Title: An improved feature extraction-based colour image matching method using quaternion matrix

Authors: Hailin Zou; Chanjuan Liu; Qian Shen; Shusen Zhou; Mujun Zang

Addresses: Provincial Key Laboratory of Cyber-physical System and Intelligent Control, School of Information and Electrical Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China ' Provincial Key Laboratory of Cyber-physical System and Intelligent Control, School of Information and Electrical Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China ' Provincial Key Laboratory of Cyber-physical System and Intelligent Control, School of Information and Electrical Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China ' Provincial Key Laboratory of Cyber-physical System and Intelligent Control, School of Information and Electrical Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China ' Provincial Key Laboratory of Cyber-physical System and Intelligent Control, School of Information and Electrical Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China

Abstract: Specific to the problem of feature description for colour image, a novel speeded-up robust features (SURF) descriptor of colour image-based quaternion (CSURF-Q) is proposed in this paper. Firstly, in order to represent the colour information of colour image effectively, the colour information among three channels is expressed by the three imaginary parts of quaternion. This can transform colour image to a pure quaternion matrix, which simplifies the representation process of image colour information. Secondly, the SURF features among three channels of colour image are extracted by using quaternion matrix. Because of the rotation invariance of quaternion norm, feature description vectors are generated as the form of quaternion norm. Finally, comparing CSURF-Q with SURF, FAIR-SURF, CSIFT, SIFT-CCH, colour-SURF and CHSIFT, the experiments prove that, when image appears affine changes, the correct matching of feature point pairs and time complexity are superior.

Keywords: colour images; affine variations; local features; feature extraction; feature description; interest points; speeded-up robust features; SURF; scale invariant feature transform; SIFT; image matching; object recognition; quaternion matrix; feature point pairs; time complexity.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCNDS.2016.077672

International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 2016 Vol.16 No.4, pp.388 - 411

Received: 26 Feb 2016
Accepted: 19 Mar 2016

Published online: 12 Jul 2016 *

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