Title: Tribological effects of nano-based engine oil diluted with biodiesel fuel

Authors: Muhammad Ilman Hakimi Chua Abdullah; Mohd Fadzli Bin Abdollah; Hilmi Amiruddin; Noreffendy Tamaldin; Nur Rashid Mat Nuri

Addresses: Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia; Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia ' Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia; Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia ' Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia; Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia ' Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia; Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia ' Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the tribological effects of nano-based engine oil diluted with biodiesel fuel. The nano-oil was prepared by disperse an optimal composition 0.5 vol.% of 70 nm hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) nanoparticles in diesel engine oil using sonication technique. Sample was diluted by difference percentages of B100 biodiesel fuel in range of 5-20 vol.%. The tribological test was performed using a four-ball tribometer. It was found that the addition of biodiesel fuel increases the coefficient of friction (COF) and seizure wears as compared with nano-oil. However, there is no significant effect on the extreme pressure (EP) properties, where the seizure for all tested samples starts to occur at 981 N.

Keywords: nanoparticles; additives; biodiesel; biofuels; friction coefficient; extreme pressure; tribology; nanotechnology; engine oil; boron nitride; diesel engines; seizure wear.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSURFSE.2017.082948

International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 2017 Vol.11 No.1, pp.12 - 22

Available online: 12 Mar 2017 *

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