Title: Assessment of differences in efficiency across strategic groups in the container shipping context: a data envelopment analysis

Authors: Wong-Hsiu Huang; Shih-Liang Chao; Chih-Ching Chang

Addresses: Department of Shipping and Transportation Management, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan ' Department of Shipping and Transportation Management, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan ' Department of Shipping and Transportation Management, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2, Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan

Abstract: This study examines differences in efficiency across strategic groups in the container shipping context using data envelopment analysis of secondary data collected from 17 global container carriers. Global container carriers were classified based on strategic variables such as fleet capacity, asset/debt ratio, owned/chartered-in fleet ratio, non-container revenue ratio, and revenue. Four strategic groups were identified, namely: proactive-prudent, proactive-chance, conservative-prudent and conservative-chance. DEA results indicated significant differences in efficiency across the four strategic groups. The proactive-prudent group had significantly a higher fleet capacity, lower leverage and higher efficiency than the other strategic groups. Theoretical and managerial implications of the research findings are discussed to improve container carriers' operational efficiency.

Keywords: container shipping; data envelopment analysis; DEA; strategic groups; efficiency.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2017.086934

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2017 Vol.9 No.6, pp.651 - 672

Received: 06 Nov 2015
Accepted: 22 Mar 2016

Published online: 10 Aug 2017 *

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