Title: The mediating effects of work engagement: testing causality between personal resource, job resource and work related outcomes

Authors: Pushpendra Priyadarshi; Reeta Raina

Addresses: Indian Institute of Management, Prabandh Nagar, Off Sitapur Road, Lucknow-226013, Uttar Pradesh, India ' Fore School of Management, B-18, Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi-16, India

Abstract: In recent years, work engagement has attracted a lot of attention among practitioners and researchers in India. Against the backdrop of resource conservation, this study attempts to examine and understand the role of work engagement in mediating the relationship between job, personal resources and work related outcomes. This research is significant due to the growing importance of work engagement in the business world today and the lack of relevant literature in the Indian context. With a total sample of more than 200 middle and senior level executives, the findings of this study show a strong relationship between job, personal resources, job satisfaction, affective commitment and turnover. Work engagement was found to be a mediator between job and personal resources, which has an impact on employees' work attitudes. The findings of this study, therefore, have profound implications for researchers as well as for the practicing managers who need to understand the importance of an enabling work environment to harness employees' full potential.

Keywords: work engagement; personal resources; job resources; job satisfaction; affective commitment; turnover intentions; India; HRM; human resource management; human resources; human capital; employee retention; middle management; senior management; senior executives; employee attitudes; work attitudes.

DOI: 10.1504/IJICBM.2014.065203

International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, 2014 Vol.9 No.4, pp.487 - 509

Received: 09 May 2013
Accepted: 07 Aug 2013

Published online: 16 Oct 2014 *

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