Title: Investigation of water and CO2 flooding using pore-scale reconstructed model based on micro-CT images of Berea sandstone core

Authors: Jianjun Liu; Rui Song

Addresses: State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, 610500, China; School of Geoscience and Technology, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, 610500, China ' School of Geoscience and Technology, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, 610500, China

Abstract: To better understand the complex interplay of displacing and displaced fluid in porous reservoir, an investigation of water and CO2 flooding adopting pore-scale reconstructed model is conducted in this paper. Since accurate prediction and understanding of the disorder microstructures in the porous media contribute to acquiring the macroscopic physical properties, high resolution micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) is employed to obtain the origin pore geometry for establishing the pore-scale rock core models for both experimental and numerical study. Then visualised water flooding experiment is conducted to acquire benchmark data. Following that, numerical study on the water and carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding at the pore-scale model is carried out. Through this process, not only the location of the residual oil after the flooding process is investigated, but also the displacement of the interface between two immiscible fluids is obtained when oil is displaced by water and CO2, respectively. Results show that numerical simulations are in good agreement with experimental results. Consequently, the effects of micro pore characteristics on oil displacement efficiency by water and CO2 and two-phase flow seepage mechanism in it are revealed.

Keywords: pore scale models; water flooding; CO2 flooding; carbon dioxide; numerical simulation; modelling; micro CT images; computed tomography; Berea sandstone core; porous reservoirs; microstructure; pore geometry; rock core models; residual oil; immiscible fluids; oil displacement; two-phase flow seepage; CFD; computational fluid dynamics.

DOI: 10.1504/PCFD.2015.072013

Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal, 2015 Vol.15 No.5, pp.317 - 326

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 28 Sep 2015 *

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