Authors: Halimah Abdul Manaf; Ahmad Martadha Mohamed; Zainal Abidin Sabtu
Addresses: College of Law, Government and International Studies, School of Government, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia ' College of Law, Government and International Studies, School of Government, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia ' Department of Crime Prevention and Community Safety, Kedah Contingent Police Headquarter, Royal Malaysia Police, Jalan Stadium, 05560 Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia
Abstract: An alarming increase in criminal activities has caused fear among societies and affected their daily routines. In order to improve the situation, the government has introduced several measures including community policing that requires cooperation between police and community. Within this framework, this study attempts to explore the relationship between community policing and social capital. The premise of the study evolves on the belief that fear of crime, perception of crime, and concern for crime are predictors of social capital which includes participation, cooperation, and communication. In regard to methodology, this study utilises quantitative approach. Specifically, survey questionnaires were randomly distributed to 1,161 respondents who are members of voluntary patrol unit (SRS). Based on regression analysis, the findings indicate that only perception of crime, and awareness for crime have a significant relationship with social capital. Specifically, concern for crime proves to be the strongest predictor of social capital compared to fear of crime and perception of crime. These quantitative findings reveal that community empowerment is likely to take place when communities are concerned about criminal activities in their area, and thus take necessary action to become actively engaged with other community members to fight against crime.
Keywords: voluntary patrol unit (SRS); social capital; community policing; Malaysia.
International Journal of Public Sector Performance Management, 2019 Vol.5 No.1, pp.63 - 80
Received: 19 Sep 2017
Accepted: 18 Jan 2018
Published online: 25 Oct 2018 *