Title: Energy generation using coconut biodiesel and coconut oil in a stationary engine

Authors: Roberto Guimarães Pereira; Oscar Edwin Piamba Tulcan; Carlos Eduardo Fellows; Ivenio Moreira Da Silva; Dalni Malta Do Espirito Santo Filho; Valdir De Jesus Lameira; Osvaldo Luiz Gonçalves Quelhas

Addresses: TEM/PGMEC/MSG/PGEB, Fluminense Federal University, Rua Passo da Pátria 156, CEP 24210-240, Niterói, RJ, Brazil ' National University of Colombia, Carrera 30 No 45-03, Bogotá, Colombia ' Physics Institute, Fluminense Federal University, Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n, CEP 24210-340, Niterói, RJ, Brazil ' TER/PGMEC, Fluminense Federal University, Rua Passo da Pátria 156, CEP 24210-240, Niterói, RJ, Brazil ' Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia, Inmetro, Dimci, Dimec, Laflu, Av. Nossa Senhora das Graças, 50, Xerém, Prédio 3, Laflu, Xerém, CEP 25250-020, Duque de Caxias, RJ, Brazil ' INESC Coimbra, Portugal, Rua Antero de Quental, 199, 3000-033, Coimbra, Portugal ' MSG/LATEC, Fluminense Federal University, Rua Passo da Pátria 156, sala 329-A – Bloco E, CEP 24210-240, Niterói, RJ, Brazil

Abstract: This paper deals with the possibility of using coconut oil and coconut biodiesel in energy generation. The environmental, energetic and socio-economic aspects are discussed. The steps for obtaining biodiesel from coconut oil are presented as well as the characterisation of coconut oil and coconut biodiesel. Results for performance and emissions of using coconut oil and coconut biodiesel in a stationary engine are also shown. Coconut oil can be successfully applied in compression ignition engine blending with diesel up to 20% of coconut oil. Coconut oil can also be converted in biodiesel and applied in compression ignition engines neat or blended with diesel in any proportion. The possibility of using coconut oil in power generation leads to the concepts of sustainability and cleaner production, by the use of a raw material that contributes to CO2 absorption. [ Received: August 16, 2012; Accepted: May 1, 2013]

Keywords: sustainability; energy generation; cleaner production; coconut biodiesel; coconut oil stationary engines; biofuels; compression ignition engines; sustainable development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJOGCT.2014.062165

International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 2014 Vol.7 No.4, pp.450 - 473

Received: 19 Aug 2012
Accepted: 01 May 2013

Published online: 01 Jun 2014 *

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