Title: Local cooperation for innovation: food and beverage multinationals in a peripheral European country

Authors: Antonio García Sánchez; José Molero; Ruth Rama

Addresses: Universidad de Sevilla, Avenida Ramón y Cajal, 1, 41018 Sevilla, Spain ' Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Campus de Somosaguas, Finca Más Ferré. 28223, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain ' IEGD-CSIC, C/Albasanz, 26-28, 28037 Madrid, Spain

Abstract: We performed econometric analysis to identify some of the main features of food and beverage foreign subsidiaries engaged in local R&D cooperation. In Spain, their main contributions to local networks of innovators seem to be financial and commercial rather than technological. Foreign subsidiaries that display high R&D intensity, and have a large number of R&D employees or a large share of new products in turnover, are not necessarily engaged in local R&D networks. Foreign subsidiaries facing fewer obstacles to innovation than the average food and beverage firm seem better able to build those networks. The most important features of food and beverage multinationals that cooperate for innovation with local partners are those of economic strength and dominant market position. Foreign subsidiaries appear to combine internal and external information in order to innovate. Their size or their export activities are not significantly associated with a possible involvement in local cooperation for innovation.

Keywords: food and beverage industry; food and drinks industry; multinationals; multinational enterprises; MNEs; internationalisation; corporate R&D; research and development; FDI; foreign direct investment; cooperation; local partners; innovator networks; Spain; econometrics; foreign subsidiaries; local R&D; R&D cooperation; R&D intensity.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMCS.2016.079449

International Journal of Multinational Corporation Strategy, 2016 Vol.1 No.2, pp.107 - 132

Received: 31 Mar 2016
Accepted: 17 May 2016

Published online: 28 Sep 2016 *

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