Authors: Mohammed Hassan; Mohamed Hamada
Addresses: Department of Software Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria ' Software Engineering Laboratory, University of Aizu, Aizuwakamatsu-city, Fukushima, Japan
Abstract: Frequent use of internet applications and rapid increase in volumes of resources have made it difficult for online users to effectively make decisions on the kinds of information or items to select. Recommender systems (RSs) are intelligent decision-support tools that exploit preferences of users and suggest items that might be interesting to them. RSs are one of the various solutions proposed to address the problems of information overload. Traditionally, RSs use single rating techniques to predict and represent preferences of users for items that are not yet seen. Multi-criteria RSs use multiple ratings to various attributes of items for improving prediction and recommendation accuracy of the systems. However, one major challenge of multi-criteria RSs is the choice of an efficient approach for modelling the criteria ratings. Therefore, this paper aimed at employing artificial neural networks to model the criteria ratings and determine the predictive performance of the systems based on aggregation function approach. Seven evaluation metrics have been used to evaluate and measure the accuracy of the systems. The empirical results of the study have shown that the proposed technique has the highest prediction and recommendation than the corresponding traditional technique.
Keywords: recommender systems; artificial neural networks; ANNs; spacio-temporal data science; prediction accuracy; aggregation function; multi-criteria recommendation.
International Journal of Spatio-Temporal Data Science, 2019 Vol.1 No.1, pp.54 - 69
Received: 28 Feb 2018
Accepted: 12 Aug 2018
Published online: 31 Jan 2019 *