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Title: Creating binder-free supercapacitor electrodes from biomass resources: a nitrogen-doped pomelo peel derived carbon foam

Authors: Hui Chen; Long Chen; Peirong Qi; Gang Wang; Lei Shi; Xiantao Feng; Feng Yu

Addresses: Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China ' Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China ' Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China ' Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China; Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Shihezi 832003, China; Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Phytomedicine Resources of Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832002, China ' Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China ' College of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Huanghuai University, Zhumadian 463000, China ' Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China; Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Shihezi 832003, China; Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Phytomedicine Resources of Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832002, China

Abstract: We conducted experiments in producing nitrogen-doped carbon foam using pomelo peels as a raw material. Pomelos are a citrus fruit similar in appearance to grapefruit, and native to South and Southeast Asia. Specifically, we fabricated nitrogen-doped pomelo peel derived carbon foam (N-PPCF) by using an ammonia gas treatment. The as-prepared N-PPCF had a high specific surface area of 1,218.5 m2 g−1, an average pore size of 1.36 nm, and a pore volume value of 0.50 cm3 g−1. Additionally, the N-PPCF had a nitrogen content of 8.1%, allowing for a high specific capacitance of 150.1 F g−1 at a density of 1.0 A g−1. Even at 4 A g−1, the N-PPCF still maintained an ideal capacitance of 115.6 F g−1. Ultimately, we believe that nitrogen doped carbon foam is a potential method for treating pomelo peels, and that N-PPCF can function as a potential binder-free supercapacitor electrode.

Keywords: pomelo peel; carbon foam; biomass resources; agricultural waste; binder free; supercapacitor.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNM.2019.097252

International Journal of Nanomanufacturing, 2019 Vol.15 No.1/2, pp.170 - 180

Received: 22 May 2017
Accepted: 26 Oct 2017

Published online: 02 Jan 2019 *

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