Title: Determinants of container terminal operation from a green port perspective

Authors: Yi-Chih Yang

Addresses: Department of Shipping and Transportation Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, No. 142, Haijhuan Road, Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan

Abstract: This study applied both analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and grey relational analysis (GRA), where AHP was first used to determine the degree of importance of green container terminal assessment criteria, and GRA was employed to identify the ranking order of six main commercial ports in the Far East area based on the green container terminal assessment criteria. This paper made the following findings: 1) shipping companies and port management companies have different perceptions of green container terminal assessment criteria; 2) the ranking order in terms of compliance with the assessment criteria was Singapore > Hong Kong >Tokyo >Shanghai >Busan > Kaohsiung; 3) as a member of the world community, the port of Kaohsiung should share responsibility for dealing with the threat of climate change by improving energy conservation and CO2 reduction through the realisation of a green container terminal.

Keywords: green container terminals; green ports; analytical hierarchy process; AHP; grey relational analysis; GRA; container terminal operations; assessment criteria; environmental impact; Singapore; Hong Kong; Tokyo; Shanghai; Busan; Kaohsiung; port greening; energy conservation; CO2; carbon dioxide; carbon emissions; carbon reduction.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSTL.2015.069123

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, 2015 Vol.7 No.3, pp.319 - 346

Received: 03 Mar 2013
Accepted: 27 Mar 2014

Published online: 19 Mar 2015 *

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