Authors: F. Lima; U. Mescheder; C. Müller; H. Reinecke
Addresses: Mechanical and Medical Engineering Faculty, Hochschule Furtwangen University, Robert-Gerwig-Platz 1, 78120 Furtwangen im Schwarzwald, Germany ' Mechanical and Medical Engineering Faculty, Hochschule Furtwangen University, Robert-Gerwig-Platz 1, 78120 Furtwangen im Schwarzwald, Germany ' Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Georges-Köhler-Allee 103, 79110 Freiburg, Germany ' Schölly Fiberoptic GmbH, Robert-Bosch-Str. 1-3, 79211 Denzlingen, Germany
Abstract: A two-step process is reported for the electrochemical deposition of copper layers on n-type silicon substrates using an acidic copper sulphate solution without addition of additives and no light assistance. Metal layers were generated on electrodes with different crystal orientations. The process consists of a combination of two very common techniques: chronoamperometry and pulse plating. The former technique is applied to obtain an instantaneous nucleation on the working electrode. Therefore, a large amount of metal nuclei is formed on the substrate before the pulse technique starts. The latter is, then, used to grow the particles previously generated and form a homogeneous metal layer with full coverage onto the semiconductor electrodes. The potential magnitudes are carefully chosen in line with energy levels observed at the semiconductor-electrolyte interface and were also calculated in this work.
Keywords: seedless electroplating; silicon coating; semiconductor-electrolyte interface; pulse plating; copper plating.
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 2018 Vol.12 No.2, pp.99 - 118
Available online: 16 Apr 2018 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article