Authors: Christina Tay
Addresses: Department of International Business, Chinese Culture University, No. 128 Jien-Guo South Road Section 2, Room 503a, Taipei, Taiwan
Abstract: This paper examines the impact of information and communication technologies (ICT) on bilateral trade in services. Two sets of measurements are included in our estimation models: (1) trade determinants - GDP, population, common language and distance and (2) ICT determinants - fixed broadband, fixed telephone, internet and mobile-cellular phone. Each ICT variable is disaggregated to estimate and compare for their individual impacts using three variations of service trade: (a) service trade - (a) sum of service export and service import, (b) service export and (c) service import. Data from 2000 to 2013 on the USA and 34 partnering countries are tested on a total of six models. Two estimation models are used: (1) fixed effect model and (2) pooled ordinary least squares. We find that trade determinants such as GDP, population and common language have significant impacts for all three variations of service trade. Distance shows mixed results. We also find that ICT determinants such as fixed broadband and fixed telephone have significant impacts on service trade, service export and service import. Mobile-cellular phone is insignificant for all three variations of service trade. Finally, the internet is significant for service trade and service export, but not service import.
Keywords: bilateral trade in services; fixed broadband; fixed telephone; information and communicative technologies; internet; mobile-cellular phone; service export; service import; service trade; services; trade.
International Journal of Services Operations and Informatics, 2018 Vol.9 No.1, pp.40 - 61
Available online: 10 Nov 2017 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Free access Comment on this article