Title: The game-based learning evaluation model (GEM): measuring the effectiveness of serious games using a standardised method

Authors: Esther Oprins; Gillian Visschedijk; Maartje Bakhuys Roozeboom; Mary Dankbaar; Wim Trooster; Stephanie C.E. Schuit

Addresses: Department of Training and Performance Innovations, PO Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands ' Department of Training and Performance Innovations, PO Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands ' Department of Work, Health and Care, PO Box 3005, 2301 DA Leiden, The Netherlands ' Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Institute of Medical Education Research, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands ' Hogeschool Windesheim, Kenniscentrum Domein Bewegen & Educatie, Postbus 10090, 8000 GB Zwolle, The Netherlands ' Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Departments of Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Abstract: This article describes the background, design, and practical application of the game-based evaluation model (GEM). The aim of this evaluation model is to measure the effectiveness of serious games in a practical way. GEM contains the methodology and indicators to be measured in validation research. Measuring generic learning and design indicators makes it possible to apply GEM on multiple games. Results provide insight in the reasons why serious games are effective. This evidence will help serious gaming designers to improve their games. Three empirical studies based on various serious games applied in different contexts show how GEM can be practically used and how these studies have contributed to the improvement of GEM.

Keywords: applied gaming; educational games; educational technology; effectiveness research; evaluation framework; evaluation models; evidence-based; game-based learning; serious gaming; validation; generic learning; design indicators; multiple games; game design.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTEL.2015.074189

International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2015 Vol.7 No.4, pp.326 - 345

Available online: 13 Jan 2016 *

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