Title: University students' interactions using scaffolds in two different virtual forums

Authors: Noemi Verdú-Surroca; Eva Martin-Fuentes

Addresses: Teaching Innovation and E-learning Area, University of Lleida, C/ Jaume II, 71. 25001 Lleida, Spain ' Department of Business Administration and Economic Management of Natural Resources, University of Lleida, C/ Jaume II, 73. 25001 Lleida, Spain

Abstract: This research is based on collaborative learning processes using scaffolds. Specifically, we aim to ascertain whether there are any significant differences in students' results after following the same learning instructions for participating in a virtual forum in two different subjects. We also aim to analyse the mediator's role, the use of scaffolds, and if students have followed real metacognitive processes. A total of 104 university students were involved. The main findings of our study emphasise the importance of well-designed learning instructions for participating in a virtual forum, which could be applied to any subject. Moreover, students are more active in their learning process and collaborative communication if the lecturer plays an active role overseeing students' participation and guiding the construction of knowledge.

Keywords: virtual forums; graphs; higher education; CSCL; scaffolds; learning instructions; mediator role; student interactions; online forums; collaborative learning; metacognitive processes.

DOI: 10.1504/IJLT.2016.077523

International Journal of Learning Technology, 2016 Vol.11 No.2, pp.114 - 133

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 04 Jul 2016 *

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