. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2020.10031203
The Mitigating Impact of Physical Activity on Mentally Healthy Days: Differential Effects based on Race, Ethnicity, and Gender by Jacob Jennings, Iris Buder Abstract: Social inequalities have been linked to mental disorders, with the poor and disadvantaged reporting higher rates. Additionally, differences in socioeconomic status have substantial effects on both physical and mental health through access to healthcare, environmental exposure, and health behaviour. This paper directly controls for race and ethnicity in addition to gender, education and income, and finds physical activity, for all races and ethnicities, to be associated with lower number of reported mentally unhealthy days. Complementing early work using accelerometers but not limited by their methodological constraints, our work highlights the manner by which mental health varies by race, ethnicity, and gender for the adult population. These results are relevant to public policy setting, showing how physical activity benefits a wider scope of factors regarding mental health. Keywords: health benefits; mentally healthy days; racial/ethnic disparities; physical activity; health disparities; socio-economic status; SES; Mental Health; Depression; Mitigation; social policy. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2020.10032161
Understanding the underutilization of healthcare interventions in low-and-middle-income countries: Demand-side and supply-side factors by Lakshmy Subramanian Abstract: Poor accessibility of healthcare interventions in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) has resulted in increased suffering and lower health benefits. This is caused by a host of demand-side and supply-side barriers that need to be investigated to design effective strategies. The rate of underutilization of healthcare interventions is high in LMICs and the utilization is lower at the lowest tier of the population ladder. The supply-side factors include inefficient resources, inappropriate allocations, and inadequate quality. The demand-side factors include income, price, non-price cost, location, nature of household decision-making, and broader cultural influences. Policy interventions at the demand and supply side should be aligned together to achieve balanced progress. This can be achieved by exploring options of financial rewards, pre-payment schemes, supporting community-based financing, influencing household preferences, addressing cultural and societal sensitivities, and empowering healthcare professionals, especially in the rural areas. Keywords: Healthcare interventions; low-and-middle-income countries; underutilization; key factors; policy interventions. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2020.10032202
Levels and correlates of job satisfaction and quality of life among clinical and non-clinical staff in a teaching hospital in Nigeria by Daprim Ogaji, Kaine Diette-Spiff Abstract: The objective of the paper is to assess the levels and correlates of JS and QoL of clinical and non-clinical health workers in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Comparative, cross-sectional study of 440 staff selected by stratified sampling and administered Minnesota job satisfaction (MSQ) and WHO quality of life (WHO-BREF-QoL) questionnaires were used. Response rate was 80.5% and Cronbachs alphas were 0.91 and 0.84 for the MSQ and WHO-BREF-QoL, respectively. The low level of JS and moderate QoL showed significant differences in the intrinsic JS, social and general health domains of QoL. Age, marital status, education and working years showed associations with JS while education and working years with QoL. A moderate but significant association was observed between JS and QoL. JS and QoL among HCWs were low and mitigating remediable factors of poor JS and QoL can improve quality, safety, and efficiency of healthcare delivery. Keywords: Job satisfaction; quality of life; health care workers; teaching hospital; Nigeria. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2020.10033231
Emotion Awareness Questionnaire: Validation and Assessment of Psychometric properties among children. by Zahra Sheikhpour Ahandany, Javad Khalatbary, Ali Reza Mohammadi Arya Abstract: This study was carried out with the aim of validation of Emotion Awareness Questionnaire(EAQ) for Iranian students. Participants (700 children, 9-16 years old) Children Depression Inventory(CDI), Worry Inventory for Children(WIC) were administered to investigate the convergent validity. The reliability was checked by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. the validity was calculated with factor analysis by the method of analysis of principal component. Exploratory factorial analysis by using varimax rotation indicated a robust seven-factor structure in the questionnaire. correlation coefficient between total score of EAQ, CDI and WIC was significant. EAQ has appropriate validity and reliability for the population of Iranian Students and the findings revealed the significant advantage for further investigation. Keywords: Emotions; awareness; depression; mental health; children. DOI: 10.1504/IJBHR.2020.10033604