Title: Assessing eco-efficiency and its influential factors based on capital-intensive and labour-intensive perspective
Authors: Weiping Jia; Wanming Li
Addresses: School of Economics and Management, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Sinkiang, China ' Research Centre of the Oasis Development, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Sinkiang, China
Abstract: This paper uses super-efficiency data envelope analysis model to the assessment of eco-efficiency and employs the Heckman's two-stage method and quantile regression analysis approach investigating the determinants of eco-efficiency between capital-intensive companies and labour-intensive ones in Xinjiang province in 2012. The results show that technological progress is the main factor affecting the eco-efficiency. In addition, the ecological culture, environmental regulation, regional characteristics, and government subsidies have different degrees of impact on eco-efficiency. These findings might help policymakers design strategies to improve the performance of chemical companies manufacture and are applied to propose relevant suggestions to improve eco-efficiency in different provinces of China.
Keywords: capital-intensive firms; labour-intensive firms; China; data envelopment analysis; eco-efficiency differences; influential factors; quantile regression; super-efficiency DEA; ecological culture; environmental regulation; regional characteristics; government subsidies; chemical industry.
International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, 2016 Vol.16 No.3, pp.214 - 235
Received: 22 Aug 2015
Accepted: 18 Jan 2016
Published online: 21 Sep 2016 *