Authors: Chia-Heng Chu; Ming-Kun Huang; Gen-Feng Wu; Chun-Lin Chu; Shu-Han Hsu; Guang-Li Luo
Addresses: National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan; Mechanical Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA ' Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chi Nan University Nantou 54561, Taiwan ' National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan; National Central University, Taiwan ' National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan ' National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan ' National Nano Device Laboratories, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
Abstract: One-dimensional nanostructures, such as nanowhisker, nanorod, nanowire, nanopillar, nanocone, nanotip, nanoneedle, have attracted significant attentions in the past decades owing to their numerous applications in electronics, photonics, energy conversion and storage, and interfacing with biomolecules and living cells. Such one-dimensional nanostructures are potential alternatives to planar metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) owing, for example, to their unique electronic structure and reduced carrier scattering caused by one-dimensional quantum confinement effects. Yet whether nanowire field effect transistors (NWFETs) can indeed outperform their planar counterparts is still unclear . Three-dimensional integration and the combination of different material systems are central themes of electronics research. The manufacturing of nanostructured devices relies on either bottom-up approaches such as synthesis or growth process or top-down approaches such as lithography or etching process. Here, vertical Si nanowire and hetero-structure integration of Ge nanowire will be firstly fabricated for the first time to demonstrate the top-down etching process, which is applicable to fabricate vertical transistors. The key step in fabricating 3D vertical devices is the construction of the insulating layer between the contact electrodes. An isolation process without chemical or mechanical polishing steps was also developed to control layer engineering at this length scale.
Keywords: silicon nanowires; germanium nanowires; nanotechnology; vertical nanowires; transistor applications; MOSFETs; 1D nanostructures; field effect transistors; FETs; top-down etching; insulating layers; contact electrodes; isolation process.
International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2015 Vol.12 No.1/2, pp.74 - 86
Published online: 04 Dec 2014 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article