Authors: Anja H. Van der Hulst; Tijmen J. Muller; Eric Buiel; Daniel Van Gelooven; Mark Ruijsendaal
Addresses: TNO, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands ' TNO, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands ' TNO, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands ' TNO, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands ' TNO, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands
Abstract: At the heart of tactical decision making and strategic decision making is 'situation assessment', the most 'intuitive' aspect of complex decision making. In training, it is also the most neglected. Particularly for developing situation assessment skills and the cognitive flexibility to apply those skills to situations previously un-encountered, substantial experience in essentially different settings is indispensable. Also, gaining competency in decision making requires tactically valid feedback. Both requirements makes serious gaming an attractive alternative to live training as it allows (a) to train more - by a far more short-cyclic approach; (b) to train less - by providing dedicated training by isolating competencies that need intensive training; (c) to train differently; by dedicated game-based training approaches. In this paper, we describe competencies in complex decision making, requirements for training and subsequently three training approaches that have been field-tested each in at least two domains.
Keywords: serious gaming; complex decision making; situation assessment; job oriented training; design issues; serious games; tactical decision making; strategic decision making; cognitive flexibility; competencies; game-based training.
International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2014 Vol.6 No.3, pp.249 - 264
Accepted: 15 Dec 2014
Published online: 27 Mar 2015 *