Title: Analysis of codon bias pattern for genome sequences through a three-phase network model
Authors: Ahsan Z. Rizvi; C. Bhattacharya
Addresses: Department of Electronics Engineering, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune 411025, India ' Department of Electronics Engineering, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune 411025, India
Abstract: Codon bias generates specific patterns of synonymous codons usage in genomes of all texta. Codon bias patterns of genomes are extracted here in spectral domain and named as Codon Bias Spectra (CBS). Such spectral models of codon bias are demonstrated through a three-phase network model of various genomes. GC, GC3 and AT3 bias patterns along with codon spectra are shown in the paper by modifying the parameters in this spectral model. Patterns of CBS are studied here for codon bias in prokaryotic genomes. Correlation and regression analysis of CBS show the influencing effects of GC, GC3 and AT3 bias. Analysis of the area under ROC curve (AUC) is performed for testing the statistical significance of the three-phase network model for identifying codon bias locations in genome.
Keywords: CBS; codon bias spectra; three-phase networks; synonymous codons; correlation; regression; three-base periodicity; codon bias patterns; genome sequences; bioinformatics; prokaryotic genomes.
International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering, 2016 Vol.9 No.6, pp.369 - 378
Received: 11 Mar 2013
Accepted: 10 Mar 2014
Published online: 10 Nov 2016 *