Title: Energy and exergy analyses of a HCCI engine-based system running on hydrogen enriched wet-ethanol fuel

Authors: Abdul Khaliq; Shahid Islam; Ibrahim Dincer

Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Taibah University, Yanbu Al-Bahr 41911, Saudi Arabia ' Centre of Excellence for Applied Research and Training, RBSM Naval College, Higher Colleges of Technology, UAE ' Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7K4, Canada, USA; Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Yildiz Technical University, Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: In this paper, the investigation of thermodynamic performance of a hydrogen enriched wet-ethanol fuelled homogenous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine is conducted through energy and exergy methods. The energy and exergy analyses are performed through a thermodynamic model by considering the gas composition formed after the combustion process. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the system increase from 41.56% to 44.01% and from 37.23% to 38.73%, respectively, with the increase in hydrogen energy share from 5% to 20% in the air-fuel mixture. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the system are found to be increasing with an increase in the pressure ratio of turbocharger and compressor polytropic efficiency. The increase in the ambient temperature results in the decrease in both energy and exergy efficiencies. The detailed exergy analysis of the system reveals that the highest exergy destruction is associated with HCCI engine, and the maximum available work increases with the increase in the hydrogen percentage.

Keywords: exergy; energy; efficiency; hydrogen; ethanol; compression ignition; HCCI; combustion.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEX.2019.097272

International Journal of Exergy, 2019 Vol.28 No.1, pp.72 - 95

Accepted: 22 Sep 2018
Published online: 07 Jan 2019 *

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