Authors: G. Suresh Kumar; D. Srinivasa Reddy
Addresses: Department of Ocean Engineering, Petroleum Engineering Program, IIT Madras, Chennai 600 036, India ' Department of Ocean Engineering, Petroleum Engineering Program, IIT Madras, Chennai 600 036, India
Abstract: In-situ combustion (ISC) is an enhanced oil recovery method used to increase heavy oil recoveries. The present work describes the development of a predictive numerical model considering coupled thermal and fluid flow characteristics encountered during the complex ISC process. The physical model considers dynamic multi-phase fluid flow of oil, water and gas, and involves simultaneous heat and mass transfer mechanisms, while the kinetic model considers oxidation and cracking reactions resulting in generation of heat energy. The model considers capillary pressure effect and heat losses into the surroundings. The resulting coupled non-linear conservation equations have been solved iteratively using finite difference based numerical tool. The developed numerical model has been history matched with the results reported by Crookston et al. (1979) and found to be in good agreement. Sensitivity analysis on oxygen injection and kinetics of cracking reaction projected a dominant affect on the thermal and oil recovery profiles. [Received: August 4, 2015; Accepted: February 29, 2016]
Keywords: in-situ combustion; ISC; enhanced oil recovery; EOR; numerical modelling; heavy oil.
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2017 Vol.16 No.1, pp.43 - 58
Available online: 20 Jul 2017 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article