Authors: Saban Pusat; Mustafa Tahir Akkoyunlu
Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey ' Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Ereğli Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Necmettin Erbakan University, Ereğli, Konya, Turkey
Abstract: In the present study, drying of Konya-Ilgn lignite (a Turkish lignite) was modelled by using thin-layer drying models from the literature and a new empirical model. The required experimental works were carried out at different experimental conditions in a fixed bed dryer. The experimental conditions were 0.4 m/s, 0.7 m/s and 1.1 m/s drying air velocities, 70°C, 100°C and 130°C drying air temperatures, 20 mm, 35 mm and 50 mm particle sizes and 80 mm, 130 mm and 150 mm bed heights. The performance of thin-layer drying models was evaluated by a statistical method. The results showed that the proposed model achieves better results than thin-layer drying models in the literature. Therefore, the proposed empirical model may be used to represent drying characteristics of any material. [Received: June 16, 2016; Accepted: December 7, 2016]
Keywords: drying; modelling; fixed bed; thin-layer; coal; lignite; low rank coal; drying kinetics; drying characteristics; Turkey.
International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2017 Vol.15 No.3, pp.287 - 297
Available online: 30 May 2017 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article